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Purulent mastitis of newborns



Definition

Acute inflammation of the breast, a complication of physiological engorgement of the mammary glands. EPIDEMIOLOGY

Not studied.

PREVENTION

Compliance with the rules of asepsis and antiseptics.

ETIOLOGY

The causative agent of purulent mastitis in newborns is staphylococcus. PATHOGENESIS

The pathway of purulent infection is through damaged skin and excretory ducts of the skin glands or by the hematogenous route. As a rule, inflammation occurs against the background of physiological engorgement of the mammary glands. When inflammation occurs, glandular tissue infiltrates, followed by the formation of one or more merging ulcers in its lobules. The spread of the process to the surrounding fiber can lead to the development of chest phlegmon.

CLINIC PICTURE

Clinically, the disease is manifested by an increase in one or both breast glands in size. There is a compaction of the gland, hyperthermia, soreness, hyperemia of the skin, and later fluctuation. From the excretory ducts there may be purulent discharge. In this case, the general condition suffers: the child does not suck well, restless, body temperature is elevated.

DIAGNOSTICS

Physical research

Cm.
"The clinical picture."

Laboratory research

Microbiological examination of purulent contents to identify the pathogen, clinical blood test.

Differential diagnosis

Physiological engorgement of the breast.

Indications for consultation of other specialists

Physiotherapist.

Diagnosis example

Right-sided purulent mastitis.

TREATMENT

Indications for hospitalization

The presence of hyperemia of the skin around the breast.

Non-drug treatment

Physiotherapy.

Drug treatment

Antibacterial therapy, according to indications - infusion.

Surgery

Autopsy, drainage of a purulent focus.

Further management

Daily washing of the purulent cavity, change of ointment dressings.

FORECAST

With timely diagnosis and treatment, the prognosis is favorable. With purulent forms of mastitis, the glandular tissue can melt, which will subsequently lead to gland deformity, growth asymmetry, excretory duct obliteration, and lactation in adult women.

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Purulent mastitis of newborns

  1. PURULENT INFLAMMATORY DISEASES OF THE NEWBORN
    PURULENT INFLAMMATORY DISEASES
  2. LOCALIZED PURULENT INFECTION AND SEPSIS OF THE NEWBORNS
    LOCALIZED PURULENT INFECTION AND SEPSIS
  3. Postpartum Mastitis
    In recent years, the frequency of postpartum mastitis has decreased slightly. However, the course of the disease is characterized by a large number of purulent forms, resistance to treatment, extensive breast damage, a tendency to generalization. With mastitis, puerperas often infect newborns. In the etiology of mastitis, the leading place is occupied by pathogenic staphylococcus. Clinical picture and
  4. Mastitis
    Untreated engorgement on time can lead to inflammation of the breast tissue called mastitis. Mastitis does not necessarily mean infection. The suffix - um, as in the word arthritis, means inflammation with swelling, soreness, redness and pain. It is often difficult for the mother (and the doctor) to say what the inflammation caused by: engorgement or blockage of the milk ducts (none of them require antibiotics), or
  5. Mastitis
    Mastitis (mastitis) is an inflammation of the mammary gland that develops as a result of exposure to mechanical, thermal, chemical and biological factors. Causes of mastitis. Mastitis is a polyetiological disease. The causes of inflammation of the mammary gland are manifold and usually have a complex effect. The content of cows in large dairy complexes is unthinkable
  6. Task 50. LACTATION MASTITIS
    Puerpera F., 22 years old, was delivered through the natural birth canal by a live full-term male child weighing 3500 g. On the 4th day of the postpartum period, complaints of headache, weakness, pain in the right mammary gland, a sharp increase in body temperature to 39 ° C, chills . Status praesens. The condition is satisfactory. The skin is pale, dry. Marked engorgement of dairy
  7. INFECTIOUS MASTITIS
    Infectious mastitis is an acute, contagious disease of female animals of various species, mainly cattle and small cattle, manifested by various forms of inflammation of the udder, as well as a violation of the general condition and intoxication of the body (see color. Paste). Historical background, distribution, economic damage. Cows mastitis have been known since ancient times and are widespread.
  8. Sheep Infectious Mastitis
    Infectious mastitis of sheep (mastitis infectiosa ovium) is an acute contagious disease; manifested by gangrenous lesions of the mammary gland and severe intoxication of the body. Etiology. The main pathogens of the disease are pathogenic staphylococcus - Staphylococcus sureus ovinus and Pasteurells haemelytica of biotypes A and T. Mastitis in sheep can also be caused by other microorganisms and their
  9. MASTITIS
    Mastitis (inflammation of the mammary gland) develops more often in latently infected cats suffering from excessive colostrum, which, accumulating in the mammary glands, undergoes bacterial decomposition. Mastitis can also be caused simply by a bacterial infection after mechanical damage to the mammary gland (sometimes, for example, it happens that kittens damage their nipples during sucking
  10. Postpartum Mastitis
    This disease is a relatively rare form of postpartum infection. There are epidemic that occur in puerperas in the postpartum ward of the maternity hospital, and endemic forms of mastitis that occur in nursing mothers under community-acquired conditions. Endemic mastitis most often develops no earlier than 2-3 weeks after birth. Predisposing factors are
  11. Prejudice about mastitis.
    Liliya Kazakova, pediatrician, consultant on breastfeeding. 1. Very often, nursing mothers call mastitis lactostasis. What does lactostasis look like? Painful tuberosity and often redness of the skin over the tubercle. The occurrence of such a tuberosity or compaction is associated with the blockage of one of the ducts with a supposedly fat droplet and a violation of the outflow of milk from the lobe of the gland. Sometimes lactostasis
  12. GENERALIZED POST-BIRTH INFECTIOUS DISEASES LACTATIVE MASTITIS
    SEPTIC SHOCK IN OBSTETRICS One of the most serious complications of purulent-septic processes of any localization is septic or bacterial-toxic shock. Septic shock is a special reaction of the body, expressed in the development of severe systemic disorders associated with impaired adequate tissue perfusion, which occurs in response to the introduction of microorganisms or their
  13. GENERALIZED POST-BIRTH INFECTIOUS DISEASES LACTATIVE MASTITIS
    SEPTIC SHOCK IN OBSTETRICS One of the most serious complications of purulent-septic processes of any localization is septic or bacterial-toxic shock. Septic shock is a special reaction of the body, expressed in the development of severe systemic disorders associated with impaired adequate tissue perfusion, which occurs in response to the introduction of microorganisms or their
  14. Mastitis in animals: causes, pathogenesis, signs, classification, treatment and prevention
    Distribution and economic damage from mastitis Mastitis (from the Greek. Mastos - “nipple”) is an inflammation of the mammary gland, which develops as a result of exposure to the body of the female and her mammary gland of various stress factors: mechanical, chemical, thermal, climatic, biological, etc. Mastitis of cows is very widespread. In Russia, mastitis occurs in
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