Licensed books on medicine
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Why sleep embracing anyone
Ludwig Jacobson, one of the first researchers of the vomeronasal organ, was actually a surgeon and healed people. If you believe Wikipedia, the new sense organ, Jacobson, first discovered it in humans, which he reported at the conference of the Danish Academy of Sciences in 1809. Nevertheless, finding the text of this report is problematic. In modern scientific articles on the vomeronasal organ, Jacobson, on the contrary, periodically ascribes words that a person has no such organ. They are saddened that because of the authority of the discoverer, the person did not really look for the vomeronasal organ for many years and didn’t investigate - who will give a grant to study a non-existent part of the body.
With the vomeronasal organ, the person has a truly dark history. If desired, you can confirm with references to authoritative sources the statement that it does not exist; that it was in embryogenesis, but absent in adults; that the vomeronasal organ is, but not all; exists, but does not work; Finally, that he is and works. The authors of the articles, in which the opposing points of view are expressed, subject each other to the cruelest criticism, write about an incorrect methodology, insufficient scientific erudition, and groundless far-reaching conclusions. Those scientists who do not want to curse with anyone introduced the term putative vomeronasal organ - the supposed vomeronasal organ - and explore it for fun. So they write: we looked into the noses of 173 people, and at least two thirds of them, regardless of gender and age, have something in the nasal cavity. It is probably the vomeronasal organ. But we do not claim at all that it is he, it is just our working hypothesis, don’t think bad!
By and large, not the structure is important, but the function. The question is whether people can perceive pheromones and modify their behavior and / or hormonal status as a result of remote perception of molecules secreted by other people. And whether the vomeronasal organ, or the usual olfactory epithelium, or the little green little people unknown to science are involved in this, is a secondary question. I tend to the first version, but I do not insist. But I insist that yes, pheromones absolutely definitely influence us: not so much (and not so straightforwardly, and not so clear), as the advertising of magic spirits promises, but more than we used to think. And most importantly, it is not only about behavior (it is almost always possible to come up with some alternative explanation), but also about purely physiological reactions.
In the winter of 1971, Nature published an article by Marta McClintock, which opened a new era in the study of pheromones in humans. Up to this point, all experiments were carried out only on animals, and individual observations on the possible effect of pheromones on humans had the status of urban legends and anecdotes. Scientists retold them to each other in the smoking room: “But one of our colleagues noticed that his beard grows faster in the presence of his wife than on expeditions on an uninhabited island, as he believes that it is female pheromones that stimulate testosterone release. It's funny, isn't it? ”And only Martha McClintock, yesterday's student (at the time of the publication of the study, she was 23 years old), set out to confirm or disprove by scientific methods the common myth that women living in the same room synchronize with menstrual cycles. During the school year, Martha interviewed girls living in a university dormitory, collecting data about their menstrual cycles and the amount of time they spend with roommates, as well as the frequency of their meetings with men. The collected material was enough to get statistically reliable data: for half a year of close communication, the menstrual cycles of close friends and roommates really come closer to each other. Regular meetings with men, as shown by data analysis, lead to the fact that the menstrual cycle is reduced (on average by two days) and becomes more regular.
Martha McClintock suggested that her results are related to the influence of pheromones, but did not insist on this version; she also noted, for example, that students of one college are about the same way eating and experiencing stress at the same time, which can also affect the duration of the cycle.
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Why sleep embracing anyone
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