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Ankylostomidosis (ankylostomiasis and non-carotidosis)

Etiology, pathogenesis. Pathogens - hookworm and nectar, parasitize in the small intestine of a person, more often - in the duodenum. Infection occurs when penetrating the larvae through the skin or by swallowing larvae with contaminated fruits, vegetables, water. Larvae migrate along a large and small circle of blood circulation for about 7-10 days. In the small intestine turn into sexually mature individuals and after 4-6 weeks begin to lay eggs. The life span of ankylostomide ranges from several months to 20 years. During the migration period, they can cause toxic-allergic reactions. Adult helminths are hematophagous. When fixed to the mucous membrane of the intestine, the mucous membrane and tissues are traumatized, which leads to the formation of hemorrhage, causes bleeding, promotes the development of anemia, maintains a certain level of allergy, dyskinesia of the gastrointestinal tract and dyspepsia.

Skin itching and burning, asthmatic phenomena, fever, in the analysis of blood eosinophilia. In the late stage, there is nausea, salivation, abdominal pain, vomiting, bowel dysfunction (constipation or diarrhea), bloating.

The diagnosis is confirmed by the detection of eggs in the feces, and sometimes in duodenal contents.

Treatment. Deworming is carried out with kombantin III or levamisole. With severe anemia (hemoglobin below 67 g / l), iron preparations, transfusion of erythrocyte mass are prescribed.

Prognosis and prevention. The forecast is favorable in most cases.

Prevention: in the foci of ankylostomidosis, you can not walk barefoot, lie on the ground without litter. It is necessary to thoroughly wash and boil with boiling water fruits, berries, vegetables before consuming them, you can not drink unboiled water.

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Ankylostomidosis (ankylostomiasis and non-carotidosis)

  1. Agriculture, industrial livestock, melioration
    An equally important factor in the economic activity of man is the intensification of agricultural production on the basis of agro-industrial complexes, farmer and peasant farms. The transformation of agriculture leads to a change in biocenotic relations in the centers of helminthiases that have developed in evolutionarily stable environmental conditions. With the industrialization of the village
    Anemia of the posthemorrhagic type is anemia caused by parasitic worms from the class of nematodes - ankylostomids. The peculiarity of this disease and the considerable distribution of ankylostomiasis in the southern latitudes serve as the basis for a separate description of this form of anemia. In the USSR, ankylostomidosis is known in some regions of Georgia (Abkhazia, Ajaria), Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan.
    Helminthiases caused by nematodes, or helminths round in cross section (toxocarosis, toxascaridosis, uncinoria, ankylostomosis, etc.) are the most common among cats helminth infestation. Nematodes are rather small parasites, the sizes of which rarely exceed several centimeters. Outside, the helminths are covered with a cuticle, on which there may be thorns, papillae and other outgrowths,
    ASKARIDOZ Ascariasis is a human helminthiasis caused by the round helminth Ascaris lumbricoides. It is characterized by an allergic syndrome in the early phase of the disease and a violation of the functions of the gastrointestinal tract - in the late phase. Choice of antimicrobial drugs The drugs of choice: pyrantel, 10 mg / kg once. Alternative drugs: levamisole, mebendazole, albendazole. ANKILOSTOMIDOZ Ankylostomidosis -
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    Round worms. Morphology and anatomy. Some features of nutrition and metabolism of nematodes. Reproduction and life cycles. Parasitic round worms are the causative agents of many dangerous diseases (nematodoses) of humans and domestic animals. The economic damage caused by nematodes in agriculture is very large, they also pose a serious threat to human health. Nematodose. Ascaridosis
  6. Chronic posthemorrhagic anemia
    It develops as a result of long-lasting repeated neobylnyh bleeding. Chronic posthemorrhagic anemia in children is the main cause of iron deficiency. Causes of repeated small blood loss can be the following pathological conditions: 1. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract: erosive and ulcerative lesions of the gastrointestinal tract, polyposis, diaphragmatic hernia, duplicate mucosa,
  7. Mebendazole
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  8. General characteristics of basophils, their role in pathological processes
    The share of basophils accounts for 0-1% in the leukocyte formula. They, like eosinophils, perform a detoxification function. Primary granules of basophils are large, surrounded by a membrane identical to the plasma membrane. The granule membrane, like the plasma membrane of basophils, has a high activity of phospholipases and lipooxygenase, so basophils are an important source of leukotrienes (leukotriene
  9. Pirantela pamoat
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  10. Construction of reservoirs, canals and other hydraulic structures
    The creation of reservoirs of different purposes (including those associated with canals) has been taking on an ever wider scale in the world over the past decade. In this regard, there is a need for a comprehensive study of the effects of reservoirs on the changes in the circulation of pathogens of a number of helminths, intestinal protozooses, in particular diphyllobothriasis, opisthorchiasis, giardiasis,
  11. Introduction
    The relevance of the problem of helminthiosis is associated with their widespread prevalence, the variety of negative effects on the human body and the pronounced polymorphism of clinical manifestations that hinder the differential diagnosis of diseases, the lack of sterile immunity and specific methods of prevention. In the world there are up to 300 species of helminths, most of them are races in countries with
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    Helminthiasis is a group of diseases caused by parasitic worms-helminths. In humans, more than 250 species of helminths are described, among them the representatives of the class of roundworms are most important in Russia: causative agents of ascariasis, ankylostomiasis, trichinosis, enterobiosis; trichocephalosis; class of tapeworms: shinose, diphyllobothriasis, echinococcosis; class flukes:
  13. Epidemiological significance of the soil
    As already mentioned, the soil is a natural receptor for solid and liquid wastes of human and animal life, in which pathogens of various diseases can be found. Fortunately, most of the pathogens caught in clean, unpolluted soil are dying more or less quickly. In soil, contaminated with organic substances, they are able to preserve
    John R. David (John R. David) During the past decade, there has been a constant increase in interest in human parasitic diseases and new approaches to dealing with them. One of the reasons for this was the enormous scale of the problem. Over a billion people in the world are stricken with parasitic diseases. Although accurate statistics are difficult to obtain, it is estimated that more than 200 million people are sick
  15. Vizer VA .. Lectures on therapy, 2011
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