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PATHOLOGY OF THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
The cause of uterine bleeding can be various stages of a spontaneous miscarriage: threatening, beginning, abortion in progress. In incomplete abortion, the source of bleeding is the remains of the ovum, most often a placental polyp. Trophoblastic disease, a dangerous complication of pregnancy, is also accompanied by bleeding.
Benign diseases of the genitals
Uterine fibroids, hyperplasia and polyps of the endometrium or endocervix, adenomyosis, inflammatory diseases, traumatic lesions of the vagina, foreign bodies. Submucous fibroids usually cause menorrhagia, endometrial polyps - intermenstrual bleeding, cervical polyps and ectropion - postcoital bleeding. Severe vaginal infections, cervicitis, and inflammatory diseases of the upper genital tract, involving the endometrium and / or fallopian tubes, can cause abnormal uterine bleeding as part of the symptom complex of these diseases. Occasional intermenstrual “daub” is the most common symptom of chronic endometritis.
Malignant diseases of the genitals
The cause of abnormal uterine bleeding can be: cancer of the endometrium, cervix, vagina and vulva, fallopian tubes, estrogen-secreting ovarian tumors.
The incidence of endometrial cancer increases with age. Risk factors for endometrial carcinoma are the prolonged existence of anovulation, accompanied by hyperestrogenia, and obesity, in which the transition of androgens to estrogens in adipose tissue increases. Malignant neoplasms are the most important cause of abnormal uterine bleeding in women in the menopause; they are detected in 10% of women in this age period. About 25% of postmenopausal patients suffer from abnormal uterine bleeding. In differential diagnosis, it is very important to remember the possibility of endometrial hyperplasia, which can be simple and complicated, with or without atypia. Endometrial hyperplasia should be considered as a precursor to cancer, especially in the presence of atypia.
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PATHOLOGY OF THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
- Diseases of the thyroid gland and pathology of the reproductive system
In the system of peripheral endocrine organs, the thyroid gland, along with the ovaries and adrenal glands, plays an important role in the functioning of the reproductive system of women. Various forms of thyroid pathology (thyroid gland) can cause puberty disorders, primary and secondary amenorrhea, anovulatory cycles, miscarriage and infertility. The influence of the thyroid gland on the reproductive system
- Pathology of the reproductive system during its formation
Pathology of the reproductive system during its period
- Pathology of the reproductive system at maturity
Pathology of the reproductive system during
- Pathology of the reproductive system in transition and senile age
Pathology of the reproductive system in the transitional and senile
- Reproductive organs of the reproductive system
1.3.1. Anatomical, physiological and histophysiological characteristics of the female genital organs in the reproductive period 126.96.36.199. Ovaries The ovaries of a mature woman are located in the pelvis (Fig. 1.6), somewhat asymmetrically on the posterior leaf of the broad ligament. The position of the ovaries in the pelvic cavity at this age is relatively inactive. Their displacement into the abdominal cavity is observed
- Pathology of the period of withering reproductive function
Pathology of the period of withering reproductive
- Reproductive system development
The formation of the reproductive system begins in the antenatal period. The next stages of its development are the periods of childhood and adolescence. They are the determining factors in the formation of reproductive health. Knowledge of the characteristics of sexual development at these stages is necessary for the proper prevention of reproductive disorders in
- REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM INFECTIONS IN MEN
The bacterial infections of the reproductive system in men include acute and chronic bacterial prostatitis, acute epididymitis, orchitis, orchoepididymitis. MAJOR CAUSES The peculiarity of these diseases is that, along with pathogens characteristic of MVP (E. coli, other bacteria of the Enterobacteriaceae family), often infections of the reproductive system in men, especially young ones,
- CLASSIFICATION OF DYSHORMONAL DISORDERS OF THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
Solsky, Y.P., Tatarchuk, T.F. P STRENGTHENING the objective classification of dishormonal disorders of reproductive function in women is becoming an increasingly difficult task every year. This is due to both the complexity of the structure of the reproductive system, and every year more and more new information about the features of its function, and about its comprehensive relationships with
- 1.1. Reproductive system function regulation
The existence of living matter is ensured by its reproduction. The forms of reproduction can be various and are determined, apparently, by the specifics of the existence of living things. In the course of evolution, there was a selection of forms of living creatures and their reproduction, which optimally meet environmental conditions. The most common in the living world are two reproduction strategies - extensive and intensive.