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LECTURE No. 3. Cardiomyopathies in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment

Classification of cardiomyopathies:

1) dilated (DCMP);

2) hypertrophic (HCMP);

3) restrictive (RKMP);

4) arrhythmogenic right ventricle (AKMP).

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LECTURE No. 3. Cardiomyopathies in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment

  1. LECTURE No. 4. Diseases of the pericardium in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
    Clinical and morphological classification of pericardial lesions (A. A. Gerke, Z. M. Volynsky, E. E. Gogin). 1. Pericardial malformations (anomalies): 1) complete defects; 2) partial defects; 3) defects in the lining of the pericardium (diverticula and cysts). 2. Pericarditis: 1) acute (dry fibrinous, exudative); 2) chronic (duration - 3 months); 3) adhesive (asymptomatic, compressive, with
  2. LECTURE No. 16. Rheumatism in children and adolescents. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
    Rheumatism is a systemic inflammatory disease of the connective tissue with characteristic heart damage. Etiology, pathogenesis. The main etiological factor in acute forms of the disease is b-hemolytic group A streptococcus. In patients with protracted and continuously recurring forms of rheumatic heart disease, it is often not possible to establish a connection between the disease and streptococcus. In the development of rheumatism, special
  3. LECTURE No. 15. Helminthiasis in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment, prevention
    Helminthiasis - a disease that develops when localized in the body of parasitic helminth worms and their larvae. Classification of helminthiases: 1) on the biological principle: nematodoses (roundworms), cestodoses (tape), trematodoses (flukes); 2) according to the epidemiological: geohelminthoses, biohelminthoses,
  4. LECTURE No. 12. Malabsorption syndrome in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
    Enteropathy is a pathological condition that leads to a deficiency or impaired function of certain intestinal enzymes, due to the absence, deficiency or violation of the structure of various intestinal enzymes that provide digestive processes. Carbohydrate absorption: food carbohydrates consist of disaccharides: 1) sucrose (regular sugar = fructose + glucose), lactose (milk sugar =
  5. LECTURE No. 7. Systemic vasculitis in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
    Systemic vasculitis is a heterogeneous group of diseases with primary inflammatory and necrotic changes in the vascular wall. Etiology of systemic vasculitis: viruses (cytomegaloviruses, hepatitis virus), bacteria (streptococci, staphylococci, salmonella), parasitic diseases (roundworms, filariotosis). Classification of vasculitis. 1. Primary vasculitis with the formation of granulomas
  6. LECTURE No. 1. Immunodeficiency conditions in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
    Immunity is a way of providing and maintaining antigenic homeostasis. Immunodeficiencies - a decrease in the functional activity of the main components of the immune system, leading to a violation of the antigenic homeostasis of the body and, above all, to a decrease in the body's ability to defend itself against microbes, which is manifested in increased infectious morbidity. Classification of immunodeficiency states: 1) primary
  7. LECTURE No. 11. Current problems of dysbiosis in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
    Three phases of microbial colonization of the gastrointestinal tract in a child: 1) the first is aseptic, lasting from 10 to 20 hours; 2) the second - the initial colonization by microorganisms, the duration is from 2 to 4 days, depending on external environmental factors, the nature of nutrition and the time of application to the breast; 3) the third - stabilization of microflora (up to 1 month). Intestinal microflora is complex, dynamically
  8. LECTURE No. 6. Violation of the heart rhythm in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
    Arrhythmias are heart rhythm and conduction disorders, found in congenital heart defects, acquired heart diseases, dysfunctions of the central and autonomic nervous system. Classification of cardiac arrhythmias. 1. Violation of the automatism function - consists in changing the number of pulses rotating in the sinus node (disturbances in the formation of an excitation pulse): 1) nomotopic disturbances
  9. LECTURE No. 5. Chronic heart failure in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
    Heart failure is a condition in which the heart, despite a sufficient flow of blood, does not provide the body with a need for blood supply. Causes of chronic circulatory failure: direct effect on the myocardium (toxic, infectious, traumatic), cardiovascular disease. Classification. Classification of chronic heart failure (according to
  10. LECTURE No. 10. Chronic diseases of the colon in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
    Chronic non-specific diseases of the colon. 1. Functional disorders: 1) chronic constipation; 2) irritable bowel syndrome; 3) diverticular disease. 2. Organic disorders: 1) chronic colitis; 2) ulcerative colitis; 3) Crohn's disease; 4) intestinal amyloidosis. Classification of functional bowel disorders. 1. Intestinal upset: 1) irritable syndrome
  11. LECTURE No. 13. Differential diagnosis of liver diseases in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
    Stage I: inspection. Anamnesis: the presence of liver damage is established. Laboratory methods: (AlAT, AsAT, alkaline phosphatase, proteinogram, thymol, prothrombin index, bilirubin and urine urobiligen) - an assumption of a diagnosis. Hepatic parenchymal clearance of blood with technetium is the only or early sign of the disease (hepatitis, cirrhosis, amyloidosis). Ultrasound and liver scintigraphy with technetium (confirmation
  12. LECTURE No. 9. Differential diagnosis of diffuse diseases of connective tissue in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
    Classification of rheumatic diseases. 1. Rheumatism. 2. Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. 3. Ankylosing spondylitis. 4. Other spondyloarthropathies. 5. Systemic lupus erythematosus. 6. Vasculitis: 1) hemorrhagic vasculitis (Shacklein-Genoa); 2) periarteritis nodosa (polyarteritis in young children, Kawasaki disease, Wegener's disease); 3) Takayasu arteritis. 7. Dermatomyositis. 8. Scleroderma. 9.
  13. LECTURE No. 17. Bronchial obstructive syndrome. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment. Respiratory failure. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
    Bronchial obstructive syndrome is a clinical symptom complex observed in patients with generalized obstruction of bronchial patency, its leading manifestation is expiratory dyspnea, asthma attacks. Diseases accompanied by airway obstruction. The main causes of airway obstruction in children. 1. Obstruction of the upper respiratory tract: 1) acquired: a)
  14. LECTURE No. 19. Respiratory diseases. Acute bronchitis. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment, prevention. Chronical bronchitis. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment, prevention
    LECTURE No. 19. Respiratory diseases. Acute bronchitis. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment, prevention. Chronical bronchitis. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment,
  15. LECTURE No. 8. Renal failure. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
    The main functions of the kidneys are the excretion of metabolic products, maintaining the constancy of the water-electrolyte composition and the acid-base state, carried out by the renal blood flow, glomerular filtration and tubules (reabsorption, secretion, concentration ability). Renal failure - this syndrome develops in severe disorders of the renal processes, leading to a disorder
  16. LECTURE No. 2. Vegetative-vascular dystonia. Arterial hypertension. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
    LECTURE No. 2. Vegetative-vascular dystonia. Arterial hypertension. Clinic, diagnostics,
  17. Antonov M.M .. Tissue helminthiases in adults and children (epidemiology, clinic, diagnosis, treatment, prevention), 2004

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