home
about the project
News of medicine
Authors
Licensed books on medicine
<< Previous Next >>

Short course of a happy life


With careful use, alcohol is not such a bad thing1. There are studies showing that moderate drinking is even healthier than total abstinence. The risk of coronary heart disease when the alcohol is included in the menu falls by 30%, and the total mortality from all causes is approximately 18%. But it's about really small doses: up to 14 grams of pure ethanol per day for women and up to 28 grams for men. This corresponds to 100 or 200 ml of wine. If you go beyond these limits, mortality first increases to the same values ​​as absolute teetotalers, and after 40 g of pure ethanol per day, people who drink are more susceptible to disease than those who abstain from alcohol. In general, you can say that drinking a little bit is safe, even if it is done every day, but drinking a lot is harmful, even if it is rarely done.
[1] Not all professionals agree with me. Svetlana Borinskaya, who studies the genes of predisposition to alcoholism, does not believe that there is any convincing evidence of the benefits of small doses of alcohol: a coincidence does not mean a causal relationship, and it is possible that people are not sick because they do not drink, and do not drink precisely because that are sick; and maybe this observation is connected with some unaccounted factors. Borinskaya writes: "I think this is a very important issue. Because the spread of the myth of a "glass of wine" in our country is especially harmful. "Benefits for the heart" and "doctors showed" - a frequent argument against stopping abuse, in which a glass, of course, very few people is limited. By the way, useful substances that are in red wine, can also be obtained from a glass of grape juice, without risking the development of dependence. "
There is only one situation where science allows you to exceed the recommended dose. This is a one-time alcohol intake on a day of severe uncontrollable stress - the sudden tragic death of a loved one, parting with a lover, losing a job and the like. In the textbook "Biology of behavior" of psychoendocrinologist Dmitry Zhukov it is said that in this situation drinking alcohol reduces the likelihood of the formation of depression. If this is so, then it's really wise to get drunk: depression really lasts longer and is more painful than a hangover. But, as far as I understand, Zhukov came to such conclusion speculatively, but nobody checked it experimentally. This would be a rather complicated experiment: one would have to take 100 subjects, provide them with all the heavy stress (say, to persuade their spouses for the sake of science to suddenly file for divorce), send half to get drunk, keep the second half in sobriety and, in several weeks, compare the frequency of development of depressive episodes in both groups.
[1] The editor adds: "You can just take those who are already under stress, and drink half of it!" It seems to me that this is no less cynical.

In itself, the idea that alcohol can have a calming effect, no doubt does not cause - after all, it binds to the same receptors as benzodiazepine tranquilizers, and enhances the action of gamma-aminobutyric acid, the main inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain. In old (and already classic) works of the narcologist E. Ye. Bekhtel, 18 it is noted that alcohol allowed volunteers to experience less fear and anxiety in obtaining discharges of electric current-this experience in the laboratory is easier to carry out than experience with a destroyed life. But there is really nothing good in this, because it is the desire to constantly reduce anxiety, apparently, and is one of the key factors in the development of dependence.
Listening to the character traits associated with the increased risk of alcoholism, Bechtel identifies such features as low resistance to stress, reduced self-esteem, a high level of anxiety, a lack of an expressed desire to work and the ability to organize an interesting rest, incomplete mastering of accepted moral and ethical norms in society. Hmm, I think I'm good at this description.
Fortunately, the formation of alcoholism is a slow process, and it can be noticed, realized and stopped. The first alarm bell is the alcoholism desirability syndrome: the habit of thinking: "It would be nice to go for a drink!" In all situations that are pulling on an occasion (Friday evening, Monday evening, success, failure, fatigue, cheerfulness, acquaintance with a beautiful young lady, man, etc., etc.). In parallel, in case of regular drunkenness, tolerance to alcohol begins to grow: to achieve the same effect, which previously required a liter of beer, now you need to drink one and a half. The next serious sign of approaching alcoholism is the syndrome of the obligation of intoxication. It manifests itself in the fact that a person experiences a distinct frustration if the planned booze is canceled or has to be stopped before the time. The future alcoholic is already tuned in, he was already looking forward, and he will make every effort to still get drunk, and if it does not work out, he will be annoyed and offended by the whole world. The next stage is the delay of the phenomenon of saturation: it becomes much more difficult for a person to reach the state of "mom, I can not drink anymore!" - and at the same time he feels discomfort if he stops drinking earlier than it did. In general, if a person has noticed even the very first of these signs, it makes sense to introduce a dry law into his head and go to learn to enjoy something more useful - otherwise it may be too late. This bog sucks in gently and slowly. Be careful, move away from the edge of the platform.
<< Previous Next >>
= Skip to the content of the tutorial =

