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Diseases of the female genital organs and mammary glands.





1. The term "transformation zone" is understood

1. healing endocervicosis

2. line connecting ecto- and endocervix

3. the anatomical border between the cervix and the uterus

2. Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia is a stage in the development of cancer

1. fibrotic 3. small cell

2. colloidal 4. squamous

3. Types of endometrium giving rise to polyps

1. atrophic

2. functioning

3. hyperplastic

4. The most common histological form of endometrial cancer is

1. adenocarcinoma 2. squamous cell carcinoma

5. Synonyms of endocervical ectropion

1. leukoplakia 3. endocervicosis

2. pseudo-erosion 4. true erosion

6. For chronic cervicitis is characteristic

1. leukocyte infiltration

2. swelling and plethora

3. plasma cell infiltration

4. in the epithelium acute erosion

5. in the epithelium of acanthosis

7. Forms of fibromyoma growth

1. diffuse 4. polypous

2. subserous 5. intramural

3. submucous 6. transmural

8. Histological characteristic of uterine adenocarcinoma

1. atypism of epithelial cells

2. ingrowth into surrounding tissue

3. the safety of the basement membranes of the glands

4. fibrous capsule on the periphery of the tumor

5. glandular formations of various shapes and sizes

9. Ectropion of endocervix means a shift of the line connecting the ecto- and endocervix by

1. ectocervix 2. endocervix

10. With ulceration of cervical cancer, vaginal fistulas form

1. uterine 3. ovarian

2. cystic 4. rectal

11. Macroscopic characteristic of fibromyoma

1. rounded

2. gray - white

3. fibrous appearance

4. massive sizes

5. with clear boundaries

6. with extensive areas of necrosis and hemorrhage

12. With endometriosis, the presence of fragments is detected.

1. myometrium, replacing the endometrium

2. endometrium in tissues outside the uterus

3. endometrium penetrating deep into the myometrium

13. The transformation zone is morphologically represented

1. transitional epithelium

2. layers of stratified squamous non-keratinizing epithelium

3. alternating epidermis and preserved zones of prismatic epithelium

14. Internal endometriosis is called

1. adenomyosis 3. nodosum

2. diffuse

15. Conditions predisposing to the development of endometrial cancer

1. endometrial hyperplasia

2. chronic HPV infection

3. long-term estrogen treatment

4. multiple uterine fibroids

5. estrogen-secreting ovarian tumors

16. Forms of growth of endometrial cancer

1. diffuse 4. polypous

2. subserous 5. intramural

3. submucous 6. transmural

17. Layers of the endometrium

1. basal 3. spongy

2. compact 4. functional

18. The concept of CIN 3 includes

1. mild dysplasia 4. mild dysplasia

2. severe dysplasia 5. cervical ectopia

3. carcinoma in situ

19. Uterine leiomyoma is a tumor with

1. excessive collagen formation

2. the predominance of smooth muscle elements

20. Characterization of high endometrial hyperplasia

1. glands of different sizes and shapes, partially cystically dilated; lining

corresponds to the proliferative phase of the cycle

2. the number and size of the glands are increased; multi-layer multi-layer pavement without

signs of cell atypia

3. the number and size of the glands are increased; the contours of the pavement are wrong, with

