Licensed books on medicine
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Etiology. Causes of development: improper diet, suppression of urge to defecate, drugs, local organic causes. Clinic. The frequency of stool becomes less than 3 times a week, the consistency of feces becomes denser ("sheep feces"), there are difficulties associated with bowel movement. Chronic constipation is divided into: 1) functional, which are divided into alimentary, dyskinetic, psychoneurogenic, endocrine, inflammatory; 2) organic. Functional chronic constipation includes cases of rare bowel movement, when it is not possible to identify any organic cause of this condition. Diagnostics. Diagnosis of chronic constipation is as follows. 1. High proctolonoscopy. 2. Proctosigmoidoscopy in combination with irrigoscopy. 3. Fractional radiological administration of barium in the small intestine. Treatment. Dietotherapy of chronic constipation. 1. Black and white bread with bran, legumes; cereals: oat, buckwheat and barley. 2. Meat with a lot of connective tissue. 3. Raw vegetables and fruits, dried fruits. 4.
Pickles, sweet jelly and stewed fruit. 5. Dairy products. Water, fruit juices, mineral waters (Essentuki No. 4 and 17). Diet therapy of constipation in infancy. 1. Fruit juices, vegetable purees. 2. Cabbage and beetroot juices, prune puree. 3. Mix "Frisovoy" (with regurgitation, constipation, intestinal colic). 4. The mixture "Semperbifidus" (lactolac-tulose), etc. Diet therapy of constipation in other age groups. 1. Wheat bran. 2. Sea kale (kelp). 3. Thermal contrast liquids for drinking. 4. Dietary supplements (with dietary fiber). The principles of treatment. 1. Laxative antraglycosides (senna, rhubarb leaves; tisasem, senadexin); synthetic (phenolphthalein, bisacodyl); lactulose (normase, portalak), hilak-forte. 2. Motility regulators (raglan, cerucal, motilium, coordinate). 3. For pain, a group of reserpine, antispasmodics. Anti-inflammatory in microclysters. 4. Herbal medicine. 5. Physiotherapy. 6. Physiotherapy exercises. 7. Psychotherapy.
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- Nutrition for chronic colitis accompanied by constipation
Since chronic colitis - inflammation of the mucous membrane of the colon - occurs with periodically recurring constipation or diarrhea, when choosing food, in some cases it is necessary to eat foods that act laxatively, and in others they delay intestinal emptying. For those who have constipation as a result of gastritis, colitis or cholecystitis, the main way to combat them
Constipation - rare bowel movements occurring after 48 hours or more. They can be a consequence of both a functional disorder (dyskinesia) of the large intestine and its organic damage (congenital narrowing, anal fissures, Hirschsprung’s disease, chronic colitis). The nutritional factor is of particular importance. On the one hand, they may be eating foods that contain gross
Constipation - obstructed, shortened, or insufficient bowel movement. Normally, an act of defecation in cats should be performed at least once every 2 days. Constipation often affects older than young animals, and cats more often than cats. Constipation can occur when a cat eats indigestible objects that are unable to pass through the anus, or from lumps of wool, grass and feces, which when
Physical blockage Signs of constipation: decreased bowel movement, difficulty bowel movements, hard and dry feces. If the frequency of bowel movements has decreased, but the feces have a normal consistency, this is not constipation. Emotional blocking Since the function of the colon is to bring out what the body no longer needs, constipation suggests that a person clings to old thoughts that he
- Difficulty urinating and constipation
General reasoning Difficulty urinating sometimes occurs due to the bladder itself, for example, its weakness, and is the result of bad nature, especially cold, as happens when the northern winds often blow, or [a consequence of] the tumor and other [diseases] . Then [the bladder] cannot, when the urine is expelled, cover all of it as it should, and withdraw it by squeezing,
- Constipation, diarrhea and impaired anorectal function
