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Preparation for feeding
You will succeed! According to statistics, 85-90% of infants in our country are fed artificially. However, the same statistics says that almost all women are capable of feeding the baby with breast. This failure to breastfeed is extremely rare. With good psychological support and observance of a number of simple rules, 97% of women can breastfeed. Moreover, elderly women and even nullipent women are capable of lactation, no matter how paradoxical it may look. In other words, out of 100 artificially fed babies, 97 could be fed by their own mothers, if the mothers knew how this baby needs, would prepare for this process and get adequate help at the initial stage. How to properly prepare for breastfeeding? Psychological attitudes First of all, it is necessary to realize that our culture, our society, does not do anything to prepare girls, girls, women for breastfeeding. And really, what is the indispensable companion of the image of the baby? Dummy or bottle. In children's books, on postcards, on the pictures in the children's lotto, baby dolls with soothers and bottles. Since childhood, the child knows how to feed a baby - from a bottle. How to reassure baby? Give him a pacifier. In magazines for parents of photos of children sucking their breasts in a clear minority. In the issue of the journal there may not be a single photo of a baby sucking mother's breast. Children, sucking pacifiers or bottles are always there. There are no problems with filling the bottle either. In the same magazines there is an advertisement for various mixes. Any woman who reads a magazine is sure that if suddenly breastfeeding does not work out for her, the baby will be all right, thanks to all these wonderful compositions - the last word of modern science. Future mothers for the most part do not even think about it, why can they not get breastfeeding? Public opinion prepared them for this fact in advance and they do not see anything absurd in it, forgetting that they are still mammals and are designed by evolution to feed their young with their own milk. Thus, the psychological attitude towards successful feeding will have to be created by itself, replacing the usual irregular stereotypes in our mind. How to do it? First of all, look for those who succeeded! Nothing breaks stereotypes of perception like a spectacle of a healthy baby, blissfully attached to the mother's breast. If there are no such lucky people among your closest entourage, you should look for them through maternal centers, prenatal training clubs, on the parent sites on the Internet. It is advisable to meet with several women who feed children of different sexes, so that the success of feeding is not associated with the sex and age of the child. Try to surround yourself with images of mothers who are breastfeeding your baby as opposed to public “anti-advertising”. Use, for example, reproductions of paintings by old masters in the form of calendars or postcards. (The most famous plot is called “Madonna La Leiche” and is found, in particular, in Rubens, Madonna is sprinkling milk with milk - a wonderful role model. However, practically any artist of 17-19 centuries can find a nursing Madonna and pick one that is more like.) ask for photos from familiar nursing moms. You can use the successful illustrations from magazines. Very funny photos printed in magazines about animals. Kittens, cubs, cubs, cubs sucking mother, here is the source for your inspiration! The main thing is to enjoy this kind of contemplation. Be often with nursing moms on walks, in public places, on a visit. Train yourself to this spectacle, so that it no longer causes neither excessive curiosity, nor exaggerated enthusiasm. Only when a woman who is breastfeeding a baby becomes as normal as a woman with a stroller or a shopping bag, can it be said that your stereotypes have changed. From this point of view, our culture is well behind the world. Breastfeeding in accordance with international recommendations suggests that the child has the right to get the breast on demand. For Russian women, this is not yet customary, so we lost the habit of seeing a woman breastfeeding a baby on the street. The fact that the regulations in the English Parliament were changed, due to the fact that breastfeeding at the meetings distracted men from work, causes only bewilderment among our compatriots. The very opportunity to work, especially in parliament, with a small child in her arms is amazing. And to breastfeed at meetings! ... But in Europe, nowadays, nobody is surprised by breastfeeding in transport, in cafes and even at official receptions. When preparing a dowry for the future baby, do not buy items that are used for artificial feeding of the baby, even if there are several days left before the birth! The presence in the house of pacifiers, bottles, bottle holders. food warmers, infant formula, is the assumption that breastfeeding may not work. Even if the child will have to be fed, when establishing breast feeding, he is fed with expressed milk from a spoon and no special accessories are needed for this. If you need to use the milk mixture, the shelves of our stores are simply full of relevant products - you can buy everything you need in 1 day. Do not buy also children's things on which empty soothers and bottles are drawn, or babies sucking them, so as not to cause unwanted associations. But the selection of a convenient bra for feeding, the choice of the corresponding pads in the bra, or the preparation of these pads with your own hands, as if setting up the mommy for a successful lactation. Try to communicate less with young mothers who have not developed breastfeeding. Trying to justify their failure, they will persist in insisting that they have done everything possible, but they did not succeed. With a more impartial assessment of their stories, it turns out that they either did not want to feed initially, or did not do anything to establish a full-fledged lactation. Your desire to feed can be perceived by them as stupid stubbornness, and they do not stint on convincing arguments. No need to argue with them - just do not listen! Nothing contributes to the success of any enterprise as a detailed plan. To make a plan of your actions, you should stock up with reliable positive information about breastfeeding. In order for breastfeeding to be successful, it should be organized in accordance with modern views on breastfeeding, which have been introduced all over the world for more than 15 years and, as early as 1989, are set out in the WHO / UNICEF declaration “Protecting, encouraging and supporting breastfeeding ". If you want to breastfeed, then all the books you collect about parenting must necessarily contain a section on breastfeeding in accordance with these simple rules. If any author, telling about the child of the first year of life, does not touch this question at all, his advice may simply be dangerous, because they do not take into account the psychological and physiological characteristics of the infant. Get competent information, get acquainted with nursing moms, to enlist the support for the future can be on the courses for preparation for childbirth. Practice shows that women who were preparing for the birth of a child in special classes are more affluent as nursing mothers.
