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DISEASES OF THE LIVER, GALL BLADDER, BILITARY ducts, and pancreas



This chapter continues the presentation of the pathology of the digestive system. According to traditions, a number of diseases of the liver and biliary tract, despite their infectious etiology, are considered not in chapter 14, devoted to infections, but here. The same applies to diabetes mellitus, a description of which, for reasons of expediency, is included in this chapter.

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DISEASES OF THE LIVER, GALL BLADDER, BILITARY ducts, and pancreas

  1. LESSON 6 TOPIC. Diseases of the liver, gallbladder, bile ducts, and pancreas
    Motivational characteristic of the topic. Knowledge of the pathological manifestations of diseases and syndromes of the hepato-cholecystic-pancreatic zone is necessary for the successful assimilation of this human suffering in clinical departments. In the practical work of the doctor, this knowledge is necessary for the clinical anatomical analysis of sectional cases and liver biopsies. The general purpose of the lesson. Learn by morphological characteristics
  2. Diseases of the liver, gallbladder and pancreas
    DISEASES OF THE LIVER, GALL BLADDER AND Pancreas
  3. Gall bladder and bile ducts
    As in many other organs and tissues, in the human liver, secretory processes are subordinated to a certain rhythm. Bile secretion prevails during the day, glycogen production prevails at night. The effect of a nightly decrease in the secretion of bile, which has a physiological basis, is enhanced even more with biliary dyskinesia (a violation of the coordinated work of the smooth muscles of the ducts and gallbladder, which has
  4. Liver, gall bladder and bile ducts
    The liver of the newborn is relatively large, especially its left lobe, to which the spleen is adjacent. Cases of agenesis of the liver are rare, they are more often found to be underdeveloped. On the back or on the lower surface of the liver, you can sometimes see congenital notches, often located in the sagittal direction. If these depressions are significant, the liver is divided into additional lobes.
  5. Nutrition for diabetes with diseases of the liver and gall bladder
    Nutrition in the treatment of this disease should improve metabolic processes that are disturbed by diabetes and diseases of the liver and gall bladder. Products that improve liver function, enhance biliary excretion, and help normalize intestinal activity are introduced into the diet of a diabetic. Foods that impede liver function are excluded from nutrition. It is recommended to include milk and
  6. LIVER. Gallbladder
    The liver (hepar) is the largest gland of the human body (Fig. 78). Its weight is about 1500 g. It performs several main functions: digestive, forms a protein, detoxifies, hematopoietic, carries out metabolism, etc. The liver is located in the right hypochondrium and in the epigastrium. In shape, it resembles a wedge, has an upper and lower surface. Upper (diaphragmatic)
  7. Diseases of the liver and gall bladder
    With the development of possibilities for diagnosing diseases of internal organs, it was found that liver disease (hepatopathy) is much more common than previously thought, and that many vague signs of disease are based on hepatosis. Due to the importance and variety of functions, the liver is endowed with a natural ability for high regeneration. Therefore arising under the influence of different
  8. Diseases of the liver and biliary tract in newborns
    The earliest manifestation of most diseases of the liver and biliary tract is cholestasis syndrome. Depending on the level of damage to the hepatobiliary system, it is customary to isolate diseases manifesting with extrahepatic and intrahepatic cholestasis. Diseases of the hepatobiliary system, manifested by extrahepatic cholestasis The causes of extrahepatic cholestasis in newborns can be: • Atresia
  9. Nutrition for patients with mild diabetes mellitus with diseases of the liver and gall bladder with normal body weight receiving sugar-lowering drugs (diet for 2500 calories)
    PRODUCT SET FOR DAY Black bread 300 g. Potatoes 100 g. Vegetables 800 g. Buckwheat, oat or pearl barley 50 g. Meat (category II beef or chicken) 160 g. Meat broth 300 g. Egg white 2 pieces. Fat-free cottage cheese 200 g. Milk 600 g. Kefir or yogurt 200 g. Butter 25 g. Vegetable oil 25 g. Diet sausage 50 g. Sugar 20 g. EXAMPLES MENU DAY
  10. Diseases of the gallbladder and biliary tract in children
    Questions for repetition: 1. Duodenal sounding and its assessment. 2. The main pain points in the disease of the gallbladder and biliary tract. Test questions: 1. Biliary dyskinesia. Concept. Etiopathogenesis. Classification. 2. Clinical and diagnostic criteria for biliary dyskinesia: 2.1. hypermotor type 2.2. hypomotor type 3. Treatment of dyskinesia
  11. Nutrition for exacerbation of liver inflammation and acute gallbladder inflammation
    Nutrition is recommended for patients with acute cholecystitis and hepatitis, chronic cholecystitis and hepatitis, liver cirrhosis with moderate liver failure, cholelithiasis, as well as with simultaneous damage to the liver and biliary tract, stomach and intestines. Food is cooked in water or steamed, wiped. Excluded foods that enhance fermentation and rotting in
  12. Common bile duct cyst
    Synonyms of Cyst of the common bile duct. DEFINITION A cyst of the common bile duct is a congenital expansion of the bile duct, which in 2-5% of cases causes a complete violation of the patency of the bile duct and can cause extrahepatic cholestasis. CODE FOR ICBC83.5 Gall cyst. Screening an ultrasound of the fetus allows you to identify a cyst of the common bile duct (starting from the 19th week of gestation). CLASSIFICATION By
  13. Recommended products for exacerbation of liver inflammation and acute gallbladder inflammation
    Recommended: yesterday’s wheat bread; soups are prepared on a mucous broth with grated cereals, vegetables or on vegetable broths with finely chopped vegetables - potatoes, carrots, zucchini, pumpkin, boiled cereals - rice, semolina, oatmeal, noodles, and egg-milk mixture can be added to soups, which is prepared mix raw eggs with an equal volume of milk, and season
  14. Gall bladder (problems)
    The gall bladder is a hollow organ that contains bile coming from the liver and prevents it from flowing into the intestine in between meals. During the digestion of food, the gallbladder opens and expels bile through the bile duct into the duodenum. Bile is necessary so that the intestines can absorb fats from food. Most common problem related
  15. Extrahepatic bile duct atresia
    synonyms Biliary atresia, obstruction of extrahepatic bile ducts. DEFINITION OF AVS is a progressive obliteration of the extrahepatic bile ducts, which begins during the period of intrauterine development, with the gradual involvement of the intrahepatic bile system and the formation of biliary cirrhosis. CODE ICD-Q44.2 Atresia of the bile ducts. EPIDEMIOLOGY AID - the most common cause
  16. Features of the gallbladder
    The gall bladder is located under the right lobe of the liver and has a fusiform shape, its length reaches 3 cm. It acquires a typical pear-shaped form by 7 months, by 2 years reaches the edge of the liver. The main function of the gallbladder is the accumulation and secretion of hepatic bile. The bile of a child is different in composition from the bile of an adult. It has few bile acids, cholesterol, salts, a lot
  17. NUTRITION FOR DISEASES OF THE LIVER AND BILENTARY
    NUTRITION FOR DISEASES OF THE LIVER AND GALLERY
  18. Cholecystitis (inflammation of the gallbladder)
    Causes Typically, the presence of stones in the gallbladder or its ducts. Pathological thickening of bile as a result of a viral infection, errors in diet, abnormal structure of the gallbladder, overweight, prolonged stressful situation, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and liver. Symptoms Pain in the upper right abdomen, fever, fat intolerance, may be temporary
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