scalloped silhouette, papillary outgrowths, pronounced atypia

21. Morphological characteristics of endocervix polyps

1. loose fibromyxoid stroma

2. inflammatory stromal infiltration

3. dilated endocervical glands

4. strata of the stratified squamous epithelium

5. multiple small calcifications in the stroma

22. With adenomyosis, the presence of fragments is detected

1. myometrium, replacing the endometrium

2. endometrium in tissues outside the uterus

3. endometrium penetrating deep into the myometrium

23. Distinctive feature of leiomyosarcoma

1. grows intramurally

2. a node with clear boundaries

3. often recurs

4. grows subserous

24. Uterine fibromyoma is a tumor with

1. excessive collagen formation

2. the predominance of smooth muscle elements

25. In situ ectocervix carcinoma is regarded as precancer

1. obligate 2. optional

26. Glandular endometrial hyperplasia occurs when

1. the prevalence of estrogen

2. chronic endometritis

3. sustainable anovulation in young women

4. increased activity of the corpus luteum of the ovaries

27. Submucous leiomyomas can lead to

1. menometerorrhagia

2. abortion

3. torsion of the legs and necrosis with the development of an acute abdomen

28. Characterization of simple ectopic cervical epithelium

1. gland epidermis

2. the absence of signs of neoplasm of the glands

3. neoplasm of glandular structures developing from cambial elements

prismatic epithelium of the cervical canal

29. In situ ectocervix carcinoma may

1. regress

2. transform into endocervicosis

3. quickly progress to invasive cervical cancer

30. Characterization of simple endometrial hyperplasia

1. glands of different sizes and shapes, partially cystically dilated; lining

corresponds to the proliferative phase of the cycle

2. the number and size of the glands are increased; multi-layered multi-layer lining,

without signs of cell atypia

3. the number and size of the glands are increased; the contours of the pavement are wrong, with

scalloped silhouette, papillary outgrowths, pronounced atypia

31. Adenocarcinoma of the uterine body occurs

1. often 2. rarely

32. Large subserous leiomyomas can lead to

1. menometerorrhagia

2. abortion

3. torsion of the legs and necrosis with the development of an acute abdomen

33. Set compliance

DEGREE CIN MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTIC

1. I a) squamous metaplasia

2. II b) atypical cells in the lower layers of the epithelium of the endocervix

3. III c) a high level of atypia and polymorphism of cells throughout

thicker lining

d) small epithelial hyperplasia, coilocytosis

34. High degree endometrial hyperplasia is called

1. simple 3. atypical

2. complex 4. adenomatous, with atypia

35. Cervical adenomyosis is understood as the appearance of a vaginal part under the integumentary epithelium

1. myometrial islets

2. glands and stroma of the endometrium

3. glandular formations lined with a single layer of cubic epithelium

36. Cervical cancer usually metastases

1. lymphogenous 2. hematogenous

37. The most common histological form of cervical cancer is

1. adenocarcinoma 2. squamous cell carcinoma

38. Uterine polyp

1. benign education

2. malignancy

3. comes from the basal layer

4. comes from the functional layer

39. Macroscopically, uterine cancer can be

1. "cauliflower"

2. exophytic growths

3. polyp on a wide base

4. sponge fabric dark red

40. Uterine carcinoma of the uterus is a tumor

1. organ-specific

2. organ-specific

41. Ectopia of the cervical epithelium with a precancerous condition

1. is

2. is not

42. The most common uterine tumor is

1. fibromyoma

2. leiomyosarcoma

3. endometrial polyp

43. With glandular endometrial hyperplasia, the mucous membrane corresponds to a phase that stretches over time

1. secretion

2. proliferation

44. Macroscopic characteristics of the endometrium with glandular hyperplasia

1. loose

2. thickened

3. easily rejected

4. spongy appearance, dark red

45. Ectopia of the epithelium is the appearance in the thickness of the vaginal portion of the cervix

1. myometrial islets

2. glands and stroma of the endometrium

3. glands with changes in the epithelial layer covering them

46. ​​For acute cervicitis is characteristic

1. leukocyte infiltration

2. swelling and plethora

3. plasma cell infiltration

4. in the epithelium acute erosion

5. in the epithelium of acanthosis

47. Glandular endometrial hyperplasia develops in connection with the intake of excess

1. estrogen

2. folliculin

3. progesterone

48. Phases of the menstrual cycle

1. secretion 2. bleeding 3. proliferation

49. A virus is isolated as a factor in cervical carcinogenesis

1. HIV

2. HCV

3. HPV

50. Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia of invasive carcinoma over time

1. becomes

2. does not become

51. Precancerous changes include glandular endometrial hyperplasia

1. simple

2. atypical

52. Polyps of the cervix often occur in her

1. channel

2. vaginal part

53. Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia is a carcinoma.

