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Short course of a happy life
With careful use, alcohol is not such a bad thing1. There are studies showing that moderate drinking is even healthier than total abstinence. The risk of coronary heart disease when the alcohol is included in the menu falls by 30%, and the total mortality from all causes is approximately 18%. But it's about really small doses: up to 14 grams of pure ethanol per day for women and up to 28 grams for men. This corresponds to 100 or 200 ml of wine. If you go beyond these limits, mortality first increases to the same values as absolute teetotalers, and after 40 g of pure ethanol per day, people who drink are more susceptible to disease than those who abstain from alcohol. In general, you can say that drinking a little bit is safe, even if it is done every day, but drinking a lot is harmful, even if it is rarely done.
 Not all professionals agree with me. Svetlana Borinskaya, who studies the genes of predisposition to alcoholism, does not believe that there is any convincing evidence of the benefits of small doses of alcohol: a coincidence does not mean a causal relationship, and it is possible that people are not sick because they do not drink, and do not drink precisely because that are sick; and maybe this observation is connected with some unaccounted factors. Borinskaya writes: "I think this is a very important issue. Because the spread of the myth of a "glass of wine" in our country is especially harmful. "Benefits for the heart" and "doctors showed" - a frequent argument against stopping abuse, in which a glass, of course, very few people is limited. By the way, useful substances that are in red wine, can also be obtained from a glass of grape juice, without risking the development of dependence. "
There is only one situation where science allows you to exceed the recommended dose. This is a one-time alcohol intake on a day of severe uncontrollable stress - the sudden tragic death of a loved one, parting with a lover, losing a job and the like. In the textbook "Biology of behavior" of psychoendocrinologist Dmitry Zhukov it is said that in this situation drinking alcohol reduces the likelihood of the formation of depression. If this is so, then it's really wise to get drunk: depression really lasts longer and is more painful than a hangover. But, as far as I understand, Zhukov came to such conclusion speculatively, but nobody checked it experimentally. This would be a rather complicated experiment: one would have to take 100 subjects, provide them with all the heavy stress (say, to persuade their spouses for the sake of science to suddenly file for divorce), send half to get drunk, keep the second half in sobriety and, in several weeks, compare the frequency of development of depressive episodes in both groups.
 The editor adds: "You can just take those who are already under stress, and drink half of it!" It seems to me that this is no less cynical.
In itself, the idea that alcohol can have a calming effect, no doubt does not cause - after all, it binds to the same receptors as benzodiazepine tranquilizers, and enhances the action of gamma-aminobutyric acid, the main inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain. In old (and already classic) works of the narcologist E. Ye. Bekhtel, 18 it is noted that alcohol allowed volunteers to experience less fear and anxiety in obtaining discharges of electric current-this experience in the laboratory is easier to carry out than experience with a destroyed life. But there is really nothing good in this, because it is the desire to constantly reduce anxiety, apparently, and is one of the key factors in the development of dependence.
Listening to the character traits associated with the increased risk of alcoholism, Bechtel identifies such features as low resistance to stress, reduced self-esteem, a high level of anxiety, a lack of an expressed desire to work and the ability to organize an interesting rest, incomplete mastering of accepted moral and ethical norms in society. Hmm, I think I'm good at this description.
Fortunately, the formation of alcoholism is a slow process, and it can be noticed, realized and stopped. The first alarm bell is the alcoholism desirability syndrome: the habit of thinking: "It would be nice to go for a drink!" In all situations that are pulling on an occasion (Friday evening, Monday evening, success, failure, fatigue, cheerfulness, acquaintance with a beautiful young lady, man, etc., etc.). In parallel, in case of regular drunkenness, tolerance to alcohol begins to grow: to achieve the same effect, which previously required a liter of beer, now you need to drink one and a half. The next serious sign of approaching alcoholism is the syndrome of the obligation of intoxication. It manifests itself in the fact that a person experiences a distinct frustration if the planned booze is canceled or has to be stopped before the time. The future alcoholic is already tuned in, he was already looking forward, and he will make every effort to still get drunk, and if it does not work out, he will be annoyed and offended by the whole world. The next stage is the delay of the phenomenon of saturation: it becomes much more difficult for a person to reach the state of "mom, I can not drink anymore!" - and at the same time he feels discomfort if he stops drinking earlier than it did. In general, if a person has noticed even the very first of these signs, it makes sense to introduce a dry law into his head and go to learn to enjoy something more useful - otherwise it may be too late. This bog sucks in gently and slowly. Be careful, move away from the edge of the platform.
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Short course of a happy life
- Lissy Moussa. The course of creating a happy destiny, or All ingenious - easily !, 2009
- Medical College "Ayazhan". Short course on pediatrics, 2010
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- THEORETICAL COURSE
- Introduction to the course of NOH
Make every citizen an active participant. preservation of his own health, forming responsible attitude to his health, access to knowledge about his state of health and knowledge of measures to strengthen and prevent diseases. Minister of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation Т.А. Golikova Scientific and practical bases of health as educational