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Stress-resistant, easy to teach, purposeful, only to lie like
The results are mixed: men have more adrenocorticotropic hormone than women, but in terms of the level of cortisol in saliva, women who participated in the experiment in the second half of the menstrual cycle come very close to men, and even outstrip them in heart rate (and significantly exceed women, participating in the study in the first half of the cycle). Given that stress generally lowers mental capacity (for example, worsens working memory, that is, the ability to keep several pieces of information in your head and do some actions on them10), for real interviews for women who tend to worry about work, it makes sense to come to time of the first half of the menstrual cycle. This is not the conclusion of the authors of the article, if anything, but my expanded interpretation of scientific data.
In any case, gender differences - this is not the most important thing. More interesting is another: the choice of a behavioral response to a stressful effect. With all the seeming variety of possible reactions, they are reduced to two strategies. Firstly, you can try to reconcile yourself with the situation: to stand still, wait and endure. Secondly, the situation can be changed: run away, fight, and in general in every possible way fuss. The bad news is that the "choice" is loudly stated: the form of behavior in new and potentially dangerous situations is to an enormous extent congenital and depends on the activity of the sympathetic nervous system. If we take a rat, expose it to some stressor factor and measure the adrenaline release and heart rate, then this will allow us to predict with a high degree of accuracy how it will behave in all other similar situations11. If the activity of the sympathetic nervous system is high, the rat will engage in confrontation with competitors, bravely explore the new space and actively try to swim when placed in water. If the sympathetic nervous system works less intensively, the animal is more likely to give up in a social clash, in a new territory for a long time it will die in a corner and even swim will be worse. Thus it is not necessary to consider that the active reaction to stress is something better (or, conversely, worse) than the passive one. A cautious rat will not eat well, because she rarely finds rare delicacies and besides does not want to fight for them with her companions, but in dangerous situations such as a collision with a predator, she falls less often, so that the chances of surviving and leaving offspring of her not less than a rat with an active life position.
For people such a classification was developed in the middle of the last century by American cardiologists Meyer Friedman and Roy Rosenman. They introduced the concept of behavioral types A and B and developed questionnaires to separate one from the other. People belonging to the behavioral type A (in its extreme manifestations) are energetic, aggressive, ambitious, inclined to compete with others, are constantly concerned about the lack of time in their professional activities and strive for high productivity, they move sharply and speak abruptly. Their opposite, people of type B, are relaxed and calm, patient, give more time to their hobbies, are not irresponsible, work in a measured manner, are less concerned with competition with others, are smoothly moving and talking. The sense of this division from the point of view of cardiology was that belonging to type A, as it was then believed, is associated with high blood pressure and significantly increases the risk of coronary heart disease, so that such people should be recommended to monitor their health more closely.
In modern cardiology this theory was abandoned, because in the study of large groups of subjects it was not possible to detect a significant statistical relationship between the predisposition to cardiovascular diseases and personality traits associated with behavioral type A. But the terminology has taken root in stress studies, at least in Russia . In early 2013, in the newspaper "Troitsky Variant", with which scientists and scientific journalists collaborate, my interview with Dmitry Zhukov, half devoted to his studies of rats showing behavioral stress such as type A or type B., was published. He shared fresh news: it turns out that The behavioral type depends on how effective antidepressants are. Active and fussy rats who have fallen into depression, traditional drugs help well, but calm and passive animals respond poorly to such therapy, but they can be cured with oxytocin. It is likely that in the future this data will help to treat depression more effectively in people.
Today, there is no complete description of all the genetic and hormonal factors that affect the individual characteristics of behavior under stress. The only thing that remains for an individual is constant observation of oneself, an analysis of one's own behavior and well-being in stressful situations, which will allow us to approximately understand what to expect of ourselves in the future. And of course, we need some share of humility and acceptance, the memory that stress is a very physiological thing, and if it is accompanied by sweating and bustling senseless activity, then most likely it will always be so. Another question is that each concrete situation can be made less stressful - for this it is simply necessary that the brain does not consider it completely unexpected and new. Suppose, if you have to speak tomorrow before the board of directors in your office meeting room and you are nervous, it will be very useful to scroll your presentation in the same room the day before - then the brain will think: "This I saw yesterday, well, except that people are new , - perhaps there is no point in developing a strong stress response. " This is much more effective than trying to suppress stress by effort of will. I do not give a damn about our willpower, to be honest.
