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Bowel disease. Infectious enterocolitis (dysentery, typhoid fever, cholera). Nonspecific ulcerative colitis. Crohn's disease. Coronary bowel disease. Appendicitis. Colon cancer





1. Macroscopic characteristics of the small intestine with cholera enteritis

1. gray-yellow film tightly welded to the wall

2. ulceration of the mucous membrane

3. multiple hemorrhages

4. wall sclerosis

2. Elements of the pathogenesis of typhoid fever

1. bacteremia

2. bacteriocholia

3. cerebral swelling

4. exudative inflammation

5. hypersensitivity reaction in the lymphoid apparatus

3. The modern concept of the pathogenesis of appendicitis

1. alimentary

2. metabolic

3. immunological

4. angioneurotic

5. infectious and allergic

4. The cause of coronary bowel disease may be

1. vein thrombosis

2. diverticulosis

3. arterial thrombosis

4. intestinal infarction

5. intestinal stricture

6. embolism of arterial systems

5. Distant intestinal cancer metastases are found in

1. lungs 4. adrenal glands

2. kidney 5. lymph nodes

3. liver

6. Intestinal complications of typhoid fever

1. peritonitis 3. bleeding

2. perforation 4. cicatricial stenosis

7. Extraintestinal complications of dysenteric colitis

1. sepsis 4. focal pneumonia

2. amyloidosis 5. croupous pneumonia

3. encephalopathy 6. pylephlebitic liver abscesses

8. Clinical and morphological forms of acute appendicitis

1. granulomatous 4. phlegmonous

2. recurrent 5. primary

3. superficial 6. simple

9. The color of a heart attack with coronary bowel disease

1. white

2. hemorrhagic

3. white with a hemorrhagic nimbus

10. Macroscopic variants of colorectal carcinomas

1. circular 4. in the form of “cauliflower”

