home
about the project
Medical news
For authors
Licensed books on medicine
<< Previous Next >>

Socio-psychological characteristics of the work team as an internal condition for the development of a collective “acme”

Let us dwell on three relevant (i.e. relevant) to our discussion of the socio-psychological characteristics of the working team: the structure, cohesion and acmeological features of its management.

The structure of the work team. It is a complex formation, including a number of measurements or parameters, in particular:

- formal-status measurement - a subordinated system of official positions, forming a system of formal, official relations;

- the informal dimension - a system of intra-group positions based on the psychological preferences of people and forming a system of informal relations;

- communicative measurement - a model of information circulation in a group;

- group norms - a set of behavioral rules;

- leadership dimension - this refers to the ratio of the main leadership roles, the role of the leader in the system of business relations (in special terminology - the business leader) and the role of the leader in the system of psychological, emotional relations (in special terminology - the emotional leader).

The structure of work teams is characterized by:

- subordination of informal (psychological) relations to formal (official) relations;

- decentralization of communication flows;

- the presence of norms orienting team members towards the effective implementation of tasks, the collective nature of actions, the active participation of people in team activities and decision making;

- balance and complementarity of the main leadership roles, their integration into the system of effective team management.

All these structural features ultimately work to increase the efficiency of the work team, the development of collective “acme”.

Cohesion of the working team. Cohesion is a group property characterized by the degree of interconnectedness, unity of people. Its growth is due to a number of factors, for example:

- the similarity of people in values, attitudes, a number of personality traits;

- mutual attractiveness, mutual sympathy of group members;

- the conformity of the goals of the group with the needs of its members;

- satisfaction with group activities;

- the ability of people to participate in the development of collective decisions;

- a favorable psychological atmosphere in the group;

- optimal group size.

High cohesion is important from the point of view of the effective functioning of the team, as it contributes to:

- maintaining membership in the group;

- more active participation of individuals in the life of the group;

- the growth of individual adaptation to the group and a sense of personal security;

- higher group productivity. It is clear that high group cohesion

- An important condition for the effective functioning of the working team, the development of its "acme".

Acmeological features of the work team management. They find themselves in the style characteristics of the leader. One of these features is the participatory management style. It is distinguished by:

- regular meetings of the head with subordinates;

- openness in the relationship between the leader and subordinates;

- the involvement of subordinates in the development and adoption of collective decisions;

- delegation by the head of a subordinate of a number of managerial powers;

- providing the employee with the opportunity to autonomously develop certain problems, formulate new ideas, etc.
n., thereby contributing to the development of innovative processes;

- support for personal and professional growth of the employee.

Another acmeological feature of managing a work team is the style of transformative, innovative leadership. It includes four specific stylistic components that have a pronounced acmeological character:

- Individualized attention is based on the concentration of the leader on the diagnosis of the needs and abilities of subordinates, taking into account their individual characteristics, delegating authority, advising and training people, and promoting their personal development.

- Encouraging motivation - it manifests itself in the fact that the leader instills vigor, increases optimism and enthusiasm of subordinates, gives them their vision (picture) of the future, which stimulates the activity of subordinates in the direction of achieving higher levels of completing a work assignment and personal growth.

- Intellectual stimulation - it involves encouraging subordinates to take a new look at old methods and problems, developing their creativity and intuition, and encouraging innovative actions.

- Charismatic influence - it can be exerted by leaders with a vision of the future, aware of their mission, achieved success, confident and trusted by subordinates, subordinating personal interests to the interests of the team, ready at any time to support the subordinate.

The use of these style components, as evidenced by research data, contributes to a significant increase in the effectiveness of work teams and, as you can easily see from their brief characteristics above, is an important condition for the growth of the acmeological component of the team’s functioning.

Summary

It was shown that the work team is a socio-psychological field of acme in group professional activities. Moreover, the collective “acme” itself is expressed in the possession by members of working teams of a number of important applied skills, including functional, related to decision-making and interpersonal. The development of collective “acme” is due to a number of external (organizational) and internal (group) conditions.

