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“Essential components, mechanisms and technologies of psychological and acmeological support for adolescents with delinquent behavior”

The fifth chapter of the dissertation presents the results of a study on a systematic analysis of the essential components of the organization of psychological and acmeological support for adolescents with delinquent behavior. Psychological-acmeological mechanisms are disclosed, the program and technologies of psychological-acmeological support for the socialization of adolescents with delinquent behavior are described.

Based on the data of the scientific literature on the problem under consideration and the materials of our own experience working with the described contingent, the conditions for the implementation of the psychological-acmeological support system of a specialized enterprise were determined:

• openness;

• nonlinearity;

• striving for harmony and integrity;

• the presence of a system-forming goal;

• ability to self-organize and expand social connections and functions;

• the presence of a structure that includes all elements of activity (motive - need - goal - content - operations - relationships - result - reflection) that implements the functions of management, training, education, development, adaptation, socialization, professional formation and integration of adolescents with delinquent behavior in society .

The system of psychological and acmeological support for adolescents with delinquent behavior is considered as a set of interconnected components that form a holistic unity, subordinate to the goals of development, education, training and professional formation. The system is composed of structural and functional components. Functional components are stable basic relationships of structural components that arise in the process of activity of leaders, teachers, psychologists, adolescents. We can distinguish the following functional components of the system: Gnostic, including actions related to the process of accumulating new knowledge about the system and its components in the process of solving psychological and acmeological problems; design, including actions associated with long-term planning of tasks and methods for solving them; constructive, related to the selection and compositional construction of the content of educational and educational information; communicative, including actions to establish acmeologically appropriate relationships between participants in the accompaniment process; organizational, related to the implementation of the acmeological concept by a specific organization of interaction of process participants; corrective, associated with the restructuring of the acmeological system, depending on the level of its success.

The system of psychological and acmeological support for adolescents with delinquent behavior (in particular, at the New Generation enterprise) is a combination of the main components of the development and labor process that determine the forms and methods of psychodiagnostics, forms of support for the socialization process, methods and means of rehabilitation of adolescents, as well as organization methods systems of psychological and acmeological support for the socialization of adolescents. The action (functioning) of the components of the system of psychological and acmeological support for the socialization of adolescents is carried out by the following mechanisms:

• desire for homeostasis;

• forming feedback;

• information.

The mechanism of striving for homeostasis is a powerful factor in evolution, which directly affects the intensity of natural selection. In the context of this study, for a constant value, "homeostasis", we take the state of good physical and mental health in adolescents.

However, the development dialectic repeatedly demonstrates to us the ambiguity of the results and the contradictory nature of any statements such as "only this way and no other." Stability, brought to the limit, stops its development. Too stable forms are also dead ends, the development of which ceases. Excessive adaptation to specific conditions or specialization is just as dangerous for improvement as inability to adapt. That is, the desire for homeostasis should be offset by other trends that determine the growth of diversity.

The most important characteristic of the self-organization process is feedback. The feedback mechanism is the reaction of the system to external influences caused by its own activity. It allows you to correct the activity of the system by monitoring its results.

In the case of the organization of the process of psychological and acmeological support of adolescents with delinquent behavior on the basis of a specialized enterprise, the lack of differentiation of external influences leads to a “supersaturation” of the system with external influences, which leads to situational answers to them regardless of the achievement of a useful result, loss of control over the process of socialization of delinquent adolescents and ultimately to the destruction of the system.

The desire for homeostasis forms the mechanisms of not only negative, but also positive feedbacks, as it is compensated by the trend of diversity. The number of these connections is determined by the quality and quantity of various information that “falls” on the subject. Moreover, the quality of information also depends on the ability of the subject to perceive and process it. The value and meaning of information is fully disclosed only when the purpose exists. In our case, the information is associated with various technologies of influencing a teenager with delinquent behavior in order to rehabilitate him.

The development of a teenager is carried out through the selection of one of the possible ways of further evolution of the system, produced at the so-called bifurcation point. It is this choice that determines whether development will proceed along a constructive or destructive path.

To develop a program for the socialization of adolescents with delinquent behavior, we have identified the structural sequence of the process of socialization of adolescents with this type of behavior with the following levels:

passive level: a teenager does not identify with peers; has a low level of communication; there are no labor installations; low social orientation; cognitive abilities are poorly expressed; there is a partial or complete denial of vital values; unwillingness to adhere to the norms and rules of behavior in society; inability to defend one’s point of view; lack of assessment of social, political, economic, cultural processes taking place in society; lack of motivation for self-affirmation, personal self-determination;

level of social and personal attractiveness: as a teenager gradually becomes aware of belonging to a group (work collective); partial identification of oneself with peers; ability to defend one’s point of view; average level of sociability; academic performance is improved; formed labor motivation, selective focus in universal values; the desire to be useful and meaningful to others, the desire for self-improvement and self-realization;

active level: full identification of oneself in a team of peers; developed labor dominant; fulfillment of rights and obligations dictated by the collective; high sociability; acceptance of traditional values; active participation in society; active defense of one’s point of view; the presence of ideas and the ability to defend them; the presence of a high level of motivation for self-expression, self-realization, personal affirmation, self-determination; ability to adapt easily, to show erudition.

