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Ideal creative strategy: the concept of "maximum movement up" and a list of current developments

Then the war began. Virtually his entire post-war biography (and he returned from World War II to a second-group invalid with an almost inactive leg and bronchial asthma, due to which he was forced to move from Leningrad to Moscow) is connected with the creation of new tools for machining parts. The tools, which make it possible in some cases, for half of the work of a low-quality turner, to fulfill the monthly norm of a fifth-level turner.
An example of the second type is the biography of Alexander Sergeevich Danilov **. Working in various specialties (paramedic, concrete worker, carpenter, fireman, gold miner), he collected and systematized information about literature on
* M .: Mosk. Rabochy, 1975. ** Lushin Yu. The Blue Planet of Danilov // Spark. 1987. N19.

creative individuals. This goal was not related to his official activities. Yes, and life in places remote from major cities, made it difficult to study. He read books in his free time, subscribing to the interlibrary loan. ("Every month he received a dozen or two dozens of parcels with books ...".) I also had to go to other cities to get library books and archival materials. What kind of specialist he was is unknown (it’s not written about this in the essay), but clearly not the best: he didn’t advance in the service, didn’t hold high positions, didn’t achieve any significant success (unless he won 50 years of hard work under especially bad conditions years old). But there is significant progress on the chosen goal: for forty-five years, twenty-three thousand eight hundred five books have been read, a lot of work has been done to systematize the card file (of all the books read, extracts have been made that made the card file). The work that A. S. Danilov undertook is unique: nowhere has so far been created such an extensive dictionary-index of prominent figures of the present and the past.
It is necessary to compare the ways of setting and solving problems in these two possible cases.
Here, Alexander Sergeevich Danilov: he had to specialize in an unfamiliar area, while in the country (and in the world) there is a huge army of librarians, including those with higher education. Danilov does not have access to funds from foreign libraries, and in all likelihood he analyzed only books in Russian. And what is 25-30 even 50 thousand books in comparison with the world fund of accumulated literature? Danilov works alone: ​​until he has time to read and analyze one book, dozens (and maybe hundreds) of new books and articles will appear. And private archival funds? ..
But, on the other hand, the work of Aleksandr Sergeevich is independent: it is impossible for him to forbid practicing it (to forbid reading books?). So, external circumstances have a much weaker effect on his progress than on the work of Boris Fedorovich Danilov, who has been repeatedly banned, hindered, made life difficult in every possible way.
What is more desirable for obtaining results as soon as possible? Choosing a H1 direction in a specialty, when it is possible to engage in creative tasks during working hours (is it possible?) And use existing professional knowledge, skills, or choosing a direction for which the service will be only a way of earning ( Einstein said that a theoretical physicist should work as a lighthouse keeper)? What is more effective for the transition to the supersystem of goals: the first or second option?
It is necessary to collect a pool of tasks s1 (real, once someone's set, solved and implemented), analyze the biographies of the authors, compare the options "in the specialty" and "outside the specialty", look for patterns.
The topic can be expanded by extending it to the tasks of the second and third tiers (KE Tsiolkovsky, a school math teacher, was involved in the “philosophy of the cosmos”: how many professional philosophers were at that time? ..).
Alexander Sergeevich Danilov throughout his life collects a card file for creative individuals. But over the years of work, he did not draw any conclusions (except for one: in the entire history of mankind there were only a few thousand creative individuals of the “first rank”). Once upon a time, a mountain of facts gave Darwin a theory of the origin of species, a theory of evolution. And S. Danilov received a biobibliographic reference, a unique reference, but only that. It is like inventing a microscope and not using it as a tool for opening the microworld ... Jobs A.S. Danilova could lead to the creation of the GSTL, to develop methods of educating creative qualities. But that did not happen. The alarming symptoms of the “step on the spot” appeared: Danilov had an idea to illustrate the card file with postcards, reproductions of pictures, cards, stamps ... Of course, it is impossible to determine whether this or that array of information is sufficient to proceed to generalizations. But in the reference book of A.S. Danilov's critical mass is clearly surpassed, and there is no “chain reaction”, an explosion of ideas.
Research topic: the collection, processing and use of information in the space of creativity.
An interesting topic ... Here is at least such a paradox. It would seem that the collection of information - a service element of creativity. It seems to be the ideal of creativity - the maximum of new findings with a minimum of information. But what about Bentley, who collected photos of snowflakes all his life? Or what about the same Danilov? How to explain that the collection of information has become their main creative process? Perhaps, in such cases, a person - voluntarily or unwittingly - works as a member of an invisible team, a "cooperation of contemporaries"? There is simply a division of labor: does one person collect information for hundreds and thousands of problem solvers? ..
It is curious to note that in classes on TRTL, students sometimes object to including Bentley or Danilov as creative individuals: well, the person collected information, did not discover anything, what is the creation here? .. There are not only psychological motives: information gathering the most accessible "creative action"; Why Bentley could, why Danilov could find a new collection facility, but you can't? What do you - besides laziness and lack of organization - interfere? It is easier to cross out Bentley and Danilov from the creative fund, than to admit that you yourself are missing a real opportunity for high creativity.
Again: we need not the ranting around the topic, but the development of practically existing tools. For example, we need a reasonable list of new (!) Objects of a "large collection" by the type of work by Bentley and Danilov. What to collect, why collect, how to collect ...
The technology of "large gathering" is only one aspect of the theme "Information in the space of creativity." The main thing: the methods of effective use of information for setting and solving creative problems. Question of questions: how to squeeze the maximum creative results from the minimum amount of information?
The last thirty years of his life Lev A. Yutkin devoted the study of electro-hydraulic effect (EGE). Results: the theoretical foundations of the phenomenon were developed, 200 methods and devices for the practical application of EGE were proposed, 140 copyright certificates for inventions were received, 50 publications were published.
Gabriel Abramovich Ilizarov was not thirty years old when he invented an apparatus for splicing broken bones. In the field of osteosynthesis, Ilizarov is still working; now more than 400 methods based on the original idea have been created at his institute.
These two examples are similar: a person works according to a "cluster" of tasks s1, as close as possible; their very totality is practically the task of the second tier of s2.
Another approach is possible: solving problems related to different areas. For example, the outstanding inventor Solomon Lazarevich Kim, the author of hundreds of solutions to serious problems in various fields of technology, * worked like this.
When is the work “on Ytkin-Ilizarov” preferable, and when on “on Kim”? And why? And is "combined tactics" possible?
Development should begin with the selection of information on creative individuals who have solved many problems in their life s1. Divide this fund into three groups: mono-direction, different directions, mixed cases. You can use not only literary sources for inventors such as Edison, Einstein, Shukhov, Kapitsa, but also oral surveys of contemporaries (in St. Petersburg, for example, you can get interesting information from England, Ermakov, Kaner, etc.).
The “bunch” of tasks of the first tier of z1 gives in total the H2 direction and the problem of the second tier of z2. An example is Edison's creative biography. More than a thousand patents on devices and methods related to the use of electromagnetism resulted in a universal solution (already task s2): electromagnetism, in principle, is applicable for anything.
It is clear that from the position of the most effective “upward” advancement, when the “bunch” of first-tier tasks is less (more time is left for promotion along the second and third tiers). In the limit - the ideal case - there should be no “bunch” at all: having solved one first-level task, one should immediately go to the super-system.
How to move upward from the "bunch" is in principle clear: using generalization. And how to build a supersystem on one solved
* Latyshev V. I have always solved the tasks for which I undertook // Inventor and Rationalizer. 1981. N7.

