home
about the project
News of medicine
Authors
Licensed books on medicine
<< Previous Next >>

Preparing for feeding


You will succeed! According to statistics, 85-90% of infants in our country are being fed artificially. However, the same statistics assure that almost all women are able to breastfeed a child. The present inability to breastfeeding is extremely rare. With good psychological support and the observance of a number of simple rules, 97% of women are able to breast-feed. Moreover, women of advanced age and even non-female women are capable of lactation, however paradoxical it may seem. In other words, out of 100 babies fed artificially, 97 could be fed by their own mothers, if their mothers knew how necessary the baby was, would be prepared for this process and received adequate help at the initial stage. How to properly prepare for breastfeeding? Psychological attitudes First of all, it is necessary to realize that our culture, our society does not do anything to prepare a girl, a girl, a woman for breastfeeding. And really, what we have is an indispensable companion to the image of the baby? A dummy or a bottle. In children's books, on postcards, on pictures in a children's lotto, baby dolls with pacifiers and bottles. Since childhood, the child knows how to feed the baby - from the bottle. And how to calm the baby? Give him a pacifier. In the magazines for parents, photos of children sucking the chest in a clear minority. In the issue of the magazine there may not be a single photograph of the baby sucking his mother's breast. Children who suck dummies or bottles are always there. With the filling of the bottle, too, there is no problem. In the same magazines there is advertising of various mixtures. Any woman who reads the magazine is sure that if she suddenly fails to breast-feed, the baby will be all right, thanks to all these wonderful compounds - the last word of modern science. Future mothers for the most part do not even think about why they can not get breastfeeding? Public opinion in advance prepared them for this fact and they do not see anything absurd in it, forgetting that they are still mammals and are designed to evolve their cubs with their own milk. Thus, the psychological setting for successful feeding will have to be created by itself, replacing in its mind the habitual incorrect stereotypes. How can this be done? First of all, look for those who did it! Nothing breaks stereotypes of perception like a spectacle of a healthy baby, blissfully clinging to the mother's breast. If there are no such lucky ones among the closest associates, it is worthwhile to look them through the maternity centers, prenatal training clubs, on the maternity sites on the Internet. It is desirable to get acquainted with several women who feed children of different sex, so that the success of feeding is not associated with the sex and age of the child. Try to surround yourself with public "anti-advertising" surrounding yourself with images of mothers breastfeeding a baby. Use for this, for example, reproductions of pictures of old masters in the form of calendars or postcards. (The most famous plot is called "The Madonna La Leche" and meets in particular, with Rubens, the Madonna, splashing with milk, is a wonderful role model. However, almost any artist of the 17th and 19th century can find a nursing Madonna and pick out the one that is more like it.) ask for photos from friends of nursing mothers. You can use good illustrations from magazines. Very funny photos are printed in magazines about animals. Sucking mother kittens, puppies, cubs, cubs - that's the source for your inspiration! The main thing is to enjoy this contemplation. Often go with nursing mothers on walks, in public places, visiting. Accustom yourself to this spectacle, so that it no longer causes neither excessive curiosity nor exaggerated enthusiasm. Only when a woman breastfeeding a child becomes the same normal phenomenon for you as a woman with a stroller or with a shopping bag, you can say that your stereotypes have changed. From this point of view, our culture lags far behind the world. Breastfeeding in accordance with international recommendations assumes that the child has the right to receive breasts at first request. For Russian women, this is not yet customary, so we have become unaccustomed to seeing a woman breastfeeding on the street. The fact that the English parliament was amended by the regulation, in connection with the fact that breastfeeding directly at meetings distracted men from work, causes our compatriots only bewilderment. Surprising is the very opportunity to work, and even in parliament, with a small child in his arms. And really breastfeed at meetings! ... In Europe, now, no one is surprised by breastfeeding in transport, in a cafe and even at official receptions. When preparing a dowry for a baby's future, do not buy items that are used for artificial feeding of an infant, even if there are several days left until delivery! Presence in the house of pacifiers, bottles, holders for bottles. food warmers, milk mixtures, this assumption of the idea that breastfeeding may not work. Even if the child has to be fed, when breastfeeding is established, he is fed with expressed milk from a spoon and no special accessories are needed for this. If you need to use a milk formula, the counters of our stores just burst with the corresponding products - you can buy everything you need in 1 day. Do not buy also children's things on which are drawn pacifiers and bottles, or sucking babies, so as not to cause unwanted associations. But the selection of a comfortable bra for feeding, the choice of appropriate pads in a bra, or the preparation of these pads with your own hands, as if pre-adjusts the mother for successful lactation. Try to communicate less with young mothers who have not developed breastfeeding. Trying to justify their inconsistency, they will persistently insist that they did everything possible, but they did not succeed. With a more impartial assessment of their stories, it turns out that they either did not want to feed initially, or did nothing to establish full-fledged lactation. Your desire to feed can be perceived by them as stupid stubbornness, and they will not stint on convincing arguments. Do not argue with them - just do not listen! Nothing contributes to the success of any enterprise as a detailed plan. To make a plan for your actions, you should stock up on reliable positive information about breastfeeding. In order for breastfeeding to be successful, it should be organized in accordance with modern views on breastfeeding, which have been introduced worldwide for more than 15 years and since 1989 are set out in the WHO / UNICEF Declaration on "Protecting, promoting and supporting breastfeeding practices ". If you want to breastfeed, then all the books you collect about the upbringing of children must necessarily contain a section on breastfeeding in accordance with these simple rules. If any author, talking about the child of the first year of life, does not touch this question at all, his advice can be simply dangerous, because they do not take into account the psychological and physiological characteristics of the infant. Get competent information, get acquainted with nursing moms, enlist support for the future can be on the preparation courses for childbirth. Practice shows that women who were preparing for the birth of a child in special occupations are more well-off as nursing mothers.
