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LECTURE No. 4. Diseases of the pericardium in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment

Clinical and morphological classification of pericardial lesions (A. A. Gerke, Z. M. Volynsky, E. E. Gogin).

1. Malformations of the pericardium (anomalies):

1) complete defects;

2) partial defects;

3) pericardial flaking defects (diverticula and cysts).

2. Pericarditis:

1) acute (dry fibrinous, exudative);

2) chronic (duration - 3 months);

3) adhesive (asymptomatic, squeezing, with dysfunction of the cardiovascular system, but without the phenomena of cardiac compression);

4) exudative (with moderate dysfunction of the cardiovascular system, but without scar compression of the heart);

5) exudative-pressure.

3. Tumors of the pericardium (malformations of the pericardium):

1) pericardial defects (complete and partial);

2) pericardial flaking defects.

The embryogenesis of these abnormalities is associated with impaired pericardial formation in the early stages of development (the first 6 weeks).

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LECTURE No. 4. Diseases of the pericardium in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment

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