Test questions and tasks

1. What is meant by a work team?

2. What applied skills express the essence of collective “acme”?

3. What are characterized by operational working groups?

4. What elements of the organizational environment contribute to the development of collective "acme"?

5. What socio-psychological characteristics of the work team are essential for the development of collective “acme”?

6. Analyze the activities of leaders known to you for the presence of the above-described style elements of acmeological management.

7. Analyze to what extent the organization in which you work contains conditions that stimulate the development of collective “acme”.

8. Think about which of the factors of cohesion of the work team can be used in relation to the unit in which you work.

9. Time the frequency you use in your daily work elements of effective feedback.

10. Try to determine who in your unit is a business leader and who can be considered an emotional leader.
<< Previous Next >>
= Skip to textbook content =

Socio-psychological characteristics of the work team as an internal condition for the development of a collective “acme”

  1. Socio-psychological characteristics of the work team as an internal condition for the development of a collective “acme”
    Let us dwell on three relevant (i.e. relevant) to our discussion of the socio-psychological characteristics of the working team: the structure, cohesion and acmeological features of its management. The structure of the work team. It is a complex formation, including a number of measurements or particular parameters: - formal status measurement - a subordinated system of job positions,
  2. Psychological characteristics of a work team as an internal condition for the development of a collective “acme”
    First of all, let us dwell on three psychological characteristics of the working team that are relevant to our discussion: the structure, cohesion, and acmeological features of managing it. The structure of the work team. It is a complex formation, including a number of measurements or parameters, in particular: 1) formal-status measurement - a subordinated system of job positions that form
  3. Work team as a socio-psychological field of collective “acme”
    Although traditionally, acmeology as a science about ways to achieve the heights of professionalism, and in the most concentrated (special) expression, as a science that addresses its highest manifestations, to, so to speak, superprofessionalism (the term A.K. Markova), deals with an individual subject, nevertheless, both life observations and the data of the social sciences about a person indicate that the subject of attention
  4. Work team as a socio-psychological field of collective “acme”
    Although traditionally, acmeology as a science about ways to achieve the heights of professionalism, and in the most concentrated (special) expression, as a science that addresses its highest manifestations, to, so to speak, superprofessionalism (the term A.K. Markova), deals with an individual subject, nevertheless, both life observations and the data of the social sciences about a person indicate that the subject of attention
  5. The organizational environment of the working team as an external condition for the development of a collective “acme”
    As for the relevant (i.e. relevant) to our discussion of the elements of the organizational environment (or, as it is also called, the organizational context) of the working team, according to modern scientific data, they can include: organizational culture, group tasks, degree of autonomy work team, interactive feedback, rewards and recognition, training and counseling,
  6. The organizational environment of the working team as an external condition for the development of a collective “acme”
    As for the elements of the organizational environment that are relevant to our discussion (or, as it is also called, the organizational context) of the working team, according to the literature data (Sundstrom et al., 1990), they can include: organizational culture, group tasks, degree of autonomy work team, interactive feedback, rewards and recognition, training and
  7. The organizational environment of the working team as an external condition for the development of a collective “acme”
    As for the relevant (i.e. relevant) to our discussion of the elements of the organizational environment (or, as it is also called, the organizational context) of the working team, according to modern scientific data, they may include: organizational culture, group tasks, degree of autonomy work team, interactive reward feedback and recognition, training and counseling,
  8. Socio-psychological characteristics of youth as a subject of the image of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation
    The world is perceived by people through the prism of their own characteristics and the conditions of their own lives. Young people have their own specifics of knowing the surrounding reality, which distinguishes it from children and adults. Consequently, the features of the image of the RF Armed Forces will be largely determined by the socio-psychological characteristics of the youth audience. The psychology of youth received the most comprehensive coverage in
  9. Collective socio-psychological phenomena
    Some of the results of the joint mental activity of the military - common views and positions on fundamental issues, agreed decisions on the current problems of the service, as well as the process of their formation are called collective opinion. Sometimes in this case they speak of collective thought or collective reason. At its core, collective opinion is an aggregate
