Licensed books on medicine
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WHAT IS INFERTILITY?
Let's start with a scientific definition. Infertility (lat. - sterilitas) is the lack of fertility in women (female infertility) and in men (male infertility).
Some more statistics. In the first year of marriage, pregnancy occurs in 80–90% of women; lack of pregnancy after 3 years of marriage indicates that the chances of its occurrence are reduced every year. Marriage is considered infertile if the pregnancy does not occur within more than two years of sexual activity without the use of contraceptives. Female infertility is observed in 60% of cases, male in 40%.
Female infertility can be absolute and relative. Infertility is considered absolute if there are deep irreversible pathological changes in the woman’s body that completely exclude the possibility of conception (absence of the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries).
Infertility is considered relative if the cause that caused it can be eliminated.
This separation of infertility can be considered to some extent arbitrary, since some of its forms, previously considered absolute, are now relative to the possibility of in-vitro fertilization.
In addition, infertility is divided into primary and secondary. If a woman who lives sexually has never had a pregnancy, they talk about primary infertility. Secondary infertility is the absence of conception after a past pregnancy. If conception occurs, but for some reason the pregnancy does not end and the marriage remains childless, they talk about one of the varieties of infertility - miscarriage.
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WHAT IS INFERTILITY?
- What is a trigger, or how does the ventilator know it’s time to start breathing?
The word trigger is translated as a trigger, trigger, trigger relay, start. For the ventilator, it is a starting circuit that includes inhalation. Currently, various parameters can be used to switch on inspiration: 1. Time. 2. Pressure. 3. Feed. 4. Volume. 5. Electrical impulse passing through the phrenic nerve. 6. Signal from the intraesophageal pressure sensor. 7
- What is video training?
Performing exercises and tasks of the Ultra Rapid program, you not only train attention. We remind you that we are solving the complex task of influencing the three factors of our body: physical, emotional and intellectual. We hope that you have already felt the favorable changes that have occurred in your health, in your well-being, in your intellectual development and,
- What is toxin?
Toxin is something that disrupts the normal course of physiological processes and has a negative effect on body functions. Toxins are divided into many different types, with completely different properties, originating from many different sources and having different destructive mechanisms. Regardless of how you feel about this issue, knowing what is
- What is a man?
Man is a brightly colored energy system, full of dynamic aspirations. Like any energy system, he always tries to come to rest. He has to do it. For this energy also serves; its mysterious function is to restore its own balance. The person is designed in such a way that, in any internal or external occurrence, sooner or later must
- What is intuition?
The following is a true description of some personal experiences and does not pretend to any other meaning. Similar things were demonstrated in front of fellow psychiatrists and groups of doctors; Of course, patients and other witnesses can confirm the authenticity of the incidents described, but there is no other way to convince the individual reader of this. Intuition is an acquisition
- What is a precancer?
Who is the author of the term "precancer" is still unknown. Different authors call different names of the inventor of this term. According to T. Venkei and J. Sugar (1962), for the first time it is found in the work of dermatologist V. Dyubreylya (1896). Until now, it is also unclear what a precancer is. According to the meaning and meaning, a precancer must meet two criteria: always precede a cancer and turn into cancer inevitably, i.e. in
- What is such a PaTriarch T?
In modern scientific literature, patriarchy is commonly referred to as “gender power”, expressed in the fact that men occupy a dominant position in society in relation to women. The patriarchate is a characteristic of the structure of the whole society, not of relations, for example, in individual families and labor collectives: gender inequality is reproduced regardless of personal preferences and intentions
- What is creative thinking
We have already talked about how parents can help develop their child’s intelligence, for example, through creative thinking development programs, or creativity. There are similar technologies for adults. A number of programs and tests are based on the ideas of the psychologist D. P. Guilford, on his model of the structure of the intellect. In these technologies, creative (divergent) thinking is contrasted
- What is observation
Sometimes there are people who are just not used to being attentive since childhood. They look around, but see little. Here we are confronted with the second cause of distraction - the lack of habit to observe. If you ask your classmates to remember and describe something in detail (for example, visiting the assembly hall where meetings are usually held), then it will turn out that some
- What is hypnosis?
The Indian yogi once demonstrated to the Calcutta Medical Society that he can stop the pulse of his pulse. Doctors suspected some trick; they placed this person in front of the x-ray machine and began to observe his heart through a fluoroscope. They found, to their surprise, that his heart had indeed stopped beating and that he could stop him at
- What is homosexuality?
Homosexuality is the love of the same sex. Some people are able to get almost equal pleasure from intercourse with any gender. They are called bisexuals. Many wonderful things have come about from homosexual relationships, for example, some of Socrates' philosophy; and yet happy homosexuals are very rare. Homosexuality almost always means a depressed phisis and a resentful Superego. She is
- What is the psyche?
The psyche is a property of highly organized matter (brain) consisting in the reflection of objective reality. The psyche is inherent in man and animals. The concept of the psyche is broader than the concept of consciousness, because the psyche includes the sphere of the subconscious, the preconscious, the supraconscious (“Super-I”). And Consciousness is the highest manifestation of the psyche. What is included in the concept of consciousness? “Consciousness-I” consists of
- WHAT IS EGO?
This is a set of your memories, which over the years become more and more important for you and, finally, fill all your individuality. I will explain in more detail. Your perception of some event is stored in memory. If this event was especially happy or unpleasant, you decided that it should not be forgotten. Based on this memory, you came to some conclusion as to how
- What is memory?
Modern science defines memory as a system for memorizing, storing and reproducing information. Already in ancient times, attempts were made to explain the mechanism of memorization. The ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle (4th century BC) assumed that, when perceived, the material particles emitted by the object being studied penetrate into the head and leave an imprint on the soft substance of the brain, like on clay or
- What is reading?
Bearing in mind the initial training, we define reading as the process of recreating the sound form of words according to their graphic (letter) model. In this definition, it is important to point out that the beginner is acting with the sound side of the language and that without properly recreating the sound form of the word, it is impossible to understand the read. The authors of one experimental primer give another definition of reading.
- What is the dominant?
Dominant - the main semantic part of the text. It is expressed in its own words, in the language of its own thoughts, is the result of processing the text, its reflection in accordance with the individual characteristics of the reader, identifying the main idea of the author. Thus, in the text there are words that, as it were, “push” you to read further, further, they warn you that there are no changes in meaning.
- What is articulation?
Research N. I. Zhinkina showed that reading is essentially two simultaneous processes - receiving and issuing speech. This means that when reading a written speech (text) a person accepts and processes. At the end of the reading, the reader forms his own idea of what has been read: as if gives the result of text processing, in which speech processes by all means take part. It is from how they
- What is parody
Parody (Greek: parodia) - a genre in literature, theater, music, on stage, a conscious imitation in the satirical, ironic and humorous purposes of the individual manner, style, direction, genre or stereotypes of speech, play and behavior; imitation, unknowingly distorting the pattern; ridiculous, distorted likeness of anything. Translated from the Greek parody means "singing inside out." In broad
- What is a dream?
The meaning of dreams is not limited to their interpretation. Since Freud, we have learned a lot about the relationship between dreams and sleep. During sleep, as well as during wakefulness, the brain sends out electrical impulses; they can be recorded using a machine called an electroencephalograph. As these impulses show, there are four levels or four stages of sleep. The most interesting thing in one of these