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LECTURE No. 4. Diseases of the pericardium in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment



Clinical and morphological classification of pericardial lesions (A. A. Gerke, Z. M. Volynsky, E. E. Gogin).

1. Pericardial malformations (anomalies):

1) defects are complete;

2) partial defects;

3) defects in the lining of the pericardium (diverticula and cysts).

2. Pericarditis:

1) acute (dry fibrinous, exudative);

2) chronic (duration - 3 months);

3) adhesive (asymptomatic, compressive, with impaired CCC function, but without cardiac compression phenomena);

4) exudative (with moderate dysfunction of the CCC function, but without cicatricial compression of the heart);

5) exudative-compressive.

3. Pericardial tumors (pericardial malformations):

1) defects of the pericardium (full and partial);

2) defects in the lining of the pericardium.

Embryogenesis of these abnormalities is associated with impaired pericardial formation in the early stages of development (first 6 weeks).

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LECTURE No. 4. Diseases of the pericardium in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment

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