2. mushroom-shaped 5. with hidden infiltrating growth

3. plaque-like

11. Forms of typhoid fever depending on the localization of local changes

1. ileotif 4. hepatotif

2. colotif 5. meningotif

3. gastrotyphoid 6. cholangiotif

12. Morphological characteristics of the second stage of dysenteric colitis

1. granulomatosis

2. deep necrosis

3. fibrinous film

4. a large amount of fibrin

5. diffuse leukocyte infiltration

13. Destructive forms of acute appendicitis

1. granulomatous 4. phlegmonous

2. apostematous 5. gangrenous

3. superficial 6. simple

14. In chronic intestinal ischemia can be detected

1. heart attacks 3. ulcerations

2. inflammation 4. hemorrhages

15. Microscopic variants of colon cancer

1. mucous 4. squamous

2. adenocarcinoma 5. oat

3. cricoid cell

16. Specific Complications of Cholera

1. splenomegaly 4. cholera meningitis

2. ulcerative gastritis 5. post-cholera uremia

3. cholera typhoid

17. The preferred route of transmission of bacterial dysentery

1. airborne 4. parenteral

2. fecal-oral 5. pin

3. transmission

18. Pilephlebitic liver abscesses in acute appendicitis are a consequence

1. thromboembolism from the appendicular artery

2. self-amputation of the appendix

3. inflammation of the veins of the appendix

4. perforation of the appendix

19. Intestinal complications of Crohn's disease

1. fistulas between the intestines

2. bowel obstruction

3. protein-free enteropathy

4. fibrous strictures

5. peptic ulcers

20. The pathway of contracting typhoid fever

1. airborne 4. parenteral

2. fecal-oral 5. pin

3. transmission

21. In typhoid fever, changes are localized in the elements of the intestinal wall

1. muscle layer 4. serous membrane

2. nerve plexuses 5. mucous membrane

3. Peyer's plaques 6. solitary follicles

22. Intestinal complications of dysenteric colitis

1. amyloidosis 4. abscess formation

2. perforation 5. cicatricial stenosis

3. bleeding

23. Morphological forms of acute appendicitis

1. erosive 3. hemorrhagic

2. gangrenous 4. phlegmonous and ulcerative

24. Idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease

1. Crohn's disease 4. fibrosing colitis

2. ulcerative colitis 5. necrotizing enterocolitis

3. Whipple's disease

25. Exophytic colorectal cancers often grow in

1. cecum 4. in the ascending region

2. transverse colon 5. rectum

3. sigmoid colon

26. Characteristics of enteritis in the first week of typhoid fever

1. granulomatous 4. catarrhal

2. diphtheria 5. croupous

3. phlegmonous 6. ulcerative

27. Type of inflammation in the second stage of dysenteric colitis

1. purulent 4. productive

2. mucous 5. hemorrhagic

3. croupous 6. diphtheria

28. Microscopic characteristics of acute simple appendicitis

1. tricks of purulent inflammation in the mucosa 4. croupous inflammation

2. ulceration of the mucous membrane 5. plethora of blood vessels

3. catarrhal inflammation

29. Crohn's disease is

1. granulomatous disease of the small and large intestine

2. malignant tumor of the small intestine

3. fibrinous inflammation of the cecum

4. fibrinous inflammation of the small intestine

5. descending tuberculosis

30. Endophytic colorectal cancers often grow in

1. cecum 4. in the ascending region

2. transverse colon 5. rectum

3. sigmoid colon

31. When healing intestinal ulcers with typhoid fever in their place can be found

1. polyps 4. diverticulums

2. petrificates 5. star scars

3. small scars 6. foci of lymphoid tissue

32. Characterization of catarrhal colitis in dysentery

1. cerebral swelling of Peyer's plaques

2. diffuse leukocyte infiltration

3. hyperemia of the mucous membrane

4. mucosal necrosis

5. desquamation of the epithelium

33. With phlegmonous appendicitis, inflammation develops.

1. diphtheria 4. putrefactive

2. hemorrhagic 5. croupous

3. fibrinous 6. purulent

34. Clinical manifestations of Crohn's disease

1. bloody mucous diarrhea 4. abdominal pain

2. massive bleeding 5. fever

3. intestinal perforation 6. tenesmus

35. By the nature of the growth of exophytic cancers:

1. saucer-shaped 4. polypous

2. plaque-like 5. mushroom-shaped

3. ulcerative

36. With cholera, changes are mainly localized in the gut

1. skinny 4. sigmoid

2. blind 5. iliac

3. straight 6. transverse colonic

37. Complications of typhoid fever

1. pylephlebitic liver abscesses

2. typhoid sepsis

3. croupous penevmonia

4. focal pneumonia

5. bleeding

6. peritonitis

7. pleurisy

38. Microscopic characteristics of phlegmonous ulcerative appendicitis

1. vascular congestion

2. ulceration of the mucous membrane

3. leukocyte infiltration of all layers of the wall

4. leukocyte infiltration of only the mucous membrane

39. Macroscopic characterization of the intestine in Crohn's disease

1. thickening of the mesentery

2. narrowing of the intestinal lumen

3. dull serous membrane

4. expansion of the lumen of the intestine

5. circular ulcerative lesions

6. intermittent lesions

7. The mucosa looks like a “cobblestone pavement”

8. shiny and full-blooded serous membrane

9. ulcerative lesions oriented along the length of the intestine

40. By the nature of the growth of endophytic cancers

1. saucer-shaped 4. polypous

2. plaque-like 5. mushroom-shaped

3. ulcerative 6. diffuse - infiltrative

41. Characterization of the spleen in the algide period of cholera

1. lymphoid hyperplasia

2. atrophy of lymphoid tissue

3. white pulp amyloidosis

4. heart attacks

42. Common changes in typhoid fever

1. rash 4. focal pneumonia

2. hepatomegaly 5. spleen hyperplasia

3. encephalopathy 6. waxy necrosis of skeletal muscle

43. The reason for the primary gangrene of the appendix

1. necrosis of the muscle membrane 4. tricks of purulent inflammation of the mucosa

