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MEN PREFERED TO CHANGES?
If we carry out a genetic analysis of ordinary families in which husbands have never doubted their paternity, then approximately 2% of the children will be strangers (ranging from 0.4% in families of religious Jews and up to 11% among residents of Mexico City). But if you include in the statistics those couples who themselves initiated the process of establishing paternity - for example, to solve the issue of maintenance - it turns out that almost 30% of children were born from lovers (in Russia, England and Finland, only 15% but in the US and Italy - more than 40%). So the conclusion is simple and pleasant: if you do not doubt that your child, then, most likely, it is.
In general, the more genetic research is conducted, the more carefully scientists use the word "monogamy" in their texts. Increasingly, the definition of "social" is added to it - that is, yes, it forms stable pairs, the male and the female take care of the offspring together, but not all children in the family are necessarily conceived from a permanent partner, and not necessarily all of its children grow in this family. Swan loyalty is an excellent myth, but in almost every second brood these birds have at least one chick, conceived from an extraneous male. Or take steppe voles, an example of monogamy, favorite by all biologists: in laboratory observations, each voles spends most of the time near its partner and very rarely approaches other males. Nevertheless, when females hung with radio transmitters are released into a fenced area of meadow, where they can meet several different males, and then examine their offspring, it turns out that more than 20% of broods are young, not only from the main partner, but also from one or two extraneous males.
The concept of the energy contribution to the offspring is quite true, but one can not conclude from this that there is a certain tendency for polygamy in men and simultaneously for monogamy in women. Change everything. But due to the fact that the potential risks for women are much higher than for men, it more selectively chooses partners - and society is much more interested in making this choice as tight as possible and take under control.
It is not necessary to even give examples from people's lives. English anthropologist Robin Dunbar retells in his popular science book "The Labyrinth of Random Relations" a touching story from the life of the hamadryles, described by the zoologist Hans Kummer. Hammers form harems: one male has up to five females, he strictly monitors them and punishes them if they move too far away from him. The female, whom Kummer watched, departed from her family for 20 minutes in small steps and eventually went behind a stone where a young male from a neighboring family was waiting for her. They started grooming - caressing each other, fingering wool and looking for parasites - but the female tried to keep standing behind the stone so that her head could be seen by the male host feeding nearby, and he did not suspect anything bad.
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MEN PREFERED TO CHANGES?
- When I tell my husband frankly how I feel about some of his actions, he listens to me, and then calmly replies that no one has the right to interfere in his personal life, that he is what he is and can not change.
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Currently, specialists dealing with the problem of male infertility have accumulated a wealth of scientific and practical experience, allowing to establish the causes of deviations and prescribe therapeutic measures that will help many men to return the lost. At the very beginning of treatment, an anamnesis is made (a medical history). As with other diseases, the doctor asks the patient about the
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Alternative models of the representation of gender relations in contemporary Russian culture are often associated with the creation of a new image of a man. Classical Russian literature created many images of "weak men", who were completely absorbed in the problems of personal self-determination (the so-called superfluous people - Onegin, Pechorin, Turgenev's characters), avoided family life and
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