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Trichocephalosis



Etiology, pathogenesis. The causative agent is withered, parasitizes in the large intestine of a person. The life span of the vaginal head is about 5 years. Vlasoglav injures the intestinal mucosa and is a hematophagus, which contributes to the inoculation of microflora, vagal head causes reflex reactions in other organs of the abdominal cavity. The products of their metabolism sensitize in the body.

Clinic. The patient is bothered by drooling, lowering (less often - increasing) appetite, pain in the right side of the abdomen and epigastric region, nausea, constipation or diarrhea, sometimes headache, restless sleep, dizziness, irritability, moderate hypochromic anemia and small leukocytosis appear in the blood test .
With a weak intensity, invasion with vaginal heads is not clinically apparent.

The diagnosis is made by revealing the stools in the stool.

Treatment. Assign anthelminthic therapy (mebendazole and other drugs). Before the patient put a cleansing enema.

Forecast. The forecast is favorable.

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Trichocephalosis

  1. Trichocephalosis of pigs
    Trichocephalosis of pigs (trichocephalosis) is a nematode disease that occurs more often chronically with signs of anemia, oppression and progressive thinning. Etiology. The causative agent is the nematode Thrichocephalus suis, whose males are 33-48 mm long, females 38-53 mm. There are trichocephalans mainly in the large intestine. Pigs are infected by ingestion of invasive eggs from which they exit
  2. Trichocystrophy of ruminants
    Trichocephalosis of ruminants (trichocephalosis) is a nematode disease that occurs acutely or chronically with signs of depression, decreased appetite, emaciation, anemia, and impaired functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. Etiology. The causative agents of trichocephalosis of animals are helminths of the genus Trichocephalus parasitizing in the large intestine, mainly in the caecum. Their length is 6-8 cm,
  3. NONMATODOZES
    ASKARIDOZ Ascariasis is a human helminthiasis caused by the round helminth Ascaris lumbricoides. It is characterized by an allergic syndrome in the early phase of the disease and a violation of the functions of the gastrointestinal tract - in the late phase. Choice of antimicrobial drugs The drugs of choice: pyrantel, 10 mg / kg once. Alternative drugs: levamisole, mebendazole, albendazole. ANKILOSTOMIDOZ Ankylostomidosis -
  4. Helminthiases in children. Practical skills acquisition
    Questions for repetition: 1. Cycles of development of ascarids, vlasoglavov, pinworms; pig, bull and dwarf chain. Control questions: 1. Prevalence and ways of infection with helminths in children. 2. Clinical manifestations of ascariasis, depending on the stage of development. Diagnosis and treatment. 3. Clinical manifestations of enterobiasis. Diagnosis and treatment. 4. Clinical manifestations of trichocephalosis.
  5. Chronic posthemorrhagic anemia
    It develops as a result of long-lasting repeated neobylnyh bleeding. Chronic posthemorrhagic anemia in children is the main cause of iron deficiency. Causes of repeated small blood loss can be the following pathological conditions: 1. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract: erosive and ulcerative lesions of the gastrointestinal tract, polyposis, diaphragmatic hernia, duplicate mucosa,
  6. Mebendazole
    It has a structural similarity with levamisole, but has a slightly wider spectrum of activity. Mechanism of action The anthelmintic effect is due to a violation of the synthesis of cellular tubulin, utilization of glucose and inhibition of ATP formation. The spectrum of activity of Ascaris, pinworm, hookworm, withered head, trichinella and a number of other nematodes. The larval stages of some cestodes (echinococcus,
  7. SHOWER ACROSS AND CHRONIC. OTEK QUEEN.
    Etiology. Classification. Urticaria is a reaction of the blistering type (exudative, vagal), which can occur acutely or slowly. The development of urticaria on an allergic basis is more often observed with medicinal, food, insecticidal, pollen allergies, helminthic invasion (ascariasis, trichocephalosis, enterobiasis, trichinosis, toxocarosis, strongyloidiasis). False allergic
  8. Construction of reservoirs, canals and other hydraulic structures
    The creation of reservoirs of different purposes (including those associated with canals) has been taking on an ever wider scale in the world over the past decade. In this regard, there is a need for a comprehensive study of the effects of reservoirs on the changes in the circulation of pathogens of a number of helminths, intestinal protozooses, in particular diphyllobothriasis, opisthorchiasis, giardiasis,
