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Preparation for feeding
You will succeed! According to statistics, 85-90% of infants in our country are fed artificially. However, the same statistics says that almost all women are capable of feeding a baby. True inability to breastfeed is extremely rare. With good psychological support and observance of a number of simple rules, 97% of women are able to breastfeed. Moreover, elderly women and even nullipent women are capable of lactation, no matter how paradoxical it may look. In other words, out of 100 artificially fed babies, 97 could be fed by their own mothers, if mothers knew how this baby needs, would prepare for this process and receive adequate assistance at the initial stage. How to properly prepare for breastfeeding? Psychological attitudes First of all, it is necessary to realize that our culture, our society, does not do anything to prepare girls, girls, women for breastfeeding. And really, what is the indispensable companion of the image of the baby? Dummy or bottle. In children's books, on postcards, in the pictures in the children's lotto, baby dolls with soothers and bottles. Since childhood, a child knows how to feed a baby - from a bottle. And how to calm the baby? Give him a dummy. In magazines for parents of photos of children sucking their breasts in a clear minority. In the issue of the journal there may not be a single photo of a baby sucking mother's breast. Children, sucking pacifiers or bottles are always there. There are no problems with filling the bottle either. In the same magazines there is an advertisement for various mixes. Any woman who reads the magazine is sure that if she doesn’t succeed in breastfeeding, the baby will be all right, thanks to all these wonderful compositions - the last word of modern science. Future moms for the most part do not even think, why can they not get breastfeeding? Public opinion prepared them in advance for this fact and they do not see anything absurd in it, forgetting that they are still mammals and are designed by evolution in such a way as to feed their young with their own milk. Thus, the psychological attitude towards successful feeding will have to be created by itself, replacing the usual irregular stereotypes in your mind. How to do it? First of all, look for those who succeeded! Nothing breaks stereotypes of perception like a spectacle of a healthy baby, blissfully attached to the mother's breast. If there are no such luckies among your closest entourage, you should look for them through maternal centers, prenatal training clubs, on the parent sites on the Internet. It is advisable to meet with several women who feed children of different sexes, so that the success of feeding does not in any way be associated with the sex and age of the child. Try to surround yourself with images of mothers who are breastfeeding your baby as opposed to public “anti-advertising”. Use, for example, reproductions of paintings by old masters in the form of calendars or postcards. (The most famous plot is called “Madonna La Leiche” and is found, in particular, in Rubens, Madonna is sprinkling milk with milk - a wonderful role model. However, practically any artist of the 17-19 century can find a nursing Madonna and pick one that is more like.) Ask for photos from familiar nursing moms. You can use successful illustrations from magazines. Very funny photos printed in magazines about animals. Kittens, cubs, cubs, cubs sucking mother - here is the source for your inspiration! The main thing is to enjoy this kind of contemplation. Be often with nursing moms on walks, in public places, on a visit. Teach yourself to this spectacle, so that it no longer causes undue curiosity or exaggerated enthusiasm. Only when a woman who is breastfeeding a child becomes as normal as a woman with a stroller or a shopping bag, can it be said that your stereotypes have changed. From this point of view, our culture is well behind the world. Breastfeeding in accordance with international recommendations suggests that the child has the right to get the breast on demand. For Russian women, this is not yet customary, so we lost the habit of seeing a woman breastfeeding a baby on the street. The fact that the regulations in the English Parliament were changed, due to the fact that breastfeeding at the meetings distracted men from work, causes only confusion among our compatriots. The very opportunity to work, especially in parliament, with a small child in her arms is amazing. And to breastfeed at meetings! ... But in Europe, nowadays, nobody is surprised by breastfeeding in transport, in cafes and even at official receptions. When preparing a dowry for the future baby, do not buy items that are used for artificial feeding of the infant, even if there are several days left before the birth! The presence of soothers in the house, bottles, bottle holders. food warmers, infant formula, is the assumption that breastfeeding may not work. Even if the child will have to be fed, when establishing breastfeeding, he is fed with expressed milk from a spoon and no special accessories are needed for this. If you need to use the milk mixture, the shelves of our stores just bursting with the relevant products - you can buy everything you need in 1 day. Do not buy also children's things on which baby's dummies and bottles are painted, or babies sucking them, so as not to cause undesirable associations. But the selection of a convenient bra for feeding, the choice of the appropriate pads in the bra, or the preparation of these pads with your own hands, as if setting up the mommy for successful lactation. Try to communicate less with young mothers who have not developed breastfeeding. Trying to justify their failure, they will persist in insisting that they have done everything possible, but they failed. With a more impartial evaluation of their stories, it turns out that they either did not want to feed initially, or did not do anything to establish a full lactation. Your desire to feed can be perceived by them as stupid stubbornness, and they do not stint on convincing arguments. No need to argue with them - just do not listen! Nothing is more conducive to the success of any enterprise than a detailed plan. To make a plan of your actions, you should stock up with reliable positive information about breastfeeding. In order for breastfeeding to be successful, it should be organized in accordance with modern views on breastfeeding, which have been introduced all over the world for more than 15 years and, as early as 1989, are set out in the WHO / UNICEF declaration “Protecting, encouraging and supporting breastfeeding ". If you want to breastfeed, then all the books you have about parenting should compulsorily contain a section on breastfeeding in accordance with these simple rules. If any author, talking about a child in his first year of life, does not at all touch on this issue, his advice may simply be dangerous, because he does not take into account the psychological and physiological characteristics of the infant. Get competent information, get acquainted with nursing moms, to enlist the support for the future can be on the courses for preparation for childbirth. Practice shows that women who prepared for the birth of a child in special classes are more affluent as nursing mothers.
