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INCREASING THE ACCURACY OF PSYCHODIAGNOSTICS WITHIN THE CONCEPT OF CUMMULATIVE-FACTOR CAUSES

The concept of factor causes was implicitly present and is present now in many psychological teachings, views, theories. This is understandable.

Once upon a time, human consciousness was honed with the help of the simplest tools of labor - stone, sticks, hoes, etc. All these tools, all types of human activities associated with the progress of his brain, were simple in structure, giving rise to the same simple, but reliable human ability to inferences in accordance with the laws of formal logic.

At the same time, over the millennia, consciousness, by its fundamental abilities in this area, has not stepped forward much. Alas, as if clinging to a causal relationship: a stone strike on a stone — we get a pointed instrument — our thinking often seeks the immediate causes of an event, rarely trying to catch the dynamics of the interaction of many causes. Alas, life is more complicated, especially in psychology. In psychology, cause-effect relationships are much more complicated than those that human logic can really perceive. The concept of factor-cumulative causes in this regard helps to raise the scientific consciousness from the analysis of several factors to understanding the effect of their most complex interaction.

However, our consciousness cannot “see” the cumulative causes except through intuition, but new information technologies can help the consciousness measure the cumulative cause,

cumulative factor, compare it with factor factors.

The factor-cumulative analysis of causes in psychology itself became possible only with the advent of new information technologies.

Special mention should be made of cumulative causes. There are considerable reserves for increasing the accuracy of psychodiagnostics within the framework of the concept of cumulative causes.

The accuracy of psychodiagnostics by the effect of cumulative causes can be improved in various ways. We highlight some of them already implemented in the expert system PSY.

1. This can be done by combining when testing the scales of all applicable tests. So, the sociability of a person can be judged by the Cattell test scale A, the MMPI test scale O, and other scales. All these combinations are laid in the knowledge base. An example of such an increase in the accuracy of psychodiagnostics is the extraction from the knowledge base of the expert system PSY, presented in Appendix No. 3.

2. The accuracy of psychodiagnostics for individual factors (personality traits) can be improved by combining the probabilistic content of factors with relevant biographical parameters. So low sociability of a personality can have deep reasons and can be associated with developmental features in childhood and adolescence. An example of such construction of an expert system is the extraction from the knowledge base of the expert system PSY, presented in Appendix N 5.

3.
Depending on the contingent being examined, the purpose of the study, the accuracy of psychodiagnostics can be improved by using specially selected questions that positively correlate (confirming accuracy) with one or another scale. These are, as it were, additional microtests, automatically launched by the computer and serving the purpose of concretizing the value of a particular scale, depending on the particular sample of subjects and the intended purpose of testing.

An example of biographical parameters confirming a high or low sociability of a person can be Appendix N 1.5.

4. This can be done by sorting out the questions included in the scale with a high psychodiagnostic load (leading scale, the scale on which the personality is accentuated, etc.), and deriving the structure of sub-factors making up this scale.

Traditionally, computers have been used to facilitate purely mechanical work — calculating scale values. Recently, computer programs have begun to appear, which give a test characteristic. However, when a test characteristic is given, it is fundamentally important to know the biographical, situational characteristics of the personality and the structure of that factor (scale), which (I) are leading the personality, especially in which it is accentuated. This can be done relatively simply if the computer will issue questions that "made up" one or another scale.

Each accentuated person will have a different structure of this accentuation. And this structure can be "seen" through an analysis of the corresponding answers. If biographical data are added here, then the accuracy of the diagnosis will be higher. Naturally, a lot of preliminary work is needed here by experts - specialists on the semantic processing of each question of the test, on the allocation of sub-factors in each factor, etc. This work has already been done and is presented in the expert system PSY. An example of the psychological characteristics issued by this system in an automated version is given in Appendix 6.

So, using new information technologies it is possible to increase the accuracy of psychodiagnostics by traditional tests, to achieve qualitative changes here by solving a number of computer problems that cannot be solved or are hardly solved by the human consciousness in such a short time: combining numerous scales with confirming biographical signs, as well as a detailed understanding of each factor through the analysis of sub-factors and even specific questions and answers, their components. There are other ways to improve the accuracy of psychodiagnostics with classic tests. By the listed ways we managed to increase the accuracy of psychodiagnostics from 50% to 80-90%. These figures allow you to use the resulting psycho-diagnostic results in the expert system.
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INCREASING THE ACCURACY OF PSYCHODIAGNOSTICS WITHIN THE CONCEPT OF CUMMULATIVE-FACTOR CAUSES

