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LECTURE No. 15. Helminthiasis in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment, prevention



Helminthiasis - diseases that develop when localized in the body of parasitic helminth worms and their larvae. Classification of helminthiases:

1) according to the biological principle: nematodoses (roundworms), cestodoses (tape), trematodoses (flukes);

2) according to the epidemiological: geohelminthoses, biohelminthoses, contactless.

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LECTURE No. 15. Helminthiasis in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment, prevention

  1. Antonov M.M. Tissue helminthiases in adults and children (epidemiology, clinic, diagnosis, treatment, prevention), 2004

  2. LECTURE No. 19. Respiratory diseases. Acute bronchitis. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment, prevention. Chronical bronchitis. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment, prevention
    LECTURE No. 19. Respiratory diseases. Acute bronchitis. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment, prevention. Chronical bronchitis. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment,
  3. LECTURE No. 3. Cardiomyopathies in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
    Classification of cardiomyopathies: 1) dilated (DCMP); 2) hypertrophic (HCMP); 3) restrictive (RKMP); 4) arrhythmogenic right ventricle
  4. LECTURE No. 4. Diseases of the pericardium in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
    Clinical and morphological classification of pericardial lesions (A. A. Gerke, Z. M. Volynsky, E. E. Gogin). 1. Pericardial malformations (anomalies): 1) complete defects; 2) partial defects; 3) defects in the lining of the pericardium (diverticula and cysts). 2. Pericarditis: 1) acute (dry fibrinous, exudative); 2) chronic (duration - 3 months); 3) adhesive (asymptomatic, compressive, with
  5. LECTURE No. 16. Rheumatism in children and adolescents. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
    Rheumatism is a systemic inflammatory disease of the connective tissue with characteristic heart damage. Etiology, pathogenesis. The main etiological factor in acute forms of the disease is group A b-hemolytic streptococcus. In patients with protracted and continuously recurring forms of rheumatic heart disease, it is often not possible to establish a connection between the disease and streptococcus. In the development of rheumatism, special
  6. LECTURE No. 12. Malabsorption syndrome in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
    Enteropathy is a pathological condition that leads to a deficiency or impaired function of certain intestinal enzymes, due to the absence, deficiency or violation of the structure of certain intestinal enzymes that provide digestive processes. Carbohydrate absorption: food carbohydrates consist of disaccharides: 1) sucrose (regular sugar = fructose + glucose), lactose (milk sugar =
  7. LECTURE No. 7. Systemic vasculitis in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
    Systemic vasculitis is a heterogeneous group of diseases with primary inflammatory and necrotic changes in the vascular wall. Etiology of systemic vasculitis: viruses (cytomegaloviruses, hepatitis virus), bacteria (streptococci, staphylococci, salmonella), parasitic diseases (roundworms, filariotosis). Classification of vasculitis. 1. Primary vasculitis with the formation of granulomas
  8. LECTURE No. 1. Immunodeficiency conditions in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
    Immunity is a way of providing and maintaining antigenic homeostasis. Immunodeficiencies - a decrease in the functional activity of the main components of the immune system, leading to a violation of the antigenic homeostasis of the body and, first of all, to a decrease in the body's ability to defend itself against microbes, which is manifested in increased infectious morbidity. Classification of immunodeficiency conditions: 1) primary
  9. LECTURE No. 11. Current problems of dysbiosis in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
    Three phases of microbial colonization of the gastrointestinal tract in a child: 1) the first is aseptic, lasting from 10 to 20 hours; 2) the second - the initial colonization by microorganisms, the duration from 2 to 4 days, depending on external environmental factors, the nature of nutrition and time of application to the breast; 3) the third - stabilization of microflora (up to 1 month). Intestinal microflora is complex, dynamically
  10. LECTURE No. 6. Violation of the heart rhythm in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
    Arrhythmias are disorders of the heart rhythm and conduction that occur in congenital heart defects, acquired heart diseases, dysfunction of the central and autonomic nervous system. Classification of cardiac arrhythmias. 1. Violation of the automatism function - consists in changing the number of pulses rotating in the sinus node (disturbances in the formation of an excitation pulse): 1) nomotopic disturbances
  11. LECTURE No. 5. Chronic heart failure in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
    Heart failure is a condition in which the heart, despite a sufficient flow of blood, does not provide the body with a need for blood supply. Causes of chronic circulatory failure: direct effect on the myocardium (toxic, infectious, traumatic), cardiovascular disease. Classification. Classification of chronic heart failure (according to
  12. LECTURE No. 10. Chronic diseases of the colon in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
    Chronic non-specific diseases of the colon. 1. Functional disorders: 1) chronic constipation; 2) irritable bowel syndrome; 3) diverticular disease. 2. Organic disorders: 1) chronic colitis; 2) ulcerative colitis; 3) Crohn's disease; 4) intestinal amyloidosis. Classification of functional bowel disorders. 1. Intestinal upset: 1) irritable syndrome
  13. LECTURE No. 13. Differential diagnosis of liver diseases in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
    Stage I: inspection. Anamnesis: the presence of liver damage is established. Laboratory methods: (AlAT, AsAT, ALP, proteinogram, thymol, prothrombin index, bilirubin and urine urobiligen) - an assumption of a diagnosis. Hepatic parenchymal clearance of blood with technetium is the only or early sign of the disease (hepatitis, cirrhosis, amyloidosis). Ultrasound and liver scintigraphy with technetium (confirmation
  14. LECTURE No. 9. Differential diagnosis of diffuse diseases of connective tissue in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
    Classification of rheumatic diseases. 1. Rheumatism. 2. Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. 3. Ankylosing spondylitis. 4. Other spondyloarthropathies. 5. Systemic lupus erythematosus. 6. Vasculitis: 1) hemorrhagic vasculitis (Shacklein-Genoa); 2) periarteritis nodosa (polyarteritis in young children, Kawasaki disease, Wegener's disease); 3) Takayasu arteritis. 7. Dermatomyositis. 8. Scleroderma. 9.
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