the main
about the project
Medicine news
To authors
Licensed books on medicine
<< Ahead Next >>

Congenital lobar emphysema



Congenital lobar emphysema is characterized by stretching of the parenchyma of the lobe (less commonly the segment) due to partial obstruction of the draining bronchus.

Pathogenesis hypotheses:

1) underdevelopment or absence of bronchial cartilage;

2) hypertrophy of the bronchial mucosa with the formation of folds, mucous plugs;

3) compression of the bronchus from the outside by bronchogenic cysts, abnormally located vessels (favorite localization -

upper lobe of the left lung).

When X-ray and tomography increased transparency of the affected part of the lung. The pulmonary pattern in this area is depleted or not at all traceable. The diaphragm is flattened, its excursion is limited. The mediastinum is displaced towards the unaffected lung.

Bronchological examination of little informative, and most importantly, unsafe for patients, as it can lead to rupture of emphysematous swollen part of the lung.

Treatment. Surgical removal of the affected lung.

<< Ahead Next >>
= Go to tutorial content =

Congenital lobar emphysema

  1. Congenital lobar emphysema
    Pathophysiology Congenital lobar emphysema is characterized by over-inflation of one or several lobes of the lung. The most common cause is bronchial cartilage dysplasia, resulting in the collapse of the large bronchi as you exhale. The air that accumulates in the lungs acts as a pneumothorax: the emphysematous lobe squeezes the adjacent lobes, displaces the mediastinum and disrupts the venous
  2. Pulmonary emphysema
    Pulmonary emphysema is a disease caused by the expansion of the airways in the deepest part of the bronchi. As a rule, pulmonary emphysema is a consequence of chronic bronchitis. With this disease, it is difficult for a person to breathe, all the time he seems to be short of air. See the article Bronchitis, with the addition that pulmonary emphysema is the more important message of the body and requires immediate
  3. Emphysema
    Emphysema is characterized by excessive and sustained expansion of the airway and respiratory structures (or spaces) located distal to the terminal bronchioles, and the destruction of the walls of these structures without subsequent fibrosis. The expansion of the airway and respiratory spaces without destruction is the excess filling of the lungs with air (such an extension of the terminal bronchi and alveoli is noted in
  4. Interstitial pulmonary emphysema
    Air leak syndrome is a group of pathological conditions characterized by the accumulation of gas outside the alveolar space. The most common violation of the integrity of the alveoli occurs as a result of damage to the respiratory epithelium of the alveoli and terminal airways by high intrapulmonary pressure. Air leak syndrome combines interstitial pulmonary emphysema, pneumothorax,
  5. Pulmonary emphysema
    Emphysema of the lungs - excessive airiness and an increase in the volume of the lungs due to damage or violation of the elasticity of the alveoli. Acute emphysema can develop after excessive physical exertion, it is also observed during an attack of bronchial asthma. Chronic emphysema occurs as a consequence of chronic bronchitis. Symptoms: rapid and intense breathing, shortness of breath with retraction of the sides,
  6. Increased airiness of the lungs (emphysema)
    Emphysema is a pathological expansion of the air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles of compensatory, atrophic and obstructive genesis, accompanied by destructive changes in the alveolar walls. Emphysema is a form of chronic nonspecific lung disease. It can be primary and secondary, which is a complication of the broncho-pulmonary
  7. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema
    Chronic bronchitis is a disease characterized by chronic or recurrent excessive secretion of mucus in the bronchi, leading to the appearance of productive cough with annual exacerbations of up to 3 months or more in recent years. Pulmonary emphysema is a disease caused by an increase in the airspace of the terminal bronchioles as a result of destructive changes in their walls. There are
  8. CHRONIC BRONCHITIS AND LUNG EMPHYSIS
    Chronic bronchitis is a disease characterized by chronic or recurrent excessive secretion of mucus in the bronchi, leading to the appearance of productive cough with annual exacerbations of up to 3 months or more in recent years. Pulmonary emphysema is a disease caused by an increase in the airspace of the terminal bronchioles as a result of destructive changes in their walls. There are
  9. CHRONIC BRONCHITIS, LUNG EMPHYSIS AND BRONCHO-BACKGROUND SYNDROME
    Roland G. Ingram, Jr. (Roland H. Ingram, Sr.) Chronic bronchitis and pulmonary emphysema are two relatively independent diseases, often occurring simultaneously and causing the development of chronic bronchial obstruction. The diagnosis of chronic bronchitis is established on the basis of anamnesis, the presence of broncho-obstructive syndrome, confirmed in the course of functional studies
