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Ankylostomidosis (ankylostomiasis and non-carotidosis)



Etiology, pathogenesis. Pathogens - hookworm and nectar, parasitize in the small intestine of a person, more often - in the duodenum. Infection occurs when penetrating the larvae through the skin or by swallowing larvae with contaminated fruits, vegetables, water. Larvae migrate along a large and small circle of blood circulation for about 7-10 days. In the small intestine turn into sexually mature individuals and after 4-6 weeks begin to lay eggs. The life span of ankylostomide ranges from several months to 20 years. During the migration period, they can cause toxic-allergic reactions. Adult helminths are hematophagous. When fixed to the mucous membrane of the intestine, the mucous membrane and tissues are traumatized, which leads to the formation of hemorrhage, causes bleeding, promotes the development of anemia, maintains a certain level of allergy, dyskinesia of the gastrointestinal tract and dyspepsia.

Clinic.
Skin itching and burning, asthmatic phenomena, fever, in the analysis of blood eosinophilia. In the late stage, there is nausea, salivation, abdominal pain, vomiting, bowel dysfunction (constipation or diarrhea), bloating.

The diagnosis is confirmed by the detection of eggs in the feces, and sometimes in duodenal contents.

Treatment. Deworming is carried out with kombantin III or levamisole. With severe anemia (hemoglobin below 67 g / l), iron preparations, transfusion of erythrocyte mass are prescribed.

Prognosis and prevention. The forecast is favorable in most cases.

Prevention: in the foci of ankylostomidosis, you can not walk barefoot, lie on the ground without litter. It is necessary to thoroughly wash and boil with boiling water fruits, berries, vegetables before consuming them, you can not drink unboiled water.

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Ankylostomidosis (ankylostomiasis and non-carotidosis)

