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"Acme" of citizenship as the pinnacle of civic maturity of a professional personality

Based on the studies (A.S. Guseva, A.A. Derkach, V.G. Zazykin, A.K. Markov), it can be assumed that the achievement of “acme” citizenship as the highest stage of civic maturity is subject to certain acmeological patterns, which are sustainable relationships and relationships. For example, the connections and relationships in the microenvironment of education (family) and the features of the movement of the individual to "acme". Another example of sustainable communication is the level of interest in the country of residence and the dynamics of the development of citizenship. The search, description of these and other existing acmeological patterns of achieving acme is an important promising task for researchers.

The achievement of “acme” civicism is the process and result of the formation of an individual (in the broad sense) bearing social (civilian) values, but not absolutized, not brought to the absurd by the state system, but correlated with the interests of the individual, universal values, where under civil values they are understood ideas, views, concepts, experience, contributing to the formation of a civic position that ensures the successful adaptation and self-actualization of the individual in a civil society and state. The value relationship of an individual to the state, country of residence and its citizens is determined by a system of subordinate interdependent characteristics: cognitive, emotional, motivational and behavioral or activity.

“Acme” of citizenship, as the pinnacle of civic maturity, is the system and program of its relations (towards the state, civil society, civil rights and obligations, towards itself as a citizen) that has been formed as a result of the purposeful development of the individual, which contributes to successful social and professional self-actualization.

Citizenship at the same time is a feeling of the motherland, a feeling and state of belonging to the country in which he was born, raised, educated, lived and developed a person. The feeling of the Motherland sounds like a covenant in the words of the great reformer Peter the Great: "But know about Peter that his life is not dear to him, if only Russia would live in bliss and glory for your well-being!" "... We will devote our souls to wonderful homeland," the great poet A.S. Pushkin calls us.

Being a citizen means knowing the history, traditions and culture of your country; follow the legal norms of civil society, take responsibility for their observance and enjoy the granted civil rights. At the same time, the citizenship of a person is correlated with universal values ​​and self-awareness as a “citizen of the planet Earth”.

The formation of civic maturity of a person largely depends on the characteristics of the existing system of relations in the link "state-personality". This type of relationship determines:

- the value of the individual in a state, the opportunity for many to take a place in the system of state power, politics, economics, ideology;

- State requirements for the individual, his qualities and, accordingly, education;

- the mechanism of a person’s embeddedness in the system of state relations as a whole, as well as the amplitude of his social activity - passivity;

- the correlation of the need-motivational sphere of a person with the interests of the state;

- the nomenclature of social roles of a person, stimulated by the state and state bodies;

- nomenclature of vocational guidance, stimulated by the state;

- "personality pattern" of the bearer of the image of the state and the sociocultural phenomenon as a whole.

The "degree of desired maturity" of a person, in the words of A. Aderkach, is a "multidimensional state of a person, which although it covers a significant stage in his life, but always really shows how much he has taken place as a citizen, as a professional activist, as poor or a person rich in his connections with the surrounding reality "1.

Any professional carries an internal system of personal regulation of behavior and relationships. In this sense, it is the result of the action of the socialization system, as well as its own internal control. As a result of such an action, a certain attitude of a professional to himself as a representative of a social group, society, and the state is formed; the desire to correspond to a social group correlated with it, the so-called personality model; orientation to the formation of qualities and skills in oneself adequate to the model; understanding of one’s own abilities as a representative of a group, state. Citizenship, therefore, affects the professional component of the personality structure and suggests certain forms of manifestation of citizenship in the professional sphere:

- attitude to the profession in connection with the degree of its relevance to society, the state;

- the role and self-esteem by the professional of himself as a state person, having a certain value for society;

- a sense of professional involvement in a matter of national importance;

- a feeling of being necessary, relevant for society and the state;

- the correlation of personal professional standards with state requirements for the profession;

- attributive correlation (correlation of successes and failures of the state with their own professional ones);

- unity with other workers - citizens of the country of residence;

- the implementation of attitudes, standards and norms of professional activity in conjunction with general civil attitudes, norms and standards of behavior.

