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Hero on the heroine


The main cause of death from an overdose is respiratory depression. If a person manages to get to the doctors, he is given naloxone, a drug that also binds to opioid receptors, preventing heroin from coming to them, but does not itself have a suppressive effect on the respiratory center.
Overdosing can occur because of an error in the calculations, due to the purchase of more pure heroin than usual, but can be caused by simply taking the drug in an unusual setting. This effect in the early eighties was described by the Canadian neurophysiologist Shepard Siegel. He demonstrated that rats develop a high tolerance of the drug, if administered every time in the same environment. If we take animal-addicts and inject drugs into another room, the likelihood of death from overdose significantly increases. In addition, he conducted a series of interviews with people who survived an overdose, and found that in many cases they also took the usual dose, but in a non-standard place10. The reason for this phenomenon is the usual Pavlovian conditioned reflex. A person is busy with the preparation of the drug, and his brain already knows that there will be many, many opiates now. This is an occasion to start up molecular feedback mechanisms in advance to minimize sensitivity to the heroin that has arrived. If you inject heroin not at home, as usual, but in the station toilet, the brain will not have time to prepare its breathing center for this solemn event, and this injection can be the last.
In 1962, scientists from the University of California began to monitor the group
of 581 heroin addicts. At the end of the study, in 1997, 282 people died in this group, an average of 46.9 years. The leading cause of death was an overdose - 49 people died from it. Almost as effective were the deadly liver diseases - 42 people died from them. 23 died in accidents (for example, in automobile accidents), 33 from cardiovascular diseases, 32 from cancer, 20 were killed, 12 committed suicide, the rest died of lung diseases, stroke, infectious diseases, etc. C Taking into account the survivors, it turned out that heroin brings death to an average of 18 years.
This is happening in a prosperous California. We, in Russia, the structure of mortality is significantly different.
When processing data on 670 drug addicts who died in Primorye
edge12, it turned out that the average age of death for them is 27.6 years. The cause of the death of 277 people is poisoning with psychoactive substances (not only heroin overdose, but also, for example, the result of simultaneous consumption of a bizarre mixture of drugs), 176 addicts died of diseases (myocardial infarction, liver cirrhosis, tuberculosis and other infections), 82 people were killed, 70 committed suicide and 65 died as a result of accidents.
The authors of the American study, explaining the high, they believe, mortality rate among Californian drug addicts, focus on the low availability of methadone replacement therapy programs. These programs, write, are used by only 14% of heroin addicts, although it has long been proven that substitution therapy dramatically reduces crime rates, returns drug addicts to normal work and almost completely prevents the spread of HIV and hepatitis.
Methadone is also a drug, it acts on opioid receptors and prevents frustration in dependent people. But while it does not cause euphoria, it is taken in the form of a mixture, not injections, and the need for a dose when using methadone does not increase indefinitely. This is why the UN and WHO recommend that narcologists use methadone and others
similar drugs in the treatment of heroin addiction. The idea is this: if a person can not overcome drug addiction, at least make it socially safe. Let him come to the doctor, he receives from him, according to the prescription, his daily dose of methadone, prevents the breaking and goes to work normally, and does not scamper about the gateways in an attempt to find heroin, dilute the devil knows what, and inject it into the vein. Over the last several decades, such therapy has been used not only in the United States, but also in France, Germany, Italy and most other European countries. In Russia, methadone has been used for some time in experimental programs, but is now completely banned. Gennady Onishchenko, until recently the chief sanitary doctor of Russia, explained this by the inability to combat abuses, and Tatyana Golikova, a former Minister of Health, argued that the methadone program was not effective enough. In general, Russia, as always, has its own special path.