2. ulceration of the mucous membrane 5. leukocyte infiltrate in all layers

3. thrombosis of the appendicular artery of the appendix

44. Microscopic characteristics of the intestine in Crohn’s disease

1. giant cell granulomas

2. crypt abscessing

3. epithelial metaplasia

4. progressive mucosal atrophy

5. neutrophilic crypt infiltration

6. the presence of a fibrinous film

45. Precancerous colon diseases include

1. ulcerative colitis

2.
dysenteric ulcerative colitis

3. Crohn's disease

4. adenomatous polyps

5. intestinal strictures and stenoses

46. ​​Morphological characteristics of the small intestine at the stage of cerebral swelling in typhoid fever

1. mucosal polyposis 4. purulent inflammation

2. mucosal necrosis 5. granulomatosis

3. sclerosis of the intestinal wall

47. The parts of the intestine that are most commonly affected by bacterial dysentery

1. appendix 5. 12 duodenal ulcer

2. jejunum 6. sigmoid colon

3. cecum 7. descending colon

4. rectum 8. ascending colon

48. Morphological characteristics of chronic appendicitis

1. atrophy of all layers 4. sclerosis of the process wall

2. ulceration of the mucosa 5. necrosis of the muscle membrane

3. catarrhal inflammation

49. Ulcerative colitis is

1. ulcerative infiltrative lesion of the colon

2. ulcerative proliferative lesion of the colon

3. necrotizing enterocolitis

4. granulomatous disease

5. colon tuberculosis

50. The most common variant of anorectal cancer

1. adenocarcinoma 4. squamous

2. mucous cancer 5. undifferentiated

3. cricoid - cell

51. Cause of severe diarrhea with cholera

1. extensive ulcerative defects

2. bowel lesions

3. the introduction of cholera vibrio

4. exposure to cholera enterotoxin

5. toxic damage to the nervous system of the intestine

52. Morphological changes in the intestine with typhoid fever in the first week of illness

1. the formation of clean ulcers

2. necrosis of Peyer's plaques

3. proliferation of granulation tissue

4. exudative inflammation in solitary follicles

5. hyperplasia of cells of a monocytic macrophage series in Peyer's plaques

53. Complications of acute appendicitis

1. process self-amputation 4. cystadenoma

2. wall perforation 5. mucocele

3. bleeding

54. Macroscopic characteristics of the colon with ulcerative colitis

1. hyperemia of the serous membrane 5. atrophy of the mucosa

2. mucosal hypertrophy 6. wall thickening

3. ulceration of the mucosa 7. pseudo-polyps

4. mucosal hyperemia

55. Hematogenous metastases of intestinal cancer are found in

1. lungs 4. adrenal glands

2. kidney 5. lymph nodes

3. liver

56. Dehydration in cholera is associated with

1. massive allocation of sodium and water from cells

2. high levels of intracellular AMP

3. fluid malabsorption

4. epithelial necrosis

57. Stages of local changes in typhoid fever

1. necrosis 5. cerebral swelling

2. healing 6. formation of clean ulcers

3. gastroenteritis 7. formation of dirty ulcers

4. fibrinous colitis 8. follicular ulcerative colitis

58. Pylephlebitic liver abscesses may occur with

1. duodenal ulcer 4. acute appendicitis

2. mesenteric artery thrombosis 5. dysentery

3. gastric ulcer

59. With ulcerative colitis, microscopic changes are presented

1. crypt abscessing

2. granulomas in the submucosal layer

3. “galloping” ulcerations of the mucosa

4. continuous ulcerations of the mucosa

5. inflammatory mononuclear infiltrate

60. Endophytic cancers often lead to

1. melene 4. anemia

2. to obstruction 5. bleeding

3. to bloating

