Licensed books on medicine
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Psychological well-being of the child and breastfeeding.
The benefits of breastfeeding have been written and spoken repeatedly. Mother's milk is both antibodies and lysozyme, which protects the child from infection, and does not cause allergy proteins, and easily digestible carbohydrates, it is a bifidus factor that accelerates the colonization of the intestines with bifidobacteria, it is a hormonal growth factor, and enzymes that help the baby to digest food. However, not everyone knows that the milk of the mother is intended for her child, since at every particular moment of time it corresponds to all the needs of the baby in protein, liquid, vitamins, calcium, trace elements and hormones. If the weather is hot in the street, there is more liquid in the milk, if the baby's teeth are cut, the milk will be rich in calcium and phosphorus, and if the child becomes ill, antibodies (immunoglobulins), lysozyme and immune response cells-macrophages will predominate in the milk. And no widely advertised adapted milk formula can not so uniquely meet the needs of the child, like mother's milk, no matter how "liquid and cyanotic" in appearance it may seem. But the most important and irreplaceable property of breastfeeding, in my opinion, a doctor and a psychologist, is the creation for the baby of optimal conditions for growth and development of the physical and psychological, for the realization of his creative and intellectual potential. Let's see how this happens. When the baby is in the womb, it is connected to the mother via the umbilical cord and the placenta. He is surrounded by my mother's sounds, smells, tastes, and touches. At this moment, he experiences a state of bliss, unity with his mother and the whole world. Therefore, mother and after birth is a source of happiness and safety for the child. After a birth the kid appears in the new, absolutely unfamiliar world which serves for it a source of alarm and anxiety. And only when she finds herself in her mother's arms, pressed to her breast, especially if her chest and knees are bare, the child is as close as possible to the conditions of the intrauterine stay. The mother's sucking mugs emit the same smell as the amniotic fluid that surrounded the baby all nine months. Here the baby is heard mother's breathing and heartbeat, and the milk itself has a taste of amniotic fluid, which the baby swallowed from 16 weeks of intrauterine development. Mother's breast for the baby at this moment serves as a link connecting it with the mother, instead of the umbilical cord. And only in such conditions the baby experiences a sense of safety and security. Putting a child to the breast is the beginning of his relationship with the outside world. And how comfortably and safely the baby felt in the very first months of life, from how long he was at his mother's breast, it depends whether he will grow up to be a successful, self-confident, sympathetic person who perceives the surrounding world not as a hostile environment, but as a native home. Contact with the mother is so important for the baby that nature helps him in this: the distance that newborn babies can focus their eyes on is equal to the distance from the child's eyes to the eyes of the mother; newly-born children can for a long time, not stopping to consider the object they like.
It is known that in the first hours of life newborns prefer the mother's face to the rest of the people and sing out the mother's voice among other voices surrounding them. And by the sixth day of life, children already recognize the smell of their mother's milk and prefer it. It is proved that applying to the breast is a powerful tool for relieving stress in infants. If the baby cries for pain or fear, the mother should give him a breast, and he quickly calms down, forgetting about his grief. Breast sucking is not only the feeding of the baby, but also the experience of bodily and psychological comfort, direct communication between mother and child. Therefore, it is so important not to limit the time of the baby's stay at the breast and allow him to suck as much as he wants, which means and how much it needs. Then your son or daughter will not develop a "bad" habit of sucking a finger, because they will not need a "soothing" remedy that replaces the mother's breast. If the child is crying, and my mother, according to Dr. Spock's "advice", is waiting and does not approach him so that he can not be spoiled, the child gradually develops confidence that it is useless to call for help when you are ill - still no one will approach you . Later, such a child learns to cope with his own difficulties, and it would not be bad if he did not prove to everyone and everything that he was strong and nobody needed him all his subsequent life. Being an adult, it will be very difficult for him to create warm intimate relationships in his own family, since he has no children's experience of love and acceptance. In his subconscious for the whole life a conviction will form: "Since my mother did not love me, the person closest to me, then I really do not deserve love, and all other people, especially will not love me." Such people either feel unsuccessful all their life, or, on the contrary, are very aggressive towards others and the whole world. Therefore, it depends on the maternal behavior, whether the amount of love or the amount of aggression will increase with the arrival of her child in the world. It is no accident that psychologists point out that children who have been breastfed for a long time are behaving much more calmly in unfamiliar surroundings, are more confident in themselves, easier to establish contacts with others than their peers, artificially nourished. It is also noted that mothers who breastfeed their babies are much calmer and more friendly in communicating with their children than women who do not breast-feed. This is due to the fact that when stimulating the nipple while feeding the baby, the hormones of "joy" - endorphins are produced in the mother's body, which help the woman to be more good-natured, confident and calm. Of course, and the baby with a affectionate, smiling mother is much more comfortable and more fun than with a worried and nervous. Therefore, dear moms, do not deprive yourself of the pleasure of close communication with your child, give joy and health to yourself and your baby! And your efforts will not slow down paying off a hundredfold, you will see the happy and loving eyes of their children! Consultant on breastfeeding, psychologist Natalia Evstigneeva
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Psychological well-being of the child and breastfeeding.
