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Chronic eating disorders (dystrophy)



Dystrophies (from the Greek. Dys - disorder, trophe - nutrition) are chronic eating disorders that are characterized by impaired absorption of nutrients by the body's tissues due to disorders of the digestive processes and absorption of nutrients in the gastrointestinal tract or quantitative and qualitative disorders in feeding a child . Dystrophies are of three types - malnutrition (malnutrition), obesity, obesity (excessive nutrition) and paratrophy (chronic eating disorder with normal length and body weight, or weight over length, or excess of both (up to 10%) above age norms).

K l and with and f and to and c and I dystrophies at children of early age are presented to tab. 25

Tab. 25. Classification of dystrophies in young children

Type of Power Periods Origin The reasons
dystrophy gravity exogenous endogenous
Hypotrophy 1, 2, 3 Elementary Prenatal Alimentary Anomalies
(lag Progress Postnatal (protein constitution
body mass tion Prenatal energy defects
from growth) Stabilization postnatal insufficient vitia internal
tion ness) them organs
Reconnaissance Infectious chromosomal
Paratrophy: centretsii Toxic diseases.
with prevailing Primary (na
by mass investigative)
bodies over enzymopathies:
growth; primary
with uniform- violations
but abundantly cleavage and
accurate suction;
body weight hereditary
and height; pathology of
with normal on substances.
Noah mass Immunodeficiency
soi body and cytological and neural
by height endocrine
diseases and
states
Mixed (exogenous and
endogenous)
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Chronic eating disorders (dystrophy)

