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Integral individuality as a result and as a condition for human development

V.S. Merlin outlined the integral characterization of the individual properties of a person by the concept of individual integrality, considering it as an object of interdisciplinary research, as an object of study of all sciences about nature and society1. The theory of individual integrality arose in the mainstream of differential psychophysiology, which predetermined its features. According to the theory, individual integrality is a special case of self-developing and self-organizing systems consisting of relatively closed subsystems of the "man-society" metasystem. Individual integrity is not a combination of special qualities and properties of a person, it is a special, individually peculiar nature of the relationship between all the properties of a person, that is, it is an integral characteristic of his personality. Individual integrity is a dynamic system of active adaptation of a person to specific environmental conditions. Individual integrality contains a number of hierarchical levels of human properties: biochemical, physiological, psychological, personal, socio-psychological, which are particularly dependent on each other, organized into subsystems and structured according to a hierarchical principle. Moreover, each level of integration of the properties of a particular person is determined by a unique combination of his properties of the higher and lower levels due to the various relationships between them. In the properties of different levels, different stages of the development of matter are manifested. In individual integrity, a number of subsystems are distinguished: a) the individual properties of the organism (its subsystems are biochemical, general somatic, neurodynamic); b) individual mental properties (its subsystems are temperament and personality); c) socio-psychological properties (its subsystems - social roles in groups and socio-historical communities) 2.

In the formation of a person’s individuality, according to the theory, two main phenomena are distinguished - an integral individuality as a kind of combination of all its properties in the process of development and functioning and an individual style as a kind of active adaptation of a person to the environment (conditions of professional activity, specifics of contact social groups and society as a whole) .
The formation of individual integrality and individual style is interconnected, while the individual style is considered as a psychological system that mediates the interaction of a person’s individuality and the external conditions of his life. Individual style performs a system-forming function. Styles can be distinguished according to hierarchical levels of individual individuality1.

In its development, as already noted, the theory of integral individuality more and more "unfolds" from the initial study of the relationships and interactions of biologically determined properties of a person with certain conditions of his activity (professional and educational) to the study of his interaction with the social environment as a whole, during which its individual integrality is formed as a result of the interaction of its "internal" and "external" conditions, as a process of transformation of these conditions themselves. It is as a result of these processes that replace each other throughout life that a person develops and goes back to the heights of his capabilities, to his “acme”. One of the main mechanisms of the formation of individual integrality is the individual style as a psychological system of pairing, matching individual characteristics of a person with socially defined methods and methods of activity, behavior, lifestyle2. We consider these systems in more detail.
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Integral individuality as a result and as a condition for human development

