Licensed books on medicine
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Etiology. Causes of development: malnutrition, suppression of urge to defecate, medicinal substances, local organic causes. Clinic. The stool frequency becomes less frequent 3 times a week, the stool consistency becomes more dense ("sheep feces"), there are difficulties associated with bowel emptying. Chronic constipation is divided into: 1) functional, which are subdivided into alimentary, dyskinetic, psychoneurogenic, endocrine, inflammatory; 2) organic. Functional chronic constipation includes cases of rare emptying of the intestine, when it is not possible to identify any organic cause of this condition. Diagnostics. Diagnosis of chronic constipation is as follows. 1. High proctonomonoscopy. 2. Proctosigmoidoscopy in combination with irrigoscopy. 3. Fractional radiological introduction of barium in the small intestine. Treatment. Diet therapy for chronic constipation. 1. Black and white bread with bran, legumes; cereals: oatmeal, buckwheat and barley. 2. Meat with a large amount of connective tissue. 3. Raw vegetables and fruits, dried fruits. 4.
Pickles, sweet kissels and compotes. 5. Sour-milk products. Water, fruit juices, mineral water (Essentuki No. 4 and 17). Diet therapy of constipation in infancy. 1. Fruit juices, vegetable purees. 2. Cabbage and beet juice, puree from prunes. 3. Mixture "Frisov" (with regurgitation, constipation, intestinal colic). 4. A mixture of "Semperbifidus" (lactolac-tulose) and others. Dietotherapy of constipation in other age groups. 1. Wheat bran. 2. Sea kale (kelp). 3. Thermo-contrast liquids for drinking. 4. Biologically active additives (with dietary fiber). Principles of treatment. 1. Laxative anthraglycosides (senna leaves, rhubarb, tisasem, senadexin); synthetic (phenolphthalein, bisacodyl); lactulose (normase, portal), hilak-forte. 2. Motor regulators (raglan, cerulek, motilium, coordinate). 3. At pains group reserpina, antispasmodics. Anti-inflammatory in microclysters. 4. Phytotherapy. 5. Physiotherapy. 6. Physical therapy. 7. Psychotherapy.
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- Nutrition for chronic colitis accompanied by constipation
Since chronic colitis - inflammation of the mucous membrane of the colon - occurs with periodically repeating constipation or diarrhea, in choosing food, in some cases it requires products that are laxative, and in others - delay the evacuation of the intestine. For those who have constipation develop as a consequence of gastritis, colitis or cholecystitis, the main means of fighting them
Constipation - a rare discharge of the intestine, coming in 48 hours or more. They can be a consequence of both functional disorder (dyskinesia) of the large intestine and its organic lesion (congenital constriction, fissures of the anus, Hirschsprung's disease, chronic colitis). The alimentary factor is of particular importance. On the one hand, they can be eating foods that contain coarse
Constipation - difficulty, urezhennoe or insufficient emptying of the intestine. Normally, the act of defecation in cats should be done at least once in 2 days. Locks suffer more often than old animals, and cats - more often than cats. Constipation may occur when eating a cat with indigestible objects that are unable to pass through the anus, or from lumps of hair, grass and feces that, when
Physical blockage Signs of constipation: decreased frequency of bowel movement, difficulty in bowel movements, hard and dry stool. If the frequency of feces has decreased, but the stool has a normal consistency, it is not constipation. Emotional blocking Since the function of the large intestine is to bring out what the body no longer needs, constipation suggests that a person clings to old thoughts that are
- Difficulty urinating and constipation of urine
General reasoning Difficulty of urinating sometimes occurs because of the bladder itself, for example, its weakness, and is a consequence of bad nature, especially - cold, as happens when the northern winds often blow, or [a consequence of] a tumor and other [diseases] . Then [the bladder] can not, with the expulsion of urine to cover it all as it should, and withdraw, squeezing,
- ZAPOR, DIARRHEA AND VIOLATIONS OF ANORECTIVE FUNCTION