  1. Chronic eating disorders
    Chronic eating disorders (dystrophy) are characterized by impaired nutrient absorption by body tissues, which is accompanied by a violation of the correct harmonious development of the child. These diseases develop mainly in young children. In 1981, G.A. Zaytseva and L.A.Stroganova proposed a classification of chronic eating disorders, which specifies
  2. Chronic eating disorders in young children
    Questions for repetition: 1. The concept of normotrophy. 2. The need for young children in the main food ingredients for different types of feeding. Test questions: 1. Classification of chronic eating disorders. 2. Hypotrophy. Notion Pathogenesis. 3. Clinical manifestations of malnutrition, depending on the severity. 4. Differential diagnosis of malnutrition (disaccharidase
  3. The structure and organization of the children's clinic. Clinical examination of a healthy child, children with rickets, anomalies of the constitution and chronic eating disorders
    Questions for repetition: 1. Feeding children of the first year of life. Test questions: 1. The structure of the children's clinic. 2. The main sections of the work and medical records of the district pediatrician. 3. Indicators of work of the district pediatrician. 4. Health criteria and health groups. 5. The organization of dynamic observation of children of the first, second and third year of life. 6. Features of monitoring
  4. MUSCLE DISTROPHY AND OTHER CHRONIC MYOPATHIES
    J. R. Mendell, R. K. Griggs (JR Mendell, R. C. Criggs) Most myopathies (see Table 354-2). including hereditary, inflammatory, endocrine, metabolic and toxic, may manifest as chronic muscle weakness. Principles of differential diagnosis of these diseases are summarized in Ch. 354. Hereditary myopathies Muscular dystrophies The term "muscular
  5. Abstract. Prevention of gastrointestinal disorders. Food Hygiene, 2010
    Squirrels. Fat Carbohydrates. Hygienic importance of minerals and vitamins in the diet of the population. Food poisoning. Energy assessment of the diet. Acute food poisoning non-microbial nature. Bacterial food poisoning
  6. Food for chronic pancreatitis
    Chronic pancreatitis occurs most often after acute, but it can also be primary, for example, in patients with cirrhosis of the liver, chronic hepatitis, in duodenal diseases, in the presence of stones in the biliary tract, sometimes in atherosclerosis and malnutrition in alcoholics, in allergic diseases, etc. The main thing in the treatment of chronic pancreatitis is properly constructed.
  7. Food in chronic renal failure
    Chronic renal failure can be caused by various long-lasting kidney diseases that impair their function. If the work of the kidneys is weakened, they are poorly removed from the body of substances that are formed as a result of protein metabolism. These substances accumulate in the blood and have a toxic effect on the body. To reduce their concentration in the blood, it is necessary to sharply
  8. Food for chronic colitis with constipation
    Since chronic colitis - inflammation of the mucous membrane of the colon - occurs with recurrent constipation or diarrhea, the choice of food is necessary in some cases, products that act laxatively, and in others - delay bowel emptying. For those who have constipation develops as a result of gastritis, colitis or cholecystitis, the main means of dealing with them
  9. Food for chronic colitis, accompanied by diarrhea
    Food for this disease is designed for several days and is strict and restrictive. The main purpose of nutrition - to spare the intestines To this end, the food is thoroughly minced, steamed or boiled. Recommended soups on skim meat broth and rice or semolina broths. From the second course recommended lean beef, veal in chopped form, chickens,
  10. MENTAL DISORDERS (PR) AND DISORDERS OF BEHAVIOR (RP), THEIR MEDICAL AND SOCIAL SIGNIFICANCE
    Class V (ICD-10), encrypted - F 00 - F 99. Mental health (mental health) is a dynamic process of mental activity characterized by the determination of mental phenomena, the harmonic relationship between the reflection of reality circumstances and the attitude of the individual to it, the adequacy of the body’s response to social, psychological and physical (including biological)
  11. Nutrition as a factor in the preservation and promotion of health. Physiological norms of nutrition. The value of the individual components of food in human nutrition. The value of proteins in human nutrition, their norms and sources of entry into the body
    Nutrition is one of the most active and important environmental factors, which has a variety of effects on the human body, ensures its growth, development, preservation of health, disability and optimal life expectancy. All this is provided by a daily, regulated meal with a certain set of foods. Foods are complex
  12. The concept of normotrophy and dystrophy
    Normotrophy - the normal functional and morphological state of the body. Implies the following: a child with clear, pink, velvety skin, normal turgor, even distribution of subcutaneous fat, without signs of disturbance of internal organs and systems, normal physical, motor, mental development, rarely ill, easily transmitting infectious
  13. Parenchymal dystrophy
    When parenchymal dystrophies, there are metabolic disorders of highly functional parenchymal cells of the heart, kidneys, and liver. • Acquired or hereditary fermentopathies are the basis for the development of parenchymal dystrophies. • A large group of diseases of accumulation, or thesaurism, is associated with hereditary fermentopathies. 1. Parenchymal
  14. Parenchymal dystrophy
    Dystrophy - a pathological process, which is based on a violation of tissue (cellular) metabolism, which leads to structural changes in cells, organs and tissues. Dystrophy is a type of damage (alteration). When classifying dystrophies take into account: 1) the prevalence of morphological changes in the specialized elements of the parenchyma or in the stroma and vessels (parenchymal,
  15. Parenchymal dystrophy
    Parenchymal dystrophies are characterized by the localization of the pathological process within the organ parenchyma cells. By predominantly impaired metabolism, protein, fat and carbohydrate parenchymal dystrophies are isolated. Parenchymal Protein Dystrophies Protein parenchymal acquired dystrophies include hyaline-drop, hydropic and horny. Hyaline - drop dystrophy
  16. Muscular dystrophy
    These dystrophies are a heterogeneous group of hereditary diseases that are clinically characterized by severe weakness and muscle wasting and develop in childhood. X-related muscular dystrophy. The two most common forms of muscular dystrophy are based on aberrations associated with chromosome X (see Chapter 8): Duchenne muscular dystrophy (GBA Duchenne) and Becker muscular dystrophy
  17. Myocardial Dystrophies
    - non-inflammatory disease of the myocardium, which is based on a violation of metabolism in the heart muscle. Clinical classification 1. Anemic. 2. Endocrine and dysmetabolic (thyrotoxicosis, myxedema, acromegaly, Itsenko-Cushing syndrome, obesity, diabetes, pheochromocytoma). 3. Toxic (phosphorus, phosgene, chloroform, carbon monoxide). 4. Alcoholic. 5. When
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