Short course of a happy life

  1. Lissy Moussa. The course of creating a happy destiny, or All ingenious - easily !, 2009

  2. Medical College "Ayazhan". Short course on pediatrics, 2010

  3. I often feel guilty for being so happy with my husband, whereas my parents were never happy together.
    I feel obliged to help my mother, giving her useful advice and paying attention to her. Why can not I be happy without feeling guilty? What you are experiencing is very common. Many children feel guilty that they have surpassed their parents in some area. When parents are unhappy, it often happens that they cling to their children. It is possible that
  4. Are you happy?
    In general, the frequency and loudness of human laughter, of course, are related to the conditions of life. According to the survey, which since 1996 is regularly held by several major sociological centers, the happiest inhabitants of the Earth are Venezuelans. 55% of the inhabitants of this country, responding to the question of sociologists, called themselves happy. Next in the list of countries with the happiest residents followed
  5. And they lived happily ever after
    At one of the dietetics congresses, I was shocked by the report of a sociologist. It turns out that in France the smallest percentage of divorces. Yes, they do not often enter into an official marriage there, but if the couple has made such a decision, they stay together, as they say, until the end. And do you know why? Because, according to research, they have a common hobby - eating. They like to eat well, and in
  6. Stage 5. Discussion on the topic "Is it possible to have a happy fatherhood?"
    The task is offered to two subgroups of students. Task for the first subgroup: "In Russia, to engage in the life and upbringing of children is considered a non-affair business. Only sometimes a father and not a mother remain at home with a small child. But if a man is sitting with a small child while his wife is working, then the people around him often mock him. Analyze this situation from the point of view of men and
  7. How does the lucky occasion come and Where does it go?
    Approximately as to Emelya from a fairy tale: Emelya took buckets and went for water; scooped up water, and hit him pike in a bucket. Emelya was delighted: - Hooray! Now I'll cook this pike, we'll put it on myself, I'll get my angry mother to eat, she will soften, she'll give me a carrot. The pike says to him in a human voice: Do not eat me, Emelya; let go again into the water, you will be happy! What happiness do you have? But what happiness: what you say, it will be!
  8. Crib. General course of Neuropathology, 2011
    2 year. DNU them. Oles Honchar. Psychology faculty. The main answers to the questions included in the course
  9. How can I feel happy if my spouse does not want to rise to my level of development?
    Mutual respect is fine, but for happiness this is not enough for me. If your spouse does not want to work on yourself in the same direction and in the same rhythm as you, then this does not mean that he stopped in his development. It just does not develop as fast as you do. No one in this world is given the right to control the evolution of another. If you give up trying to get your husband
  10. Keep the course adopted
    I do not think I discovered the secret to you, saying that the normal weight depends on how many calories you got with food and how much energy you spent. You can stick to any diet you like. Or, based on the principles of proper nutrition, come up with your own. You can leech yourself with leeches. Or to dance. If you really decided to lose weight, then the rhythm and content of your life
  11. THEORETICAL COURSE
    THEORETICAL
  12. Introduction to the course of NOH
    Make every citizen an active participant. preservation of his own health, forming responsible attitude to his health, access to knowledge about his state of health and knowledge of measures to strengthen and prevent diseases. Minister of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation Т.А. Golikova Scientific and practical bases of health as educational
Medical portal "MedguideBook" © 2014-2016
info@medicine-guidebook.com