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The first questions about breastfeeding in the hospital.
Almost all mothers want to breastfeed their babies. But the first problems arise, most often, in the first days after childbirth, in the hospital. How to help organize this natural process? Will I be able to breastfeed the baby?
Breastfeeding can any woman who has breasts. Colostrum is in all women who gave birth, it is already at the end of pregnancy. The tide will be required, regardless of the outcome of the birth, this process occurs automatically, but it happens at different times. A woman can be “milk” and “non-dairy”, young and “not very”. You can even feed "twins" and "triplets", and even a woman who adopted a child can breastfeed him! In order for breastfeeding to be successful, a woman, first of all, needs desire! In addition, the support of others and maternal skills are needed - how to attach the baby to the breast, how to feed in a comfortable position, how to swaddle, how to carry it on your hands, so that it is comfortable for both the baby and the mother. Nature, creating the process of feeding mother's milk, did everything so that this process was the most convenient, comfortable and safe. The cases of the complete impossibility of breastfeeding have not yet been met in the long-term practice of breastfeeding specialists. As long as there is no milk, does the baby need a formula?
For the entire existence of a human being as a mammal being, feeding newborns with a mixture before the arrival of milk in mom began relatively recently, since the invention of milk replacers. Since that time, and began artificial feeding. Prior to this, for hundreds of thousands of years, children fed on colostrum, and no one had any desire to give the newborn something else. The need for a supplement mixture in modern Russian maternity hospitals, unfortunately, is greatly exaggerated. In fact, a newborn baby is designed for only one colostrum. It is produced a little - drops, and this is enough for the baby! The immature kidneys are not yet able to process large volumes of fluid, they are included in the work along with the milk rush from the mother. Nature is wise! Is a child losing weight, is he starving?
After birth, the baby can lose up to 10% of its birth weight, it can even be on artificial feeding, and is not associated with the presence or absence of milk from the mother. As a rule, after a few days, after the mother returns home from the maternity hospital, a full-fed breastfeeding baby begins to actively gain weight, more than 200 grams per week. What gaps do you need to keep between attachments?
Before the arrival of milk, in the first 2-3 days, the baby sucks without a pronounced rhythm, but the requirements may be frequent - after 20-40 minutes of the previous sucking, or rare - several times a day. Specially with any time intervals do not need. After the arrival of milk, the baby begins to suck often, on average, every hour during the daytime, and at night at least 3 times. This is the normal rhythm of sucking an infant, no need to worry. If the baby sucks rarely and sleeps a lot, then the mother should offer the breast herself to a sleepy baby. Kids wonderfully suck in a dream. Milk has come, do you need to decant?
If the baby is with you, and you have the opportunity for frequent feedings, then you do not need to decant.
Most often, the milk immediately comes a little more than the child needs, but during the day the situation normalizes with frequent sucking, and the next day the milk comes exactly as much as the baby needs. What is the demand, so is the supply. Therefore, during the day after the start of the tide, it is impossible to decant, otherwise the tide may be even greater than the previous one. Squeezing may be needed if the baby does not suck - is separated from the mother, or sucks ineffectively and rarely. How much time should the baby suck?
Duration sucking regulates the child himself. He can suck from 5 minutes to 1.5 hours. To prevent cracks, it is necessary to learn proper attachment to the breast, and in no case do not limit sucking to a few minutes. How often to wash the nipples?
Nipples do not need to wash at all. While taking a regular hygienic shower, you can wash the breasts as usual, but do not touch the nipples, especially with soap. Frequent breast washing can lead to nipple cracks. The child with me often sucks the breast, but constantly cries. He's probably hungry !?
After birth, children do not cry for hunger! They repeatedly experience childbirth and the postpartum period. If during labor and on the first day after birth something went beyond the physiological norm - there were interventions in childbirth, stimulation of labor, anesthesia; after birth, the baby sucked little breast (less than 1 hour), or did not suck at all; then he was taken away from his mother, fed with a mixture or some water, etc., then there are many reasons for crying! Experienced breastfeeding counselors say: "The baby does not always sleep well and does not always cry hungry." A bottle with a mixture of experiences after childbirth will not change, but it can change the type of feeding, and lead to the rejection of the baby from the breast. Does the nipple need a baby?
Chest - not needed! He satisfies all his needs by sucking the breast. The nipple is one of the main sources of feeding problems. The number of daily attachments decreases, the quality of sucking “deteriorates”, the nipple is injured, the amount of milk decreases. If you really want to breastfeed your baby, among the items for the care of the baby should not be nipples and bottles! But how to make some water?
Dosing with water is not necessary, there is enough water in milk - about 86-90%. How to determine if the baby has enough milk?
By the number of wet diapers per day. On one colostrum baby pees 2-4 times a day. After the rush of milk - more than 6. Starting from 10-14 days of daily urination should be more than 12. This is the main indicator of the amount of milk. Who will help you learn the basic methods of feeding a child?
