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Individuality in the system of human qualities and acme

Acmeology - a science that studies the phenomenology, patterns and mechanisms of human development at the stage of his maturity, when he reaches the highest level of this development; a science that studies the comprehension by man of the meaning of his existence, the achievement by a person of professionalism in activity, the productive manifestation in life of all the essential forces of an individual *. Accordingly, acme is understood as a state of high efficiency of the subject as a professional, a person in the phase of his highest spiritual maturity, subjugating and organizing his physical and mental functions. It is clear that acme is determined by the complex causal relationship of the physical, mental and spiritual state of a person or, otherwise, the complex relationship of such "components" of a person, as the "individual", "subject", "personality", "individuality".

In the acmeological study of man, a special understanding of his essence is integrated as an individual, subject, personality, individuality, manifested in such phenomena as the life path of a person, a subject of life, an active life position, self-realization, professionalism, individual style, etc.

* See: Abulkhanova-Slavskaya K.A. Life strategy. M., 1990; Bodalev A.A. The peak of human development: characteristics and conditions of achievement. M., 1998; Derkach A.A. Acmeology: personal and professional development of man. M., 2000 2



If in psychology the subject (from lat. Subyectum - subject) is understood as a creature with consciousness and will, capable of acting purposefully, i.e. based on the image of the objective world (the subject is a person who cognizes and transforms the surrounding world); as an individual or group - a source of knowledge and transformation of reality; carrier of activity), then with the acmeological approach, the concept of the subject carries an additional semantic load. A subject is not only a special relation of a person to the world and activities, in particular, but also a special quality that a person can acquire as he develops, depending on the degree of integration of external and internal conditions and the adoption of the role of the active subject of his life *; this is a person at the highest level of activity and professionalism for himself, a person as the creator of his own story, as the embodiment of a qualitatively defined method of self-regulation and self-coordination of all mental processes, conditions, properties and capabilities of the person, as the most important of the endlessly contradictory qualities of a person **.

* See: Abulkhanova-Slavskaya K.A.
Life strategy. M., 1990.

** See: A. Brushlinsky Psychology of the subject and his activities // Modern Psychology. M., 1999.



If in psychology traditionally individuality (from the Latin. Individuum - indivisible, individual) is understood as a unique peculiarity of the psyche of each person who carries out his life as a subject of development of socio-historical culture; as a person, "characterized by his socially significant differences from other people; the identity of the psyche and personality of the individual, its uniqueness," then with the acmeological approach, the concept of "individuality of man" acquires a new semantic content and acts as one of the key concepts of the phenomenon of "man".

In a broad natural-scientific statement of the problem of man as an object of knowledge of B.P. Ananyev * the concept of individuality is central. It is in the individuality that other human manifestations are integrated: as an individual and as a representative of a certain biological species, mediated by his ontogenesis; a person as a representative of a biological species and as a representative of human society, mediated by human history; a person as a person and as a representative of society, manifested in his life path; man as an individual and as a person, embodied as a consequence of the relationship of ontogenesis and life path. The individuality of a person is thus understood as the trinity of the individual, personality and subject of activity.

* See: Ananiev B.G. Man as a subject of knowledge. L., 1968



Obviously, the acmeological understanding of the basic qualities of a person involves not only their conceptual emphasis, but also an empirical justification. In the differential psychological approach, relying on an extensive empirical base, the phenomena and processes of the formation of the highest qualities of a person can be considered as an "integral individuality" *.

* See: Integral individuality of a person and its development / Ed. B.A. Vyatkina. M., 1999; Merlin BC Essay on the Integral Study of Personality. M., 1986.
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Individuality in the system of human qualities and acme

