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I am a concept, its essence

Self-concept is a holistic view of a person about himself as a person, a biological organism, a member of society, an employee, a professional, etc.

As a scientific concept, the self-concept has come into use of specialized literature relatively recently, perhaps because in literature, both domestic and foreign, there is no single interpretation of it; closest in meaning to it is self-awareness. But the self-concept is a less neutral concept, which includes the evaluative aspect of self-awareness. The descriptive component of the self-concept is often called the image of the self or the picture of the self. The component associated with the attitude to oneself or to individual qualities is called self-esteem or self-acceptance. The self-concept, in essence, defines not only what the individual is, but also what he thinks of himself, how he looks at his active principle and the possibilities for future development. ” The self-concept arises in a person in the process of social interaction as an inevitable and always unique result of mental development, as a relatively steady and at the same time subject to mental change, subject to internal changes and fluctuations. It leaves an indelible imprint on all life manifestations of a person - from childhood to old age. The initial dependence of the self-concept on external influences is undeniable, but in the future it plays an independent role in the life of every person. From the moment of its inception, the self-concept becomes an active principle, acting in three functional role aspects:

1. Self-concept as a means of ensuring internal coherence. A number of studies on personality theory are based on the concept that a person always follows the path of achieving maximum internal consistency. Feeling the need to achieve inner harmony, a person is ready to take various actions that would help restore lost balance.
An essential factor in restoring internal coherence is what a person thinks of himself.

2. Self-concept as an interpretation of experience. This function of the self-concept in behavior is that it determines the nature of the individual interpretation of experience, because a person has a steady tendency to build on the basis of his own ideas about himself not only his behavior, but also the interpretation of his experience.

3. Self-concept as a set of expectations. The self-concept also determines the expectations of a person, that is, his idea of ​​what should happen. Many researchers consider this function to be central, considering the self-concept as a set of expectations, as well as evaluations related to different areas of behavior. In many psychological theories. The self-concept distinguishes descriptive and evaluative components, which allows us to consider the self-concept as a set of attitudes aimed at oneself. Most installation definitions emphasize three main elements:

1. Conviction, which can be both justified and unjustified (cognitive component of the installation). The image of I - the individual's ideas about himself.

2. The emotional attitude to this belief (emotional-evaluative component). Self-esteem is an affective assessment of this view, which can have different intensities, since specific features of the image of the self can cause more or less strong emotions associated with their acceptance or condemnation.

3. The corresponding reaction, which, in particular, can be expressed in behavior (behavioral component). A potential behavioral reaction, that is, those specific actions that can be caused by the image of the self and self-esteem.
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I am a concept, its essence

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