Licensed books on medicine
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The psychological well-being of the child and breastfeeding.
The benefits of breastfeeding has been written and said repeatedly. Mother's milk is both antibodies and lysozyme, protecting the baby from infection, non-allergenic protein, and easily digestible carbohydrates, this is the bifidus factor that accelerates colonization of the intestine with bifidobacteria, it is a hormonal growth factor, these are enzymes that help the baby digest food. However, not everyone knows that mom's milk is intended for her child, since at any given time corresponds to all the needs of the baby in protein, fluids, vitamins, calcium, trace elements and hormones. If the weather is hot, there is more liquid in the milk, if the baby has teeth, the milk will be rich in calcium and phosphorus, and if the child is sick, antibodies (immunoglobulins), lysozyme and immune response cells - macrophages will prevail in the milk. And not a single widely advertised adapted milk formula can so uniquely meet the needs of the child, like mother's milk, no matter how "liquid and bluish" it may seem. But the most important and indispensable property of breastfeeding, in my opinion, a doctor and a psychologist, is the creation for the infant of optimal conditions for the growth and development of the physical and psychological, for the realization of his creative and intellectual potential. Let's look at how this happens. When the baby is in the womb, it is connected to the mother through the umbilical cord and placenta. His mother's surroundings sounds, smells, tastes, touches. At this moment, he is experiencing a state of bliss, union with his mother and the whole world. Therefore, even after birth, mother is a source of happiness and safety for the child. After birth, the baby is in a new, completely unfamiliar world, which serves as a source of anxiety and concern for him. And only, being in the arms of the mother, pressed against her breast, especially if her breast and knees are exposed, the child is as close as possible to the conditions of the intrauterine stay. The mother's nipple mugs exude the same smell as the amniotic fluid that has surrounded the infant for nine months. Here, the baby can hear his mother's breath and heartbeat, and the milk itself has the taste of amniotic fluid, which the baby swallowed from the 16th week of intrauterine development. Mother's breast for the baby at this moment serves as a link, connecting him with his mother, instead of the umbilical cord. And only in such conditions the baby experiences a feeling of reliability and safety. Putting the baby to the chest is the beginning of his relationship with the outside world. And how comfortable and safe the baby felt in the very first months of life, how long he stayed at her mother's breast, determines whether he will grow up as a prosperous, self-confident, responsive person who perceives the world not as a hostile environment, but like a home. Contact with the mother is so important for the baby that nature itself helps him in this: the distance that newborn babies can focus their eyes on is equal to the distance from the eyes of the child to the eyes of the mother; Newly-born children can look at an object for a long time without blinking.
It is known that already in the first hours of life, newborns prefer the face of the mother to the other faces and distinguish the voice of the mother among other voices around them. And by the sixth day of life, children already recognize the smell of their mother's milk and prefer it. It has been proven that breast attachment is a powerful tool for relieving stress in infants. If the baby is crying from pain or fear, it is worth the mother to give him a breast, and he quickly calms down, forgetting about his grief. Breast sucking is not only feeding the baby, but also experiencing physical and psychological comfort, direct communication between mother and child. Therefore, it is so important not to limit the time the baby stays at the breast and allow him to suck as much as he wants, which means how much he needs. Then your son or daughter will not develop a “bad” habit of thumb sucking, because they will not need a “sedative” remedy that replaces the mother’s breast. If a child has begun to cry, and the mother, on the advice of Dr. Spock, waits and does not approach him, so as not to spoil him, the child gradually becomes confident that it is useless to call for help when you feel bad - nobody will approach you anyway . Subsequently, such a child learns to cope with his own difficulties, and it would not be bad if he had not proved to his whole life that he was strong and no one needed him. Being already an adult, it will be very difficult for him to create warm intimate relationships in his own family, as he has no childhood experience of love and acceptance. A conviction will be formed in his subconscious mind for the rest of his life: “since my mother didn’t love me - the person closest to me, it means that I’m really not worthy of love, and all other people will not love me any more.” Such people either all their lives feel like losers, or, on the contrary, they are very aggressive towards others and the whole world. Therefore, it depends on maternal behavior whether the amount of love or the amount of aggression will increase with the arrival of her child into the world. It is not by chance that psychologists note that children who have been breastfed for a long time behave much more calmly in an unfamiliar environment, are more self-confident, and make contact with others more easily than their peers fed artificially. It has also been observed that mothers themselves who breastfeed their children are much calmer and more benevolent in communicating with their children than women who are not breastfeeding. This is due to the fact that during the stimulation of the nipple during the feeding of the child, the hormones of "joy" are produced in the mother's body - endorphins, which help the woman to be more good-natured, self-confident and calm. Of course, and the baby with affectionate, smiling mother is much more comfortable and more fun than with anxious and nervous. Therefore, dear mommies, do not deprive yourself of the pleasure of close communication with your child, give joy and health to yourself and your baby! And your efforts will not slow down to pay off a hundredfold, you will see the happy and loving eyes of your children! Breastfeeding counselor, psychologist Natalya Evstigneeva
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The psychological well-being of the child and breastfeeding.
