Licensed books on medicine
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Of course, love for the young and their potential fathers is not entirely explained by oxytocin. Strange as it may seem, higher nervous activity is also present here - for example, the activation of a conditional-reflex type of remuneration system with a single glance at the photograph of the lover, without any physical contact.
Nevertheless, the ability to experience love - especially to the young - is closely related to the hormonal status of women. Caring for the cubs is so tiring that it would not be possible without emotional involvement, and therefore almost all the hormones associated with mammals with the process of reproduction have more or less a psychoactive effect and tend to be touched (and simultaneously to aggression towards offenders cute cub - these are two sides of the same coin). In experiments on rats, it has been established that animals with deficiency of their own sex hormones (with ovaries removed) are fairly indifferent to the young, but with the help of injections of estradiol, progesterone and prolactin, they can cause both lactation and the start of parental behavior in relation to the first oncoming rat pups .
It seems that the reverse is also true: when contact with the young, the hormonal status changes. This effect has been well studied for oxytocin (it so happened that it is the most fashionable attachment hormone and grants are particularly well recognized for its study), but in principle the same can occur with all other hormones involved in parental behavior. Anthropologist Marina Butovskaya in her popular science book "Secrets of Sex. Man and Woman in the Mirror of Evolution "writes that a woman simply needs to look at a child so that her progesterone level rises in her blood. Moreover, this effect is observed not only at the sight of a human infant, but also at the sight of a kitten, a puppy or even a teddy bear - any big-headed and large-eyed creature with short paws.
In men, progesterone in the body is much less than in women, so our tenderness at the sight of a kitten is usually completely incomprehensible to them.
But women (as a rule) still like men. The set of hormones associated with this feeling is not fundamentally different from the hormones of love for children. For example, prolactin, known primarily in connection with breastfeeding, also serves as a marker of orgasm. Scottish psychologist Stuart Brodie, whose research is devoted to the most diverse aspects of sexual behavior, in 2006 published an article in which the relationship between prolactin and orgasm was studied in detail. He invited 19 men and 19 women to his laboratory, half instructed to masturbate, and half asked to engage in vaginal sex with the achievement of orgasm by both partners (most surprising - he notes that ten men and nine women masturbated, and ten women and nine men engaged in sex; who at the same time was in any relationship with each other, is not reported). After orgasm, he measured the level of prolactin and found that sexual contact leads to a much larger release of this hormone than masturbation. In women, the concentration of prolactin after sex is two times higher than that of men. Brody thinks that the release of prolactin is the main reason for experiencing relaxation and satisfaction after sex. Perhaps, it is the difference in the level of this hormone that leads to the fact that men after sex, as a rule, easily switch to something else, while women still want to lie in bed, purr and hug.
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- Vizer VA .. Lectures on therapy, 2011
On the topic - almost completely cover the difficulties in the course of hospital therapy, the issues of diagnosis, treatment, in the presentation, laconic and quite affordable. Allergic diseases of the lungs Joint diseases Reiter's disease Sjogren's disease Bronchial asthma Bronchoectatic disease Hypertonic disease Glomerulonephrosfamiditis Herniasis of the esophagus Destructive lung diseases
- ALLERGIC DISEASES OF LUNGS
In recent decades, there has been a significant increase in the number. patients with allergic diseases of the bronchopulmonary apparatus. Allergic lung diseases include exogenous allergic alveolitis, pulmonary eosinophilia, drug
- EXOGENOUS ALLERGIC ALVEOLITES
Exogenous allergic alveolitis (syn: hypersensitive pneumonitis, interstitial granulomatous alveolitis) is a group of diseases caused by intensive and, more rarely, prolonged inhalation of antigens of organic and inorganic dusts and characterized by a diffuse, unlike pulmonary eosinophilia, lesion of alveolar and interstitial lung structures. The emergence of this group
1. General measures aimed at dissociation of the patient from the source of antigen: compliance with sanitary and hygienic requirements in the workplace, technological improvement of industrial and agricultural production, rational employment of patients. 2. Drug treatment. In the acute stage - prednisolone 1 mg / kg per day for 1-3 days, followed by a decrease in dose in
- CHRONIC EOSINOPHILE PNEUMONIA
It differs from the Loeffler syndrome with a longer (more than 4 weeks) and severe course until severe intoxication, fever, weight loss, the appearance of pleural effusion with a high content of eosinophils (Lera-Kindberg syndrome). The prolonged course of pulmonary eosinophilia, as a rule, is the result of an inadequate examination of the patient in order to determine its cause. In addition to the reasons,
- PULMONARY EOSINOPHILIA WITH ASTHMATIC SYNDROME
This group of diseases can be attributed to bronchial asthma and diseases with a leading bronchial asthma syndrome, which are based on other etiological factors. These diseases include: 1. Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis. 2. Tropical pulmonary eosinophilia. 3. Pulmonary eosinophilia with systemic manifestations. 4. Hypereosinophilic
1. Diseases of the respiratory system: A guide for physicians: In 4 volumes. Ed. N.R.Paleeva. T.4. - M .: Medicine. - 1990. - P.22-39. 2. Silvestov VP, Bakulin MP Allergic lesions of the lungs // Klin.med. - 1987. - № 12. - P.117-122. 3. Exogenous allergic alveolitis / Ed. AG Khomenko, S. Mueller, V. Shilling. - M.: Medicine, 1987. -
- BRONCHOECTATIC DISEASE
Bronchoectatic disease is an acquired (in some cases congenital) disease characterized by chronic suppuration in irreversibly altered (expanded, deformed) and functionally inferior bronchi predominantly in the lower parts of the lungs. ETIOLOGY AND PATHOGENESIS. Bronchiectasis is congenital in 6% of cases, being a defect of intrauterine development, the consequence
- CLASSIFICATION OF BRONCHOECTAZES
(AI Borokhov, N.R.Paleev, 1990) 1. By origin: 1.1. Primary (congenital cysts) bronchiectasis. 1.1.1. Single (solitary). 1.1.2. Multiple. l..l-Z. Cystic lung. 1.2. Secondary (acquired) bronchiectasis. 2. By the form of bronchial dilatation: 2.1. Cylindrical. 2.2. Sacred. 2.3. Spindle-shaped. 2.4. Mixed. 3. The severity of the flow
1. Diseases of the respiratory system. Manual for doctors edited by. N.R.Paleeva. - М .: Medicine, 1990. - Т.З, Т.4. 2. Okorokov A.N. Treatment of diseases of internal organs: Prakt.ru. In Зт. TI - Mn.Vysh.sh., Belmedkniga, 1997. 3. Harrison T.R. Internal illnesses. - M .: Medicine, T.7,
- REACHER'S DISEASE (SYNDROME)
Reiter's disease (Reiter's syndrome, Fissinger-Leroy syndrome, urethro-oculo-synovial syndrome) is an inflammatory process developing in most cases in close chronological connection with infections of the genitourinary tract or intestine and manifested by the classic triad - urethritis, conjunctivitis, arthritis. The most often sick are young (20-40) men who have undergone urethritis. Women, children and the elderly
- DISEASE (SYNDROME) SCHEGREN
The combination of dry keratoconjunctivitis, xerostomia and chronic polyarthritis was described in such detail by the Swedish ophthalmologist Shegren (Szegren, 1933), which soon attracted the attention of clinicians from different countries to this very peculiar clinical phenomenon, although single observations of such a triad or individual manifestations of secretory glandular failure were described earlier. Behind