  1. Agriculture, industrial livestock, melioration
    An equally important factor in the economic activity of man is the intensification of agricultural production on the basis of agro-industrial complexes, farmer and peasant farms. The transformation of agriculture leads to a change in biocenotic relations in the centers of helminthiases that have developed in evolutionarily stable environmental conditions. With the industrialization of the village
  2. ANKILOSTOMIC ANEMIA
    Anemia of the posthemorrhagic type is anemia caused by parasitic worms from the class of nematodes - ankylostomids. The peculiarity of this disease and the considerable distribution of ankylostomiasis in the southern latitudes serve as the basis for a separate description of this form of anemia. In the USSR, ankylostomidosis is known in some regions of Georgia (Abkhazia, Ajaria), Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan.
  3. NONMATODOZES
    Helminthiases caused by nematodes, or helminths round in cross section (toxocarosis, toxascaridosis, uncinoria, ankylostomosis, etc.) are the most common among cats helminth infestation. Nematodes are rather small parasites, the sizes of which rarely exceed several centimeters. Outside, the helminths are covered with a cuticle, on which there may be thorns, papillae and other outgrowths,
  4. NONMATODOZES
    ASKARIDOZ Ascariasis is a human helminthiasis caused by the round helminth Ascaris lumbricoides. It is characterized by an allergic syndrome in the early phase of the disease and a violation of the functions of the gastrointestinal tract - in the late phase. Choice of antimicrobial drugs The drugs of choice: pyrantel, 10 mg / kg once. Alternative drugs: levamisole, mebendazole, albendazole. ANKILOSTOMIDOZ Ankylostomidosis -
  5. Round worms.
    Round worms. Morphology and anatomy. Some features of nutrition and metabolism of nematodes. Reproduction and life cycles. Parasitic round worms are the causative agents of many dangerous diseases (nematodoses) of humans and domestic animals. The economic damage caused by nematodes in agriculture is very large, they also pose a serious threat to human health. Nematodose. Ascaridosis
  6. Chronic posthemorrhagic anemia
    It develops as a result of long-lasting repeated neobylnyh bleeding. Chronic posthemorrhagic anemia in children is the main cause of iron deficiency. Causes of repeated small blood loss can be the following pathological conditions: 1. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract: erosive and ulcerative lesions of the gastrointestinal tract, polyposis, diaphragmatic hernia, duplicate mucosa,
  7. Mebendazole
    It has a structural similarity with levamisole, but has a slightly wider spectrum of activity. Mechanism of action The anthelmintic effect is due to a violation of the synthesis of cellular tubulin, utilization of glucose and inhibition of ATP formation. The spectrum of activity of Ascaris, pinworm, hookworm, withered head, trichinella and a number of other nematodes. The larval stages of some cestodes (echinococcus,
  8. General characteristics of basophils, their role in pathological processes
    The share of basophils accounts for 0-1% in the leukocyte formula. They, like eosinophils, perform a detoxification function. Primary granules of basophils are large, surrounded by a membrane identical to the plasma membrane. The granule membrane, like the plasma membrane of basophils, has a high activity of phospholipases and lipooxygenase, so basophils are an important source of leukotrienes (leukotriene
  9. Pirantela pamoat
    The pyrimidine derivative. It is active only in relation to round helminths. The mechanism of action of Pirantel pamoate acts against helminths as a depolarizing muscle relaxant, which causes the development of a neuromuscular blockade. Spectrum of activity Ascaris, pinworm, hookworm and some other nematodes. Pharmacokinetics Poorly absorbed in the digestive tract. Excreted mainly with feces (less
  10. Construction of reservoirs, canals and other hydraulic structures
    The creation of reservoirs of different purposes (including those associated with canals) has been taking on an ever wider scale in the world over the past decade. In this regard, there is a need for a comprehensive study of the effects of reservoirs on the changes in the circulation of pathogens of a number of helminths, intestinal protozooses, in particular diphyllobothriasis, opisthorchiasis, giardiasis,
  11. Introduction
    The relevance of the problem of helminthiosis is associated with their widespread prevalence, the variety of negative effects on the human body and the pronounced polymorphism of clinical manifestations that hinder the differential diagnosis of diseases, the lack of sterile immunity and specific methods of prevention. In the world there are up to 300 species of helminths, most of them are races in countries with
  12. Helminthiases
    Helminthiasis is a group of diseases caused by parasitic worms-helminths. In humans, more than 250 species of helminths are described, among them the representatives of the class of roundworms are most important in Russia: causative agents of ascariasis, ankylostomiasis, trichinosis, enterobiosis; trichocephalosis; class of tapeworms: shinose, diphyllobothriasis, echinococcosis; class flukes:
  13. Epidemiological significance of the soil
    As already mentioned, the soil is a natural receptor for solid and liquid wastes of human and animal life, in which pathogens of various diseases can be found. Fortunately, most of the pathogens caught in clean, unpolluted soil are dying more or less quickly. In soil, contaminated with organic substances, they are able to preserve
  14. IMMUNITY IN PARASITIC DISEASES
    John R. David (John R. David) During the past decade, there has been a constant increase in interest in human parasitic diseases and new approaches to dealing with them. One of the reasons for this was the enormous scale of the problem. Over a billion people in the world are stricken with parasitic diseases. Although accurate statistics are difficult to obtain, it is estimated that more than 200 million people are sick
  15. Vizer VA .. Lectures on therapy, 2011
    On the topic - almost completely cover the difficulties in the course of hospital therapy, the issues of diagnosis, treatment, in the presentation, laconic and quite affordable. Allergic diseases of the lungs Joint diseases Reiter's disease Sjogren's disease Bronchial asthma Bronchoectatic disease Hypertonic disease Glomerulonephrosfamiditis Herniasis of the esophagus Destructive lung diseases
  16. ALLERGIC DISEASES OF LUNGS
    In recent decades, there has been a significant increase in the number. patients with allergic diseases of the bronchopulmonary apparatus. Allergic lung diseases include exogenous allergic alveolitis, pulmonary eosinophilia, drug
  17. EXOGENOUS ALLERGIC ALVEOLITES
    Exogenous allergic alveolitis (syn: hypersensitive pneumonitis, interstitial granulomatous alveolitis) is a group of diseases caused by intensive and, more rarely, prolonged inhalation of antigens of organic and inorganic dusts and characterized by a diffuse, unlike pulmonary eosinophilia, lesion of alveolar and interstitial lung structures. The emergence of this group
  18. TREATMENT
    1. General measures aimed at dissociation of the patient from the source of antigen: compliance with sanitary and hygienic requirements in the workplace, technological improvement of industrial and agricultural production, rational employment of patients. 2. Drug treatment. In the acute stage - prednisolone 1 mg / kg per day for 1-3 days, followed by a decrease in dose in
  19. CHRONIC EOSINOPHILE PNEUMONIA
    It differs from the Loeffler syndrome with a longer (more than 4 weeks) and severe course until severe intoxication, fever, weight loss, the appearance of pleural effusion with a high content of eosinophils (Lera-Kindberg syndrome). The prolonged course of pulmonary eosinophilia, as a rule, is the result of an inadequate examination of the patient in order to determine its cause. In addition to the reasons,
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