  1. Individuality in the system of human qualities and acme
    Acmeology - a science that studies the phenomenology, patterns and mechanisms of human development at the stage of his maturity, when he reaches the highest level of this development; a science that studies the comprehension by man of the meaning of his existence, the achievement by a person of professionalism in activity, the productive manifestation in life of all the essential forces of an individual1. Accordingly, acme is understood
  2. "Acme" in the context of individual human development
    Plan 1. Individuality in the system of human qualities and acme. 2. Integral individuality as a result and as a condition for human development. 3. Style as a system of matching individuality of a person with the environment. 4. Typology of styles. Key words: individuality, integral individuality, individual style of activity, style of professional activity. -
  3. "Acme" in the context of individual human development
    Plan 1. Individuality in the system of human qualities and acme. 2. Integral individuality as a result and as a condition for human development. 3. Style as a system of matching individuality of a person with the environment. 4. Typology of styles. Key words: individuality, integral individuality, individual style of activity, style of professional activity. -
  4. INDIVIDUALITY OF HUMAN AND HIS ACME
    When we try to understand such a characteristic of a person’s acme as its meaningful originality, range of manifestations, its size, time of achievement, duration, and finally, as a feature of the state of an individual, personal and subject-active acme, we cannot do without tracing the connections of these characteristics with a person’s individuality, considered both as a whole and taking into account
  5. "Acme" in the context of the development of individuality
    Plan 1. The concept of personality. 2. The essence of autopsychological competence as a way to develop acme in the context of personality. 3. Acmeological components of autopsychological activity. 4. Typologies of personality and character. 5. Types of psychological defenses. 6. Typology of thinking styles. Key words: individuality, autopsychological competence,
  6. "Acme" in the context of the development of individuality
    Plan 1. The concept of personality. 2. The essence of autopsychological competence as a way to develop acme in the context of personality. 3. Acmeological components of autopsychological activity. 4. Typologies of personality and character. 5. Types of psychological defenses. 6. Typology of thinking styles. Key words: individuality, autopsychological competence,
  7. Style as a system for matching a person’s individuality with the environment
    The social organization of people’s activities as socially useful work requires consideration of individual styles of activity of subjects as styles of professional activity, that is, styles of individual subjects integrated in their joint professional activity with its main characteristics - the commonality of the operational structure, the commonality of the motivational-semantic field, the commonality
  8. Style as a system for matching a person’s individuality with the environment
    The social organization of people’s activities as socially useful work requires consideration of individual styles of activity of subjects as styles of professional activity, that is, styles of individual subjects integrated in their joint professional activity with its main characteristics - the commonality of the operational structure, the commonality of the motivational-semantic field, the commonality
  9. Acme: content role, specificity of manifestation. Acme in the personal development of a person
    The phenomenon of acme and its main characteristics Adulthood in all manifestations of its natural and social nature of a person is the peak in its development, followed by old age, old age, which are characterized by a gradual decrease in physical health, weakening civic activity, reduction in the volume and content of parental responsibilities, shutdown
  10. “Acme”, professionalism and social adaptation of a person: periodization of development and typology of human social activity
    The problem of the correlation of giftedness, genius and “norm”, adaptability and reactivity, situational and “supra-situational” activity, biological and social determinants of professional achievements, intervals of age-related sensitivity, personal and professional potential has not arisen in psychology today and periodically declares itself in new and new contexts. In acmeology, she
  11. "Acme" in the professional development of man
    Plan 1. The essence of the phenomenon of "acme" in professional development. 2. Types of professional "acme". 3. The criteria for professional "acme" in relation to the indicators of professionalism and professional competence. 4. Conditions for achieving professional acme. Keywords: professional “acme”, professionalism, professional competence, professional, professional
  12. "Acme" in the professional development of man
    Plan 1. The essence of the phenomenon of "acme" in professional development. 2. Types of professional “acme1.” 3. Criteria for professional “acme” in relation to indicators of professionalism and professional competence. 4. Conditions for achieving professional “acme.” Keywords: professional “acme”, professionalism, professional competence, professional, professional
  13. The essence of autopsychological competence as a way to develop “acme” in the context of personality
    One of the main psychological conditions for activating a person’s personal potential is his autopsychological competence, which provides optimal models of self-organization of life and professional activity. The study of autopsychological competence involves obtaining answers to a number of questions. What is the algorithm for knowing yourself, what you need to know about yourself and to what extent?
  14. The essence of autopsychological competence as a way to develop “acme” in the context of personality
    One of the main psychological conditions for activating a person’s personal potential is his autopsychological competence, which provides optimal models of self-organization of life and professional activity. The study of autopsychological competence involves obtaining answers to a number of questions. What is the algorithm for knowing yourself, what you need to know about yourself and to what extent?
  15. "Acme" in the context of human life
    Plan 1. Approaches to the study of human life. 2. The structure of the life path. 3. Personality as a subject of life. 4. Higher achievements ("acme") in the life path of a person. Keywords: life path, life position, life line, life perspective, the meaning of life, personality as a subject of the life path, life strategy, “acme”. - life path - concept,
  16. "Acme" in the context of human life
    Plan 1. Approaches to the study of human life. 2. The structure of the life path. 3. Personality as a subject of life. 4. Higher achievements ("acme") in the life path of a person. Keywords: life path, life position, life line, life perspective, the meaning of life, personality as a subject of the life path, life strategy, “acme”. - life path - concept,
  17. "Acme" in the personal development of a person
    Plan 1. Post-industrial challenge. 2. Personal maturity as the basis of professionalism. 3. “I” - the social quality of a person with the psychological status of “We”. 4. Professional self-realization as a way of personality to “acme”. Key words: post-industrial society, personality, akmic personality, "I", existential, mission, acme. - post-industrial society -
  18. "Acme" in the personal development of a person
    Plan 1. Post-industrial challenge. 2. Personal maturity as the basis of professionalism. 3. “I” - the social quality of a person with the psychological status of “We”. 4. Professional self-realization as a way of personality to “acme”. Key words: post-industrial society, personality, akmic personality, "I", existential, mission, acme. - post-industrial society - stage
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