  10. 51. LUNG EMPHYSIS. ETIOLOGY, PATHOGENESIS, CLINIC, DIAGNOSTIC, PRINCIPLES OF TREATMENT
    Lung emphysema - damage to the lungs, character of the decrease in the elastic properties of the lung tissue, violation of the structure of the alveolar walls, expansion of the air spaces of the lungs distal to the terminal bronchioles with the latter falling on the exhale and airway obstruction. In most cases, panacinar emphysema of the lungs develops. Etiology is factors that contribute to the stretching of air
  11. Bacterial and viral airborne infections: influenza, parainfluenza, adenoviral infection, respiratory syncytial infection. Bacterial bronchopneumonia, lobar pneumonia.
    1. Supplement: Lung atelectasis is _______________________. 2. Clinical and morphological form of bacterial pneumonia is determined by 1. type of inflammation 3. etiological agent 2. area of ​​damage 4. body response 3. In case of lobar pneumonia, the consistency of the affected lobe 1. dense 2. flabby 3. not changed 4. The ability of the virus to selectively affect cells and tissues
  12. CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE LUNG DISEASES / CHRONIC BRONCHITIS AND LUNG EMPHYSIS /
    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a pathological condition characterized by the formation of chronic obstruction of the airways due to chronic bronchitis (CB) and / or pulmonary emphysema / EL /. Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases are widespread. It is estimated that HB affects about 14–20% of the male and about 3–8% of the female adult population, but only
  13. Congenital pneumonia
    Protocol code: 15-138a Profile: pediatric Stage: hospital The purpose of the stage: 1. relief of respiratory and cardiovascular insufficiency, symptoms of general intoxication; 2. normalization of percussion and auscultatory pattern in the lungs; 3. normalization of laboratory parameters. Treatment duration: 17 days. ICD codes: P23 Congenital pneumonia P23.0 Viral congenital pneumonia P23.1
  14. Congenital diseases
    Congenital diseases are diseases with which a child is born. Causes of congenital diseases should be sought at the stage of intrauterine development. See also Additional explanations at the beginning of this.
  15. Congenital ichthyosis
    SYNONYMS Fetal ichthyosis, “the fruit of the harlequin”, colloidal fetus. DEFINITION Congenital ichthyosis is a term that combines several similar diseases, such as congenital ichthyosis, congenital ichthyosis such as a colloidal child, necrotic ichthyosiform erythroderma of Broca, bullous ichthyosiform erythroderma. ICD-R software code 83 Other changes of the integuments specific to the fetus and
  16. Congenital malformations
    Approximately 2-3% of newborns have serious congenital malformations. Embriologically, such defects are classified into three main classes (Table 36-6): • birth defects as a result of incomplete morphogenesis; • birth defects as a result of repeated morphogenesis; • birth defects as a result of aberrant morphogenesis. Incomplete morphogenesis is the most common
  17. Congenital heart defects
    Congenital heart disease is a pathological condition characterized by abnormal development of the heart and great vessels, resulting from a violation of embryogenesis in the period of 2-8 weeks of pregnancy under the influence of adverse external factors (viruses, toxic substances, etc.) and internal (products of altered metabolism etc.) environment on the background of hereditary (polygenic)
  18. Congenital malformations
    Physical blocking Congenital malformation is a congenital anomaly of an organ or tissue. Emotional blocking Finding the exact cause of a congenital defect is very difficult, since in most cases it should be sought in a previous life. Parents should not assume that they are to blame. If this defect is inherited, read the metaphysical explanation of hereditary diseases at the beginning
  19. Congenital factors
    As already noted, some of our knowledge about speech is innate. There are, however, conflicting opinions about what kind of knowledge and to what degree is innate. One of the questions is related to the richness of the language. If innate knowledge is very rich or detailed, then the process of mastering speech should be similar for different languages, even if the opportunities for learning are not the same in different
  20. Congenital heart defects
    Questions for repetition: 1. Features of the blood circulation of the fetus. 2. The timing of the closure of the oval window, arterial and venous ducts. Test questions: 1. Classification of congenital heart defects. 2. Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of congenital heart defects occurring with the impoverishment of the pulmonary circulation: 2.1. Fallot's disease. 2.2. transposition of the great vessels with pulmonary stenosis
Medical portal "MedguideBook" © 2014-2016
info@medicine-guidebook.com