61. At the autopsy of the deceased during the algide period, cholera can be detected

1. lack of rigor mortis

2. severe rigor mortis

3. cadaveric blood, liquid and light

4. cadaveric blood is thick and dark

5. extreme dehydration

62. Stages of dysenteric colitis

1. granulomatous 4. catarrhal

2. ulcer healing 5. serous

3. fibrinous 6. ulcerative

63. Purulent mesenteric vein thrombophlebitis may be complicated

1. lung abscesses 4. phlegmon appendix

2. liver abscesses 5. self-amputation of the appendix

3. phlegmon of the stomach

64. Intestinal complications of acute ulcerative colitis

1. pericholangitis 3. colorectal cancer

2. toxic dilatation 4. perforation of the intestinal wall

65. Exophytic cancers often lead to

1. melene 4. anemia

2. to obstruction 5. bleeding

3. to bloating

66. The stages of cholera

1. proctitis 4. algid period

2. sigmoiditis 5. serous enteritis

3. gastroenteritis

67. The reason for the development of ulcerative colitis in dysentery

1. intestinal gangrene 3. massive hemorrhage

2. necrosis of granulomas 4. rejection of the fibrinous film

68. During histological examination of the appendix against the background of diffuse wall infiltration, small intramural abscesses are determined. This is appendicitis.

1. phlegmonous ulcer 4. catarrhal

2. apostematous 5. putrefactive

3. chronic

69. Set Compliance

Form of ulcerative colitis MORPHOLOGICAL SIGNS

A) acute 1. fringed pseudo-polyps

B) chronic 2. inflammatory polyps

3. mucosal atrophy

4. thickening of the intestinal wall

5. thinning of the intestinal wall

6. fields of fibrosis

70. Morphological variants of intestinal adenomas

1. mucous membranes 4. villous

2. fibrous 5. small cell

3. tubular

71. Specific complications of cholera

1. splenomegaly 4. cholera meningitis

2. ulcerative gastritis 5. post-cholera uremia

3. cholera typhoid

72. The preferred route of transmission of bacterial dysentery

1. airborne 4. parenteral

2. fecal-oral 5. pin

3. transmission

73. Pilephlebitic liver abscesses in acute appendicitis are a consequence of

1. thromboembolism from the appendicular artery

2. self-amputation of the appendix

3. inflammation of the veins of the appendix

4. perforation of the appendix

74. Intestinal complications of Crohn's disease

1. fistulas between the intestines 4. fibrous strictures

2. intestinal obstruction 5. ulcerative defects

3. protein-free enteropathy

75. The path of infection with typhoid fever

1. airborne 4. parenteral

2. fecal-oral 5. pin

3. transmission



ANSWERS



No. the answers No. the answers No. the answers
3 26. 4 51. 4
1, 2, 5 27. 6 52. 5
4 28. 3, 5 53. 12
1, 3, 5, 6 29. 1 54. 3, 4, 5, 7
thirteen thirty. 3, 5 55. thirteen
1, 2, 3 31. 3, 6 56. 1, 2, 3
2, 4, 6 32. 2, 3, 5 57. 1, 2, 5, 6, 7
3, 4, 6 33. 6 58. 4, 5
2 34. 4, 5 59. 4, 5
1, 2, 5 35. 2, 4, 5 60. 2, 3
1, 2, 6 36. fifteen 61. 2, 4, 5
2, 3, 4, 5 37. 2, 4, 5, 6 62. 2, 3, 4, 6
2, 4, 5 38. 1, 2, 3 63. 2
2, 3 39. 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 9 64. 2, 4
1, 2, 3, 4 40. 3, 6 65. 1, 4, 5
3, 5 41. 2 66. 3, 4, 5
2 42. 1, 5, 6 67. 4
3 43. 3 68. 2
1, 3, 4 44. 2, 3, 4, 5 69. A-1,2,5; B-2,3,4,6
2 45. 1, 3, 4 70. 3, 4
3, 6 46. 5 71. 3, 5
2, 3, 5 47. 4, 6, 7 72. 2
2, 4 48. 14 73. 3
12 49. 1 74. 1, 3, 4
1, 2, 4 fifty. 4 75. 2
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Bowel disease. Infectious enterocolitis (dysentery, typhoid fever, cholera). Nonspecific ulcerative colitis. Crohn's disease. Coronary bowel disease. Appendicitis. Colon cancer

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