The stages of a dynamic and contradictory process of socialization of adolescents with delinquent behavior are determined on the basis that its driving force is personal development and self-determination, which is realized as part of the implementation of socially useful work in a socially homogeneous team.
Conventionally, such stages can be distinguished three, each of which follows from the previous one, complementing each other, and showing how successfully for the personal formation and development of the adolescent goes through a complex and contradictory process of socialization. These stages are as follows.

1. The diagnostic stage involves the formation of the initial stage of socialization, which allows to determine the degree of inclusion of a teenager with delinquent behavior in the team and in the assimilation of norms and rules that are in force in the community; familiarization with new ways and forms of interaction; assimilation of information presented to a teenager; taking your own position. This stage is associated with a mandatory psychodiagnostic study and determination of the specifics of the personality characteristics of adolescents and the possible prospects for his behavior in the work collective in terms of individual compatibility (Fig. 8.).

Fig. 8.

The diagnostic phase of the socialization program





A comprehensive program for the acquisition of labor groups of adolescents, taking into account the conditions of psychological compatibility, is characterized as an acmeological environment. It includes diagnostics of the leading personal qualities of adolescents: “anxiety-adaptability” and “leadership-subordination”, on the basis of which manning teams are uniform in degree of psychological compatibility (Fig. 9).



Fig. 9.

Assessment of types of compatibility of adolescents in the group





This model includes, on the one hand, social functions, the implementation of which is necessary for the effective interaction of adolescents in the nonprofessional sphere, as well as factors ensuring such interaction. The leading social functions are interaction and the provision and adoption of social support. In this case, the first group of the studied factors ensures psychological compatibility "horizontally", and the second - "vertically".

In the framework of psychodiagnostics, a study is also being carried out: the emotional satisfaction of adolescents of the selected team relative to other teams (sociometric expansiveness index (ISE)); emotional satisfaction of adolescents of this production team without communication with other groups (sociometric status index (ISS)) (Fig. 10).

Fig. 10.

The relationship between types of psychological compatibility





2. The correctional and developmental stage involves the possibility of introducing the adolescent to the ever-changing life of the labor collective, by including it in various, vital types and forms of work, expanding its worldview, realizing interests and abilities, manifesting individuality through self-expression.

The stage includes significant correctional work of the accompanying services (psychological, pedagogical, medical, social workers services) that perform an auxiliary function in the process of integrating a teenager into a work collective and instilling in the teenagers positive collective values ​​(Fig. 11).



Fig. 11.

The structure of the second stage of psychological and acmeological support for adolescents





3. Stage - preventive work, accompanied by the formation of the highest stage of socialization and personal self-determination of adolescents. It is on it that the socially acceptable stereotypes of behavior are fixed; the formation of a sense-of-life orientation, correlation of one’s desires, acquired personal and social qualities, opportunities and requirements presented by society (I can, I want, I have).

The systematic approach, implemented on the basis of the specialized enterprise “New Generation”, is implemented using the following technologies.

Social and educational technologies: 1) the formation of labor motivation; 2) activation of adaptive variants of overcoming behavior; 3) the formation of social supportive behavior and strategies for the search for social support in prosocial networks.

Psychological technologies: 1) overcoming the barriers of awareness of emotional states; 2) awareness of the presence of personality problems; 3) the development of emotional, cognitive and behavioral strategies for overcoming behavior problems (strategies for resolving problems, finding and accepting social support, recognizing and modifying avoidance strategies); 4) analysis, awareness and development of personal and environmental resources to overcome the crisis of self-concept; 5) development of communicative resources, social competence, value orientations of cognitive development, internal locus of control; 6) acceptance of responsibility for one’s life, one’s behavior and its consequences; perception of social support; 7) a change in stereotypes of behavior and role interaction in the family; the formation of psychological resistance to pressure delinquent environment.
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“Essential components, mechanisms and technologies of psychological and acmeological support for adolescents with delinquent behavior”