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Stress-resistant, easy to teach, purposeful, only to lie like
- I love Tchaikovsky Peter ...
And now the quatrain is on the agenda. This is the most common type of stanza, familiar to everyone from early childhood. This kind of poem is popular because of the abundance of rhyme systems. We will talk about some of them. (The quatrains of the magnificent poet Igor Irtenev are chosen as examples.) Adjacent is the rhyme of adjacent verses: the first with the second, the third with the fourth (oabb - here
- WHY I DO NOT LIKE WORD - DIET.
In recent years, diets have become an integral part of the lifestyle of a large group of people. And this is understandable. People are motivated by the desire to lose weight, to look better, to correspond to the type of beauty accepted in our society. At the same time, there comes an awareness of the need to take care of one's own health, the desire to prolong active years of life, although for some it is just a fad. Have you ever,
- Should I admit to the wife with whom I have been living for twenty-four years already, that I no longer love him, but treat him like a brother?
I think that he knows about it. Is it not better for me to leave him so that each of us can cultivate on our own? You are not mistaken, thinking that the husband guesses about what is happening to you, although, perhaps, he does not fully realize this. I see that your relationship suffers, to a large extent, from the inability to communicate. I even think that you should share as soon as possible
- Only for mothers
Moms, realize that your hormones have changed after the birth of the child and during breastfeeding, and your husband's hormones are not. As a result, fathers do not treat your child as you do, and their sexual needs are the same as they were before birth. The two most difficult times for fathers are fathers lacking intimacy with their wives and experiencing an obvious preference for their mother
- Abstract (only for diplomas)
Observe all fonts and indentations! Carefully subtract and make the same blocks! SAMPLE ABSTRACT Diploma of the robot: 62 p., 7 tablets, 3 pic., 64 dzher., 4 dod. Перелік ключових слів: popularity of the interpreter, unpopularity of the interpreter, image, image of the ideal teacher, internal quality characteristics, spriteattya with the teachings of the ideal teacher, різні за вііком школярі. Ob'ekt
- Abstract (only for the diploma)
It is compulsory to submit an abstract printed out on a floppy disk to Valentina Ivanovna before the defense. Observe all fonts and indentations! Carefully subtract and make the same blocks! OBRAZETS Faculty of Psychology Department of Social Psychology and Psychology of Management SPECIALISTS TA SITUATSINI FACTORS OF VINICNNYA AT HEARINGS ATRAKTSIЇ TO THE COMMUNICATOR Vikonavets: student Gladchenko O.I.
- INVASION DISEASES, GIVING ONLY ANIMALS
DICTIOUCASUSES An acute and chronic disease of herbivorous animals (cattle, sheep, horses, etc.) caused by nematodes from the genus Dictyocaulus parasitizing in the bronchi. It is widespread everywhere. Pathogen - diktiokaulyusy - round worms, developing without intermediate hosts. Parasites of D. filaria and D. viviparus of filamentous form, whitish in color. Length of male - 17-80
- THIS BOOK IS ONLY ABOUT Curing Cancer by Poisons
Austrian healer R. Broyce, American doctor Max Gerson, domestic authors GS Shatalov, NV Shevchenko (vegetable oil + vodka), Japanese healer Katsudzo Nishi and a number of other authors proposed their methods of treatment and cure cancer. All these methods contain quite a lot of mistakes of a very different nature because of the authors' lack of scientific substantiation of their proposals.
