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CAST SMOKING EASY?
In Russia, tobacco first appeared in 1553, under Ivan the Terrible, - only half a century after the Spanish conquistadors adopted the habit of Native Americans
to smoking. But all the kings of the pre-Petrine era did not encourage smoking. Alexei Mikhailovich, for example, in 1649 issued a decree, according to which for repeated inculcation in smoking "tobacco potato" was supposed "for such people to spill their nostrils and noses to cut. And after torture and punishment, exile to distant cities, so that, on the other hand, it was not possible to do otherwise. "
Only in 1698 Peter the Great, traveling through Europe, meets Peregrin Osborne (in Russian-language sources he is usually called the Marquis of Carmarthen). This absolutely fine man - the admiral, shipbuilder, duelist, eternal debtor, participant in military conflicts with France, which did not prevent him from hiding there for some time from his ill-wishers - fascinates Peter, he seeks to give the king the fastest English yacht, and concludes with him an incredibly profitable seven-year contract for the supply of tobacco to Russia. All legislative bans on smoking have since been abolished in Russia. When English merchants remind Peter that Russians, especially the spiritual estate, treat tobacco badly, the king promises to "remake them in his own way" when he returns home. Usually everything that Peter conceived, he managed - it happened this time, and since then, nicotine dependence is confidently striding across the country.
According to the Federal State Statistics Service, in modern Russia, 400 billion cigarettes and cigarettes are sold annually - 139 packs a year for each person, counting infants and the elderly.
The Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS), the results of which are published on the website of the World Health Organization, showed that 60% of men and 22% of women smoke in Russia - a total of 44 million people.
But the problem is not in absolute numbers. In the same study, people were asked whether they had attempted to quit smoking during the past year. It turned out that a third of all Russian smokers recently tried to get rid of addiction, but only 11.2% of them at the time of the survey reported that they had succeeded. The remaining 88.8% broke and continued to smoke again. And this is still a good result - we can assume that our compatriots have an outstanding willpower.
The smoking cessation guide, which is used by the UK Ministry of Health, says that even with a combination of drug support and intensive psychotherapy, a six-month smoking cessation is possible for 12-19% of patients. The effectiveness of all other strategies does not exceed 10%. In this case, according to the US Department of Health, 68.8% of the addicts would like to quit smoking4. At the same time, 52.4% of American smokers made such an attempt during the last year and 6.2% achieved success.
Generally speaking, against the background of such statistics, talking about smoking as a bad habit is not entirely correct. If you call things by their own names, then it's much more like a real drug addiction.
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CAST SMOKING EASY?
- Quitting smoking is easy, or false gain
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