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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

The group of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases includes chronic bronchitis, bronchiectasis, bronchial asthma, and pulmonary emphysema (Table 15.1). Quite certain groups are made up of individuals with predominant chronic bronchitis or emphysema (Table 15.2). Many patients develop destructive processes overlapping at the level of the bronchi (in chronic bronchitis) and acini (in emphysema). If we take into account the frequently occurring component in the form of increased reactivity of the airways (asthmatic component), then the popularity of the use of the group name of the disease - "chronic obstructive pulmonary disease" will become clear.

Table 15.1.

Diseases associated with airway obstruction

(options for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)

Table 15.2.

The main indicators characteristic of the prevailing chronic bronchitis

or predominant emphysema

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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a pathological condition characterized by the formation of chronic airway obstruction due to chronic bronchitis / chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and / or pulmonary emphysema / EL /. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is widespread. It is estimated that HB affects about 14–20% of the male and about 3–8% of the female adult population, but only
  2. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
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  9. Obstructive pulmonary disease
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