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Methodological support of acmeology

The holistic vision of a specific person in all its dimensions and interconnections required the creation of a methodology adequate to the multifaceted nature and multidimensionality of human life. A special fundamental and applied role for acmeology is played by psychology, within the framework of which it has gained recognition and is successfully developing.

The essence of the acmeological approach is to carry out a comprehensive study and restore the integrity of a subject undergoing a stage of maturity, when its individual, personal and subject-activity characteristics are studied in unity, in all interconnections and mediations, in order to facilitate its achievement of the highest levels to which it can rise up everyone.

The acmeological approach involves integrity and integration within a single system of not only research, but also activity-based, developing models, algorithms and technologies. Taking these issues into account makes it possible to more clearly define the subject field of acmeology. The priority in it, of course, is Man, the real bearer of his own experience and social values ​​and his “acme”. At the same time, the degree of desired maturity is a multidimensional state of a person, which, although it covers a significant period of time in his life, it always really shows how much he has come about as a citizen, as a professional activist, as a poor or rich person with his connections with the surrounding reality. (A.A. Derkach). This state is never static and, on the contrary, is characterized by more or less variability and variability.

Thus, a key group of tasks is emerging that acmeology is called to solve (A.A. Derkach):

• scientific coverage of the phenomenon of “acme”, objectification in it of the common and original in different people;

• tracking in action of factors that determine the qualitative and quantitative characteristics of “acme”;

• development of a circle of problems: “professionalism and its main characteristics”; “Professionalism and human health”; “Conditions and factors for achieving high professional competence”; “Ways to prevent occupational deformation”, etc .;

• analysis of the dependencies between the characteristics of professionalism of a mature person and other manifestations of the latter outside the scope of professional activity;

• development of technologically advanced strategies and tactics for organizing and implementing the process of transferring a specialist starting his independent activity to ever higher levels of professionalism;

• creation of research and development tools and organizational and methodological support, allowing, on the one hand, to identify the achieved level of professionalism by a social subject (both an individual and a community of people), to develop it and to use it productively. On the other hand, to integrate professional-activity models, algorithms and technologies with the productive life activity of a person within the framework of his chosen life strategy in a single social context.

In methodological terms, acmeology in its general scientific status is a modern integrated science of a fundamental and applied nature.
Fundamentality is determined by the fact that it cognizes the laws of such a sphere of reality, which in its ontological certainty is not grasped by any other existing science. Acmeology is an applied discipline in the sense that on the basis of known fundamental laws it develops such practically oriented technologies that cannot be derived, explicated from existing sociological procedures, psychological methods and pedagogical techniques.

Acmeology, like any new science in a state of meta-scientific self-reflection (EA Suslova), acquires its paradigmatic status in the system of all three foundations: philosophical, humanitarian, social and scientific. Moreover, the acmeological paradigm is understood, first of all, as its independence, which delimits at the qualitative level one scientific knowledge from another, when the existing knowledge about a person cannot explain the problems of his life from the point of view of existing sciences (for example, from the standpoint of anthropology, ethnology, sociology, finally, psychology). One can speak of the paradigm independence of acmeology from the point of view of the criteria for distinguishing scientific knowledge.

Ontological criterion, according to which specific objects of science, various manifestations, incarnations, interactions of an object in the sphere of social reality are distinguished. Such objects of acmeology are professional activities and personal development. These objects are equally innovative for modern Russian science, and relevant, they require solving a whole range of problems of applied, practical nature.

The epistemological criterion testifies to the theoretical and cognitive possibilities of acmeology, its difference from other sciences that study man and the professional aspects of his activity.

The institutional and organizational criterion reflects the forms of institutionalization and organization of acmeology as a scientific, practical, educational, publishing, associative (scientific community, interdisciplinary and international recognition, etc.) activity.

The ethical criterion is perhaps the least in the field of view of acmeology. On the one hand, according to this criterion, it is necessary to deal with the determination of professional and moral qualities, values, norms, rules of conduct, which the acmeologist himself should be guided in his activities. On the other hand, he must develop moral principles, values, professional mentality, spirituality at his main object - the Man of Labor.

In terms of acmeology, the system-forming factor in the integration of these types of scientific knowledge is their aspect, which determines the possibility of their constructive use as a solution to the most important practical task of cultivating a person’s professional skills up to his highest “acme forms”, which are subject to further translation into culture.
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Methodological support of acmeology