Help in getting competent and competent information about breastfeeding can also be provided by lactation consultants. Consultants' phones are regularly published in periodicals for parents. The work of the consultant includes not only helping to organize the feeding of the already giving birth to a woman, but also spreading the knowledge about breastfeeding. You can chat with consultants by phone and find out the addresses of the nearest meetings or open classes that are held for all comers. Practical recommendations Breast does not need any special preparation for the process of feeding. Neither wearing a bra, nor pouring and hardening a breast, nor rubbing juices, does not affect the success and effectiveness of subsequent breastfeeding. On the contrary, such procedures can cause additional trouble during pregnancy. For example, wearing a brassiere is not always justified if a woman does not have a very large breasts or very sensitive skin. Wearing a bra solves cosmetic and aesthetic problems - it does not allow the breast to sag, supports it, protects the large breasts from excessive stretch marks, but does not affect the formation of colostrum, and in the future - milk. Quite often you can hear the recommendation to rub nipples with a rough towel. In practice, the implementation of this recommendation often leads to irritation of the skin of the nipples and the formation of cracks before the beginning of feeding. In addition, this procedure stimulates the release of the hormone oxytocin, which causes uterine contractions. And if during breastfeeding this phenomenon allows the uterus to quickly recover, during pregnancy such cuts can not be called useful. They increase the tone of the pregnant uterus, can provoke miscarriage, and in later terms - premature birth. The same can be said for any breast massage. Pouring a breast with cold water is useful only in conjunction with the whole body, as an independent procedure it is meaningless. Numerous studies have not confirmed the opinion that pouring and hardening of the breast increases lactation. Quite often in women there are flat or drawn nipples, which in the literature paid much attention. Previously, it was believed that such a form of nipples could interfere with breastfeeding, and women were taught various methods of stretching the nipples. At the moment, the views on this problem have changed. Today, numerous studies have shown that a child sucks a breast, not a nipple. The nipple is only a "landmark", the place from which milk flows. Therefore, the shape of the nipple is not critical for the success of breastfeeding. In modern practice, during pregnancy, special accessories for breastfeeding can be used to stretch drawn or flat nipples - nipple formers. They are plastic pads that are worn under the bra. If the future mother is concerned about the shape of her nipples and wants to wear such a device, let her wear it within 3 weeks before giving birth - longer wearing is impractical. However, until there is no reliable scientific evidence confirming that these adaptations do change the shape of the nipples. On the contrary, the recommendations of WHO said that wearing such devices during pregnancy does not affect the success of subsequent lactation, so wearing them is not necessary. Really useful they will be in the first month of feeding. Disputes are also allegations that a pregnant woman needs special food to provide full lactation. In fact, the complex interaction of all the hormones and systems of the mother's organism, both during pregnancy and during lactation, work so that the child receives everything necessary in the first place, sometimes even at the expense of the mother. No special food for a pregnant woman, like taking vitamins, by and large, can not seriously affect the hormonal status of a woman, and therefore the fate of further lactation. If we consider the nutrition of a pregnant woman in terms of the success of lactation, then the main criterion here will be the balance and nutritional value. The absence of diets and the availability in the diet of a sufficient number of natural products not subject to cooking is much more important than an accurate count of calories and the number of foods. With the aim of correcting the nutritional deficiency, we can accept dietary supplements created on the basis of natural products (herbs, roots, algae, minerals), and preference should be given to those additives that use modern methods of cold pressing, cold cleaning, etc. (without crystallization). Such supplements usually contain substances necessary for the body in such a form that the body is able to assimilate only the amount that it really needs, and the excess of vitamins or mineral salts is not absorbed, so no side effects are observed. Some restrictions should be observed only pregnant women with metabolic disorders or suffering from allergies. Much more effect on the fate of lactation can have hormonal drugs that a woman took during pregnancy by a woman, as well as the use of these drugs to stimulate labor. The hormone prolactin, responsible for the production of milk, its level in the body of a woman rises during pregnancy and lactation. A complex hormonal mechanism that ensures a favorable course of pregnancy, childbirth and successful breastfeeding, operates according to the principles of feedback, so the lack or excess of intake of one hormone immediately affects the levels of many others. Artificially synthesized hormones when they are introduced into the body usually replace natural ones, but they do not always participate in the whole range of changes, therefore some violations are possible. For example, the use of estrogens and prostaglandins to create an artificial background for the onset of labor is usually so inhibits the production of prolactin, that milk "comes" with a delay, high levels of prolactin immediately after birth are not observed and the system recovers from 3 to 7-10 days! Therefore, for successful lactation, it is necessary to be very cautious about the appointment of hormones, it is better not to use hormonal stimulation, either to create a background, or for delivery. As you can see, it is necessary to prepare for the forthcoming lactation. However, practice shows that the preparation for successful breastfeeding is not at all one of those actions that are considered traditional.
It helps It does not help
Put the baby on the bowl, offer him a breast every hour! Increase the duration of feeding. Feed more often at night. Count the number of urination of the child, so as not to worry. Relax from household chores. Apply for support to relatives and friends. Contact a lactation consultant. "Calming" a crying child with a pacifier. Dopaivanie child with water. Use a bottle, no matter what is poured into it. Supplementing the infant with the formula before 6 days from the beginning of the crisis. Constant weighing of the child. Physical fatigue mother, lack of help around the house. Doubts of others in the presence of mom enough milk.