From time immemorial, this knowledge and skills were passed on from mother to mother. From able to feed to the unwilling. Therefore, only the woman who has this experience can transmit experience. If a woman has been breastfeeding for more than 2 years, she can make recommendations on feeding another woman. If there are no such moms in your environment, then you can ask for help from breastfeeding counselors, they will help you master this difficult, but very important science - motherhood!
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The first questions about breastfeeding in the hospital.
- Questions that arise - in the first stage of the breastfeeding process
We present several questions that you may have when you and the baby at the very initial stage establish contact with each other during breastfeeding. MILK COMES When do I have milk coming? You have started the release of milk during pregnancy and, perhaps, you even have a little experience of leakage of prenatal milk in the last months before childbirth.
- First feeds
After you and the child have rested for several hours, it is time for a serious matter - learning to breastfeed. Taking care of these first feedings will return to you a hundredfold. By helping your child take the breast properly, you prevent or minimize problems with cracking nipples and engorgement of the mammary glands, and he gets milk in excess. We recommend
- Breastfeeding and menstruation
Some women believe that breastfeeding during menstruation is dangerous. Sometimes women feel some pain in the chest. In some women during menstruation, the taste of breast milk varies. It happens that because of this, the child sucks the breast reluctantly or refuses the breast altogether, which makes the mother think that there is something wrong with her milk. However, the quality of the milk remains
- Breastfeeding duration
Previously, doctors advised mothers to give their babies breasts for a very short time, for example, 2-3 minutes in the first days and 5-10 minutes later, as they believed that too long breast sucking could cause nipple inflammation. Now it is known that the duration of breastfeeding does not matter. The cause of nipple inflammation is sucking in the wrong position (see
- Unlimited breastfeeding
Allow the mother to breastfeed the baby every time he wants it. This is often called on-demand feeding. At first, newborns may eat quite irregularly: on the first and second day they may require to eat only a few times; then for several days they can suck very often. Of course, all children are different, but most are beginning to get used to a certain
- Termination of breastfeeding.
Established lactation can last 1-1.5 years and even longer. The same time, the baby can receive breast milk, usually by the age of 1 year, twice a day (in the morning and in the evening), as a full feeding and during the day its small portions, as a means of psychological support. It is noticed that if the baby sucks the breast less than three times a day, then the lactation fades away. Healthy baby
- Breastfeeding and fertilization
I heard that breastfeeding prevents pregnancy. It's true? Yes, while you are breastfeeding, the rule of respecting the natural interval between children is observed. One of the advantages of breastfeeding, which is often forgotten, is the effect of spacing between children. Prolactin, a hormone that signals the breast to release milk, prevents the formation of reproductive hormones. AT
- Breastfeeding and childbirth planning
Breastfeeding can delay the resumption of ovulation and menstruation (see Section 2.3), so it plays an important role in delaying a new pregnancy. The effect depends on how often the baby sucks the breast, and whether it sucks at night, thereby stimulating the release of prolactin and other hormones. As soon as the baby begins to lure, breastfeeding begins to decline. As a result, the probability
- Breastfeeding and new pregnancy
From a medical point of view, continuing to breastfeed during a new pregnancy is completely safe, provided that the mother is properly nourished. Some mothers continue to feed the older child throughout the pregnancy, and sometimes after the birth of the next child, they feed both children together. This can be effective if the second pregnancy comes too soon, and in
- Breastfeeding, wherever you are
No need to sit at home just because you are breastfeeding. Mothers feed their children anywhere and at any time, and you too can learn it. You will experience a sense of freedom, taking a couple of diapers and leaving the house, you will realize that breastfeeding is convenient, that this is the first "fast food" - a snack and went. Feeding at home in the first weeks after birth includes more skin contact.
- Smoking and breastfeeding
I am a heavy smoker, but I want to breastfeed my baby. Is smoking dangerous when breastfeeding? Smoking and the child are incompatible. Despite the fact that smoking is one of the most difficult to quit habits, you have to quit smoking for the sake of a child, for your family’s sake and for your family, or at least drastically reduce the number of cigarettes smoked. You risk the fact that everything you would not want
- Breastfeeding in a public place
In the XIX century, all babies were breastfed, as they had not yet invented a breast milk substitute. In those days, women often breastfed babies sitting on the porch of the house, and at the same time looked after children playing outside. Then came artificial feeding. The myth that breast-milk substitutes "outperform" him, led to the fact that in the 60-70s of the XX century, most children were fed from
- Breastfeeding after cesarean section
If your baby was born using caesarean section, then you will need more effort in establishing breastfeeding than women who gave birth naturally. Act correctly and persistently, and you will succeed! If there are no contraindications, then after cesarean section you can and should breastfeed your baby! ^ After surgery with an epidural anesthesia baby can be immediately
- On the mode of breastfeeding and weaning
Regarding the circumstances of breastfeeding and [other] nutrition, the following should be said: as far as possible, it is necessary to feed the mother’s milk because, as a food, it is more similar to the substance of the food that [the child] received in the form of menstrual blood while still in the womb . It is this blood that turns into milk, and therefore the child perceives it more easily and gets used [to it] more quickly.