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"Acme" of citizenship as the pinnacle of civic maturity of the personality of a professional

On the basis of the studies carried out (A.S.Guseva, A.A.Derkach, V.G. Zazykin, A.K. Markov), it can be assumed that the achievement of “acme” citizenship as the highest stage of civic maturity is subject to certain acmeological laws, which are stable relationships and relationships. For example, the connections and relationships in the microenvironment of upbringing (family) and the peculiarities of the movement of the individual to "Acme" Another example of a stable relationship is the level of interest in the country of residence and the dynamics of the formation of citizenship. Search, description of these and other existing acmeological patterns of achieving "acme" is an important promising task for researchers.

Achievement of “acme” of citizenship is a process and the result of the formation of an individual (in a broad sense) carrying social (civil) values, but not absolutized, not brought to an absurd state system, but correlated with the interests of the individual, universal human values, where under civil values understand the ideas, attitudes, concepts, experience, contributing to the formation of civil position, ensuring successful adaptation and self-actualization of the individual in a civil society and the state. The value attitude of the individual to the state, country of residence and its citizens is determined by the system of subordinate interdependent characteristics: cognitive, emotional, motivational and behavioral or activity.

“Acme” of citizenship, as the reached peak of civic maturity, is the system and program of its relations (to the state, civil society, civil rights and duties, to itself as a citizen) formed as a result of purposeful development of an individual, promoting successful social and professional self-actualization.

Citizenship at the same time is the feeling of the Motherland, the feeling and state of belonging to the country in which the person was born, brought up, received education, lived and developed. The feeling of the Motherland sounds like a covenant in the words of the great reformer Peter the Great: "But about Peter, know that his life is not dear to him, if only Russia would live in bliss and glory for your well-being!" "... we dedicate our souls to the Motherland with wonderful impulses," the great poet Alexander Pushkin calls us.

To be a citizen means to know the history, traditions and culture of your country; follow the rules of civil society, take responsibility for their observance and enjoy the civil rights provided. At the same time, the citizenship of the individual correlates with universal human values ​​and the awareness of oneself as a "citizen of the planet Earth".

The formation of civic maturity of a person largely depends on the peculiarities of the existing system of relations in the link “state – person”. This type of relationship determines:

- the value of the individual in a state, the opportunity for many to take a place in the system of state power, politics, economics, ideology;

- State requirements for the individual, its qualities and, accordingly, education;

- the mechanism of human integration in the system of state relations as a whole, as well as the amplitude of its social activity - passivity;

- the correlation of the need-motivational sphere of a person with the interests of the state;

- nomenclature of social roles of a person, stimulated by the state and state bodies;

- nomenclature of vocational orientations, stimulated by the state;

- "personal pattern" of the carrier of the image of the state and the socio-cultural phenomenon as a whole.

"The degree of desired maturity" of a person, in the words of A. Adherkach, is "a multidimensional state of a person, which, although it embraces a significant period of its length, its life, but always actually shows how it was held as a citizen, as a professional actor, as poor or a person rich in his connections with the surrounding reality "1.

Any professional carries the inner system of personal regulation of behavior and relationships. In this sense, it is the result of a system of socialization, as well as its own internal control. As a result of such an action, a certain attitude of the professional towards himself as a representative of a social group, society, state appears; the desire to correspond to a social group related to it, the so-called personal pattern; focus on the formation of the qualities and skills that are adequate to the sample; understanding their own capabilities as a representative of a group, a state. Citizenship, therefore, has an impact on the professional component of the personality structure and involves certain forms of citizenship in the professional sphere:

- attitude to the profession in connection with the degree of its relevance to society, the state;

- the role and self-esteem of a professional as a state person who has a certain value for society;

- a sense of professional involvement in the case of national importance;

- Feeling necessary, relevant to society and the state;

- the correlation of personal professional standards with the state requirements for the profession;

- attributive correlation (correlation of successes and failures of the state with its own professional);

- unification of oneself with other workers - citizens of the country of residence;

- implementation of installations, standards and standards of professional activity in conjunction with the general civil installations, norms and standards of behavior.