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Hero on the heroine

  1. Morphine and morphine-like compounds (opium, omnopon, heroin, codeine and others)
    CLINICAL PICTURE Characteristic depression of consciousness up to a coma, sharp narrowing of pupils and weakening of their reaction to light, a hypertonus of muscles, an oppression of breath up to an apnea, a bradycardia, a collapse. With codeine poisoning, breathing disorders can develop with a conserved consciousness. ACTION AT THE CALL It is necessary to control and maintain breathing up to the ventilation, gastric lavage with the introduction
  2. Stage 2. Analysis of images of women in classical fiction
    At this stage, students master the skills of gender analysis of the work of art in general and the image of women in particular. Students are advised to give a homework assignment for the selection of works of art (see Appendix 2) for work in the lesson. The work at this stage includes the following tasks. Task 1 Heroines of works of art as illustrations
  3. Drug addiction
    DEPENDENCE ON HASHISH AND MARIHUANA Cause Daily smoking hashish or marijuana for 1-2 months or more. After 1-2 months of daily smoking hashish and marijuana during its interruption for the next 3-5 days, severe asthenia, drowsiness, mild vegetative disorders (high blood pressure, palpitations, unpleasant sensations in the heart,
  4. Step 5. Homework
    Students are invited to perform written work in the form of an essay on the theme "Favorite (literary) hero (ying) of my childhood", which assumes a comprehension of literary technologies of constructing gender from the perspective of new knowledge, reflection of own experience of children's reading related to the process of their gender socialization. At the request of students, essay texts can be offered
  5. experience of Soviet motherhood
    In the USSR, it was customary to think that motherhood is "the main purpose of a woman", that without fulfilling this "social function", no woman can consider her life to have taken place, and that there simply can not be happy. And back in the early 1990s, many Western scholars studying motherhood in our country were convinced that behind this attitude there is a mighty historical tradition,
  6. Practical manual. Top 10 mistakes in first aid, 2011
    Imagine that you are walking through the forest and suddenly you are bitten by a rattlesnake. What are you going to do? Perhaps you've often seen in movies how a brave hero takes out his penknife, makes an incision at the bite site, sucks out the poison and binds the tourniquet. However, this method is suitable only for the scene in the film. What mistakes we most often make, when we try to provide ourselves first aid with bites,
  7. 10 errors in first aid
    Imagine that you are walking through the forest and suddenly you are bitten by a rattlesnake. What are you going to do? Perhaps you've often seen in movies how a brave hero takes out his penknife, makes an incision at the bite site, sucks out the poison and binds the tourniquet. However, this method is suitable only for the scene in the film. What mistakes we most often make, when we try to provide ourselves first aid with bites,
  8. It is better to overeat than to sleep, or a false opposition
    One of the most common methods is the so-called false opposition. Do not be afraid of the scientific nature of this term - everything is much simpler than it seems. The statement is constructed in such a way that the final part of it in form seems to contradict the beginning, but in fact it strengthens it, develops it. Let's, until you decide to throw the book into a corner with a swing, give an example.
  9. "DAUGHTERS, MOTHERS" VOYAGE
    When the secrets of sex opened, in five minutes I destroyed, everything became airlessly hollow inside, and most importantly, outside. And getting out from under the rubble, making mistakes on error, than only I did not plug holes in my plating! .. And tore flesh from the flesh, and tied up in red clay brightly painted nails of the duty gynecologist ... Vera Pavlova I know that about It's scary to read and yet
  10. Appendix 2
    An approximate list of classical works of art for work in class 1. G. H. Andersen "The Snow Queen". 2. Sh. Bronte "Jane Eyre". 3. M. A. Bulgakov "Master and Margarita." 4. NV Gogol "The Inspector General", "Dead Souls". 5. FM Dostoevsky "Crime and Punishment", "Uncle's Dream". 6. E. Zola's "Nana." 7. M. Yu. Lermontov "The Hero of Our Time". 8. M. Mitchell
  11. Lecture hall
    Is the same speech the same in different audiences? If so, what do you mean? And here's what. The audience can be attuned to you kindly or, conversely, aggressively, rarely completely indifferent. Usually it is easy to estimate in advance, at least approximately. What you could afford with a benevolent listener is unacceptable with aggressive. Aggressive audience you
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