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Perfume with pheromones: the main thing is to believe

Nevertheless, even among the monkeys there are great individual differences: there are males who do not care how the female smells — they like them anyway, and there are males with whom you can smell nothing, but you can throw your head with a vaginal secret — and in any they will not pay any attention to you.
We also have copulins in the vaginal lubricant, although their spectrum and concentration is less than in monkeys. In humans, as in animals, copulins are especially intensively synthesized during ovulation (respectively, their concentration is significantly reduced when taking birth control pills). Moreover, there are fragmentary data that inhaling female copulins stimulates testosterone synthesis in men, has a positive effect on their assessment of female photos, and in behavioral game tests reduces their tendency to cooperate with other players (that is, increases the desire for competition). However, it is worth noting that research on this topic is strikingly small, and these are mainly materials of scientific conferences (and they are not subjected to such strict reviewing as articles in journals) or indirect references in reviews with reference to unpublished data.
There are very few studies showing that pheromones can increase sexual attractiveness. In 1998, the work of Winnifred Cutler, Erica Friedman and Norma MacCoy was published, in which men used aftershave lotion with pheromones added to it for six weeks (a commercial mixture based on Androstenone, designed to increase the attractiveness of men). It was a double-blind study (that is, neither the participant himself, nor the experimenter who gave him the lotion, did not know if there were pheromones in this particular sample), and indeed, it turned out that shaving lotion with androstenone contributes to personal life21. Among those 17 participants who got pheromone lotion, eight people reported an increase in the frequency of sexual contacts, and in the group with placebo lotion, consisting of 21 people, only two noted this effect. A similar picture was observed for sharing sleep with women, the number of touches and kisses, the frequency of informal meetings (meaning the situation when people crossed at a party and suddenly went for a walk together). At the same time, there was no difference in the number of formal dates (this is when you agreed to meet in advance, dressed up and observe generally accepted rules: a flower there, dinner, for which the man usually pays, a kiss on the cheek goodbye) and there was no difference in frequency Masturbation, that is, pheromones did not affect the libido directly. The authors conclude that pheromones have increased the attractiveness of study participants for women; but the sample is small, the effect is far from being observed for everyone, so this is not a miracle remedy, but only one of dozens of factors that make up a man’s appeal. It is a pity that there is no experiment in which the positive effects of pheromones would be compared, for example, with the effect of having a candidate’s degree in a man, a motorcycle or long eyelashes. For some reason it seems to me that the motorcycle would have won with a crushing score.
In 2002, Norma McCoy, along with Lisa Pitino, published an article about the effects of female pheromones on attractiveness. The study used a synthetic mixture developed by Winnifred Cutler and her colleagues based on axillary secretions of women; its chemical composition is not disclosed in the article, because at that time the patent had not expired. Women were also divided into two groups, with pheromones and placebo. You could be wary of the fact that the average age of the participants in the pheromone group was four years less than the participants in the placebo group (25.6 versus 29.5), but the overall variation in age was large, from 19 to 48 years old, so, apparently, this is a fluctuation, a side effect of random division into groups. In addition, women in the study did not compare at all with each other - each reported changes in the frequency of contacts with men relative to their own usual level, which made the differences in age (and other factors affecting attractiveness) between different participants insignificant. Nine out of 19 participants in the group that used pheromones, and only one out of 17 participants in the placebo group, reported an increase in the frequency of sex. Similar results were observed for the frequency of joint sleep, kissing, and for some reason for formal dates. For informal dates, masturbation and male attempts to meet, no significant difference between the groups was found. In the conclusion of the article, the authors in every way praise the excellent pheromone formula developed in a friendly institute. Among other things, they lament that, it was not possible to show that men often meet women using pheromones, because from the very beginning we have women in the group of users of pheromones, with whom men meet more often than women from the placebo group . This, they say, is pure coincidence, but we have proved the main thing: that pheromones help sleep with men, and this is important for the continuation of the race.
In books about sex, you can sometimes find a recommendation to use your own vaginal discharge as a perfume: it is assumed that this will lead a potential partner, although he will not understand what was the matter. Being a biology popularizer, I adore every kind of trash, and therefore, if I could justify this advice convincingly, then on behalf of experimental science, I would recommend that everyone smear their own grease before dating, I would definitely do it. But, unfortunately, data on human copulins are too fragmentary and contradictory to claim that they actually excite men. However, the technique is still funny, so you can use it, there will be no harm. In principle, it can work simply due to the conditioned reflex: the smell of vaginal lubricant is usually associated with sex in people. It would be curious, of course, to collect a group of virgins, make them smell vaginal lubricant (not to mention it) and report on their feelings, but so far, unfortunately, I have not come across such a study. Apparently, the smell of lubricant and the smell of axillary sweat of women (as well as the pheromone compositions created on its basis) can really signal to men that a woman is ready to conceive, which contributes to an increase in interest. From this point of view, it is logical, to go on a date during the unsuitable phase of the cycle, to borrow a little sweat and grease from a friend. But this may not work: a person, in contrast to rhesus monkeys, does not belong to the species in which ovulation is loudly advertised. We, on the contrary, hide it: women have a faint smell, men have a bad sense of smell. So the benefit of pheromones in any case will be small and it is better to present each other not a fake, but the real smell of their armpits. The fact is that it is the individual peculiarities of the smell that allow us not only to attract anyone, but to choose the most suitable partner.
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Perfume with pheromones: the main thing is to believe

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