  1. General methodological and specific methodological approaches and principles in acmeology
    Plan 1. General methodological approaches in scientific research (integrated, systemic, subjective). 2. General methodological principles of scientific research (determinism, development, humanism). 3. The specific methodological principles of research in acmeology (subject of activity, life activity, potential and relevant, operational-technological, feedback). Key
  2. General methodological and specific methodological approaches and principles in acmeology
    Plan 1. General methodological approaches in scientific research (integrated, systemic, subjective). 2. General methodological principles of scientific research (determinism, development, humanism). 3. The specific methodological principles of research in acmeology (subject of activity, life activity, potential and relevant, operational-technological, feedback). Key
  3. Methodological foundations of acmeology
    Methodology is the doctrine of scientific principles and the method of cognition. Initially, methodology became the subject of philosophical reflection and acted as a system of socially tested principles and rules of cognition in their correlation with the laws of objective reality. Although the methodology has close ties with theory, it is not identical to it. It is generally accepted that theory is
  4. Types of methodological orientations in acmeology
    The natural science orientation is expressed, in my opinion, in the fact that, firstly, striving to become an independent science, it methodologically largely follows disciplinary standards (in the form of studying facts, mechanisms, laws, their mathematical reliability, etc.) n.), which were formed in classical science. Secondly, when analyzing the series
  5. Methodological Positions of Acmeology and the Education Process
    In the multidimensional activity of creating a modern integrative educational system, where a person is formed that is most relevant to the age of information civilization, acmeology takes the most active part, along with other areas of knowledge. At present, she possesses knowledge both at the level of theory, and at the level of an accumulated solid array of experimental facts, and at
  6. Methodological foundations of fundamental and applied acmeology
    Acmeology, like any new science in a state of meta-scientific reflection, acquires its paradigmatic status in the system of all three foundations: philosophical, humanitarian, social and scientific. Moreover, the acmeological paradigm is understood not only as its independence, delimiting on a qualitative level one scientific knowledge from another, when the existing knowledge about a person cannot
  7. Methodological foundations of fundamental and applied acmeology
    Acmeology, like any new science in a state of meta-scientific reflection, acquires its paradigmatic status in the system of all three foundations: philosophical, humanitarian, social and scientific. Moreover, the acmeological paradigm is understood not only as its independence, delimiting on a qualitative level one scientific knowledge from another, when the existing knowledge about a person cannot
  8. Methodological principles and approaches in acmeology
    Methodological principles and approaches in
  9. THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF ACMEOLOGY
    THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL BASES
  10. THEORETICAL – METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF ACMEOLOGY
    THEORETICAL – METHODOLOGICAL BASES
  11. Methodological principles and approaches in acmeology
    Methodological principles and approaches in
  12. Methodological problems of the interaction of acmeology and developmental psychology
    The study of problems, mechanisms and methods of human development has always been an important aspect of psychological knowledge. Therefore, the allocation of developmental psychology to an independent field of knowledge is somewhat paradoxical. In fact, on the one hand, the mental functions and conditions studied in general psychology have always been treated as processes and studied in general psychology in
  13. Specific methodological principles of research in acmeology (subject of activity, vital activity, potential and relevant, operational-technological, feedback)
    The principle of the subject of activity. The specific content and meaning of the principle of personality for acmeology is revealed in comparison with its understanding in psychology. S.L. Rubinshtein, having put forward the personality principle, contrasted it with the psychology of functionalism, which fragmented man into isolated psychic functions, abilities and conditions. V.N. Myasischev is also consistent, as well as S.L. Rubinstein
  14. Specific methodological principles of research in acmeology (subject of activity, vital activity, potential and relevant, operational-technological, feedback)
    The principle of the subject of activity. The specific content and meaning of the principle of personality for acmeology is revealed in comparison with its understanding in psychology. S.L. Rubinstein, having put forward the personality principle, contrasted it with the psychology of functionalism, which fragmented man into isolated psychic functions, abilities, and states. V.N. Myasischev is also consistent, as well as S.L. Rubinstein
  15. The purpose and tasks of moral and psychological support in bringing troops (forces) to various degrees of combat readiness and in a combat situation. Levels of moral and psychological support
    Moral and psychological support is a set of measures to build psychological stability in the military personnel, emotional and volitional qualities necessary to perform combat missions, which strengthen the psyche, temper the will, learn how to deal with fear, increase the tolerance of physical and psychological stress, and acquire the ability to act in battle
  16. Scientific and methodological orientations of acmeological research and development
    Acmeology, like any other field of scientific knowledge, has not only general scientific principles that constitute it categorically and methodologically as science, but also specific disciplinary features that characterize it as a specific branch of subject-methodological knowledge. Since it is an emerging scientific discipline, the definition of its subject-specific specificity and
  17. Scientific and methodological orientations of acmeological research and development
    Acmeology, like any other field of scientific knowledge, has not only general scientific principles that constitute it categorically methodologically as a science, but also specific disciplinary features that characterize it as a specific branch of subject-methodological knowledge. Since it is an emerging scientific discipline, the definition of its subject-specific specificity and
  18. Basic methodological principles of acmeological diagnosis
    The interdisciplinary, complex, integrative nature of acmeological knowledge, which incorporates the totality of philosophical, humanitarian, socio-scientific methodological foundations of cognition, allows acmeology to develop its own specific methods, technologies, and techniques, focused not only on research and teaching functions, but also on solving specific actual problems. This
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