  9. Introduction
    The relevance of the problem of helminthiosis is associated with their widespread prevalence, the variety of negative effects on the human body and the pronounced polymorphism of clinical manifestations that hinder the differential diagnosis of diseases, the lack of sterile immunity and specific methods of prevention. In the world there are up to 300 species of helminths, most of them are races in countries with
  10. Railway transport
    The purposeful conduct of a coproovoscopic examination of railway track monitors and conductors of passenger cars on a number of roads showed a significant damage to helminthiases in comparison with the territorial adult population. The greatest invasiveness of intestinal helminthiases (ascaridosis, trichocephalosis) was found in the Tselinnaya, Oktyabrskaya, Lvov, Moldavian
  11. Helminthiases
    Helminthiasis is a group of diseases caused by parasitic worms-helminths. In humans, more than 250 species of helminths are described, among them the representatives of the class of roundworms are most important in Russia: causative agents of ascariasis, ankylostomiasis, trichinosis, enterobiosis; trichocephalosis; class of tapeworms: shinose, diphyllobothriasis, echinococcosis; class flukes:
  12. Dissipation and circulation of parasitic pathogens in the environment
    Eggs and larvae of helminths The main "suppliers" (sources) of helminth eggs to the environment are sick people, domestic and wild animals, birds. The power of the source of invasion, and consequently, the amount of invasive material released into the environment, depends on the type of invasion, fecundity, number and life span of helminths. It is established that the female roundworm
  13. Methods of sedimentation
    The method of successive washes is used to diagnose trematodes. A sample of feces (3-5 g) is placed in a glass or a porcelain mortar, pour a small amount of water and, stirring with a glass rod (in a mortar with a pestle), add water to 50-100 ml. The mixture is filtered through a strainer or gauze (1 layer) and left to stand for 3-5 minutes. Then the top layer is drained, and the same quantity is added to the precipitate
  14. Urbanization
    Urbanization is the process of concentration of industry and population in large cities. The population from the private sector moves to comfortable apartments in multi-storey houses (only in 1984, 113.7 million m2 of living space were put into operation in our country, which helped improve the living conditions of more than 10 million people). At the same time homestead plots are being eliminated, the soil of which is often
  15. Vizer VA .. Lectures on therapy, 2011
    On the topic - almost completely cover the difficulties in the course of hospital therapy, the issues of diagnosis, treatment, in the presentation, laconic and quite affordable. Allergic diseases of the lungs Joint diseases Reiter's disease Sjogren's disease Bronchial asthma Bronchoectatic disease Hypertonic disease Glomerulonephrosfamiditis Herniasis of the esophagus Destructive lung diseases
  16. ALLERGIC DISEASES OF LUNGS
    In recent decades, there has been a significant increase in the number. patients with allergic diseases of the bronchopulmonary apparatus. Allergic lung diseases include exogenous allergic alveolitis, pulmonary eosinophilia, drug
  17. EXOGENOUS ALLERGIC ALVEOLITES
    Exogenous allergic alveolitis (syn: hypersensitive pneumonitis, interstitial granulomatous alveolitis) is a group of diseases caused by intensive and, more rarely, prolonged inhalation of antigens of organic and inorganic dusts and characterized by a diffuse, unlike pulmonary eosinophilia, lesion of alveolar and interstitial lung structures. The emergence of this group
  18. TREATMENT
    1. General measures aimed at dissociation of the patient from the source of antigen: compliance with sanitary and hygienic requirements in the workplace, technological improvement of industrial and agricultural production, rational employment of patients. 2. Drug treatment. In the acute stage - prednisolone 1 mg / kg per day for 1-3 days, followed by a decrease in dose in
  19. CHRONIC EOSINOPHILE PNEUMONIA
    It differs from the Loeffler syndrome with a longer (more than 4 weeks) and severe course until severe intoxication, fever, weight loss, the appearance of pleural effusion with a high content of eosinophils (Lera-Kindberg syndrome). The prolonged course of pulmonary eosinophilia, as a rule, is the result of an inadequate examination of the patient in order to determine its cause. In addition to the reasons,
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