Based on the approach developed in acmeology (E.N. Bogdanov), the structure of the system of regulation of professionalism by citizenship can be represented by the following basic components:

- motivational (positive attitude to the country of residence and the manifestation of the desire to achieve success in the profession for the benefit of society and the state);

- cognitive (knowledge of professional ethics and state professional standards);

- Gnostic (the ability to reflect their own professional and civic position);

- regulatory (formed a sense of professional and civic duty);

- emotional-volitional (ability to moral empathy for other people, emotional correlation with the position of the citizens of their country);

- evaluative (the ability to treat yourself and assess yourself as a citizen, a member of civil society).

The ability of a person to self-realization within the framework of a life strategy in such areas as self-awareness, self-determination, self-attitude, reflection, sense-making, level of aspirations, self-organization, self-regulation is largely determined by the system of links in the “state-personality” link.
The comprehension of the essence of citizenship, the vision and understanding of the paths leading to the "Acme" of citizenship, has today not only theoretical but also practical significance. In connection with these perspectives of acmeology as a science, going beyond the study of the problems of developing professionalism. Already today, the scientific development of the problems of civil formation, moral improvement and spiritual development of the individual is needed.

A significant role in solving this state-important task is assigned to education and vocational training. A.A. Derkach emphasizes the importance of vocational education as "leading in the formation of the foundations of professionalism." The author determines the content of the vocational training stage and its components1:

- understanding of the goals and objectives of professional activities;

- the adoption of these goals and objectives of professional activity;

- correlation of the personal system of motives and attitudes with the goals and objectives of professional activity;

- the use of already formed knowledge, skills and abilities in the period of practice and internships;

- the development of their own techniques for obtaining the necessary professional knowledge, skills and abilities during the period of practice and internships;

- correlation of personal system of motives and attitudes with professional goals and objectives;

- the formation and consolidation of an individually-peculiar system of internal and external means of professional activity;

- building and planning of professional career;

- the formation of attitudes towards traditions, value orientations, determined by the profession;

- the correlation of the personal system of motives and attitudes with the lifestyle standards of a professional in this field.

At the same time, it is obvious that adaptation in professional activities, professional development in general will require not only vocational training (the formation of professionally important qualities, knowledge and skills of the individual), but also the formation of an actual system of relations between the subject of activity and civil society, the state. The formation of a professional is conditioned by social, civil relations, the nature of rights and obligations, connections and interactions. This is an objectively existing context in which people are included. In this regard, acmeology examines the problems of psychological and pedagogical support of the civil development of a specialist as an important component on the way to achieving "Acme" citizenship.

Summary

Along with the actual professional development of the individual, a position that implies the need for civil development is being formed more and more clearly in society today.

Civil formation, being an element of socialization of the individual, is carried out through the education and organization of the vital activity of civil society, which presupposes the corresponding conditions.

The need to study the formation of citizenship, the conditions and factors affecting this process, corresponds to the scientific paradigm that is dominant in acmeology, coming from the realities of society.

Citizenship has an impact on the professional component of the personality structure and involves certain forms of citizenship in the professional sphere. The acmeological level of civil servants implies social responsibility and citizenship along with other components.

The comprehension of the essence of citizenship, the vision and understanding of the paths leading to the "Acme" of citizenship, has today a theoretical and practical importance.

Test questions and tasks

1. Is it true that the definitions of "civil" and "citizenship" indicate differences in the interests of a society or state that manifest themselves in time?

2. Answer the above question and justify your answer: is it true that there is an age stage of personal development, especially sensitive, for the development of citizenship?

3. What is the relation to the problem of citizenship have traditions?

4. Justify whether the question of the formation of citizenship is legitimate today.

5. Consider whether the following statements are true:

- civic education involves a targeted impact on the individual in the interests of its socialization;

- Citizenship of the individual implies love for the motherland;

- citizenship is the suppression of the individual in the interests of the state;

- the interests of the individual are secondary to the interests of the state.

6. Conduct a comparative analysis of the concepts of "professionalism" and "citizenship". Justify the relevance of professional citizenship.
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"Acme" of citizenship as the pinnacle of civic maturity of the personality of a professional

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