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Gall bladder (problems)



The gall bladder is a hollow organ that contains bile coming from the liver and prevents it from flowing into the intestine in between meals. During the digestion of food, the gallbladder opens and expels bile through the bile duct into the duodenum. Bile is necessary so that the intestines can absorb fats from food. The most common problem associated with the gallbladder is the formation of small pebbles (“sand”) or one large stone that blocks the bile duct. See the articles STONES and LIVER (PROBLEMS), with the addition that a person is afraid that something will be taken from him. He feels that someone is trying to invade his territory.
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Gall bladder (problems)

  1. LESSON 6 TOPIC. Diseases of the liver, gallbladder, bile ducts, and pancreas
    Motivational characteristic of the topic. Knowledge of the pathological manifestations of diseases and syndromes of the hepato-cholecystic-pancreatic zone is necessary for the successful assimilation of this human suffering in clinical departments. In the practical work of the doctor, this knowledge is necessary for the clinical anatomical analysis of sectional cases and liver biopsies. The general purpose of the lesson. Learn by morphological characteristics
  2. DISEASES OF THE LIVER, GALL BLADDER, BILENTAL TREATMENTS AND Pancreas
    This chapter continues the presentation of the pathology of the digestive system. According to traditions, a number of diseases of the liver and biliary tract, despite their infectious etiology, are considered not in chapter 14, devoted to infections, but here. The same applies to diabetes mellitus, a description of which, for reasons of expediency, is included in this
  3. Gall bladder and bile ducts
    As in many other organs and tissues, in the human liver, secretory processes are subordinated to a certain rhythm. Bile secretion prevails during the day, glycogen production prevails at night. The effect of a nightly decrease in the secretion of bile, which has a physiological basis, is enhanced even more with biliary dyskinesia (a violation of the coordinated work of the smooth muscles of the ducts and gallbladder, which has
  4. Liver, gall bladder and bile ducts
    The liver of the newborn is relatively large, especially its left lobe, to which the spleen is adjacent. Cases of liver agenesis are rare; they are more often found to be underdeveloped. On the back or on the lower surface of the liver, you can sometimes see congenital notches, often located in the sagittal direction. If these depressions are significant, the liver is divided into additional lobes.
  5. Features of the gallbladder
    The gall bladder is located under the right lobe of the liver and has a fusiform shape, its length reaches 3 cm. It acquires a typical pear-shaped form by 7 months, by 2 years reaches the edge of the liver. The main function of the gallbladder is the accumulation and secretion of hepatic bile. The bile of a child is different in composition from the bile of an adult. It has few bile acids, cholesterol, salts, a lot
  6. Cholecystitis (inflammation of the gallbladder)
    Causes: As a rule, the presence of stones in the gallbladder or its ducts. Pathological thickening of bile as a result of a viral infection, errors in diet, abnormal structure of the gallbladder, overweight, prolonged stressful situation, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and liver. Symptoms Pain in the upper right abdomen, fever, fat intolerance, may be temporary
  7. Gallstones
    Causes Impaired metabolism in the liver (bile is oversaturated with cholesterol). Overweight women get sick more often. One of the reasons is a sedentary lifestyle combined with errors in the diet (excess fat, fried, spicy and smoked foods, alcohol). In complex cases, cancer of the biliary tract and gall bladder can occur. Symptoms Soreness on palpation in the right
  8. Gall bladder cancer
    Epidemiology. Gallbladder cancer accounts for 2-8% of all malignant tumors and in frequency it takes 5-6 place among digestive tumors. Ill men relate to women in a ratio of 1:14. 90% of patients older than 60 years. For 100 planned cholecystectomies for chronic calculous cholecystitis, there is a histological finding of 3 cases of cancer in situ of the gallbladder.
  9. Diseases of the biliary tract and gallbladder
    Diseases of the biliary system are very common. Patients with this pathology in the general population are on average 2, and among women - almost 10 times more than patients with peptic ulcer disease. Among the numerous diseases of the biliary tract, it is advisable to single out mainly functional disorders (dyskinesias), inflammatory (cholecystitis), and metabolic (gallstone
  10. Diseases of the gallbladder and biliary tract in children
    Questions for repetition: 1. Duodenal sounding and its assessment. 2. The main pain points in the disease of the gallbladder and biliary tract. Test questions: 1. Biliary dyskinesia. Concept. Etiopathogenesis. Classification. 2. Clinical and diagnostic criteria for biliary dyskinesia: 2.1. hypermotor type 2.2. hypomotor type 3. Treatment of dyskinesia
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