Licensed books on medicine
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Etiology, pathogenesis. The causative agent is a whipworm, parasitic in the human large intestine. The lifespan of a claw parasite is about 5 years. The whipworm injures the intestinal mucosa and is hematophagous, which contributes to the inoculation of microflora, the whipworm causes reflex reactions in other organs of the abdominal cavity. The products of their exchange are sensitized in the body. Clinic. Patients are worried about drooling, lowering (less often - increasing) appetite, pain in the right side of the abdomen and epigastric region, nausea, constipation or diarrhea, headache, restless sleep, dizziness, irritability, moderate hypochromic anemia and small leukocytosis .
At low intensity, invasion with vlasogram is not clinically manifested. The diagnosis is made when detecting in the feces of eggs slag. Treatment. Prescribed antihelminthic therapy (mebendazole and other drugs). Pre-patient put cleansing enema. Forecast. The prognosis is favorable.
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- Trichocephalosis of pigs
Swine trichocephalosis (trichocephalosis) is a nematode disease that occurs more often chronically with signs of anemia, depression and progressive emaciation. Etiology. The causative agent is the nematode Trichocephalus suis, the males of which have a length of 33-48 mm, the females - 38-53 mm. There are trichocephalus mainly in the large intestine. Pigs are infected by ingesting invasive eggs from which they leave.
- Trichocephalosis of ruminants
Trichocephalosis of ruminants (trichocephalosis) is a nematode disease, acute or chronic, with signs of oppression, loss of appetite, emaciation, anemia and disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. Etiology. The causative agents of trichocephalosis of animals are helminths of the genus Trichocephalus, parasitizing in the large intestine, mainly in the cecum. Their length is 6-8 cm,
Ascariasis Ascariasis is a person's helminthiasis caused by Ascaris lumbricoides round helminth. Characterized by an allergic syndrome in the early phase of the disease and dysfunction of the gastrointestinal tract - in the late. Selection of antimicrobial drugs. Drugs of choice: Pyrantel, 10 mg / kg once. Alternative drugs: levamisole, mebendazole, albendazole. ANKILOSTOMIDOSIS Ankilostomidoz -
- Helminthiasis in children. Practical skills
Questions for repetition: 1. Cycles of development of ascaris, whipworms, pinworms; pork, bovine and dwarf chain. Control questions: 1. Prevalence and ways of infection with helminths in children. 2. Clinical manifestations of ascariasis, depending on the stage of development. Diagnosis and treatment. 3. Clinical manifestations of enterobiosis. Diagnosis and treatment. 4. Clinical manifestations of trichocephalosis.
- Chronic post-hemorrhagic anemia
It develops as a result of long-lasting non-abundant bleeding. Chronic post-hemorrhagic anemia in children is the main cause of iron deficiency. The following pathological conditions can be the causes of repeated small blood loss: 1. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract: erosive and ulcerative lesions of the gastrointestinal tract, polyposis, diaphragmatic hernia, mucous membrane duplication,
It has structural similarity with levamisole, but has a slightly wider spectrum of activity. Mechanism of action The antihelminthic effect is caused by a violation of cell tubulin synthesis, glucose utilization and inhibition of ATP formation. Spectrum of Ascaris, pinworms, hookworms, whipworm, trichinae and a number of other nematodes. Larval stages of some cestodes (echinococcus,
- CUTTLE ACUTE AND CHRONIC. Sweat quince.
