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Lecture № 1. Immunodeficiency conditions in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment

Immunity is a method of providing and maintaining antigenic homeostasis.

Immunodeficiencies - a decrease in the functional activity of the main components of the immunity system, leading to a violation of the body's antigenic homeostasis and, first of all, to a decrease in the body's ability to protect itself from microbes, manifested in an increased infectious morbidity.

Classification of immunodeficiency states:

1) primary immunodeficiencies;

2) secondary immunodeficiencies.

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Lecture № 1. Immunodeficiency conditions in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment

  1. Lecture № 3. Cardiomyopathy in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
    Classification of cardiomyopathies: 1) dilated (DCMP); 2) hypertrophic (HCM); 3) restrictive (RCMW); 4) arrhythmogenic right ventricle
  2. Lecture number 4. Diseases of the pericardium in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
    Clinico-morphological classification of pericardial lesions (AA Gerke, ZM Volynsky, EE Gogin). 1. Defects of pericardium development (anomalies): 1) defects complete; 2) partial defects; 3) defects in the ligation of the pericardium (diverticula and cysts). 2. Pericarditis: 1) acute (dry fibrinous, exudative); 2) chronic (duration - 3 months); 3) Adhesive (asymptomatic, squeezing, with
  3. LECTURE No. 12. Malabsorption syndrome in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
    Enteropathy is a pathological condition caused by a deficiency or a violation of the function of certain intestinal enzymes, caused by the absence, deficiency or disruption of the structure of certain intestinal enzymes that provide digestive processes. Absorption of carbohydrates: carbohydrates of food consist of disaccharides: 1) sucrose (normal sugar = fructose + glucose), lactose (milk sugar =
  4. Lecture № 16. Rheumatism in children and adolescents. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
    Rheumatism is a systemic inflammatory disease of connective tissue with a characteristic lesion of the heart. Etiology, pathogenesis. The main etiological factor in acute forms of the disease is b-hemolytic group A streptococcus. In patients with prolonged and continuously recurring forms of rheumatic heart disease, it is often impossible to establish the association of the disease with streptococcus. In the development of rheumatism, a special
  5. Lecture number 15. Helminthiases in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment, prevention
    Helminthiases are diseases that develop when the parasitic helminths and their larvae are localized in the body. Classification of helminthiases: 1) according to the biological principle: nematodes (roundworms), cestodoses (ribbon), trematodes (flukes); 2) on the epidemiological: geogelmintoses, biohelminthoses,
  6. LECTURE № 7. Systemic vasculitis in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
    Systemic vasculitis is a heterogeneous group of diseases with primary inflammatory and necrotic changes in the vascular wall. Etiology of systemic vasculitis: viruses (cytomegaloviruses, hepatitis virus), bacteria (streptococci, staphylococcus, salmonella), parasitic diseases (ascarids, filariotosis). Classification of vasculitis. 1. Primary vasculitis with the formation of granulomas
  7. LECTURE № 5. Chronic heart failure in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
    Heart failure is a condition in which the heart, despite a sufficient supply of blood, does not provide the body's need for blood supply. Causes of chronic circulatory failure: direct effects on the myocardium (toxic, infectious, traumatic), cardiovascular diseases. Classification. Classification of chronic heart failure (by
  8. Lecture № 11. Modern problems of dysbiosis in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
    Three phases of microbial colonization of the digestive tract in a child: 1) the first - aseptic, lasting from 10 to 20 hours; 2) the second - the initial population of microorganisms, duration from 2 to 4 days, depending on external environmental factors, the nature of nutrition and time of attachment to the chest; 3) the third - stabilization of microflora (up to 1 month). Intestinal microflora is complex, dynamic
  9. Lecture 6. Violation of the heart rhythm in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
    Arrhythmias are disorders of heart rhythm and conduction, occur in congenital heart diseases, acquired heart diseases, dysfunction of the central and autonomic nervous system. Classification of cardiac arrhythmias. 1. Violation of the function of automatism - consists in changing the number of pulses that rotate in the sinus node (impaired excitation of the excitation pulse): 1) nomotopic disorders
  10. LECTURE № 10. Chronic diseases of the large intestine in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
    Chronic nonspecific diseases of large intestine. 1. Functional disorders: 1) chronic constipation; 2) irritable bowel syndrome; 3) diverticular disease. 2. Organic disorders: 1) chronic colitis; 2) nonspecific ulcerative colitis; 3) Crohn's disease; 4) amyloidosis of the intestine. Classification of functional disorders of the intestine. 1. Disorder of the intestine: 1) irritated syndrome
  11. LECTURE № 13. Differential diagnosis of liver diseases in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
    I stage: inspection. Anamnesis: the presence of liver damage is established. Laboratory methods: (ALT, ASAT, alkaline phosphatase, proteinogram, thymol, prothrombin index, bilirubin and urobiligen urine) - the diagnosis assumption. Hepatic parenchymal clearance of blood with technetium is the only or early indication of the disease (hepatitis, cirrhosis, amyloidosis). Ultrasound and liver scintigraphy with technetium (confirmation
  12. LECTURE No. 9. Differential diagnosis of diffuse connective tissue diseases in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
    Classification of rheumatic diseases. 1. Rheumatism. 2. Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. 3. Ankylosing spondylitis. 4. Other spondyloarthropathies. 5. Systemic lupus erythematosus. 6. Vasculitis: 1) hemorrhagic vasculitis (Shecklein-Genocha); 2) nodular periarteritis (polyarteritis in young children, Kawasaki's disease, Wegener's disease); 3) arteritis Takayasu. 7. Dermatomyositis. 8. Scleroderma. 9.
  13. Lecture number 17. Bronchoobstructive syndrome. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment. Respiratory failure. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
    Bronchoobstructive syndrome is a clinical symptom complex observed in patients with generalized impairment of bronchial pathways, leading manifestation of it is expiratory dyspnea, attacks of suffocation. Diseases accompanied by obstruction of the respiratory tract. The main causes of airway obstruction in children. 1. Obstruction of the upper respiratory tract: 1) acquired: a)
  14. LECTURE № 19. Diseases of the respiratory system. Acute bronchitis. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment, prevention. Chronical bronchitis. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment, prevention
    LECTURE № 19. Diseases of the respiratory system. Acute bronchitis. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment, prevention. Chronical bronchitis. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment,
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