Licensed books on medicine
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Etiology. Causes of development: poor diet, suppression of urge to stool, medicinal substances, local organic causes. Clinic. Stool frequency becomes less 3 times a week, stool consistency becomes more dense (“sheep feces”), difficulties associated with emptying the intestine appear. Chronic constipation is divided into: 1) functional, which are divided into alimentary, dyskinetic, psychoneurogenic, endocrine, inflammatory; 2) organic. Functional chronic constipation includes cases of rare bowel movements when it is not possible to identify any organic causes of this condition. Diagnostics. Diagnosis of chronic constipation is as follows. 1. High proctolonoscopy. 2. Proctosigmoidoscopy in combination with irrigoscopy. 3. Fractional radiological introduction of barium in the small intestine. Treatment. Diet therapy of chronic constipation. 1. Black and white bread with bran, beans; cereals: oatmeal, buckwheat and barley. 2. Meat with a large amount of connective tissue. 3. Raw vegetables and fruits, dried fruits. four.
Salting, sweet kissel and compotes. 5. Fermented milk products. Water, fruit juices, mineral waters (Essentuki Nos. 4 and 17). Diet therapy constipation in infancy. 1. Fruit juices, vegetable purees. 2. Cabbage and beet juices, mashed prunes. 3. A mixture of "Frisovom" (with regurgitation, constipation, intestinal colic). 4. Mix "Semperbifidus" (lactolac-tulosis), etc. Diet therapy for constipation in other age groups. 1. Wheat bran. 2. Sea kale (kelp). 3. Thermocontrast liquids for drinking. 4. Dietary supplements (with dietary fiber). Principles of treatment. 1. Laxative antraglycosides (leaves of senna, rhubarb; tisasem, senadeksin); synthetic (phenolphthalein, bisacodil); lactulose (normase, portal), hilak-forte. 2. Motor controllers (raglan, cerculate, motilium, coordination). 3. For pain, a group of reserpine, antispasmodics. Anti-inflammatory in microclysters. 4. Herbal medicine. 5. Physiotherapy. 6. Therapeutic exercise. 7. Psychotherapy.
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- Food for chronic colitis with constipation
Since chronic colitis - inflammation of the mucous membrane of the colon - occurs with recurrent constipation or diarrhea, the choice of food is necessary in some cases, products that act laxatively, and in others - delay bowel emptying. For those who have constipation develops as a result of gastritis, colitis or cholecystitis, the main means of dealing with them
Constipation - rare bowel movements occurring after 48 hours or more. They can be the result of both functional disorder (dyskinesia) of the large intestine, and its organic damage (congenital narrowing, anal fissures, Hirschsprung disease, chronic colitis). The alimentary factor has a certain value. On the one hand, they may be eating foods that contain coarse
Constipation - difficulty, reduced or insufficient bowel movement. Normally, the act of defecation in cats should be performed at least once every 2 days. Constipation affects more often old than young animals, and cats more often than cats. Constipation can occur when a cat eats indigestible objects unable to pass through the anus, or from clumps of wool, grass and feces that
Physical blocking Signs of constipation: decreased frequency of bowel movements, difficulty in bowel movements, hard and dry feces. If the frequency of bowel movements has decreased, but the feces have a normal consistency, this is not constipation. Emotional blocking Since the function of the colon is to bring out what the body no longer needs, constipation suggests that a person clings to old thoughts that
- Difficulty urinating and constipation
General reasoning Difficulty urinating sometimes occurs because of the reason of the bladder itself, for example, its weakness, and is a consequence of bad nature, especially cold, as happens when the north winds often blow, or [result] of a tumor and other [diseases] . Then [the bladder] cannot, when expelling urine, cover it all as it should, and withdraw, squeezing,
- CONTRACT, DIARRHEA AND DISTURBANCES OF ANORECTAL FUNCTION
Stephen E. Goldfinger The function of the large intestine is normal Every day approximately 9 liters of fluid enter the digestive tract; Of this amount, 2 liters accounted for the liquids consumed, and the rest are secrets of the salivary and gastric glands, bile, secretions of the pancreas and glands of the intestine, necessary to ensure
- Chronic glomerulonephritis in children. Acute and chronic renal failure
Questions for repetition: 1. Samples used to study the functional state of the kidneys. Test questions: 1. Definition, etiopathogenesis of chronic glomerulonephritis. 2. Classification of chronic glomerulonephritis. 3. The clinical picture and laboratory diagnosis of various forms of chronic glomerulonephritis. 4. Differential diagnosis of chronic glomerulonephritis. 5. Kidney biopsy
- Chronic inflammation of the tonsils (chronic tonsillitis)
In children, the disease occurs frequently. Prerequisites for the development of chronic tonsillitis are anatomical, physiological and histological features, the presence of microflora in the lacunae, the violation of protective and adaptive mechanisms in the almond tissue. Most often chronic tonsillitis begins after a sore throat. The inflammatory process in the tissues of the tonsils becomes chronic.