Mayorskaya MB lactation consultant breastfeeding consultant of the Moscow public breastfeeding support group "Mothers for breastfeeding" and the Center for Perinatal Education and Support of Breastfeeding "Rozhana" Kazakova Liliya Valentinovna
<< Previous Next >>
= Skip to the content of the tutorial =

Preparing for feeding

  1. PREPARATION FOR FEEDING
    PREPARATION FOR
  2. Preparing the breast for feeding during pregnancy
    Sometimes a woman's breast during pregnancy and feeding increases by several sizes, becomes too heavy, which can lead to her sagging (ptosis). But this process can be prevented. To breastfeeding is not reflected negatively on the attractive forms of your mammary glands, try to get used to some simple techniques of strengthening their breasts during pregnancy
  3. PREGNANCY, PREPARATION FOR THE GENES, THE GENUS, THE POST-PERIOD, THE FEEDING AND CARE OF THE KITTENS
    PREGNANCY, PREPARATION FOR THE GENES, THE GENUS, THE POST-CURRENT PERIOD, FEEDING AND CARE
  4. Principles and methods of feeding and feeding-related recommendations
    In many countries in the WHO European Region, there are no own guidelines for feeding infants and young children. Nevertheless, in some countries they exist: for example, in Denmark, Ireland, the Netherlands, Sweden and the United Kingdom. In the former Soviet Union, the need for such guidelines is recognized long ago (the last time they
  5. Organization of feeding: feeding on demand, rhythms
    On-demand feeding is the cornerstone of natural feeding. This is what distinguishes it from the widespread in the middle of the 20th century breastfeeding according to the regime. However, many mothers see this as a call to anarchy and constant attachment to the child and sometimes refuse to follow it without even experiencing it. А между тем кормление по требованию является очень удобным для мамы, если оно
  6. СПОСОБЫ КОРМЛЕНИЯ
    Существует несколько способов кормления кошек. 1) Кормление со свободным доступом к кормам. 2) Кормление, ограниченное по времени. 3) Кормление, ограниченное по количеству корма. При свободном кормлении, корма доступны животным в любое время. При ограниченном по времени кормлении, животным дают на определенный период времени (обычно 5-30 минут) количество корма, превышающего их
  7. Частота кормлений
    Как часто и как долго я должна кормить своего ребенка? Чаще, чаще, чаще! Это волшебные слова для успешного грудного вскармливания. И опыт, и научные исследования показывают, что когда младенец наслаждается частыми, неограниченными кормлениями, то: – Младенцы лучше растут – они цветут. – В материнском молоке содержится необходимое количество жиров и калорий. – Матери
  8. Кормление свиней
    Нормы кормления свиноматок. Только полноценное кормление обеспечивает хорошее состояние здоровья свиноматок, получение качественного приплода, высокую молочность. За один опорос на матку необходимо получать 10-12 поросят живой массой по 1,2-1,3 кг, которые к 2-месячному возрасту должны достигать живой массы по 18-20 кг. Нормы кормления свиноматок дифференцированы в зависимости от
  9. Кормление ребенка из чашечки
    Чашки значительно безопаснее бутылок. Бутылочками для кормления пользоваться нет необходимости. Никогда не пользуйтесь бутылочками для кормления в больницах. Их предлагают матерям, которые верят, что бутылочки безопасны. Преимущества чашек - Их легко мыть водой с мылом, если кипячение невозможно. - Вероятность размножения в них бактерий меньше, чем в бутылочках. - Их нельзя оставить возле
  10. Трубка для кормления
    Трубка для кормления может оказаться хорошим подспорьем матери для восстановления выработки молока в груди. Голодный ребенок может, конечно, несколько раз пососать "пустую" грудь, но затем он, возможно, станет нервничать и вообще откажется сосать, особенно, если он привык сосать из бутылочки. Трубка для кормления может решить эту проблему. Как пользоваться трубкой для кормления Принцип действия
Medical portal "MedguideBook" © 2014-2016
info@medicine-guidebook.com