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“Scope, organization and research methods”
The second chapter of the dissertation includes data on the volume, conditions and methods of the dissertation research.
Solving the problems of the thesis was carried out in the course of a comprehensive psychological study, which included the study of psychological readiness for activities in extreme situations, psychological and acmeological qualities of a person and the results of the effectiveness of sports activities of 786 athletes of high qualification in martial arts.
The general concept and strategy of empirical research are due to a comprehensive psychological-acmeological approach to the development of the scientific problem posed in the dissertation. The organization of the collection of initial data was based on the comparative method in its two forms - in the form of “longitudinal” (longitudinal, dynamic) and “transverse” (comparative) sections.
The choice of research methods with which the main scientific results were obtained was determined by the nature of the research tasks. At the same time, priority was given to those psychological tests that have proven themselves in examining various contingents of highly skilled martial arts athletes and are used by sports psychologists. Based on the classification of B.G. Ananiev, all research methods were subdivided into organizational, empirical, processing, and interpretation. Of the empirical methods for solving specific research problems, the following varieties were used: interviewing (questioning, interviews, interviews), psychological testing, observation, analysis of performance, expert assessment, mathematical and statistical methods for processing the obtained empirical data.
In addition, to solve the research problems, special questionnaires were developed, which made it possible to obtain initial data in a structured form to assess the effectiveness of sports activities and the psychological readiness of martial arts athletes.
To achieve our goals, we conducted a comprehensive study, which included a theoretical analysis of the problem of psychological readiness, a psychodiagnostic examination of athletes of high qualification in martial arts, followed by an assessment of the levels and components of their psychological readiness and success in extreme situations. Psychological examination was carried out in compliance with the requirements of professional psychodiagnostics. We used group (personality questionnaires, intellectual tests, psychomotor tests, etc.) and individual (conversation, expert assessments, etc.) forms of examination.
The distribution of athletes of the highest qualification of power martial arts by the level of psychological preparedness for activities in extreme situations was evaluated in 217 people, of which 98 athletes analyzed the relationship of psychological readiness with experience in international competitive activity. The relationship of psychological readiness with the success of activities, as well as a multivariate analysis of the contribution of the main components of psychological readiness, was carried out according to the results of an expert evaluation of these parameters in 117 athletes.
In order to solve the problem of identifying psychological characteristics of a person among athletes of the highest qualification of martial arts with a different level of psychological preparedness for activities in extreme situations, as well as developing a multidimensional mathematical model for predicting long-term psychological readiness, 78 athletes underwent psychological testing.
The survey used conversation, observation, as well as generally accepted and well-established tests in psychodiagnostics.
To assess the informativeness of psychological rapid tests and to develop a mathematical model for predicting operational psychological readiness, 138 sportsmen of the highest qualification of power martial arts were tested using the rapid tests SAN, RDO, color test, functional state diagnostics, reactive anxiety, Forecast-2.
Testing the effectiveness of this algorithm was performed on a control sample of athletes of the highest qualification of power martial arts. The psychological readiness of the athletes was formed on a sample of 236 athletes of the highest qualification of power martial arts. Thus, the total volume of the examined was 786 martial arts athletes.
The main directions, scope and research methods in a generalized form are given in table. 1.
The total volume of the examined allowed: firstly, to form sufficiently representative samples, allowing to obtain objective and reliable information about the level of psychological readiness, the success of sports activities, the level of formation of the main components of psychological readiness; secondly, to develop mathematical models for predicting long-term and operational psychological readiness for competitive activity in extreme situations, and finally; thirdly, to develop scientifically based recommendations on representative samples on improving the system of forming the psychological readiness of athletes for activities in extreme situations.
Statistical processing of research materials was performed using standard software packages STATIGRAPHICS, STATISTIKA 5.0, which ensure the implementation of generally accepted one-dimensional statistics and multidimensional mathematical and statistical methods that are adequate to the research tasks.
The main directions, scope and research methods
Thus, in the course of the study, a complex of psychological methods of psychodiagnostics was used, intended for the psychological analysis of personality characteristics and the psychological state of athletes of the highest qualification of power martial arts.
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“Scope, organization and research methods”
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