Based on the approach developed in acmeology (E.N. Bogdanov), the structure of the system of regulation of professionalism by citizenship can be represented by the following basic components:

- motivational (a positive attitude to the country of residence and a manifestation of the desire to achieve success in the profession for the benefit of society and the state);

- cognitive (knowledge of professional ethics and state professional standards);

- Gnostic (ability to reflect on one’s own professional and civic position);

- regulatory (a formed sense of professional and civic duty);

- emotional-volitional (ability to moral empathy with other people, emotional correlation with the position of citizens of their country);

- evaluative (the ability to relate to oneself and evaluate oneself as a citizen, a member of civil society).

A person’s ability to self-realization within the framework of a life strategy in such areas as self-awareness, self-determination, self-attitude, reflection, meaning formation, level of claims, self-organization, self-regulation is largely determined by the system of relations in the link “state - personality”.
The comprehension of the essence of citizenship, the vision and understanding of the paths leading to the “acme” of citizenship, has today not only theoretical but also practical significance. In connection with these prospects of acmeology as a science, it is beyond the scope of research into the problems of the development of professionalism. Already today, scientific development of problems of civic formation, moral improvement and spiritual development of the individual is necessary.

A significant role in solving this important state task is assigned to education and vocational training. A.A. Derkach emphasizes the importance of vocational education as "leading in the formation of the foundations of professionalism." The author defines the content of the stage of vocational training and its components1:

- understanding of the goals and objectives of professional activity;

- adoption of these goals and objectives of professional activity;

- correlation of the personal system of motives and attitudes with the goals and objectives of professional activity;

- the use of already formed knowledge, skills and abilities during the period of practice and internships;

- the establishment of their own methods for obtaining the necessary professional knowledge, skills, abilities during the period of practice and internships;

- correlation of the personal system of motives and attitudes with professional goals and objectives;

- the formation and consolidation of an individual-unique system of internal and external means of professional activity;

- building and planning a professional career;

- the formation of attitudes towards traditions, value orientations, determined by the profession;

- correlation of the personal system of motives and attitudes with the standards of lifestyle of a professional in this field.

At the same time, it is obvious that adaptation in professional activity, professional development as a whole requires not only the training of a profession (the formation of professionally important qualities, knowledge and skills of an individual), but also the formation of an actual system of relations between the subject of activity and civil society, the state. The formation of a professional is determined by social, civic relations, the nature of rights and duties, relationships and interactions. This is an objectively existing context in which a person is included. In this regard, acmeology explores the problems of psychological and pedagogical support of the civil formation of a specialist as an important component on the path to achieving “acme” citizenship.

Summary

Along with the actual professional formation of the personality, a position is currently being formed in society more and more distinctly, suggesting the need for civic formation.

Civil formation, as an element of the socialization of the individual, is carried out through the formation and organization of the life of civil society, which requires appropriate conditions.

The need to study the formation of citizenship, conditions and factors influencing this process corresponds to the scientific paradigm that dominates in acmeology, coming from the realities of the life of society.

Citizenship affects the professional component of the personality structure and involves certain forms of manifestation of citizenship in the professional sphere. The acmeological level of civil servants implies, along with other components, social responsibility and civic position.

The comprehension of the essence of citizenship, the vision and understanding of the ways leading to the “acme” of citizenship, is of current theoretical and practical importance.

Test questions and tasks

1. Is the statement true that the definitions of “civil” and “citizenship” testify to differences in the interests of society or the state that manifest themselves over time?

2. Answer the above question and justify your answer: is it true that there is an age stage of personality development, especially the sensitive one, for the development of citizenship?

3. What do traditions have to do with the problem of citizenship?

4. Justify whether the question of the formation of citizenship is legitimate today.

5. Consider whether the following statements are true:

- civic education involves a targeted impact on the individual in the interests of its socialization;

- Citizenship of a person implies love for the homeland;

- Citizenship is the suppression of personality in the interests of the state;

- the interests of the individual are secondary to the interests of the state.

6. Conduct a comparative analysis of the concepts of “professionalism” and “citizenship”. Justify the relevance of professional citizenship.
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"Acme" of citizenship as the pinnacle of civic maturity of a professional personality

  1. "Acme" of citizenship as the pinnacle of civic maturity of a professional personality
    Based on the studies (A.S. Guseva, A.A. Derkach, V.G. Zazykin, A.K. Markov), it can be assumed that the achievement of “acme” citizenship as the highest stage of civic maturity is subject to certain acmeological patterns that are stable connections and relationships. For example, connections and relationships in the microenvironment of upbringing (family) and especially the movement of the individual towards
  2. Citizenship and professionalism. Acmeological conditions and factors of the civil formation of personality
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