Stephen E. Goldfinger (Stephen E. Goldfinger) The function of the large intestine is normal. About 9 liters of fluid enter the digestive tract every day; of this amount, 2 liters accounted for the proportion of liquids drunk, and the rest are secrets of the salivary and gastric glands, bile, pancreas secrets, and intestinal glands necessary to provide
- Chronic glomerulonephritis in children. Acute and chronic renal failure
Questions for repetition: 1. Samples used to study the functional state of the kidneys. Control questions: 1. Definition, etiopathogenesis of chronic glomerulonephritis. 2. Classification of chronic glomerulonephritis. 3. Clinical picture and laboratory diagnosis of various forms of chronic glomerulonephritis. 4. Differential diagnosis of chronic glomerulonephritis. 5. Kidney biopsy,
- Chronic inflammation of the tonsils (chronic tonsillitis)
In children this disease is common. The prerequisites for the development of chronic tonsillitis are anatomical-physiological and histological features, the presence of microflora in the lacunae, the violation of protective-adaptive mechanisms in the almond tissue. Most often, chronic tonsillitis begins after a sore throat. The inflammatory process in the tissues of the tonsils then becomes chronic
- Chronic inflammation of the tonsils - chronic tonsillitis
Chronic tonsillitis (tonsillitis chronica) is a common infectious disease with the localization of a chronic foci of infection in the palatine tonsils with periodic exacerbations in the form of angina. It is characterized by a violation of the general reactivity of the organism, due to the ingestion of toxic infectious agents from the tonsils. Exacerbations of chronic tonsillitis (sore throats), when contagiosity
- CHRONICAL BRONCHITIS. CHRONIC PULMONARY HEART.
In recent years, due to the deteriorating environmental situation, the prevalence of smoking, changes in the reactivity of the human body, there has been a significant increase in the incidence of chronic nonspecific lung diseases (CHDF). The term HNZL was adopted in 1958 in London at a symposium convened by the pharmaceutical concern Ciba. He combined such diffuse diseases
- Chronic duodenitis. Chronic gastroduodenitis
Chronic duodenitis (gastroduodenitis) is a disease characterized by a chronic inflammatory process in the mucous membrane of the duodenum (and stomach). ETIOLOGY. In the etiology of the disease, the disturbances in the diet and the mode of life, the breakdown of the neuroendocrine regulation of the function of the stomach and duodenum, are important, as a result of which the motor function
- Chronic rhinitis (chronic rhinitis)
The main forms of chronic rhinitis (rhinitis chronica) - catarrhal, hypertrophic and atrophic - represent a nonspecific dystrophic process of the mucosa and in a number of cases of the bony walls of the nasal cavity. The disease is common. Eti ology and p ytoge n e s. The occurrence of chronic rhinitis, as a rule, is associated with discirculatory and
- CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE DISEASES OF LUNG / CHRONIC BRONCHITIS AND EFFECTS OF LUNG /
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a pathological condition characterized by the formation of chronic airway obstruction due to chronic bronchitis (CK) and / or lung emphysema (EL). Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases are widespread. It is estimated that about 14-20% of males and about 3-8% of female adults suffer from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, but only
- LESSON 10 First aid for acute poisoning. The concept of "food-borne diseases". First aid for vomiting, hiccups, diarrhea, constipation. Clinic of botulism.
Purpose: To teach students diagnosis and first aid in acute poisoning. Give a description of the main drugs used in emergency care for poisoning. Control questions 1. What is called poisoning, what are the poisoning that usually causes poisoning? 2. Types of preferential action of substances. What substances belong to these types? 3. Rules
- Chronic enterocolitis
Enterocolitis is an inflammatory or inflammatory-dystrophic lesion of the small or large intestines, leading to a chronic mucosal atrophy. Main clinical manifestations Pains in the mesohastral region and throughout the abdomen (aching, pressing, stitching), intensifying after eating, exercise, accompanied by a disturbance of the stool (diarrhea, constipation,