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The first questions about breastfeeding in the hospital.
Almost all mothers want to breastfeed their babies. But the first problems arise, most often, in the first days after childbirth, in the hospital. How to help to establish this natural process? Will I be able to breastfeed a baby?
Any woman who has a breast can breast-feed. Colostrum is present in all women who have given birth, it already exists at the end of pregnancy. The tide will be necessary, regardless of the outcome of childbirth, this process happens automatically, but it happens at different times. A woman can be fed "dairy" and "non-dairy", young and "not very". You can even feed "twins" and "triplets," and even a woman who has adopted a child can breastfeed him! In order for breastfeeding to be successful, a woman, first of all, needs a wish! In addition, you need support from others and training in maternal skills - how to attach the baby to your chest, how to feed in a comfortable position, how to swaddle, how to wear it on your hands, so that it's comfortable for both the baby and mom. Nature, creating the process of feeding mother's milk, did everything so that this process was as convenient, comfortable and safe as possible. Cases of complete inability to breast-feed during many years of practice of breastfeeding specialists have not yet been met. As long as there is no milk, does the infant need a formula?
During the entire existence of man as a mammal creature, supplementing the newborn with a mixture before the arrival of milk from the mother began relatively recently, since the invention of milk substitutes. Since the same time, and began to breastfeed. Before that, for hundreds of thousands of years, the children were fed colostrum, and no one had a desire to give the newborn something else. The need for complementary formula in modern Russian maternity hospitals, unfortunately, is greatly exaggerated. In fact, a newborn baby is only designed for one colostrum. It is produced a little - drops, and that's enough for the baby! Immature kidneys are not yet able to process large volumes of fluid, they are included in the work together with the tide of milk from the mother. Nature is wise! The child loses weight, he starves?
After birth, the baby can lose up to 10% of the weight from birth, it happens even on artificial feeding, and is not associated with the presence or absence of milk from the mother. As a rule, a few days after the mother's return home from the hospital, the child on full breastfeeding begins to actively add weight, more than 200 grams per week. What gaps should be kept between attachments?
Before the arrival of milk, in the first 2-3 days, the baby sucks without a pronounced rhythm, but the requirements can be frequent - after 20-40 minutes of the previous sucking, or rare - several times a day. Specially to maintain some time intervals is not necessary. After the arrival of milk, the baby begins to suck frequently, on average every hour during the day, and at night not less than 3 times. This is the normal rhythm of sucking an infant, do not worry. If the baby sucks seldom and sleeps a lot, then the mother herself must offer the breast to the sleepy child. Kids are wonderful suckers in a dream. Molochko has come, whether it is necessary to be expressed?
If the baby is with you, and you have the opportunity for frequent feeding, then do not need to be expressed.
Most often milk comes just a little more than a child needs, but within a day the situation is normalized by frequent suckings, and the next day milk comes exactly as much as the baby needs. What is the demand, so is the proposal. Therefore, within 24 hours after the beginning of the tide, it is impossible to decant, otherwise there may be a tide even greater than the previous one. Expressions may be needed if the baby does not suck - is separate from the mother, or sucks ineffectively and seldom. How long does the baby need to suckle?
The duration of suckling is regulated by the child himself. It can suck from 5 minutes to 1.5 hours. To prevent cracks, you need to learn how to properly apply to the chest, and in no case do not limit sucking to a few minutes. How often do I wash my nipples?
Nipples do not need to be washed at all. During the reception of a normal hygienic shower, you can wash your breasts as usual, but do not touch the nipples, especially with soap. Frequent washing of the breasts can lead to cracking of the nipples. A child with me, often suckles, but constantly cries. Probably, he is hungry !?
After birth, children do not cry from hunger! They repeatedly experience childbirth and the postnatal period. If during childbirth and in the first day after childbirth something went beyond the limits of the physiological norm - there were interventions in childbirth, stimulation of labor, anesthesia; after birth, the baby sucked on the breast a little (less than 1 hour), or did not suck at all; then he was taken away from his mother, fed with a mixture or water, etc., then there are "occasions" for crying! Experienced counselors for breastfeeding say: "It's not always the child sleeps well-fed, and the hungry do not always cry." A bottle with a mixture of experience after childbirth will not change, but can change the type of feeding, and lead to the child's rejection of the breast. Do I need a baby's nipple?
Breast - not needed! He satisfies all his needs by sucking a breast. Nipple - one of the main sources of problems with feeding. The number of daily applications decreases, the quality of sucking deteriorates, the nipple is injured, the amount of milk decreases. If you really want to breastfeed your baby, then there should be no nipples and bottles among the baby care items! But how do I finish drinking with water?
You do not need to drink water, there is enough water in the milk - about 86-90%. How to determine if a baby has enough milk?
By the number of wet diapers a day. On one colostrum, the baby pisses 2-4 times a day. After a rush of milk - more than 6. Starting from 10-14 days of urination should be more than 12. This is the main indicator of the amount of milk. Who will help to learn the basic methods of feeding a child?
