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Socio-psychological characteristics of the work team as an internal condition for the development of a collective “acme”

Let us dwell on three relevant (i.e. relevant) to our discussion of the socio-psychological characteristics of the working team: the structure, cohesion and acmeological features of its management.

The structure of the work team. It is a complex formation, including a number of measurements or particular parameters:

- formal-status measurement - a subordinated system of job positions, forming a system of format, job relations;

- the informal dimension - a system of intra-group positions based on the psychological preferences of people and forming a system of informal relations;

- communicative measurement - a model of information circulation in a group;

- group norms - a set of behavioral rules;

- leadership dimension - this refers to the ratio of the main leadership roles, the role of the leader in the system of business relations (in special terminology - the business leader) and the role of the leader in the system of psychological, emotional relations (in special terminology - the emotional leader).

The structure of work teams is characterized by:

- subordination of informal (psychological) relations to formal (official) relations;

- decentralization of communication flows;

- the presence of norms orienting team members towards the effective implementation of tasks, the collective nature of actions, the active participation of people in team activities and decision making;

- balance and complementarity of the main leadership roles, their integration into the system of effective team management.

All these structural features ultimately work to increase the efficiency of the work team, the development of collective “acme”.

Cohesion of the working team. Cohesion is a group property characterized by the degree of interconnectedness, unity of people. Its growth is due to a number of factors, for example:

- the similarity of people in values, attitudes, a number of personality traits;

- mutual attractiveness, mutual sympathy of group members;

- the conformity of the goals of the group with the needs of its members;

- satisfaction with group activities;

- the ability of people to participate in the development of collective decisions;

- a favorable psychological atmosphere in the group;

- optimal group size.

High cohesion is important from the point of view of the effective functioning of the team, as it contributes to:

- maintaining membership in the group;

- more active participation of individuals in the life of the group;

- the growth of individual adaptation to the group and a sense of personal security;

- higher group productivity.

It is clear that high group cohesion is an important condition for the effective functioning of the working team and the development of its “acme”.

Acmeological features of the work team management.
They find themselves in the style characteristics of the leader. One of these features is the participatory management style. It is distinguished by:

- regular meetings of the head with subordinates;

- openness in the relationship between the leader and subordinates;

- the involvement of subordinates in the development and adoption of collective decisions;

- delegation by the head of a subordinate of a number of managerial powers;

- giving the employee the opportunity to autonomously develop certain problems, formulate new ideas, etc., thereby contributing to the development of innovative processes;

- support for personal and professional growth of the employee.

Another acmeological feature of managing a work team is the style of transformative, innovative leadership. It includes four specific stylistic components that have a pronounced acmeological character:

- Individualized attention is based on the concentration of the leader on the diagnosis of the needs and abilities of subordinates, taking into account their individual characteristics, delegating authority, advising and training people, and promoting their personal development.

- Encouraging motivation - it manifests itself in the fact that the leader instills vigor, increases the optimism and enthusiasm of subordinates, gives them their vision (picture) of the future, which stimulates the activity of subordinates in the direction of achieving higher levels of work assignment and personal growth.

- Intellectual stimulation - it involves encouraging subordinates to take a new look at old methods and problems, developing their creativity and intuition, and encouraging innovative actions.

- Charismatic influence - it can be exerted by leaders with a vision of the future, aware of their mission, achieved success, confident and trusted by subordinates, subordinating personal interests to the interests of the team, ready to support the subordinate at any time.

The use of these style components, as evidenced by research data, contributes to a significant increase in the effectiveness of work teams and, as you can easily see from their brief characteristics above, is an important condition for the growth of the acmeological component of the team’s functioning.

Summary

It was shown that the work team is a socio-psychological field of acme in group professional activities. Moreover, the collective “acme” itself is expressed in the possession by members of working teams of a number of important applied skills, including functional, related to decision-making and interpersonal. The development of collective “acme” is due to a number of external (organizational) and internal (group) conditions.
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Socio-psychological characteristics of the work team as an internal condition for the development of a collective “acme”

  1. Socio-psychological characteristics of the work team as an internal condition for the development of a collective “acme”
    Let us dwell on three relevant (i.e. relevant) to our discussion of the socio-psychological characteristics of the working team: the structure, cohesion and acmeological features of its management. The structure of the work team. It is a complex formation, including a number of measurements or parameters, in particular: - formal status measurement - a subordinated system of job positions,
  2. Psychological characteristics of a work team as an internal condition for the development of a collective “acme”
    First of all, let us dwell on three psychological characteristics of the working team that are relevant to our discussion: the structure, cohesion, and acmeological features of managing it. The structure of the work team. It is a complex formation, including a number of measurements or parameters, in particular: 1) formal-status measurement - a subordinated system of job positions that form
  3. Work team as a socio-psychological field of collective “acme”
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  4. Work team as a socio-psychological field of collective “acme”
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