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Short course of happy life

With careful use, alcohol is not such a bad thing1. There are studies showing that moderate use of alcohol is even more beneficial to health than complete abstinence from it. The risk of coronary heart disease with the inclusion of alcohol in the menu falls by 30%, and the total mortality from all causes - by about 18%. But we are talking about really small doses: up to 14 g of pure ethanol per day for women and up to 28 g for men. This corresponds to 100 or 200 ml of wine. When going beyond these limits, mortality first rises to the same magnitudes as that of absolute non-drinkers, and already after 40 grams of pure ethanol per day, people who drink are more prone to disease than those who abstain from alcohol. In general, it can be said that it is safe to drink a little, even if it is done every day, but drinking it a lot is harmful, even if it is rarely done.
[1] Not all professionals agree with me. Svetlana Borinskaya, who studies the genes for predisposition to alcoholism, does not consider that there is any convincing evidence of the use of low doses of alcohol: coincidence does not mean a causal relationship, and it is possible that people are not sick because they don’t drink, they don’t drink it that are sick; or maybe this observation is connected with some other unaccounted factors. Borinskaya writes: “I consider that this question is very essential. Because the spread of the myth of the “glass of wine” in our country is especially harmful. “Heart Benefits” and “Doctors Revealed” - a frequent argument against the cessation of abuse, in which, of course, few people limit themselves to glass. By the way, the nutrients that are in red wine, you can just as well get from a glass of grape juice, without risking the development of dependence. ”
There is only one situation where science allows you to exceed the recommended dose. This is a one-time intake of alcohol on the day of severe uncontrolled stress - the sudden tragic death of a loved one, separation from his beloved, loss of work, and the like. The textbook “Behavioral Biology” by psycho-endocrinologist Dmitry Zhukov says that in this situation drinking alcohol reduces the likelihood of depression. If this is the case, then it is indeed reasonable to get drunk: depression does indeed take longer and is more painful than a hangover. But, as far as I understand, Zhukov arrived at this conclusion speculatively, and nobody tested it experimentally. It would be a rather complicated scheme of the experiment: we would have to take 100 subjects, provide them all with severe stress (say, persuade their spouses for the sake of science to suddenly file for divorce), send half to get drunk, hold the second half in sobriety and after a few weeks compare the incidence of depressive episodes in both groups1.
[1] The editor adds: “You can simply take those who are already under stress and give half to drink!” It seems to me that this is no less cynical.

The very idea that alcohol can have a calming effect is beyond any doubt - after all, it binds to the same receptors as benzodiazepine tranquilizers and enhances the effect of gamma-aminobutyric acid, the main inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain. In the old (and already classical) works of the narcologist EE Bechtel, 18 it is noted that alcohol allowed volunteers to experience less fear and anxiety when receiving electric current discharges — such an experience in a laboratory is easier to conduct than an experience with a ruined life. But there is really nothing good in this, because it is the desire to constantly reduce anxiety, which is apparently one of the key factors in the development of dependence.
Listing character traits associated with an increased risk of developing alcoholism, Bechtel identifies such features as low resistance to stress, low self-esteem, a high level of anxiety, no pronounced desire for work and the ability to organize interesting rest, incomplete assimilation of socially-ethical norms. Hmm, I think I fit this description well.
Fortunately, the formation of alcoholism is not a quick process, and it can be noticed, realized and stopped. The first alarming bell is the syndrome of the desirability of alcoholism: the habit of thinking: “A good idea to go for a drink!” In all situations that pull on the occasion (Friday evening, Monday evening, success, failure, fatigue, vigor, acquaintance with a beautiful young lady, acquaintance with an unpleasant man and so on, and so n.). In parallel, in the case of regular drunkenness, tolerance to alcohol begins to grow: to achieve the same effect, which previously required a liter of beer, now you need to drink one and a half. The next serious sign of an approaching alcoholism is the syndrome of obligate drunkenness. It manifests itself in the fact that a person experiences a distinct frustration, if the planned booze is canceled or it has to be stopped ahead of time. The future alcoholic is already in tune, he has already been anticipating, and he will make every effort to get drunk anyway, and if this does not work out, he will be annoyed and offended by the whole world. The next stage is the lag of the phenomenon of saturation: it becomes noticeably harder for a person to reach the state of “Mom, I can't drink anymore!” - and at the same time he feels discomfort if he stops getting drunk before it is possible. In general, if a person noticed even the very first of these signs in himself, it makes sense for him to introduce a dry law in his head and go and learn to enjoy something more useful - otherwise it may be too late. This quagmire sucks gently and slowly. Be careful, move away from the edge of the platform.
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Short course of happy life

  1. Lissy Moussa. The course of the creation of a happy fate, or All ingenious - easily! !, 2009

  2. Medical College "Ayazhan." Pediatrics 2010 Short Course

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  8. Crib. General course of Neuropathology, 2011
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