Stephen E. Goldfinger Stephen E. Goldfinger Normal Large Intestine Function Approximately 9 L of fluid enters the digestive tract every day; of this amount, 2 l is accounted for by drunk fluids, and the rest are secrets of the salivary and gastric glands, bile, secrets of the pancreas and glands of the intestine, necessary to ensure
- Chronic glomerulonephritis in children. Acute and chronic renal failure
Questions for repetition: 1. Samples used to study the functional state of the kidneys. Test questions: 1. Definition, etiopathogenesis of chronic glomerulonephritis. 2. Classification of chronic glomerulonephritis. 3. The clinical picture and laboratory diagnosis of various forms of chronic glomerulonephritis. 4. Differential diagnosis of chronic glomerulonephritis. 5. A kidney biopsy,
- Chronic inflammation of the tonsils (chronic tonsillitis)
In children, this disease is common. Prerequisites for the development of chronic tonsillitis are anatomical, physiological and histological features, the presence of microflora in the gaps, and the violation of protective and adaptive mechanisms in the almond tissue. Most often, chronic tonsillitis begins after a sore throat. The inflammatory process in the tissues of the tonsils at the same time becomes chronic
- Chronic inflammation of the tonsils - chronic tonsillitis
Chronic tonsillitis (tonsillitis chronica) is a common infectious disease with the localization of a chronic focus of infection in the tonsils with periodic exacerbations of tonsillitis. It is characterized by a violation of the general reactivity of the body, due to the ingestion of toxic infectious agents from the tonsils. Exacerbations of chronic tonsillitis (sore throat) when contagious
- CHRONICAL BRONCHITIS. CHRONIC PULMONARY HEART.
In recent years, due to the deteriorating environmental situation, the prevalence of smoking, and a change in the reactivity of the human body, there has been a significant increase in the incidence of chronic non-specific lung diseases (COPD). The term KNZL was adopted in 1958 in London at a symposium convened by the pharmaceutical group Ciba. He combined such diffuse diseases
- Chronic duodenitis. Chronic gastroduodenitis
Chronic duodenitis (gastroduodenitis) is a disease characterized by a chronic inflammatory process in the mucous membrane of the duodenum (and stomach). ETIOLOGY. In the etiology of the disease, impairment of diet and lifestyle, disorders of the neuro-endocrine regulation of the function of the stomach and duodenum are important, as a result of which motor function is impaired
- Chronic runny nose (chronic rhinitis)
The main forms of chronic rhinitis (rhinitis chronica) - catarrhal, hypertrophic and atrophic - are a nonspecific dystrophic process of the mucous membrane and, in some cases, the bone walls of the nasal cavity. The disease is common. E and l about g and I and patogenesis. The occurrence of chronic rhinitis is usually associated with discirculatory and
- CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE LUNG DISEASES / CHRONIC BRONCHITIS AND LUNG EMPHISEMA /
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a pathological condition characterized by the formation of chronic airway obstruction due to chronic bronchitis / chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and / or pulmonary emphysema / EL /. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is widespread. It is estimated that HB affects about 14–20% of the male and about 3–8% of the female adult population, but only
- SESSION 10 First aid in acute poisoning. The concept of "food poisoning". First aid for vomiting, hiccups, diarrhea, constipation. Clinic of botulism.
Purpose: To teach students the diagnosis and first aid for acute poisoning. Describe the essential drugs used in the provision of emergency care for poisoning. Test questions 1. What is called poisoning, what kind of poisoning happens, what usually causes poisoning? 2. Types of predominant action of substances. What substances are of these types? 3. Rules
- Chronic enterocolitis
Enterocolitis is an inflammatory or inflammatory-dystrophic lesion of the small or large intestine, resulting in a chronic course of atrophy of their mucous membrane. The main clinical manifestations of pain in the mesogastric region and throughout the abdomen (aching, pressing, stitching), worse after eating, physical activity, accompanied by impaired stool (diarrhea, constipation,