task z1? We need clear instrumental recommendations for such a transition. It is clear that without careful work with the information fund they cannot be worked out.
Here is an interesting example. Semmelweis, having come to the idea of ​​disinfecting hands when inspecting women in labor and giving birth, stopped there, although there was only one step left before entering the super-system — the general theory of antisepsis. And one more step - to the second task s2: the general theory of asepsis. But Zemmelveys .8 years old fought hard to introduce his private idea, without turning it into a broad universal principle. Without even seeing such an opportunity.
How to most effectively transform an idea (or, more correctly, a mono-idea) into a new principle?
If real results are obtained on the topic, they can be used to develop step 8.3 in the algorithm for solving inventive problems (ARIZ-85-B) *.
As shown by arrows in Fig. 4, it is possible to "transfer" from one problem of the second or third tier to another problem according to the scheme "solving the problem of the upper tier - descending to the tasks of the first tier arising from this solution - rising upwards to a completely different problem." It is necessary to collect an information fund for such transitions and try to formulate an optimal workable program of "transplants". Support the development of several new examples.
Maybe give a project of the systematic use of "transfers" in ARIZ.
The tasks and solutions of the first tier usually do not have a clearly expressed "worthiness" or "unworthiness" - they are easily suitable for the service of good and evil. In the third tier, it is easier to assess ethical indicators of tasks and decisions. But still, while evaluating new developments, either nothing can be said about the degree of their good-evil, or it is necessary to judge very closely
* Altshuller G.S. Find an idea: Introduction to the theory of inventive problem solving. Novosibirsk: Science, 1986. P.206.

close by. It is necessary to understand the definition of the degree of worthiness of tasks and solutions. To assemble a fund of goals with a clearly defined “coloring”: goals, the realization of which will increase the evil; goals that give both evil and good; good goals that deliberately give more good than evil ... Is it possible to reduce the proportion of evil inherent in this or that innovation? How exactly? What are the mechanisms for turning “evil” goals into “good” ones? Is it possible to create a Fund of New Worthy Goals, that is, new and "purely good" directions, tasks, ideas? Try to make a list for the beginning of 15-20 major problems, the solution of which will give a "good" - without the admixture of "evil" ...
When working on this topic - in addition to using the usual information fund - you can think about your own creative experience (inventions, training TRIZ-TRTL, development on TRIZ and TRTL).
Some additional considerations
So, seven directions, seven areas for development. "Rounding", you can briefly formulate the main in these seven tasks:
1. The general development of the "creative space" scheme.
2. Invent: by service or "on the side"?
3. Information in the "creative space".
4. To invent: on one topic or on different?
5. How to rise from the first tier to the second and from the second to the third in the shortest way?
6. "Transplant": descend down from the decision of the highest tier and a new rise up - to another problem.
7. Worthiness of the goal: the definition of "good and evil", increasing the degree of "good".
It is easy to see that the topics partially overlap. So it should be: themes are like different doors to the same building. It is important to go inside ...
We do not insist on the accuracy of those. Topics are given "for the seed", any correction of the wording is already the beginning of an active research work. Further advancement “inside” can and should lead to new formulations and a new vision of topics in general.
Now it is important to start.
Work can be carried out alone or in groups of 2–3 people (at the first stage large teams are ineffective). It seems appropriate that those who have chosen a particular direction of research should report this to the TRIZ Association. And at the same time they would write: do they need colleagues in the subject in other cities? We will send addresses if there is a coincidence of directions.
The field of study is damn interesting, very promising, but difficult. To real results - a few years. Although intermediate results can be used, for example, a good information fund on a topic is an independent value.
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Ideal creative strategy: the concept of "maximum movement up" and a list of current developments

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