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Types of psychological defenses

Intra-personal protection is the second equally important internal parameter and involves the diagnosis and understanding of the personality of the prevailing type of intrapersonal protection as a way to resolve competing or conflicting interactions of personal substructures. The main function of psychological defense mechanisms is to preserve the positive image of the “I” in case of any changes threatening it in the external and internal world. The functional purpose of intrapsychological protection and its purpose is to weaken the intrapsychic conflict (tension, anxiety) caused by the contradiction between the instinctive impulses of the unconscious and the internalized demands of the external environment arising from social interaction.

Allocated 16 defense mechanisms. The most common ones are as follows. Motor activity is the reduction of anxiety caused by a forbidden impulse, by allowing its direct or indirect expression without developing a sense of guilt. Compensation is an intensive attempt to correct or find a suitable substitute for real or imaginary, physical or psychological inconsistency. Denial - the lack of awareness of certain events, elements of life experience or feelings that are painful in the event of their awareness. Substitution is the release of hidden emotions, usually anger, on objects, animals, or people perceived as less dangerous to the individual than those that actually caused the emotions.
Fantasy - flight in the imagination in order to avoid real problems or to avoid conflicts. Identification is an unconscious modeling of the relationships and behavior of another person, as a way to increase self-worth or to cope with possible division or loss. Intellectualization is unconscious control over emotions and motivations by reliance on rational interpretation of events. Projection is an unconscious reflection of one’s own emotionally unacceptable thoughts, properties, or desires and attributing them to other people. Rationalization - finding plausible reasons to justify actions caused by repressed, unacceptable feelings. Regression - the return in a state of stress to early or more immature patterns of behavior and satisfaction. Suppression is the exclusion from the consciousness of meaning and of emotions connected with it or of experience and emotions connected with it, etc.

Individuals with strongly pronounced traits of character tend to use certain mechanisms of protection as means of coping with various life problems. For example, a person with strong self-control will perhaps use intellectualization as the main coping mechanism.
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Types of psychological defenses

  1. Types of psychological defenses
    Intra-personal protection is the second equally important internal parameter and involves the diagnosis and understanding of the personality of the prevailing type of intrapersonal protection as a way to resolve competing or conflicting interactions of personal substructures. The main function of psychological defense mechanisms is to preserve the positive image of the “I” with any changes threatening it.
  2. Typology of conflicts. Psychological defenses
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  3. Ways and ways to protect the troops from psychological psychological operations
    Domestic and foreign experience shows that the protection of troops from enemy PSOs should be a system of measures aimed at forecasting, preventing, evaluating, disrupting the informational and psychological impact on personnel of subunits and units and eliminating its negative consequences. Predicting an adversary's PSO involves solving a number of problems. At the first stage such
  4. Types of psychological training
    Psychological training of military personnel is carried out in the process of training and service. All types of training - fire, tactical, physical, drill, special, the whole learning process should contain elements of moral and psychological training. The development of psychological stability is carried out both in a single training of soldiers and in exercises with the participation of higher command personnel and
  5. Impacts in psychological warfare
    According to domestic and foreign experts, the psychological impact is divided into the following types: 1) information-psychological, 2) psychogenic, 3) psychoanalytic, 4) neuro-linguistic, 5) psychotronic, 6) psychotropic. 1. The informational and psychological impact (often called informational, ideological) is the impact
  6. Types of psychological knowledge (by VN Karandashev)
    Types of psychological knowledge Basic concepts: Life psychology - specific knowledge about people, acquired, accumulated and used by a person in everyday life during historical development in order to influence certain people. Ordinary psychology is a kind of everyday knowledge; generalized knowledge of people in a relatively closed group
  7. Types of psychological knowledge
    The accumulation of psychological knowledge took place in various sciences and spheres of human activity, wherever knowledge of the mental world and human behavior was needed. According to some authors, the word "psychology" appeared in literature in the XVI century, according to others - in the XVIII. Historians have different opinions on how the word "psychology" arose. Literally translated from Greek, it means
  8. Types of psychological counseling
    The main method of counseling - a conversation, built in a certain way. Psychological counseling is most often short-term and can include one consultation or (if necessary) more, but rarely exceeds 5-6 meetings with a client. Counseling psychologists work with individuals or groups. Accordingly, there are individual and group counseling.
  9. The main types of moral and psychological support
    Obvious and relevant is the problem of the moral and psychological support of the process of combat training of troops, the readiness of every serviceman to perform and the very performance of tasks for the intended purpose. In this regard, the question arises of the IGO not only of military actions or the solution of other combat tasks (for example, combat duty, guard duty), but all aspects of the vital activities of troops, as in
  10. Types and methods of psychological counseling
    Like other activities of a practical psychologist, counseling can be classified for various reasons: 1. According to the theoretical orientation (psychoanalytic, behavioral, humanistic, gesht-talting, etc.); 2. By the age of the client (child, teenage,
  11. Psychological assistance, psychological assistance, psychological support and psychological support
    The concept of psychological assistance is the most well-established in practical psychology. The content of this concept is presented in the aggregate of the main directions of professional activity of a practical psychologist: psycho prophylaxis, psychodiagnostics, psychocorrection, psychological counseling and psychotherapy. In this case, most often under the provision of psychological assistance imply services
  12. Means of protection of workers in production
    Protective equipment is divided into collective protective equipment and personal protective equipment. Collective protection is designed to protect two or more workers from exposure to harmful and (or) hazardous production factors. It is structurally and (or) functionally connected with the production equipment, production process, production room (building) or
  13. Neurovegetative protection
    Neuroleptic (butyrophenones) and tranquilizers (benzodiazepines) provide one of the necessary conditions for balanced anesthesia - neuro-vegetative protection. The main neuroleptic of the butyrophenone series - droperidol - has been comprehensively described in numerous papers for more than thirty years of its clinical use. In the section "Hypnotics" we covered different sides.
  14. Protection against adverse effects of EMF
    Protection of the human body from the action of EMF involves reducing their intensity to levels that do not exceed the maximum allowable. Protection is provided by the choice of specific methods and tools, taking into account their economic performance, simplicity and reliability of operation. The organization of this work involves: - assessing the intensity levels of the fields and comparing them in accordance with the existing
  15. Farm Sanitary Protection
    These are general non-specific measures at the farm (complex) to prevent the penetration of pathogens of infectious and invasive diseases of animals from the external environment to the farm and protecting the environment of the farm (complex) from animal waste during the production of meat, milk and other animal products. Animal farm especially the complex is an elevated
  16. Specific protection factors
    Specific protection of the body is aimed at the destruction of any specific antigen. It is carried out by a complex of special forms of the immune system response. These forms include: antibody production, immune phagocytosis, killer function of lymphocytes, allergic reactions occurring in the form of immediate type hypersensitivity (GNT) and delayed type hypersensitivity
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