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“Scope, organization and research methods”
The second chapter of the dissertation includes data on the volume, conditions and methods of the dissertation research.
The dissertation work was carried out in the course of a comprehensive psychological and acmeological study, which included the study of psychological readiness for activities of adolescents with delinquent behavior in a specialized enterprise, psychological and acmeological personality traits and the results of labor efficiency of 1,137 delinquent adolescents working on the sites of a specialized enterprise " New generation".
The general concept and strategy of empirical research are due to a comprehensive psychological-acmeological approach to the development of the scientific problem posed in the dissertation. The organization of the collection of initial data was based on the comparative method in its two forms - in the form of “longitudinal” (longitudinal, dynamic) and “transverse” (comparative) sections.
The choice of research methods with which the main scientific results were obtained was determined by the nature of the research tasks. In this case, priority was given to those psychological tests that have proven themselves in the examination of various contingents of adolescents. Based on the classification of B.G. Ananiev, all research methods were subdivided into organizational, empirical, processing, and interpretation. Of the empirical methods for solving specific research problems, the following varieties were used: interviewing (questioning, interviews, interviews), psychological testing, observation, analysis of performance, expert assessment, mathematical and statistical methods for processing the obtained empirical data.
In addition, to solve the research problems, special questionnaires were developed that made it possible to obtain initial data in a structured form for assessing the mental health of adolescents with delinquent behavior working at the specialized enterprise “New Generation”.
To achieve our goals, we conducted a comprehensive study, which included a theoretical analysis of deviant behavior, a psychodiagnostic examination of adolescents with delinquent behavior, working at the specialized enterprise “New Generation”. Psychological examination was carried out in compliance with the requirements of professional psychodiagnostics. We used group (personality questionnaires, questionnaires to study the emotional-volitional and motivational sphere, etc.) and individual (conversation, expert assessments, etc.) forms of examination.
To solve the problem of identifying psychological characteristics of a person in delinquent adolescents, as well as developing a multidimensional mathematical model for a qualitative analysis of corrective intervention, psychological testing of 1137 adolescents was performed.
The survey used conversation, observation, as well as generally accepted and well-established tests in psychodiagnostics.
To assess the informativeness of psychological rapid tests and to develop a mathematical model for predicting rehabilitation potential, 1137 teenagers with delinquent behavior were tested using rapid tests to assess well-being, activity and mood (SAN), reactive and personal anxiety (RT), and basic personality characteristics (FPI).
The effectiveness of this algorithm was tested on a control sample of 359 adolescents with a normative type of behavior, the average age of 16.1 ± 1.5 years.
Thus, the total volume examined was 1496 adolescents.
The main directions, sample size and research methods in a generalized form are given in table. 1.
The main directions, scope and research methods
The total volume of the examined allowed: firstly, to form sufficiently representative samples that allow obtaining objective and reliable information about the psychological characteristics of adolescents with delinquent behavior, working and undergoing social and psychological rehabilitation at the New Generation sites; secondly, to develop mathematical models for predicting the socio-psychological adaptation of delinquent adolescents, and finally; thirdly, to develop scientifically based recommendations on representative samples on improving the system of psychological and acmeological support for adolescents with delinquent behavior in a specialized enterprise.
Statistical processing of research materials was performed using standard software packages "SPSS", "STATISTIKA 6.0", which ensure the implementation of generally accepted one-dimensional statistics and multidimensional mathematical and statistical methods that are adequate to the research tasks.
Thus, in the research process, a complex of psychological methods of psychodiagnostics was used, intended for the psychological analysis of personality characteristics and the psychological state of adolescents with delinquent behavior.
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“Scope, organization and research methods”
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