  1. PERSPECTIVE ACMEOLOGICAL CONCEPTS: SITUATIVE-PERSONAL-ACTIVITY CONCEPT AND CONCEPT OF CUMMULATIVE FACTOR CAUSES
    The construction of acmeological testing systems, personality studies is based on a number of theoretical principles and concepts. The most important of these is the concept of cumulative factor factors and the situational-personal-activity concept. The connection between them is the closest. The concept of cumulative factor factors is based on the fact that determinism in psychology is based on cumulation
  2. COMPARATIVE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF THE PERSONALITY OF THE BEST AND "WORLD" REAL ESTATE TRADING MANAGER WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE CONCEPT OF FACTORY REASONS
    Let us cite the results obtained sequentially using the Cattell test and MMPI as an example. The Cattell test consists of 16 main scales. Each scale has its own designation and interpretation. A full interpretation of the contrast values ​​of the scales is presented in the corresponding appendix. A shorter interpretation of the scales is as follows: {foto72} The foregoing allows a more reasonable presentation
  3. METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECT OF FACTOR REASONS IN PSYCHODIAGNOSIS
    The statistical foundations of classical testology, often associated with the concept of factor causes. Implicitly, the essence of this concept is as follows. Various factors influence internal and external activities. Internal factors are mainly personal and intellectual qualities of a person, its physiological and biological characteristics. Therefore for
  4. STATISTICAL BASES OF EXPERT SYSTEMS IN PSYCHOLOGY, BUILT ON THE EFFECT OF CUMMULATIVE FACTOR REASONS
    Modern tests work well in the diagnosis of individual psychological characteristics of a person, however, they are not so effective when it comes to diagnosing a person’s professional suitability, and psycho-predicting their success in one or another type of activity. These shortcomings of many modern tests experienced acmeology. All this forces not just to take the achievements of modern testology, but
  5. METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECT OF CUMMULATIVE CAUSES IN PSYCHODIAGNOSIS ON THE EXAMPLE OF DIAGNOSTICS OF A PROFESSIONAL PERSPECTIVITY OF A PERSON
    In the framework of the concept of factor reasons, we considered the possibility of increasing the validity of the forecast for a particular professional activity by summing (more widely and more accurately - using) psycho-prognostic indices for each studied factor (scale). Further studies have shown that the accuracy of the forecast can be improved if psycho-predictive
  6. MATHEMATICAL BASES FOR FORECASTING TRENDS IN PERSONAL QUALITIES DEVELOPMENT BY MEASURING DISTRIBUTION TABLES (analysis of personality development trends based on the concept of cumulative reasons)
    Prediction of personality development is probabilistic. this can be widely applied probability theory, mathematical statistics. Let us analyze from this point of view the obtained distribution tables & / diligence, hard work of employees /. These are distribution tables that contain random values ​​X1, X2, X3, X4, X5. Each of the quantities Xi takes
  7. BIOGRAPHIC METHODS BUILT ON THE EFFECT OF FACTORY REASONS
    Currently, the biographical method of research is experiencing a new phase of its rise. At the same time, there are, as it were, two tendencies of its effective development: in line with the concept of factor and in line with the concept of cumulative causes. The concept of factor factors is psychologically closer to humans, as it corresponds to the fundamental features of our thinking. However, the most prognostic
  8. IMPROVEMENT OF THE ACCURACY OF THE TEXT COMPONENT IN THE RESULTS OF TESTING: FROM MECHANICISM TO EXPERT SYSTEMS
    At the dawn of the computerization of psychological testing, its results were expressed in scale values. In this case, the psychologist himself interpreted these values. The interpretation results depended to a decisive degree on the qualifications of the psychologist, and the computer served no more than a tool for mechanical counting and a digestible presentation of the result of such work to the user. It was a golden time for growth
  9. BIOGRAPHIC METHOD IN ACMEOLOGICAL SYSTEMS "COMPRESSING" INFORMATION ABOUT PERSONALITY ON THE EFFECT OF CUMMULATIVE REASONS
    In the process of psychological, acmeological research, in principle, two conflicting tasks are solved: the compression of information about the person (for example, in a selection situation) and the "unfolding" of information about the person to an acceptable level (for example, in order to choose the best ways of psychocorrection). And for both of these tasks more and more often in foreign and domestic psychology
  10. “Development and implementation of the acmeological concept of the formation and development of multi-ethnic competence of subjects of education in the framework of a new acmeological direction - ethnoacmeology of education”
    In the second chapter, the goal was to develop a methodological construct for studying the multiethnic competence of subjects of education and to study its specifics based on this construct. To achieve this goal, the author analyzes the concept of "multi-ethnic education" as a category of acmeological research, gives the genesis of this concept, considers the conceptual
  11. Concepts of the internal causes of human mental development
    Unlike American psychology, which essentially remains the psychology of learning, European psychologists (Z. Freud, J. Piaget, K. Levin, A. Wallon, H. Werner) developed new approaches to understanding mental development as a quality process that obeys internal laws of self-movement. Jean Piaget and his followers created one of the most fruitful areas of study.
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