Lactation counselors can also help to obtain competent and competent information about breastfeeding. The telephone numbers of consultants are regularly published in periodicals for parents. The work of the consultant includes not only assistance in organizing the feeding of the woman who has already given birth, but also the dissemination of knowledge about breastfeeding. You can talk with the consultants on the phone and find out the addresses of the next meetings or open classes that are held for everyone. Practical recommendations Breast does not need any special preparation for the process of feeding. Neither the wearing of a bra, nor the pouring and hardening of the breast, nor the rubbing of juices, affect the success and effectiveness of subsequent breastfeeding. On the contrary, such procedures can cause additional problems during pregnancy. For example, wearing a bra is not always justified, if a woman does not have very large breasts or very sensitive skin. Wearing a bra solves cosmetic and aesthetic tasks - it does not allow the breast to sag, supports it, protects large breasts from excessive stretch marks, but does not affect the formation of colostrum, and subsequently - milk. Quite often you can hear the recommendation to rub the nipples with a rough towel. In practice, the implementation of this recommendation quite often leads to irritation of the skin of the nipples and the formation of cracks even before the start of feeding. In addition, this procedure stimulates the release of the hormone oxytocin, which causes uterine contractions. And if during lactation this phenomenon allows the uterus to return to normal faster, then during pregnancy such reductions cannot be called beneficial. They increase the tone of the pregnant uterus, can cause miscarriage, and in later periods - premature birth. The same can be said about any breast massage. Pouring cold water on the chest is only useful in conjunction with dousing the entire body - as an independent procedure, it is meaningless. Numerous studies have not confirmed the view that pouring and hardening the breast increases lactation. Quite often, women have flat or inverted nipples, which are given considerable attention in the literature. It used to be thought that this form of nipples could interfere with breastfeeding, and women were taught various methods of stretching the nipples. At the moment, views on this issue have changed. Today, numerous studies have shown that the baby sucks the breast, not the nipple. The nipple is only a guide, a place from which milk flows. Therefore, the shape of the nipple is not critical to the success of breastfeeding. In modern practice during pregnancy, special accessories for breastfeeding can be used to pull out inverted or flat nipples - nipple shapers. They are plastic pads that are worn under the bra. If the expectant mother is concerned about the shape of her nipples and wants to wear such devices, let them wear them for 3 weeks before giving birth - longer wearing is impractical. However, while there is no reliable scientific evidence that confirms that these devices really change the shape of the nipples. On the contrary, the WHO recommendations say that wearing such devices during pregnancy does not affect the success of subsequent lactation, therefore, it is not necessary to wear them. They will be really useful in the first month of feeding. The claims that a pregnant woman needs a special diet to ensure full lactation are also controversial. In fact, the complex interaction of all hormones and systems of the mother's body, both during pregnancy and during lactation, works in such a way that the child gets everything you need first and foremost, sometimes even at the expense of the mother. No special nutrition of a pregnant woman, as well as the intake of vitamins, by and large, can seriously affect the hormonal status of the woman, and therefore the fate of further lactation. If we consider the nutrition of a pregnant woman in terms of the success of lactation, then the main criterion here will be the balance and nutritional value. Lack of diets and the presence in the diet of a sufficient number of natural products that are not subjected to cooking, much more important than the exact count of calories and the number of products. In order to correct nutritional deficiencies, we allow the intake of dietary supplements based on natural products (herbs, roots, algae, minerals), and preference should be given to those additives that use modern methods of cold pressing, cold cleaning, etc. (without crystallization). Such supplements, as a rule, contain the necessary substances for the body in such a form that the body is able to absorb only the amount that it really needs, and an excess of vitamins or mineral salts is not absorbed, so no side effects are observed. Any restrictions must be observed only for pregnant women with metabolic disorders or allergies. Hormonal preparations that a woman took during pregnancy by a woman, as well as the use of these drugs to stimulate labor, can have a much greater effect on the fate of lactation. Hormone prolactin, is responsible for the production of milk, its level in the body of a woman increases during pregnancy and lactation. A complex hormonal mechanism that provides a favorable course of pregnancy, childbirth and successful breastfeeding, operates according to the principles of feedback, therefore, the lack or excess of one hormone, immediately affects the levels of many others. Artificially synthesized hormones, when introduced into the body, usually replace natural ones, but they do not always participate in the entire spectrum of changes, therefore some kind of disturbance is possible. For example, the use of estrogen and prostaglandins to create an artificial background for the onset of labor, usually slows down the production of prolactin, that milk “comes” with a delay, a high level of prolactin is not observed immediately after birth and the system recovers from 3 to 7-10 days! Therefore, for successful lactation, it is necessary to be very careful with hormone prescriptions, it is better not to use hormonal stimulation either to create a background or for delivery. As you can see, you need to prepare for the upcoming lactation. However, practice shows that the preparation for successful breastfeeding is not at all those actions that are considered traditional.