Lactation counselors may also help to obtain competent and competent information on breastfeeding. The telephone numbers of consultants are regularly published in periodicals for parents. The work of the consultant includes not only assistance in organizing the feeding of the woman who has already given birth, but also the dissemination of knowledge about breastfeeding. You can talk with the consultants by phone and find out the addresses of the nearest meetings or open classes, which are held for everyone. Practical recommendations Breast does not need any special preparation for the process of feeding. Neither the wearing of a bra, nor the pouring and hardening of the breast, nor the rubbing of juices, affect the success and effectiveness of subsequent breastfeeding. On the contrary, such procedures may cause additional problems during pregnancy. For example, wearing a bra is not always justified, if a woman does not have very large breasts or very sensitive skin. Wearing a bra solves cosmetic and aesthetic tasks - it does not allow the breast to sag, supports it, protects the big breast from excessive stretch marks, but does not affect the formation of colostrum, and subsequently - milk. Quite often you can hear the recommendation to rub the nipples with a rough towel. In practice, the implementation of this recommendation quite often leads to irritation of the skin of the nipples and the formation of cracks even before the start of feeding. In addition, this procedure stimulates the release of the hormone oxytocin, which causes uterine contractions. And if during lactation this phenomenon allows the uterus to return to normal faster, then during pregnancy such reductions cannot be called useful. They increase the tone of the pregnant uterus, can cause miscarriage, and in later periods - premature birth. The same can be said about any breast massage. Pouring cold water on the chest is only useful in combination with dousing the entire body - as an independent procedure, it is meaningless. Numerous studies have not confirmed the view that pouring and hardening the chest increases lactation. Quite often, women have flat or inverted nipples, which are given considerable attention in the literature. It used to be that this form of nipples could interfere with breastfeeding, and women were taught various methods of pulling nipples. At the moment, views on this issue have changed. Today, numerous studies have shown that the baby sucks the breast, not the nipple. The nipple is only a guide, a place from which milk flows. Therefore, the shape of the nipple is not critical to the success of breastfeeding. In modern practice during pregnancy, special accessories for breastfeeding can be used to pull out inverted or flat nipples - shaper nipples. They are plastic pads that are worn under the bra. If the expectant mother is concerned about the shape of her nipples and wants to wear such devices, let them wear them for 3 weeks before giving birth - longer wearing is impractical. However, while there is no reliable scientific evidence that confirms that these devices really change the shape of the nipples. On the contrary, the WHO recommendations say that the wearing of such devices during pregnancy does not affect the success of subsequent lactation, so it is not necessary to wear them. They will be really useful in the first month of feeding. The assertions that a pregnant woman needs special nutrition to ensure full lactation are also controversial. In fact, the complex interaction of all hormones and systems of the maternal organism, both during pregnancy and during lactation, works in such a way that the child receives everything necessary first, sometimes even at the expense of the mother. No special diet for a pregnant woman, as well as the intake of vitamins, by and large, can seriously affect the hormonal status of the woman, and therefore the fate of further lactation. If we consider the nutrition of a pregnant woman from the point of view of lactation success, then the main criterion here will be balance and nutritional value. Lack of diets and the presence in the diet of a sufficient amount of natural products that are not subjected to cooking, much more important than the exact count of calories and the number of products. In order to correct nutritional deficiencies, we allow the use of dietary supplements created on the basis of natural products (herbs, roots, algae, minerals), and preference should be given to those supplements that use modern methods of cold pressing, cold cleaning, etc. (without crystallization). Such additives, as a rule, contain the necessary substances for the body in such a form that the body is able to absorb only the amount that it really needs, and