the main
about the project
Medicine news
Licensed books on medicine
<< Ahead Next >>

Typology of individuals

The ambivalent unity of the uniqueness of all individuals, on the one hand, and on the other, their inevitable coexistence predetermines the fact that people are not only unique, but in some ways similar. If individual differences increase the adaptability of the entire population, then individual similarities provide the possibility of mutual understanding and interaction, "cementing" the community.

Similarities and differences are not contradictory, since they reflect different aspects of the phenomenon of individuality. Speaking of differences, they mean the whole set of features that is inherent in this individual. When considering an individual from the point of view of similar signs, they distinguish individual properties that are present in other people.

Are there psychological qualities that people most likely repeat?

The fact that there are psychological characteristics that recur in a certain number of individuals is well known. This repetition allows you to break all the many individuals into subsets (or classes, or categories) that are called psychological types. Psychological types are groups of people with similar psychological characteristics. The main problem of typology consists, first of all, in identifying reliable criteria of similarity, namely in identifying those psychological characteristics that would be as stable as possible, that is, regardless of chance, would manifest themselves in different circumstances.

In the search for such stable properties let us turn to the structure of individuality. By definition, individuality is a kind of combination of all body and psychological characteristics. Everything is included here - from personal psychological qualities that are shaped and manifested in situations of social interaction, to the physical properties of the individual.
However, this aggregate is not amorphous; different categories of attributes are connected by ordered relations, forming a co-ordinated co-ordinated system. Subordination is determined by the fact that the psychological characteristics and properties of the organism are partially overlapping sets. The result of this overlap is the following three-level structure. In the foundation of the system - the properties of the organism, on the "top floor" - the properties of the individual, and in the overlap zone - those properties of the individuality that belong simultaneously to the psychological and the organismic set. Clearly, such a structure of individuality can be represented in the form of two intersecting circles corresponding to psychological and organismic qualities.

This simple diagram illustrates the fact that the psychological qualities of the personality are not in a row. According to the degree of dependence on the properties of the organism, they are divided into two categories. The first category includes those personal qualities that are not directly related to the properties of the organism, but are mainly formed under the influence of interpersonal relations and cultural environment. They are called the content properties of the individual. The second category of psychological qualities are the formal properties of the individual. Formal psychological properties are those properties that are set biologically and constitutionally, and therefore educational and other influences must adapt to them.

Formal psychological characteristics include temperament, inclinations and abilities. Among them, temperament possesses the greatest biological predestination and, by virtue of this, stability.
<< Ahead Next >>
= Go to tutorial content =

Typology of individuals

  1. Typology of individuals
    The ambivalent unity of the uniqueness of all individuals, on the one hand, and on the other, their inevitable coexistence predetermines the fact that people are not only unique, but in some ways similar. If individual differences increase the adaptability of the entire population, then individual similarities provide the possibility of mutual understanding and interaction, "cementing" the community. Similarities and
  2. Typology of individual characters
    The typology of individual characters reflects the psychological situation where, within the same culture, one person is different from another. The classic of this trend is C. Jung, who for the first time managed to create a typology of characters. C. Jung himself believed that “the goal of a psychological typology is not to classify people by category, it’s rather a tool for a researcher who needs
  3. Typology of individual mental characteristics
    From the above, it becomes clear that each person, by virtue of his geno- and phenotypic characteristics, is distinguished by his psycho-physiological qualities inherent only. Individual features of the human psyche after I.P. Pavlov in the domestic literature is called the types of higher nervous activity (VID). There are several classifications of types of GNI, each of which uses its own
  4. Typology of thinking styles
    The way of thinking is determined by the way a person collects information and how he processes it. Stylistic features of thinking belong to the individual characteristics of a person. Knowledge of the existing typologies of thinking styles will allow you to define your own peculiarities of thinking and thereby increase your autopsychological competence. There are two main types of perception of information:
  5. Typology of thinking styles
    The way of thinking is determined by the way a person collects information and how he processes it. Stylistic features of thinking belong to the individual characteristics of a person. Knowledge of the existing typologies of thinking styles will allow you to define your own peculiarities of thinking and thereby increase your autopsychological competence. There are two main types of perception of information:
  6. Typology of styles
    The problem of the style of professional activity involves the study of man as an active subject in the space of the many different in its nature determinants of its development, activity and behavior. To begin, consider the various manifestations of the phenomenon "style". To date, various types of styles (cognitive, emotional, activities, guides,
  7. Typology of styles
    The problem of the style of professional activity involves the study of man as an active subject in the space of the many different in its nature determinants of its development, activity and behavior. To begin, consider the various manifestations of the phenomenon "style". To date, various types of styles (cognitive, emotional, activities, guides,
  8. Typologies of personality and character
    Theoretical developments in the development of character, the identification of personality traits and tendencies are associated with a holistic approach to the study of personality and cover its three levels. The first of them reflects the innate characteristics that determine the rate of mental activity, strength and mobility of mental processes, the prevailing constant characteristics of the emotional sphere and other parameters,
  9. Typologies of personality and character
    Theoretical developments in the development of character, the identification of personality traits and tendencies are associated with a holistic approach to the study of personality and cover its three levels. The first of them reflects the innate characteristics that determine the rate of mental activity, strength and mobility of mental processes, the prevailing constant characteristics of the emotional sphere and other parameters,
  10. Sizanov, AN. Typology of Errors in the Activity of the Educational Psychologist, 2006
    Article from the journal: Bulletin of practical psychology of education. Content. Introduction The main causes of errors in the activities of educational psychologists. Typology of errors in the work of the psychologist. Prevention of mistakes by novice psychologists. Conclusion
  11. Character: typology and development in the process of ship service
    By character1, in the broad sense of the word, we understand individually pronounced and qualitatively unique psychological traits of a person, influencing his behavior and actions. Those personality traits that belong to a character are called character traits. These are not random manifestations of personality, but stable features of human behavior that have become properties of the personality itself. For example, a person
  12. Typology of conflicts. Psychological defenses
    The variety of existing in the life of each internal conflict is very conditionally can be reduced to three types. The first of them - a proprietary motivating conflict — a conflict of motives, aspirations, desires, feelings, for the realization of which opposite actions are required. There are three varieties of this type of conflict. RAPPROACH - RAPPROACH is a choice between two attractive possibilities,
  13. TYPOLOGY OF MISTAKES IN THE WORK OF A PSYCHOLOGIST
    Depending on the type of activity that the educational psychologist has to deal with at school, one can identify various types of errors. Errors in the diagnostic activity of the educational psychologist: 1. Excessive prevalence of the diagnostic direction. The error lies in the fact that the remaining activities of the educational psychologist are practically not carried out, and psychodiagnostics
  14. Empirical typology of meanings of life in the USA and Russia
    In recent years, the popularity of the meaning of life as a subject of research has steadily increased among psychologists. In the new project “Classification of positive abilities of a person”, the meaning of life is called “the most human and at the same time most elusive” of all positive personality characteristics and defined as “having coherent ideas about the highest goal and meaning of the world and about its place in it "
Medical portal "MedguideBook" © 2014-2016
info@medicine-guidebook.com