  1. Integral individuality as a result and as a condition for human development
    V.S. Merlin outlined the integral characterization of the individual properties of a person by the concept of individual integrality, considering it as an object of interdisciplinary research, as an object of study of all sciences about nature and society *. The theory of individual integrality arose in the mainstream of differential psychophysiology, which predetermined its features. According to theory, individual
  2. Style as a system of matching individuality of a person with the environment
    The social organization of people’s activities as socially useful work requires consideration of individual styles of activity of subjects as styles of professional activity, that is, styles of individual subjects integrated in their joint professional activity with its main characteristics - the commonality of the operational structure, the commonality of the motivational-semantic field, the commonality
  3. Understanding human personality as a value
    To understand the essence of a person’s personality, one must try to answer several questions. - what does a person want? The answer to this question will reveal the personality orientation - its needs, motives, goals, interests, ideals, beliefs, worldview, attitudes - what can a person do? This is a question about abilities (general and special, about the level of these abilities, talent - what is it? Question about
  4. Style as a system of matching individuality of a person with the environment
    The social organization of people’s activities as socially useful work requires consideration of individual styles of activity of subjects as styles of professional activity, that is, styles of individual subjects integrated in their joint professional activity with its main characteristics - the commonality of the operational structure, the commonality of the motivational-semantic field, the commonality
  5. Man as a result of biological evolution
    The well-known popularizer of a healthy lifestyle, Paul Bragg * claimed that man is the only creature in the world that does not die by his own death, yet the rest of the animals live as long as they are predetermined by the genetic program (unless they become victims of predators). P. Bragg saw the reason for this situation in that the lifestyle of a modern person is far from that
  6. Death as a crisis of an individual’s life
    Death as a crisis of individual life
  7. The essence of autopsychological competence as a way to develop “acme” in the context of personality
    One of the main psychological conditions for activating a person’s personal potential is his autopsychological competence, which provides optimal models of self-organization of life and professional activity. The study of autopsychological competence involves obtaining answers to a number of questions. What is the algorithm for knowing yourself, what you need to know about yourself and to what extent?
  8. The essence of autopsychological competence as a way to develop “acme” in the context of personality
    One of the main psychological conditions for activating a person’s personal potential is his autopsychological competence, which provides optimal models of self-organization of life and professional activity. The study of autopsychological competence involves obtaining answers to a number of questions. What is the algorithm for knowing yourself, what you need to know about yourself and to what extent?
  9. PLACE FACTOR AS A CONDITION OF PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT
    The emerging organism is the most fertile soil for education. It is known what impression the events occurring in childhood make on us, what influence they sometimes exert on our whole future life. Therefore, training conducted in childhood is much more productive for the development of mental qualities than adult education. Mental development conditions
  10. How should one behave with a sick person who uses his illness in order to provoke self-love? I feel helpless because I want to help this man, but he does not believe in anything.
    The previous answer extends to this question. Why does a person often feel the need to help others without thinking that this can harm another? A person who decides to help someone without thinking about what he can do is only think about himself. He needs someone’s positive result to feel his own worth. Therefore he
  11. Maturity as a stage and quality in the mental development of a person
    The period of maturity by age and the state of the spirit of man was called by the ancient Greeks the time “akme”, which meant the peak, the highest degree of something, the moment of the greatest flowering of the human person, “self-identity”. The domestic psychologist NN Rybnikov proposed to designate with the term “acmeology” a special section of developmental psychology, which is about the heyday of all life forces
  12. Acmeological approach to the study of man as a subject of development and self-development
    High professionalism and creative skill in its implementation by a variety of specialists is the main human resource, which becomes the most important factor in the optimal solution of pressing problems. In this sociocultural context, acmeology, a new integratively complex science, acquires special significance. It is she who studies the laws and technologies of the development of such peaks
  13. The organizational environment of the working team as an external condition for the development of a collective “acme”
    As for the relevant (i.e. relevant) to our discussion of the elements of the organizational environment (or, as it is also called, the organizational context) of the working team, according to modern scientific data, they can include: organizational culture, group tasks, degree of autonomy work team, interactive feedback, rewards and recognition, training and counseling,
  14. The organizational environment of the working team as an external condition for the development of a collective “acme”
    As for the elements of the organizational environment that are relevant to our discussion (or, as it is also called, the organizational context) of the work team, according to the literature data (Sundstrom et al., 1990), they can include: organizational culture, group tasks, degree of autonomy work team, interactive feedback, rewards and recognition, training and
  15. The organizational environment of the working team as an external condition for the development of a collective “acme”
    As for the relevant (i.e. relevant) to our discussion of the elements of the organizational environment (or, as it is also called, the organizational context) of the working team, according to modern scientific data, they may include: organizational culture, group tasks, degree of autonomy work team, interactive reward feedback and recognition, training and counseling,
  16. Public health as an integral criterion for assessing the state of the environment
    In May 1998, the World Health Assembly approved the World Health Declaration for countries belonging to WHO, which noted that improving the health and material condition of the population is the ultimate goal of social and economic development. The importance of the health problem has especially grown recently, as the health status of the population has changed significantly,
  17. Psychological characteristics of a work team as an internal condition for the development of a collective “acme”
    First of all, let us dwell on three psychological characteristics of the working team that are relevant to our discussion: the structure, cohesion, and acmeological features of managing it. The structure of the work team. It is a complex formation, including a number of measurements or parameters, in particular: 1) formal-status measurement - a subordinated system of job positions that form
  18. Acmeological service as a form of ensuring personal and professional development of a person
    The acmeological service is included as part of the system of acmetechnological support of personal and professional development of a person. It is a specially organized and structured set of means aimed at developing a person as a subject of professional activity. The legal basis for the acmeological service is provided by the Code
  19. "Acme" in the context of individual human development
    Plan 1. Individuality in the system of human qualities and acme. 2. Integral individuality as a result and as a condition for human development. 3. Style as a system of matching individuality of a person with the environment. 4. Typology of styles. Key words: individuality, integral individuality, individual style of activity, style of professional activity. -
  20. "Acme" in the context of individual human development
    Plan 1. Individuality in the system of human qualities and acme. 2. Integral individuality as a result and as a condition for human development. 3. Style as a system of matching individuality of a person with the environment. 4. Typology of styles. Key words: individuality, integral individuality, individual style of activity, style of professional activity. -
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