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Tasks for the definition of Tasks.1. True croup: Specify the clinical and morphological variant of diphtheria, at which true croup occurs. B. Specify the process localization. Name the nature of the pathological process. List its possible complications: a) ..., b) ..., c) ... Standards of solutions. True Croup: Respiratory Diphtheria. B. Larynx Exudative inflammation: fibrinous, croupous. a) asphyxia, b) bronchopneumonia, c) complications of tracheotomy and intubation (bedsores). 2. The first period of scarlet





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Tasks for the definition of Tasks.1. True croup: Specify the clinical and morphological variant of diphtheria, at which true croup occurs. B. Specify the process localization. Name the nature of the pathological process. List its possible complications: a) ..., b) ..., c) ... Standards of solutions. True Croup: Respiratory Diphtheria. B. Larynx Exudative inflammation: fibrinous, croupous. a) asphyxia, b) bronchopneumonia, c) complications of tracheotomy and intubation (bedsores). 2. The first period of scarlet

  1. Complications arising in the process of mechanical ventilation, their prevention and treatment
    In the process of mechanical ventilation, especially long-lasting, a number of complications can develop that impede the treatment of the patient and sometimes pose a direct threat to his life. Their frequency, according to different authors, ranges from 21.3 to 100% and depends largely on the cause of the respiratory failure [Chatila W.M., Criner GJ, 2002]. Often there are two or three types of complications, some of them - as
  2. Questions that arise - in the first stage of the breastfeeding process
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  3. Moment of truth for the code: Steve and the board
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  4. Primary prevention of sudden cardiac death in "true electrical" heart diseases
    In patients with "true electrical" phenomena, in which the likelihood of sudden cardiac death increases, the expediency of primary prevention causes much less doubt and discussion than in patients with IHD complicated by ventricular
  5. Concept of pathological reaction, pathological process, pathological condition and their criteria
    Pathological reaction is a short-term unusual reaction of the body to any effect. Pathological process - a combination of pathological and protective-adaptive reactions in damaged tissues, organs or the body. Often, various pathological processes and individual pathological reactions of cells, tissues in humans and animals are found in the form of constant combinations or
  6. Tasks for determining the final level of knowledge
    Tasks. 1. Hemorrhagic tracheitis with influenza: A. Describe the appearance of the mucous membrane: a) color, b) overlays, c) integrity. B. Name the type of inflammation. B. Determine the form of influenza with hemorrhagic tracheitis. D. Indicate the possible causes of death: a) ..., b) ... 2. Hemorrhagic pneumonia with influenza: A. Describe; a) the dimensions of the lung, b) a view of the section. B. Point out the morphological processes
  7. PECULIARITIES OF AN EMERGENCY CONDITION WITH A TIGHT ATTACHMENT AND REAL GROWTH OF THE PLACENTA
    Pathology is most common in women who are more than one-time and recurrently pregnant, with a burdened obstetric or gynecological history: - spontaneous miscarriages with frequent scraping of the uterus; - A large number of abortions at the request of the woman; - criminal interventions for termination of pregnancy; - uterine scars after cesarean section; - endometritis
  8. Tasks for determining the final level of knowledge
    Tasks. 1. Acute pyelonephritis: A. Describe the changes in the kidney: a) dimensions, b) a sectional view, c) the status of the pelvis. B. Specify the type of inflammation of the kidney. B. Specify the ways of infection of the kidneys: a)., B)., C). D. List the probable complications: a) ..., b) ..., c) ..., d) ..., e) ..., e) 2. Amyloid nephrosis with kidney wrinkling: A. Enter localization amyloid: a) .; b); at) ...; d) ... B. Dye,
  9. Tasks for determining the final level of knowledge
    Tasks 1. Primary tuberculosis complex in the lung: A. Specify the components of the complex: a)., B)., C). B. Morphological picture of each element of the complex: a)., B)., C) .. B. Name the changes in the primary affect during its healing: a)., B) ..., c) ... G. Specify the options currents: a)., b)., c). 1. Fibrous-cavernous pulmonary tuberculosis: A. Type of lung in the section: a) ..., b) ... B.
  10. The role of reproduction biotechnology in breeding work, creating new and improving existing breeds of animals, in accelerating the breeding process, increasing its capabilities
    Currently, there are extremely favorable prerequisites for the further development of animal reproduction biotechnology. Especially great progress has been made in the development and improvement of artificial insemination and embryo transplantation methods. This has opened up great prospects in the management of the reproduction of farm animals:
  11. General characteristics of neutrophils, their role in pathological processes
    Neutrophils are the largest group of leukocytes (50 - 75%). Their life span is about 15 days. There are three periods in their lives: 1. Life in the bone marrow (mitotic and postmitotic phases); This is a special reserve, numerically exceeding the number of circulating neutrophils by 90 times. According to the "requirement" of the body, they are released into the blood. 2. Life in the blood (migration phase); in her
  12. General characteristics of eosinophils, their role in pathological processes
    The number of eosinophils in accordance with the leukocyte formula is 2-5%. They function mainly in tissues; their ratio in blood and abundance in tissues is 1: 100. The process of producing eosinophils and their release into the blood is stimulated by cytokines IL-5 and IL-3. Human eosinophilic granules contain: - myeloperoxidase (has a toxic effect on parasites); - cationic
  13. Croup
    True croup is usually called lesion of the larynx in diphtheria, false croup - acute Laryngitis. False croup most often occurs in children 6 - 7 years. Its initial stage is characterized by barking cough and voice changes. The voice first becomes hoarse, then completely disappears. The cough, at first hoarse and paroxysmal, also gradually subsides. After that, the patient becomes more difficult.
  14. General characteristics of monocytes, their role in pathological processes
    Monocytes have a common precursor (CFU - GM) with granulocytes, as well as a predecessor of only monocytic germ (CFU - M). After leaving the bone marrow, monocytes circulate in the bloodstream for 20-40 hours, then go to the tissues, where their final specialization takes place. Coming out of the bloodstream, they do not return to the circulation. Monocytes from the bloodstream
  15. Pathological reaction, pathological process, pathological condition
    Pathological reaction is a short-term unusual reaction of the body to any effect. Pathological process - a combination of pathological and protective-adaptive reactions in damaged tissues, organs or the body, manifested in the form of morphological, metabolic and functional disorders. Often, various pathological processes and individual pathological reactions of cells,
  16. General characteristics of lymphocytes, their role in pathological processes
    Lymphocytes are the main cells of the immune system. They coordinate and carry out the immune response due to the production of inflammatory cytokines and antigen-specific binding receptors, are responsible for the formation of specific immunity, perform the function of immune surveillance in the body, provide protection against all foreign, maintaining the genetic constancy of the internal environment. Lymphocytes -
  17. General characteristics of basophils, their role in pathological processes
    Basophils account for 0-1% in leukocyte formula. They, like eosinophils, perform a detoxification function. The primary basophil granules are large, surrounded by a membrane identical to the plasma membrane. The granule membrane, like the basophil plasma membrane, has a high phospholipase and lipoxygenase activity, so basophils are an important source of leukotrienes (leukotriene
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