- What will happen, if only write a treatise, and no action is taken
It is very likely that nothing will happen. You write written, but did not play, and the universe can perceive this as a deferred action. That is, when the hour of X comes, then we will do everything that was planned. But it will not come, we will not do it. But it also happens that your intention to change something in your life is so clear and strong that the desired begins to be performed right in the process of writing.
- For those who have just started porridge, but go on vacation - about nutrition on the road
There are a lot of instant cereals - all kinds of flakes. I'm not a supporter of such cereal, but in case of a road they, of course, are way out. When you buy, look - at them the time is specified - choose where there is one minute. You can still cook like this: in a thermos with a wide throat to fill the groats (preferably crushed or those flakes) and pour steep boiling water, and close tightly for 1 hour (flakes - for 10-15 minutes). So rice and buckwheat
- As soon as I want to talk to my husband, he starts screaming. What should I do?
I'm afraid to be wrong and do not know how to start a conversation so that from the very beginning it does not take a nasty turn. If someone is constantly on guard, this is a sure sign that he feels that he is accused of something. Check if you are hoping deep down that you will be able to get your husband to understand something to prove to him your rightness. For what purpose do you talk with him? Maybe,
- ORAL HORMONAL CONTRACEPTIVES, CONTAINING ONLY PROGESTAGEN (PURE PROGESTINE TABLETS, OR MINI-PILI)
Purely progestin contraceptives are one of the types of hormonal contraception that was created in connection with the need to exclude the estrogenic component that causes most metabolic disorders: hypertension and, especially, thromboembolic conditions. Progestin-only methods of contraception include: • oral contraceptives containing only progestogen (pure
- How do I know if my friend really loves me, sincerely or does he only have sex with me?
You do not doubt in vain. One half of your "I", of course, believes that all men are primarily looking for sexual relations, and as long as you think so, this situation will repeat, even if you change your friend. You are scared at the thought that you will be physically possessed, and this, of course, indicates that something is wrong with you here. The more you think about
- Someone told me that breastfeeding prevents pregnancy, but maybe it's all just talk?
Exclusive breastfeeding reduces the risk that you will become pregnant. During the first six months, until you have started menstruating and while you are completely breastfeeding day and night, you are 98% protected from pregnancy. This is tantamount to protection with the help of other modern contraceptives. From the next section ("How is breastfeeding going on?")
- I convince myself that I do not leave my husband only because he will be lost without me. Is not this stupid of me?
Your husband, perhaps, will be lost without you, and you yourself thought about the fact that you will not be easy without it? Apparently, he is very dependent on you. It is possible that you are both interdependent. I can assume that you like to play the role of mother in your relationship with him. When you are fully aware of your own dependence, sit down and calmly talk to him. Plan this conversation on
- Supply of food can be unstable and unreliable. How can we feed children older than 6 months who need more than just one breast milk?
Approximately at the age of 6 months, start giving food that you eat yourself. Do not replace breastfeeding, give solid food in addition to the usual breastfeeding scheme for your baby. Children older than 6 months can eat almost any food, but their diet should not contain a lot of salt. When you are cooking, separate a little for the baby before adding salt to the rest
- I am an unmarried woman and live alone. My elderly parents are often sick. My mother calls me selfish when I refuse to come to her immediately, as soon as she needs help. Do I bear responsibility for my parents? Do I always need to help them?
Your heart knows the answer to this question, but your mind disputes it. No child is responsible for the happiness or well-being of their parents. However, some part of you thinks that you are responsible for them, and it is possible that you yourself consider yourself selfish. You, of course, were influenced by your parents, who believe that a good grateful daughter is obliged,
- In my family, I do everything: home, food, children, their upbringing, their education. I do not understand why all of this should be done only by me. My husband says that when a woman does everything, it's in the order of things. But after all, he is responsible for this, is not it?
It depends on the obligations that you took on together before the birth of the children. Have you discussed the consequences of having children in your family? Who wanted them? Suppose you really wanted to have children, but your husband told you: "I do not want to have children, but if it's so important to you, then all right. You can have children, I do not mind, because you will be engaged in them. " If you have been reached