- Chronic inflammation of the tonsils - chronic tonsillitis
Chronic tonsillitis (tonsillitis chronica) is a common infectious disease with the localization of a chronic focus of infection in the palatine tonsils with occasional exacerbations due to angina. It is characterized by a violation of the general reactivity of the organism, caused by the flow of toxic infectious agents from the tonsils into the organism. Exacerbations of chronic tonsillitis (sore throats) when contagious
- CHRONICAL BRONCHITIS. CHRONIC PULMONARY HEART.
In recent years, due to the deteriorating environmental situation, the prevalence of smoking, changes in the reactivity of the human body, there has been a significant increase in the incidence of chronic nonspecific lung diseases (COPD). The term COPD was adopted in 1958 in London at a symposium convened by the pharmaceutical concern Ciba. He combined such diffuse diseases
- Chronic duodenitis. Chronic gastroduodenitis
Chronic duodenitis (gastroduodenitis) is a disease characterized by a chronic inflammatory process in the duodenal mucosa (and stomach). ETIOLOGY. In the etiology of the disease, the violation of the diet and the mode of life, the disorder of the neuro-endocrine regulation of the function of the stomach and duodenum, meaning that the motor function is disturbed
- Chronic runny nose (chronic rhinitis)
The main forms of chronic rhinitis (rhinitis chronica) - catarrhal, hypertrophic and atrophic - are a nonspecific dystrophic process of the mucous membrane and in some cases the bony walls of the nasal cavity. The disease is common. This and about the l and I and p and t about e N ez. The occurrence of chronic rhinitis is usually associated with dyscirculatory and
- CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE LUNG DISEASES / CHRONIC BRONCHITIS AND LUNG EMPHYSIS /
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a pathological condition characterized by the formation of chronic obstruction of the airways due to chronic bronchitis (CB) and / or pulmonary emphysema / EL /. Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases are widespread. It is estimated that HB affects about 14–20% of the male and about 3–8% of the female adult population, but only
- SESSION 10 First aid for acute poisoning. The concept of "food poisoning". First aid for vomiting, hiccups, diarrhea, constipation. Clinic of botulism.
Objective: To teach students diagnosis and first aid for acute poisoning. To characterize the main drugs used in the provision of emergency assistance for poisoning. Test questions 1. What is called poisoning, what kind of poisoning does it take, what usually causes poisoning? 2. Types of predominant action of substances. What substances belong to these types? 3. Rules
- Chronic enterocolitis
Enterocolitis is an inflammatory or inflammatory-dystrophic lesion of the small or large intestines, resulting in chronic course of atrophy of their mucous membranes. The main clinical manifestations of pain in the mesogastric region and throughout the abdomen (aching, pressing, stabbing), aggravated after eating, exercise, accompanied by a violation of the chair (diarrhea, constipation,