the excess of vitamins or mineral salts is not absorbed, so no side effects are observed. Any restrictions must be observed only for pregnant women with metabolic disorders or allergies. Hormonal preparations that a woman took during pregnancy by a woman, as well as the use of these drugs to stimulate labor, can have a much greater effect on the fate of lactation. Hormone prolactin, is responsible for the production of milk, its level in the body of a woman increases during pregnancy and lactation. A complex hormonal mechanism, which provides a favorable course of pregnancy, childbirth and successful breastfeeding, operates according to the principles of feedback, therefore the lack or excess of one hormone, immediately affects the levels of many others. Artificially synthesized hormones, when injected into the body, usually replace natural ones, but do not always participate in the entire spectrum of changes, therefore some kind of disturbance is possible. For example, the use of estrogen and prostaglandins to create an artificial background for the onset of labor, usually inhibits prolactin production so much that milk “arrives” late, there is no high prolactin level immediately after delivery and the system recovers from 3 to 7-10 days! Therefore, for successful lactation, it is necessary to be very careful with hormone prescriptions; it is better not to use hormonal stimulation either to create a background or for delivery. As you can see, you need to prepare for the upcoming lactation. However, practice shows that the preparation for successful breastfeeding is not at all those actions that are considered traditional.
| It helps || It does not help |
| Bowl the child to the chest, offer him the breast every hour! Increase the duration of feedings. Feed at night more often. Count the number of urinations of the child, so as not to worry. Take a break from household chores. Seek support from family and friends. Contact your lactation consultant. || "Calming" a crying child with a dummy. Adding baby water. Using a bottle, no matter what is poured into it. Completion of the child mixtures before 6 days from the beginning of the crisis. Permanent weighing child. Physical fatigue of the mother, lack of domestic help. Doubts surrounding the presence of mom sufficient amount of milk. |
Mayorskaya M. B. Lactation Consultant Breastfeeding Consultant of the Moscow Community Breastfeeding Support Group “Mothers for Breastfeeding” and the Rozhana Center for Perinatal Education and Support of Breastfeeding Liliya V. Kazakova
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Preparation for feeding
- PREPARATION FOR FEEDING
- Breast preparation for nursing during pregnancy
Sometimes the breast of a woman during pregnancy and feeding increases by several sizes, becomes too heavy, which can lead to its sagging (ptosis). But this process can be prevented. So that breastfeeding does not negatively affect the attractive forms of your breast glands, try to get used to some simple methods of strengthening them even during pregnancy.
- PREGNANCY, PREPARATION FOR BIRTH, BIRTHDAY, POSTBIRTH PERIOD, FEEDING AND CARING FOR KITTENS
PREGNANCY, PREPARATION FOR BIRTH, BIRTH, POSTBIRTH PERIOD, FEEDING AND CARE
- Principles and methods of feeding and recommendations related to feeding
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- Organization of feeding: feeding on demand, rhythms
Feeding on demand is the cornerstone of natural feeding. This is what distinguishes it from the breastfeeding regime that was common in the mid-20th century. However, many mothers see in this principle a call for anarchy and constant attachment to the child and sometimes refuse to follow it, even without experiencing it. Meanwhile, on-demand feeding is very convenient for mom, if
- FEEDING METHODS
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- Feeding frequency
How often and how long should I feed my baby? More often, more often! These are magic words for successful breastfeeding. Both experience and scientific studies show that when a baby enjoys frequent, unlimited feedings, then: - Infants grow better - they bloom. - Breast milk contains the necessary amount of fat and calories. - Mothers
- Feeding pigs
Feeding rates for sows. Only full feeding ensures good health of sows, obtaining high-quality offspring, high milk production. For one farrowing on the uterus, it is necessary to obtain 10–12 piglets with a living weight of 1.2–1.3 kg, which, by 2 months of age, should reach a live weight of 18–20 kg. Feeding rates for sows are differentiated depending on
- Feeding baby from the cup
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- Feeding tube
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