1. in situ

2. invasive

54. Pseudo-erosion means a shift in the line connecting the ecto - and endocervix to

1. ectocervix

2. endocervix

55. Glandular endometrial hyperplasia may develop in connection with

1. abortion

2. pregnancy

3. ovarian dysfunction

56. Red spots are found on the surface and in the thickness of the ovary - these are manifestations

1. tecamatosis

2. endometriosis

3. adenomyosis

4. fibromyosis

57. Morphological signs of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia

1. cell atypism

2. invasion of proliferating cells of the basement membrane

3. cell proliferation within the epithelial layer

4. proliferation of epithelial cells with atypical mitoses

58. Endocervicosis means a shift in the line connecting the ecto- and endocervix by

1. ectocervix

2. endocervix

59. Glandular endometrial hyperplasia is

1. working

2. Vicar

3. hormonal

60. Characterization of the healing ectopia of the cervical epithelium

1. gland epidermis

2. the absence of signs of neoplasm of the glands

3. neoplasm of glandular structures developing from cambial elements

prismatic epithelium of the cervical canal

61. “Obliterative mastitis” develops in the outcome

1. fibrocystic disease 3. duct ectasia

2. acute mastitis 4. fat necrosis

62. Set compliance

OPTION INSIDE - MORPHOLOGICAL

FLOW CHARACTERISTIC

CARCINOMA a) numerous glandular cavities

IN SITU DAIRY in the lining of ducts

GLANDS b) necrotic masses in the lumens

1. cribrotic cancer of the affected ducts

2. comedocarcinoma c) papillary nature of growth

3. intraductal malignant epithelial cells

papillary cancer d) perivascular and perineural invasions

atypical cells of the ductal lining

63. Set Compliance

TYPE OF OVARIAN TUMOR

1. serous cystadenoma a) single chamber

2. mucinous cystadenoma b) multicamera

c) the surface is smooth

d) small papillae

e) mucus in the lumen

g) a clear liquid in the lumen

64. With fatty necrosis in the breast

1. abscesses

2. giant cell granulomas

3. connective tissue with mushy detritus in the center

4. dilated ducts with cholesterol crystals

5. inflammatory infiltrate

65.
The most common form of invasive breast cancer

1. Paget's disease

2. comedocarcinoma

3. invasive lobular cancer

4. invasive duct cancer

66. Ovarian tumors from superficial epithelium are

1. serous

2. follicular

3. endometrioid

4. dysgerminomas

5. mucinous

6. teratogenic

67. Fibrocystic breast disease

1. giant cysts

2. sclerosing adenosis

3. milk duct ectasia

4. lobular epithelial hyperplasia

5. ductal epithelial hyperplasia

6. simple fibrocystic changes

68. Paget's disease of the breast is a form of cancer

1. duct

2. lobular

69. Psammological bodies are found in

1. serous cystadenoma

2. mucinous cystadenoma

3. serous cystadenocarcinoma

4. mucinous cystadenocarcinoma

5. adenofibroma

70. Set Compliance

OPTION FIBROSY MORPHOLOGICAL

-CYSTOSIS CHARACTERISTIC

DISEASES a) an increase in the number of fibrous stroma,

Mammary gland duct expansion, cyst formation

1. simple fibrocystic b) hyperplasia and epithelial dysplasia, appearance

multilayer epithelial structures

2. epithelial hyperplasia, c) the progressive expansion of large and medium ducts with chronic inflammation

3. sclerosing adenosis d) intralobular fibrosis with enhanced proliferation of small alveoli and acini