From time immemorial, this knowledge and skills were passed from mother to mother. From able to feed to the unskillful. Therefore, the transfer of experience can only be the woman who has this experience. If a woman breastfed for more than 2 years, then she can give advice on feeding to another woman. If there are no such mothers in your environment, you can ask for help with breastfeeding counselors, they will help you to master this difficult but very important science - motherhood!
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The first questions about breastfeeding in the hospital.
- Questions that arise - at the first stage of the breastfeeding process
We give a few questions that you may have when you and the child at the earliest stage establish contact with each other while breastfeeding. MILK COMES When should I have milk? Your milk began to develop during pregnancy and, perhaps, you even have a little experience of leaks of prenatal milk in the last months before the birth.
- First feedings
After you and your child have rested for several hours, it's time for a serious matter - teaching him breastfeeding. Care for these first feeds will return to you a hundredfold. Helping your child to take the breast correctly, you prevent or minimize problems with cracking of the nipples and engorgement of the mammary glands, and he receives excess milk. We recommend
- Breastfeeding and menstruation
Some women believe that breastfeeding during menstruation is dangerous. Sometimes women feel some soreness in their breasts. In some women during the period of menstruation, the taste of breast milk changes. It happens that the child because of this sucks the breast reluctantly or at all refuses from the breast, which leads the mother to the idea that there is something wrong with her milk. However, the quality of milk remains
- Duration of lactation
Previously, doctors advised mothers to give their children breasts for a very short time, for example, 2-3 minutes in the first days and 5-10 minutes later, because they believed that too long sucking of the breast can cause inflammation of the nipples. Now it is known that the duration of breastfeeding does not matter. The cause of sore nipples is sucking in the wrong position (see.
- Unlimited breastfeeding
Allow the mother to breast-feed each time he wants it. This is often called on-demand feeding. Initially, newborns can eat very irregularly: on the first and second day they may require eating only a few times; then for a few days they can suck very often. Of course, all children are different, but most people start to get used to a certain
- Stopping breastfeeding.
The established lactation can last 1-1,5 years and even a little bit longer. The same time a child can receive breast milk, usually by the age of 1 year twice a day (in the morning and in the evening), as a full-fledged feeding and during the day its small portions, as a means of psychological support. It is noticed that if a child sucks his breast less than three times a day, then lactation fades. A Healthy Child
- Breastfeeding and the possibility of fertilization
I heard that breastfeeding protects against pregnancy. It's true? Yes, while you are breastfeeding, the rule of observing the natural interval between children is observed. One of the benefits of breastfeeding, which is often overlooked, is the effect of the interval between children. Prolactin, a hormone that signals the breast to secrete milk, prevents the formation of reproductive hormones. AT
- BREAST-FEEDING AND VEHICLE PLANNING
Breastfeeding can delay the resumption of ovulation and menstruation (see subsection 2.3), so it plays an important role in delaying a new pregnancy. The effect depends on how often the baby sucks the breast, and whether it sucks at night, thus stimulating the release of prolactin and other hormones. As soon as the baby begins to be fed, breastfeeding goes into decline. As a result, the probability
- Breastfeeding and a new pregnancy
From a medical point of view, continuing breastfeeding during a new pregnancy is perfectly safe, provided that the mother is properly nourished. Some mothers continue to feed the older child throughout the pregnancy, and sometimes after the birth of the next child they feed both children together. This can be effective if the second pregnancy has come too soon, and in
- Breastfeeding, wherever you are
There is no need to sit at home just because you are breastfeeding. Mothers feed their children anywhere and anytime, and you too can learn this. You will feel a sense of freedom, taking a couple diapers and leaving the house, you will understand that breastfeeding is convenient, that this is the first "fast food" - I grabbed a bite and went. Feeding the house in the first weeks after giving birth includes more skin contact
- Smoking and breastfeeding
I am an avid smoker, but I want to breastfeed my baby. Is smoking dangerous when breastfeeding? Smoking and a child are incompatible. Despite the fact that smoking is one of the most difficult habits to throw, you should stop smoking for yourself and your family, or at least drastically reduce the number of cigarettes smoked. You run the risk that anything you do not want to do
- Breastfeeding in a public place
In the XIX century, all babies were breastfed, since the breast milk substitute had not yet been invented. In those days, women often fed babies by sitting on the porch of the house, and at the same time looked after the children playing on the street. Then there was an artificial feeding. The myth that breastmilk substitutes "exceed" it, led to the fact that in the 60-70s of the XX century the majority of children were fed from
- Breastfeeding after caesarean section
If your baby was born with caesarean section, then you will need more efforts in establishing breastfeeding than women who gave birth naturally. Act correctly and persistently, and you will succeed! If there are no contraindications, then after the cesarean section breastfeeding can be and is necessary! ^ After the operation with epidural anesthesia the baby can be immediately
- On the mode of breastfeeding and weaning
Regarding the circumstances of breastfeeding and [other] nutrition, it is necessary to say the following: as far as possible, it is necessary to feed the mother's milk, because it is more like food as the substance of the food that [the child] received in the form of menstrual blood, while still in the womb [mother] . It is this blood that turns into milk, and therefore the child perceives it more easily and quickly gets used to it.