Etiology. Classification. Urticaria is a blister-type reaction (exudative, floorless) that can occur acutely or slowly. The development of urticaria on an allergic basis is more often observed with drug, food, insecticidal, pollen allergies, with helminth invasion (ascariasis, trichocephalosis, enterobiasis, trichinosis, toxocarosis, strongyloidosis). False Allergic
- Construction of reservoirs, canals and other hydraulic structures
The creation of reservoirs for various purposes (including those associated with canals) has become increasingly widespread throughout the world over the past decade. In this connection, there arises the need for a comprehensive study of the effects of reservoirs on the change in the circulation of pathogens of a number of helminths, intestinal protozoa, in particular diphyllobotriosis, opisthorchiasis, and giardiasis, to develop a scientific
The urgency of the problem of helminth infections is associated with their widespread occurrence, the variety of negative effects on the human body and the pronounced polymorphism of clinical manifestations that impede the differential diagnosis of diseases, the lack of sterile immunity and specific methods of prevention. There are up to 300 species of helminths in the world, most of them are races in countries with
- Railway transport
Purposeful conduct of a coproovoscopic survey of trainers and passenger trainers on a number of roads showed that they were significantly affected by helminth infections compared with the territorial adult population. The greatest invasiveness of intestinal helminthiases (ascariasis, trichocephalosis) was found in the fitters of Tselinna, October, Lviv, Moldavian
Helminth infections are a group of diseases caused by parasitic worms - helminths. In humans, more than 250 species of helminths are described, of which in Russia representatives of the class of roundworms are of the greatest importance: pathogens of ascariasis, ankilostomidoz, trichinosis, enterobiosis; trichuriasis; class of tapeworms: teniasis, diphyllobothriasis, echinococcosis; class flukes:
- Dispersion and circulation of parasitic pathogens in the environment
Helminth eggs and larvae The main “suppliers” (sources) of helminth eggs to the environment are sick people, domestic and wild animals, and birds. The power of the source of invasion, and therefore, the amount of invasive material released into the environment, depends on the type of invasion, fecundity, number and duration of the life of worms. It has been established that the female roundworm daily produces about
- Sedimentation methods
The method of successive washes is used to diagnose trematodoses. A sample of faeces (3-5 g) is placed in a glass or a porcelain mortar, poured with a small amount of water and, stirring with a glass rod (pestle in a mortar), add water to 50-100 ml. The mixture is filtered through a sieve or gauze (1 layer) and defend for 3-5 minutes. Then the top layer is drained, and the same amount is added to the sediment.
Urbanization is a process of concentration of industry and population in large cities. The population from the private sector moves to comfortable apartments in high-rise buildings (only in 1984, 113.7 million m2 of living space was commissioned in our country, which made it possible to improve living conditions for more than 10 million people). At the same time, household plots are eliminated, the soil of which is often
- Vizer V.A. Lectures on therapy, 2011
On the subject - almost completely cover the difficulties in the course of hospital therapy, issues of diagnosis, treatment, according to the presentation, concise and quite accessible. Allergic diseases of the lungs Diseases of the joints Reiter's disease Sjogren's disease Bronchial asthma Bronchoectatic disease Hypertensive heart disease Glomerulonephrasafasditis Esophageal hernia Destructive lung diseases
- ALLERGIC LUNG DISEASES
In recent decades there has been a significant increase in the number. patients with allergic diseases of the bronchopulmonary apparatus. Allergic lung diseases include exogenous allergic alveolitis, pulmonary eosinophilia, medicinal
- Exogenous allergic alveolites
Exogenous allergic alveolitis (synonym: hypersensitive pneumonitis, interstitial granulomatous alveolitis) is a group of diseases caused by intense and, rarely, prolonged inhalation of antigens of organic and inorganic dusts and are diffuse, unlike pulmonary eosinophilia, and alveolar and interstitial structures. The emergence of this group
1. General measures aimed at separating the patient with the source of antigen: compliance with sanitary requirements at the workplace, technological improvement of industrial and agricultural production, rational employment of patients. 2. Drug treatment. In the acute stage - prednisone 1 mg / kg per day for 1-3 days, followed by a decrease in dose
- CHRONIC EOSINOPHIL PNEUMONIA
It differs from Leffler syndrome by a longer (more than 4 weeks) and severe course, up to severe intoxication, fever, weight loss, the appearance of pleural effusion with a high content of eosinophils (Lehrer-Kindberg syndrome). A long course of pulmonary eosinophilia, as a rule, is the result of a short-term, thorough examination of the patient in order to identify its cause. In addition to the reasons