71. Damage to the skin of the nipple and areola in Pejdet’s disease is associated with the spread of ductal cancer

1. periodically

2. intravascular

3. intraepithelial

72. Ovarian tumors from germ cells include

1. serous 4. dysgerminomas

2. follicular 5. mucinous

3. endometrioid 6. teratogenic

73. Some fibrocystic breast changes are a precancer

1. obligate

2. optional

74. Skin lesions with Paget's disease are always associated with

1. ductal carcinoma in situ

2. invasive lobular carcinoma

75. Morphological signs of tecoma

1. tumor cells contain mucus

2. tumor cells contain lipids

3. Meigs syndrome is characteristic

4. tumor cells produce estrogens

5. tumor cells produce progesterones

76. The most common benign breast tumor

1. intralobular papilloma

2. phyloid tumor

3. fibroadenoma

77. According to international classification, the following forms of breast cancer are distinguished.

1. infiltrating cancer

2. Paget's disease

3. comedocarcinoma

4. infiltrating cancer

5. medullary cancer

78. Tumors of the sex cord are

1. teratoma

2. fibroma

3. dysgerminoma

4. tekoma

5. androblastoma

6. granulosa cell tumor

79. Source of development of pericanalicular breast fibroadenoma

1. intralobular stroma and alveolar epithelium

2. only intralobular stroma

3. only alveolar epithelium

80. The first regional lymphogenous metastases of breast cancer are localized in the area

1. axillary

2. subclavian

3. supraclavicular

81. Ovarian stromal tumors include

1. teratoma

2. fibroma

3. dysgerminoma

4. tekoma

5. androblastoma

6. granulosa cell tumor

82. Morphological characteristics of pericanalicular breast fibroadenoma

1. squeezed glandular structures surrounded by proliferating stroma

2. glandular, sometimes cystic dilated cavities enclosed in a collagenized stroma

3. leaf-shaped node filling the cystic dilated duct with mitotic activity and cell polymorphism