| It helps || It does not help |
| Bowl the child to the chest, offer him the breast every hour! Increase the duration of feedings. Feed at night more often. Count the number of urinations a child does not have to worry about. Take a break from household chores. Seek support from family and friends. Contact your lactation consultant. || "Calming" a crying child with a dummy. Feeding up the child with water. Using a bottle, no matter what is poured into it. Completion of the child mixtures before 6 days from the beginning of the crisis. Permanent weighing child. Physical fatigue of the mother, lack of domestic help. Doubts surrounding mom's availability of sufficient milk. |
Mayorskaya M. B. Lactation Consultant Breastfeeding Consultant of the Moscow Breastfeeding Community Support Group “Mothers for Breastfeeding” and the Rozhana Center for Perinatal Education and Support of Breastfeeding Liliya V. Kazakova
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Preparation for feeding
- PREPARATION FOR FEEDING
- Breast preparation for nursing during pregnancy
Sometimes the breast of a woman during pregnancy and feeding increases by several sizes, becomes too heavy, which can lead to its sagging (ptosis). But this process can be prevented. So that breastfeeding does not negatively affect the attractive forms of your breast glands, try to get used to some uncomplicated methods of strengthening them during pregnancy.
- PREGNANCY, PREPARATION FOR BIRTH, BIRTHDAY, POSTBIRTH PERIOD, FEEDING AND CARING FOR KITTENS
PREGNANCY, PREPARATION FOR BIRTH, BIRTH, POSTBIRTH PERIOD, FEEDING AND CARE
- Principles and methods of feeding and recommendations related to feeding
Many countries in the WHO European Region lack their own guidelines for feeding infants and young children. However, in some countries they exist: for example, in Denmark, Ireland, the Netherlands, Sweden and the United Kingdom. In the former Soviet Union, the need for such guidelines has been recognized for a long time (for the last time
- Organization of feeding: feeding on demand, rhythms
Feeding on demand is the cornerstone of natural feeding. This is what distinguishes it from the breastfeeding regime that was common in the mid-20th century. However, many mothers see in this principle a call for anarchy and constant attachment to the child and sometimes refuse to follow it, even without experiencing it. Meanwhile, on-demand feeding is very convenient for mom, if
- FEEDING METHODS
There are several ways to feed cats. 1) Feeding with free access to feed. 2) Time-limited feeding. 3) Feeding, limited in feed quantity. With free feeding, feed available to animals at any time. With time-limited feeding, animals are given for a certain period of time (usually 5-30 minutes) the amount of feed that exceeds them.
- Feeding frequency
How often and how long should I feed my baby? More often, more often! These are magic words for successful breastfeeding. Both experience and scientific studies show that when a baby enjoys frequent, unlimited feedings, then: - Infants grow better - they bloom. - Breast milk contains the necessary amount of fat and calories. - Mothers
- Feeding pigs
Feeding rates for sows. Only full feeding ensures good health of sows, obtaining high-quality offspring, high milk yield. For one farrowing on the uterus, it is necessary to obtain 10–12 piglets with a living weight of 1.2–1.3 kg, which, by the age of 2 months, should reach a live weight of 18–20 kg. Feeding rates for sows are differentiated by
- Feeding baby from the cup
Cups are much safer than bottles. Feeding bottles are not necessary. Never use feeding bottles in hospitals. They are offered to mothers who believe that the bottles are safe. The advantages of cups - They are easy to wash with soap and water, if boiling is impossible. - The probability of reproduction of bacteria in them is less than in bottles. - They can not be left near
- Feeding tube
A feeding tube can be a good help to the mother to restore milk production in the breast. A hungry child may, of course, suck the “empty” breast several times, but then he may become nervous and refuse to suck at all, especially if he is used to sucking from a bottle. A feeding tube can solve this problem. How to use the feeding tube