- Evaluation of breastfeeding efficiency.
Indicators of infant feeding efficiency will be the harmony of the child's physical development, the good (elastic, "rubber") turgor of his tissues, good appetite and normal character of the departures, proper motor and mental development, rarity of the respiratory and intestinal
- What does this mean for the baby - breastfeeding?
How do you like the fact that you are giving your child a gift that can raise his IQ by about 10 points; can improve the work of the heart, intestines and almost all other organs of your child; Reduce the risk of life-threatening and debilitating diseases, such as diabetes; and help your child avoid many of the usual problems for infants, such as ear infections, disorders
- Breastfeeding: the beginning, duration and practice of exclusive breastfeeding
Due to the lack of comprehensive and comparable data and unified international definitions, it is difficult to make any general statements about the prevalence of breastfeeding in the WHO European Region. Data on the percentage of children who are breastfeeding, shown in Fig. 8, are taken from various sources (27). These data should be approached with caution: survey techniques
- Your questions about breastfeeding and caring for a child and the answers to them
After childbirth comes a lot of milk, and as far as I know: a newborn baby needs very little. Is it worth it right after delivery to express? As a rule, a large amount of milk comes on the third-fifth day after childbirth? The first two days the breast produces colostrum and is usually not filled. At joint stay, when the mother can feed the baby not according to strict regime, but by
- Necessity of supplementing a child. Help of accessories for breastfeeding
There are several solutions to this problem. ^ Feeding from a drinker or a cup with a lid is the simplest, but requiring patience. If desired, this skill can master any mother. More convenient option - a soft spoon, which has a handle as a bottle, where the food is poured. In a spoon made of soft silicone, the food comes in dosed, when a person, feeding a baby,
- The mother group of breastfeeding support in Samara. Breastfeeding the most important issues, 2014
- THE SCIENCE OF FEELING: WHY IS BREASTFEEDING?
We often wonder why some mothers do not breast-feed. From our point of view, breastfeeding is a natural continuation of the relationship that began in the womb. Perhaps some women are convinced that breastfeeding does not really matter. Having studied the first chapter, you will understand the benefits of breastfeeding for both the mother and the baby. We believe that if you appreciate
- When do children need more than one breast milk and how long should the baby be breastfeeding?
Feed the baby exclusively with breast milk up to 6 months of age. Approximately at the age of 6 months, all children, along with breast milk, need additional food, but ideally continue to breast-feed for up to a year and
- Alternatives to breastfeeding
Breastfeeding is usually the best way to feed infants. Nevertheless, there are situations when it may be preferable or it is necessary to replace breast milk with an alternative. In addition to the contraindications briefly described above, there are circumstances where, despite all efforts to continue breastfeeding, the mother can not maintain lactation on
During the first 6 months of life, babies should be exclusively breastfed. This means that a practically healthy child should receive breast milk and no other food or liquid, such as water, tea, juice, cereal decoction, animal milk or infant formula. Infants exclusively breastfed or infants in
- Exclusive or partial breastfeeding
Exclusive breastfeeding means that the child does not receive any other food, except breast milk, does not even take a pacifier. If a child is given vitamins or ritual food in small quantities, either water or juice, this is almost exclusive breastfeeding. Partial breastfeeding means that the child is partially on the breast, partly on the artificial
- BREASTFEEDING AND ITS ALTERNATIVES
All children should be exclusively breastfed from birth to about 6 months of age, but in any case during the first 4 months of life. It is preferable to continue breastfeeding after the first year of life, and in groups with a high prevalence of infections, the child can benefit from continued breastfeeding throughout the second
- Practical aspects of breastfeeding
How to start breastfeeding Immediately after birth, a healthy baby instinctively looks for food. In the first few hours of life outside the mother's womb, the baby is alive, active and ready to feed, so ideally breastfeeding should begin within the first hour. To facilitate this process, it is necessary to keep the skin contact of the child with the mother directly from birth to