83. Ovarian function

1. endocrine

2. menstrual

3. reproductive

84. Meigs syndrome is characteristic of

1. teratomas

2. fibromas

3. dysgerminomas

4. tecoms

5. androblastoma

6. granulosa cell tumor

85. Intraductal breast papilloma is detected

1. only in sines

2. only in the milk ducts

3. in the milk ducts and sinuses

86. Ovarian cysts include

1. corpus luteum cysts

2. cysts of a white body

3. follicular

4. ovocytic

87. A tumor consisting of Sertali and Leydig cells

1. teratoma

2. fibroma

3. dysgerminoma

4. tekoma

5. androblastoma

6. granulosa cell tumor

88. With sclerosing adenosis, proliferation occurs.

1. cubic epithelium of the alveoli

2. myoepithelial cells

3. epithelium of the terminal ducts

4. epithelium of segmental ducts

5. epithelium of tubular branches

89. A woman has ovaries enlarged, blood levels of male hormones are increased, a diagnosis is possible

1. follicular cyst

2. cyst of the corpus luteum

3. ovarian apoplexy

4. stromal hyperplasia

5. polycystic ovary syndrome

90. What is the tumor is adult and juvenile type:

1. teratoma

2. fibroma

3. dysgerminoma

4. tekoma

5. androblastoma

6. granulosa cell tumor

91. In acute salpingitis observed

1. fibrous-purulent exudate on the serous membrane

2. lymphomacrophage infiltration

3. the formation of adhesions between the folds

4. leukocyte infiltration in the lumen of the tube

5. accumulation of transudate

92. Ovarian tumors from the surface epithelium

1. granulomasostromal

2. endometrioid

3. mucinous

4. teratomas

5. serous

93. Immature ovarian teratomas are also called tumors.

1. malignant

2. benign

3. Highly specialized

94. In chronic salpingitis observed

1. fibrous-purulent exudate on the serous membrane

2. lymphomacrophage infiltration

3. the formation of adhesions between the folds

4. leukocyte infiltration in the lumen of the tube

5. accumulation of transudate

95. The most common ovarian tumors

1. tecoms

2. teratomas

3. cystadenomas

96. Psammological bodies found in malignant tumors of the ovary are

1. foci of endometriosis

2. concentric layered deposits of calcium salts

3. glomeruloid-like formations with a blood vessel in the center

97. Tuberculous salpingitis

1. develops with the lymphogenous spread of mycobacteria

2. develops with hematogenous spread of mycobacteria

3. serous-purulent inflammation occurs

4. granulomatous inflammation occurs

5. atrophy of the epithelium and muscle layer occurs

98. Macroscopic characteristics of polycystic ovaries

1. whitish gray

2. fine-grained surface

3. twice as large as normal

4. multiple hemorrhages

5. penetrated by cysts of various diameters in the subcortical area

99. With ovarian endometriosis, tissue fragments are found in it.

1. myometrium

2. endometrium

3. myometrium and endometrium

100. Morphological characteristics of intracanalicular fibroadenoma

1. squeezed glandular structures surrounded by proliferating stroma

2. glandular, sometimes cystic dilated cavities enclosed in a collagenized stroma

3. leaf-shaped node filling the cystic dilated duct with mitotic activity and cell polymorphism

101. Characteristic of stromal hyperplasia

1. proliferation of follicular epithelium

2. proliferation of tech cells

3. endometrial hyperplasia

4. luteal cell proliferation

5. mucinous cell hyperplasia

102. With the development of benign serous tumors of the ovaries, the lesion is more often

1. one-way

2. bilateral

103. Morphological characteristics of breast fibroadenoma

1. growth in the form of a knot

2. focus of fibrosis without clear boundaries

3. has a capsule

4. does not have a capsule

5. benign tumor

104. Муцинозные опухоли яичников по строению чаще бывают

1. однокамерными

2. многокамерными

105. Микроскопические признаки эндометриоза яичника

1. железы эндометрия

2. строма эндометрия

3. фрагменты миометрия

4. очаговый гемосидероз

ОТВЕТЫ



No. the answers No. the answers No. the answers
3 36. 2 71. 1, 2, 3
1а, 2б, 3в 37. 2, 4 72. 12
1) а,в,г,е; 2)б,в,д 38. 1, 3, 5 73. 2
3, 5 39. 2 74. thirteen
4 40. 1 75. 1
1, 3, 5 41. 2, 3 76. 1
1, 2, 4, 5, 6 42. 1 77. 3
1 43. 1, 4, 5 78. 1г, 2б, 3в
3 44. 2 79. 2, 4
1а, 2б, 3г 45. 1, 2, 4 80. 2
3 46. 2 81. 1
4, 6 47. 4 82. 2
2 48. 2, 3 83. thirteen
1 49. 1 84. 1, 2, 3
2, 4 fifty. 2, 3 85. 2
3 51. 3, 5 86. 2
1, 2, 5 52. 2, 3, 5 87. 1
2, 4, 5, 6 53. 1, 2, 5 88. 2
2 54. 1 89. 1, 2, 3
1 55. 2, 4 90. 3
2, 4 56. 1, 2, 3, 5 91. 1, 2, 4
2 57. 2 92. 2, 3
thirteen 58. 3 93. 3 – 2 – 1
24. 2 59. 1 94. 3
25. 3 60. 1, 3, 5 95. 1
26. thirteen 61. 1, 4 96. 2
27. 5 62. 1, 4 97. 1
28. 1, 2, 5 63. 2, 3 98. 1
29. 5 64. 2 99. 1
thirty. 6 65. 3 100. 3
31. 1, 4 66. 1, 2, 3 101. 2
32. 2, 3, 5 67. 3 102. 1, 3, 4
33. 1 68. thirteen 103. 1
34. 2, 3, 5 69. 1 104. 3
35. 3 70. 2 105. 1
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Болезни женских половых органов и молочных желез.

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  9. ANATOMY OF FEMALE GENITAL ORGANS
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