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Etiology and pathogenesis. The causative agent is the larval stage of alveococcus. Human infection occurs after the oncospheres enter the oral cavity through contact with contaminated skins of arctic foxes, dogs, foxes, through the water of stagnant ponds when eating wild berries collected in an epidemic area. Larvae usually accumulate in the liver, infiltrate and germinate in the tissue, disrupting the blood supply to organs, causing tissue degeneration and atrophy.

Clinic. For a long time, it remains asymptomatic, but there is a progressive increase in the liver, heaviness and pressure in the right hypochondrium appear, a dull aching pain appears. After a few years, you can palpate a bumpy and very dense liver.
Jaundice may develop, sometimes the spleen increases. With the collapse of the nodes, the body temperature rises, sweating is observed.

Diagnosis. Based on laboratory data, leukocytosis, eosinophilia, increased ESR, hyperproteinemia, hypergammaglobulinemia. Serological reactions with alveococcal antigen are used. In order to clarify the localization of the process, X-ray and ultrasound examination, liver scan, computed tomography are used. Test puncture is prohibited due to the risk of contamination of other organs. Differentiate from tumors, echinococcosis and cirrhosis.

Treatment. Surgical and symptomatic treatment.

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    Abdominal (lat. Abdomen - stomach) - located on the abdominal side of the body. Absorption - absorption of gases or liquids; absorption of any substances from the intestinal tract by lymphatic and / or blood vessels. An abscess is a limited inflammation characterized by an accumulation of pus under the skin or mucous membrane. Agalactia - the lack of milk in bitches after childbirth. Adaptation -
    Alveococcus multilocularis, - biohelminth, the causative agent of alveococcosis. The foci of the disease are registered in Europe, Asia, North America. MORPHOLOGICAL FEATURES Tape forms of echinococcus and alveococcus are similar. They are distinguished by the structure of the uterus in mature proglottids: in alveococcus, the uterus is spherical, and in echinococcus with lateral outgrowths. Finna alveococcus is filled with gelatinous mass and
  3. Differential diagnosis
    The above-mentioned tissue helminthiases must be differentiated from each other, and in some cases (toxocariasis, trichinosis) - with the acute phase of other helminthiases (ascariasis, schistosomiasis, opisthorchiasis) and diseases, including allergic nature, accompanied by high eosinophilia. Toxocariasis, depending on the prevailing organ changes, differentiates with bronchial asthma,
    Hepatic insufficiency is a pathological condition, which is the final stage of various liver diseases that occurs in connection with a violation of its functions, accompanied by neuropsychiatric disorders of varying severity, up to coma. The causes of liver failure are the following diseases: infectious hepatitis (Botkin's disease), chronic hepatitis C
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    A cavity in the lung tissue can occur due to the activity of pyogenic microbes (abscess), specific bacteria (tuberculous cavity), parasitic infection (echinococcus), decay of tumors, and more. The cavity may be one or more. Often it is initially closed, then a breakthrough in the bronchus (pleural cavity) occurs, and the cavity is filled with air. Leading symptoms: •
  6. Jaundice syndrome
    Yellowness of the skin and mucous membranes occurs with excessive accumulation of bile pigments (bilirubin) in the blood or with the use of medicines (carotene, acrychin), and large quantities of food products (carrots). There are suprahepatic, hepatic, subhepatic and exogenous jaundice. The leading symptom is jaundice. Etiology. The cause of suprahepatic (hemolytic) jaundice
  7. . The main types of helminths that cause disease in humans
    Helminthiasis is a disease caused by parasitic worms that have settled in the human body - helminths and their larvae. Alveococcosis. Etiology. The causative agent is the larval stage of alveococcus. Infection occurs when the oncospheres get into the mouth after contact with contaminated skins of foxes, arctic foxes, dogs, with water from stagnant ponds and when eating wild berries collected in
  8. Helminthiasis
    Echinococcosis. Zoonotic natural-anthropurgic helminthiases, manifested in humans in two clinical forms - single-chamber (E. Granulosus) and alveolar (multi-chamber) (E. multilocularis). Development takes place with the participation of two hosts - intermediate and final. Reservoir and sources: the final owner of the dog, intermediate with x animals. The transmission mechanism is fecal-oral,
  9. Portal Hypertension Syndrome
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  11. Vizer V.A .. Lectures on therapy, 2011
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