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Features of the gallbladder

The gall bladder is located under the right lobe of the liver and has a fusiform shape, its length reaches 3 cm. It acquires a typical pear-shaped form by 7 months, by 2 years reaches the edge of the liver.

The main function of the gallbladder is the accumulation and secretion of hepatic bile. The bile of a child is different in composition from the bile of an adult. It has few bile acids, cholesterol, salts, a lot of water, mucin, pigments. In the neonatal period, bile is rich in urea. In the bile of a child, glycocholic acid predominates and enhances the bactericidal effect of bile, and also accelerates the separation of pancreatic juice.
Bile emulsifies fats, dissolves fatty acids, improves peristalsis.

With age, the size of the gallbladder increases, bile of a different composition begins to be secreted than in young children. The length of the common bile duct increases with age.

Dimensions of the gallbladder in children (Chapova O. I., 2005):

1) newborn - 3.5 x 1.0 x 0.68 cm;

2) 1 year - 5.0 x 1.6 x 1.0 cm;

3) 5 years - 7.0 x 1.8 x 1.2 cm;

4) 12 years - 7.7 x 3.7 x 1.5 cm.

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Features of the gallbladder

  1. LESSON 6 TOPIC. Diseases of the liver, gallbladder, bile ducts, and pancreas
    Motivational characteristic of the topic. Knowledge of the pathological manifestations of diseases and syndromes of the hepato-cholecystic-pancreatic zone is necessary for the successful assimilation of this human suffering in clinical departments. In the practical work of the doctor, this knowledge is necessary for the clinical anatomical analysis of sectional cases and liver biopsies. The general purpose of the lesson. Learn by morphological characteristics
    This chapter continues the presentation of the pathology of the digestive system. According to traditions, a number of diseases of the liver and biliary tract, despite their infectious etiology, are considered not in chapter 14, devoted to infections, but here. The same applies to diabetes mellitus, a description of which, for reasons of expediency, is included in this
  3. Gall bladder and bile ducts
    As in many other organs and tissues, in the human liver, secretory processes are subordinated to a certain rhythm. Bile secretion prevails during the day, glycogen production prevails at night. The effect of a nightly decrease in the secretion of bile, which has a physiological basis, is enhanced even more with biliary dyskinesia (a violation of the coordinated work of the smooth muscles of the ducts and gallbladder, which has
  4. Liver, gall bladder and bile ducts
    The liver of the newborn is relatively large, especially its left lobe, to which the spleen is adjacent. Cases of agenesis of the liver are rare, they are more often found to be underdeveloped. On the back or on the lower surface of the liver, you can sometimes see congenital notches, often located in the sagittal direction. If these depressions are significant, the liver is divided into additional lobes.
  5. Gall bladder (problems)
    The gall bladder is a hollow organ that contains bile coming from the liver and prevents it from flowing into the intestine in between meals. During the digestion of food, the gallbladder opens and expels bile through the bile duct into the duodenum. Bile is necessary so that the intestines can absorb fats from food. Most common problem related
  6. Cholecystitis (inflammation of the gallbladder)
    Causes: As a rule, the presence of stones in the gallbladder or its ducts. Pathological thickening of bile as a result of a viral infection, errors in diet, abnormal structure of the gallbladder, overweight, prolonged stressful situation, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and liver. Symptoms Pain in the upper right abdomen, fever, fat intolerance, may be temporary
  7. Gallstones
    Causes Impaired metabolism in the liver (bile is oversaturated with cholesterol). Overweight women get sick more often. One of the reasons is a sedentary lifestyle combined with errors in the diet (excess fat, fried, spicy and smoked foods, alcohol). In complex cases, cancer of the biliary tract and gall bladder can occur. Symptoms Soreness on palpation in the right
  8. Gall bladder cancer
    Epidemiology. Gall bladder cancer accounts for 2-8% of all malignant tumors and in frequency it occupies 5-6 place among digestive tumors. Ill men relate to women in a ratio of 1:14. 90% of patients older than 60 years. For 100 planned cholecystectomies for chronic calculous cholecystitis, there is a histological finding of 3 cases of cancer in situ of the gallbladder.
  9. Diseases of the biliary tract and gallbladder
    Diseases of the biliary system are very common. Patients with this pathology in the general population are on average 2, and among women - almost 10 times more than patients with peptic ulcer disease. Among the numerous diseases of the biliary tract, it is advisable to single out mainly functional disorders (dyskinesias), inflammatory (cholecystitis), and metabolic (gallstone
  10. Diseases of the gallbladder and biliary tract in children
    Questions for repetition: 1. Duodenal sounding and its assessment. 2. The main pain points in the disease of the gallbladder and biliary tract. Test questions: 1. Biliary dyskinesia. Concept. Etiopathogenesis. Classification. 2. Clinical and diagnostic criteria for biliary dyskinesia: 2.1. hypermotor type 2.2. hypomotor type 3. Treatment of dyskinesia
  11. LIVER. Gallbladder
    The liver (hepar) is the largest gland of the human body (Fig. 78). Its weight is about 1500 g. It performs several main functions: digestive, forms a protein, detoxifies, hematopoietic, carries out metabolism, etc. The liver is located in the right hypochondrium and in the epigastrium. In shape, it resembles a wedge, has an upper and lower surface. Upper (diaphragmatic)
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