  10. Internal conditions reached by man acme
    - an active reflection of reality and the ability to navigate well in it - a productively working intellect - the ability to simultaneously be in the stream of life and to be outside it, not to be bogged down in one’s own experiences, but, having understood their reasons, outstanding people in each tuations arising on their life path demonstrate the ability to find the optimal solution and
  11. Brief sanitary and hygienic characteristics of the working conditions of workers in phosphorus plants
    The largest phosphorus plants operating in the south of Kazakhstan produce yellow phosphorus, phosphoric acid, double superphosphate, monocalcium phosphate, diammonium phosphate and sodium tripolyphosphate. The technological process of electrothermal processing of phosphorites and phosphorus is associated with the release into the air of industrial premises of the vapors of yellow phosphorus, phosphorous hydrogen (phosphine), aerosols
  12. “Acme”, professionalism and social adaptation of a person: periodization of development and typology of human social activity
    The problem of the correlation of giftedness, genius and “norm”, adaptability and reactivity, situational and “supra-situational” activity, biological and social determinants of professional achievements, intervals of age-related sensitivity, personal and professional potential has not arisen in psychology today and periodically declares itself in new and new contexts. In acmeology, she
  13. "Acme" as a phenomenon of development of a group, organization, community
    Plan 1. General theoretical and acmeological prerequisites for the application of acmeological criteria to group subjects. 2. The ratio of social, psychological and acmeological approaches in the study of "acme" as a phenomenon in the development of a group, organization, community. 3. Acmeological criteria and indicators of achievement by the acme group. Keywords: acme, acme group, acme
  14. "Acme" as a phenomenon of development of a group, organization, community
    Plan 1. General theoretical and acmeological prerequisites for the application of acmeological criteria to group subjects. 2. The ratio of social, psychological and acmeological approaches in the study of "acme" as a phenomenon in the development of a group, organization, community. 3. Acmeological criteria and indicators of achievement by the acme group. Keywords: acme, acme group, acme
  15. ACME PHENOMENON AND SOME GENERAL CONDITIONS OF ITS FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT
    A multilateral analysis of the features that characterize the development of people as individuals, as individuals, as subjects of activity and as individuals, reveals, on the one hand, certain similarities in the course of this complex process, and on the other, it makes it possible to see very significant differences. The similarity is that if at this stage of consideration it
  16. Integral individuality as a result and as a condition for human development
    V.S. Merlin denoted the integral characterization of the individual properties of a person by the concept of individual integrality, considering it as an object of interdisciplinary research, as an object of study of all sciences about nature and society1. The theory of individual integrality arose in line with differential psychophysiology, which predetermined its features. According to theory, individual
  17. Integral individuality as a result and as a condition for human development
    V.S. Merlin outlined the integral characterization of individual properties of a person by the concept of individual integrality, considering it as an object of interdisciplinary research, as an object of study of all sciences about nature and society *. The theory of individual integrality arose in line with differential psychophysiology, which predetermined its features. According to theory, individual
  18. PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS HELPING HUMAN REACH ACME, AND THE ROLE IN THEIR FORMATION OF SELF-DEVELOPMENT FACTOR
    A comparison of the psychological characteristics of people who managed to achieve outstanding results in the civilian and professional fields, and those whose personal and subjective-activity achievements look very modest, reveals in the former, as subjects of knowledge, work, communication, a group of qualities that make clear the reasons for their bright acme . So, the distinguishing features of their cognitive
  19. Socio-psychological characteristics of the subjects of relationships
    Determining the socio-psychological characteristics of the officers, it should be noted first of all that officers form the main backbone of a military unit. They are the direct organizers of the combat training and educational processes. However, it should be borne in mind that in terms of their socio-psychological characteristics, the officers are also not homogeneous. In the interest of increasing
  20. Psychological characteristics of the personality of participants in local conflicts in the conditions of their return from a traumatic situation as an object and subject of psychological research
    Recently, the work of both psychiatrists and psychologists (Yu.A. Aleksoandrovsky, L.N. Sobchik, L.I. Spivak and others) has been devoted to studying the effect on humans of extreme psycho-traumatic stressful situations. This is due to an increase in the number of conflicts with hostilities, natural disasters and catastrophes. Of particular practical importance is the study of situations of a person's return from
Medical portal "MedguideBook" © 2014-2019
info@medicine-guidebook.com