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DISEASES OF THE LIVER, BILACARY BUBBLE, BILETARY DUCTS AND Pancreatic Gland



This chapter continues the presentation of the pathology of the digestive system. According to tradition, a number of diseases of the liver and biliary tract, despite their infectious etiology, are not considered in Chapter 14, which deals with infections, but here. The same applies to diabetes, the description of which for reasons of expediency is included in this chapter.

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DISEASES OF THE LIVER, BILACARY BUBBLE, BILETARY DUCTS AND Pancreatic Gland

  1. SESSION 6 THEME. Diseases of the liver, gallbladder, biliary ducts and pancreatic gland
    Motivational characteristics of the topic. Knowledge of the pathoanatomical manifestations of diseases and syndromes of the hepato-cholecysto-pancreatic zone is necessary for successful mastering of this human suffering in clinical departments. In the practical work of the doctor, this knowledge is necessary for the clinical and anatomical analysis of sectional cases and liver biopsies. The overall goal of the lesson. Learn by morphology
  2. Diseases of the liver, gallbladder and pancreas
    Diseases of the liver, gallbladder and pancreatic
  3. Gallbladder and bile ducts
    As in many other organs and tissues, in the human liver, secretory processes are subject to a certain rhythm. During the day, bile excretion prevails, at night - glycogen production. The effect of the nocturnal decrease in bile secretion, which has a physiological basis, is enhanced even more by biliary dyskinesia (impaired coordination of the smooth muscles of the ducts and the gallbladder, which
  4. Liver, gallbladder and biliary tract
    The liver of a newborn is relatively large, especially its left lobe, to which the spleen is adjacent. Cases of liver disease are rare, more often it is found to be underdeveloped. On the back or on the lower surface of the liver, it is sometimes possible to see congenital cavities, often located in the sagittal direction. If these grooves are significant, the liver is divided into additional lobes.
  5. Nutrition in diabetes with liver and gallbladder diseases
    Nutrition in the treatment of this disease should improve metabolic processes that are disturbed by diabetes mellitus and diseases of the liver and gallbladder. In the diet of diabetic products are introduced that improve the functioning of the liver, enhancing biliary excretion and contributing to the normalization of intestinal activity. Food that prevents the liver from working is excluded from the diet. It is recommended to include milk in the menu.
  6. LIVER. BUBBLE BUBBLE
    The liver (hepar) is the largest gland of the human body (Fig. 78). Its mass is about 1500 g. It performs several main functions: the digestive, forms a protein, neutralizing, hematopoietic, metabolizes, etc. The liver is located in the right hypochondrium and in the epigastrium. In shape, it resembles a wedge, has upper and lower surfaces. Upper (diaphragmatic)
  7. Diseases of the liver and gallbladder
    With the development of possibilities for diagnosing diseases of internal organs, it has been found that liver disease (hepatopathies) occurs much more frequently than was previously thought, and that many of the uncertain signs of diseases basically have hepatosis. Due to the importance and variety of functions, the liver is endowed with a natural ability for high regeneration. Therefore, arising under the influence of different
  8. Diseases of the liver and biliary tract in newborns
    The earliest manifestation of most diseases of the liver and biliary tract is cholestasis syndrome. Depending on the level of damage of the hepatobiliary system, it is customary to isolate diseases that are manifested by extrahepatic and intrahepatic cholestasis. Diseases of the hepatobiliary system, manifested by extrahepatic cholestasis The causes of extrahepatic cholestasis in newborns can be: • Atresia
  9. Meals for patients with diabetes mellitus of mild severity with diseases of the liver and gall bladder with normal body weight, receiving hypoglycemic drugs (diet on 2500 calories)
    PRODUCT SET FOR THE DAY Bread black 300 g. Potatoes 100 g. Vegetables 800 g. Buckwheat, oatmeal or barley 50 g. Meat (category II beef or chicken) 160 g. Meat broth 300 g. Protein eggs 2 pieces. Cottage cheese skim 200 g. Milk 600 g. Kefir or yogurt 200 g. Butter 25 g. Vegetable oil 25 g. Sausage dietetic 50 g. Sugar 20 g. EXAMPLE MENU NADEN
  10. Diseases of the gallbladder and biliary tract in children
    Questions for review: 1. Duodenal sounding and its evaluation. 2. The main pain points in the disease of the gallbladder and biliary tract. Test questions: 1. Biliary dyskinesia. Notion Etiopathogenesis. Classification. 2. Clinical and diagnostic criteria for biliary dyskinesia: 2.1. on hypermotor type 2.2. on hypomotor type 3. Treatment of dyskinesia
  11. Nutrition during exacerbation of liver inflammation and acute inflammation of the gallbladder
    Nutrition is recommended for patients with acute cholecystitis and hepatitis, chronic cholecystitis and hepatitis, cirrhosis of the liver with moderately severe liver failure, gallstone disease, as well as simultaneous damage to the liver and biliary tract, stomach and intestines. Food is cooked on water or steamed, wiped. Excluded are products that enhance the fermentation and rotting processes in
  12. Cyst of the common bile duct
    Synonyms Cyst choledochus. DEFINITION A common bile duct cyst is a congenital dilatation of the bile duct, which in 2-5% of cases causes complete disruption of the bile duct patency and may be the cause of extrahepatic cholestasis. CODE ICDB83.5 Bile cyst. SCREENING ultrasound of the fetus allows you to identify a cyst of the common bile duct (starting from the 19th week of gestation). CLASSIFICATION BY
  13. Recommended products for exacerbation of liver inflammation and acute inflammation of the gallbladder
    Recommended: yesterday's wheat bread; soups are cooked on mucous broth with grated cereals, vegetables or on vegetable broths with finely chopped vegetables - potatoes, carrots, zucchini, pumpkin, boiled cereals - rice, semolina, oatmeal cereals, noodles, soups can be added egg-milk mixture, which is prepared a mix of raw eggs with an equal volume of milk, and fill
  14. Gallbladder (problems)
    The gallbladder is a hollow organ that contains bile coming from the liver and does not allow it to flow into the intestine between food digestion. During digestion, the gallbladder opens and throws bile through the bile duct into the duodenum. Bile is necessary so that the intestines can absorb fats from food. The most common problem associated with
  15. Atresia of extrahepatic bile ducts
    synonyms Biliary atresia, obstruction of extrahepatic bile ducts. DEFINITION AVZHP - progressive obliteration of the extrahepatic bile ducts, starting in the period of prenatal development, with the gradual involvement in the process of intrahepatic biliary system and the formation of biliary cirrhosis. ICD-Q44.2 software code Atresia of the bile ducts. EPIDEMIOLOGY AVZHP - the most common cause
  16. Features of the gallbladder
    The gallbladder is located under the right lobe of the liver and has a spindle-shaped form, its length reaches 3 cm. It acquires a typical pear-shaped form by 7 months, by 2 years it reaches the edge of the liver. The main function of the gallbladder is the accumulation and secretion of hepatic bile. The bile of a child is different in composition from the bile of an adult. It is low in bile acids, cholesterol, salts, many
  17. NUTRITION AT LIVER DISEASES AND BILIARY TRACT
    Nutrition in diseases of the liver and gallstones
  18. Cholecystitis (inflammation of the gallbladder)
    Causes Typically, the presence of stones in the gallbladder or its ducts. Pathological thickening of bile as a result of viral infection, dietary errors, abnormal gallbladder structure, overweight, prolonged stressful situation, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and liver. Symptoms of Pain in the right upper abdomen, fever, fat intolerance, may be temporary
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