  1. Belov VG. Psychological and acmeological support for adolescents with delinquent behavior: concept, model, technology, 2010
    Abstract of dissertation for the degree of Doctor of Psychology. Specialty: 19.00.13 - developmental psychology, acmeology. Scientific consultant - candidate of psychological sciences, doctor of philosophy, professor Biryukova Galina
  2. “Conceptual foundations of psychological and acmeological support for adolescents with delinquent behavior”
    The 6th chapter of the thesis contains materials devoted to the substantiation of directions, conditions and recommendations for improving the system of psychological and acmeological support for adolescents with delinquent behavior. It also presents a structural-functional model and substantiates the principles of psychological and acmeological support for the socialization of adolescents with delinquent behavior.
  3. “Theoretical and methodological foundations of psychological and acmeological support for adolescents with delinquent behavior”
    The first chapter of the dissertation presents a literature review that reflects the theoretical foundations of the problem of deviant and delinquent behavior, its thesaurus and essence, the relationship with the development of the personality of a delinquent adolescent, discusses the etiology of delinquent behavior, the topic of determining factors of delinquent development and
  4. The results of psychological and acmeological diagnosis of socio-psychological characteristics of adolescents with delinquent behavior in a specialized enterprise "
    The third chapter of the dissertation presents the materials of theoretical analysis and the results of empirical research devoted to the description of the psychological and social portrait of adolescents working on the sites of the specialized enterprise “New Generation”; psychological and acmeological manifestations of leisure activity in adolescents with delinquent behavior; psychological and acmeological features
  5. Essential characteristics of psychological and acmeological counseling
    The essential characteristics of individual forms of psychological and acmeological counseling for employees, managers, top managers, differs from other types of psychological assistance to clients (family, age-psychological counseling, assistance in solving personal problems, etc.), which can be represented through clarification of its following features . 1. At the initial request level
  6. Essential characteristics of psychological and acmeological counseling
    The essential characteristics of individual forms of psychological and acmeological counseling for employees, managers, top managers, differs from other types of psychological assistance to clients (family, age-psychological counseling, assistance in solving personal problems, etc.), which can be represented through clarification of its following features . 1. At the initial request level
  7. Psychological and acmeological support for the training of civil servants
    In psychology and acmeology, personal and professional development is understood as the process of personality formation and its professionalism in self-development, training, professional activity, and interactions. Personal and professional development is carried out both directly in the process of professional activity "on the ground", and in the system of retraining and advanced training. With the aim of
  8. “Psychological and acmeological criteria for the socio-psychological rehabilitation of adolescents in the workforce”
    In the 4th chapter of the dissertation, empirical research materials are presented that reflect the results of assessing the psychological (characterological, typological) personality characteristics of adolescents with delinquent behavior, as well as evaluating the information content of a set of psychodiagnostic techniques and developing, based on these data, a multidimensional diagnostic algorithm for predicting rehabilitation
  9. “Conceptual foundations and psychological-acmeological technologies for predicting operational psychological readiness of highly skilled athletes in martial arts for competitive activity”
    The 6th chapter of the dissertation presents the results of a study devoted to forecasting the operational psychological readiness of martial arts athletes for competitive activity in extreme situations. The first stage of the study included a theoretical justification of the methods for assessing the operational psychological readiness of martial arts athletes in extreme situations.
  10. Direction of acmeological support for personnel activities
    According to recent studies, the integrative design of this idea is embodied in the psychological and acmeological support of the total labor and all its components. In this regard, clarification of important concepts is required, namely the essence, content and organization of psychological and acmeological support. Acmeological nature of the psychological-acmeological model
  11. Acmeological conditions and principles of optimization of information support for the formation of a health culture in a pedagogical university
    Modern approaches to higher pedagogical education provide for the need to take into account the requirements of the world educational system, including raising the research level of a specialist in the field of education. The main mechanism for solving this problem, reflecting the increasing science-intensiveness of modern education, is the inclusion of subjects of the educational process of all
  12. Acmeological components of autopsychological activity
    Internal acmeological activity is aimed at creative self-development of the individual, self-construction, self-transformation and self-creation. Own personality substructures, mental processes and qualities become the object of psychological work, which requires the fulfillment of a number of fundamental conditions, identified as acmeological components of activity: - the ability to see, feel,
  13. Acmeological components of autopsychological activity
    Internal acmeological activity is aimed at creative self-development of the individual, self-construction, self-transformation and self-creation. Own personality substructures, mental processes and qualities become the object of psychological work, which requires the fulfillment of a number of fundamental conditions, identified as acmeological components of activity: - the ability to see, feel,
  14. The dissertation for the degree of candidate of pedagogical sciences. Acmeological conditions for optimizing information support for the formation of a health culture of a future teacher, 2006
    Annotation. Objective: to identify areas of optimization of information support for the formation of the health culture of a future teacher. Object of study: information support for the formation of a health culture of the future teacher. Subject of research: the influence of acmeological conditions on the optimization of information support for the formation of a health culture of a future teacher.
  15. The main directions of optimization of information support for the formation of the health culture of the future teacher, taking into account acmeological conditions and principles
    In the framework of our developed acmeological model of information support for the formation of a health culture of a future teacher, we substantiated the main directions of optimization of information support for a health culture of a future teacher in a pedagogical university. The first direction we consider is the improvement of information services for teachers in the field of
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