- Evaluation of the effectiveness of infant feeding.
Indicators of the effectiveness of feeding the child will be the harmony of the physical development of the baby, good (elastic, "rubber") turgor of its tissues, good appetite and the normal nature of the departures, proper motor and mental development, the rarity of respiratory and intestinal
- What does it mean for a baby - breastfeeding?
How do you like the fact that you give your child a gift that can raise his IQ by about 10 points; can improve the functioning of the heart, intestines and almost all other organs of your child; reduce the risk of life-reducing and debilitating diseases such as diabetes; and help your child avoid many of the usual problems for babies, such as ear infections, disorders
- Breastfeeding: the onset, duration, and practice of exclusive breastfeeding
Due to the lack of comprehensive and comparable data and unified international definitions, it is difficult to make any general statements about the prevalence of breastfeeding in the WHO European Region. Data on the percentage of children who are breastfed are shown in Fig. 8, taken from various sources (27). These data must be approached carefully: survey methods
- Your questions on breastfeeding and childcare and answers to them
After birth, a lot of milk comes, and as far as I know: a newborn baby needs very little. Is it worth immediately after delivery to decant? As a rule, a large amount of milk comes on the third or fifth day after birth? The first two days the breast produces colostrum and is usually not full. When staying together, when a mother can feed a baby not according to a strict regime, but by
- The need to feed the child. Breastfeeding accessories help
There are several solutions to this problem. ^ Extra feeding from a drinking pot or a cup with a lid is the simplest, but it requires patience. If desired, any mother can master this skill. A more convenient option is a soft spoon, which has as its handle a bottle where food is poured. In the spoon of soft silicone food comes metered when a person who is feeding a baby,
- Maternal breastfeeding support group in Samara. Breastfeeding the most important issues, 2014
- FEEDING SCIENCE: WHY BREASTFEEDING?
We often wonder why some mothers do not breastfeed. From our point of view, breastfeeding is a natural extension of the relationship that began in the womb. Maybe some women are convinced that breastfeeding does not really matter. Having studied Chapter 1, you will understand the benefits of breastfeeding for both the mother and the baby. We believe that if you rate
- When do babies need more than one breast milk and how long should the baby be breastfed?
Feed your baby exclusively with breast milk up to 6 months of age. At about 6 months of age, all babies, along with breast milk, need extra food, but ideally continue to breastfeed for up to a year and
- Breastfeeding Alternatives
Usually breastfeeding is the best way to feed infants. Nevertheless, there are situations when it may be preferable or it is necessary to replace breast milk with any alternative. In addition to the contraindications briefly described above, circumstances arise where, despite all efforts to continue breastfeeding, the mother cannot maintain lactation for
During the first 6 months of life, babies should be exclusively breastfed. This means that a practically healthy child should receive breast milk and no other food or liquid, such as water, tea, juice, cereal decoction, animal milk or infant formula. Exclusively breastfed babies or babies in
- Exclusive or partial breastfeeding
Exceptional breastfeeding means that the baby does not receive any other nutrition than breast milk, does not even take a pacifier. If a child is given vitamins or ritual food in small quantities, either water or juice, this is almost exclusive breastfeeding. Partial breastfeeding means that the baby is partially on the breast, and partially on the artificial
- BREASTFEEDING AND HIS ALTERNATIVES
All babies should be exclusively breastfed from birth to approximately 6 months of age, but in any case during the first 4 months of life. It is preferable to continue breastfeeding after the first year of life, and in populations with a high prevalence of infections, the continuation of breastfeeding for the whole second
- Practical aspects of breastfeeding
How to start breastfeeding Immediately after birth, a healthy baby instinctively searches for food. In the first few hours of life outside the womb, the baby is lively, active, and ready to feed, so ideally breastfeeding should begin within the first hour. To facilitate this process, it is necessary to maintain the skin contact of the child with the mother directly from the moment of birth until