home
about the project
Medical news
For authors
Licensed books on medicine
<< Previous Next >>

Polyps

Polyps of the cervix uteri are growths on the cervix (often in the walls of the cervical canal) in the form of a leg with a connective tissue skeleton (rod) covered with a multilayer flat or cylindrical epithelium with glandular structures in the thickness. There are simple (formed glandular or glandular-fibrous formations without proliferative changes) and adenomatous (formations with proliferative activity of glandular structures with perestroika processes of focal or diffuse nature) polyps. If the surface of the polyp is covered with stratified squamous epithelium, then it has a smooth appearance with open ducts of glands and tree-branching vessels. When overlapping with a cylindrical epithelium, a papillary surface, similar to ectopy, is characteristic. Histologically, polyps are divided into the following types: glandular, glandular-fibrous, purely fibrous, angiomatous and epidermal. Often inflammatory changes are found in polyps, manifested by infiltrates from various forms of white blood cells and plasma cells.
If blood circulation is disturbed, polyps develop edema, squamous metaplasia, hemorrhages and foci of necrosis. Often they are combined with various forms of cervical pathology (leukoplakia, pseudo-erosion) and diseases of other genital organs (adnexitis, colpitis, endometrial polyps, etc.). Polyps with proliferative processes are considered progressive, especially with the emergence of reserve-cell hyperactivity.

Relapses of cervical polyps are observed up to 10% or more, are more often caused by hormonal disorders and associated inflammatory processes.

With the phenomena of proliferation, the progression and growth of the polyp are noted, with epidermis, overlapping of the glandular structures with stratified squamous epithelium and growth arrest (regression). Polyps with dysplasia are precancerous conditions.
<< Previous Next >>
= Skip to textbook content =

Polyps

  1. Polyps of the nose
    Polyps of the nose is one of the complications of year-round allergic rhinitis. Usually they are localized on the middle nasal concha, around the openings of the maxillary sinuses and the ethmoid labyrinth. Polyps are observed in both allergic and infectious rhinitis. Polyps that occur with allergic rhinitis look like whitish or gray, shiny, gelatinous formations. Polyps in chronic
  2. Cervical Canal Polyps
    Seldom give significant bleeding, more often it is minor bleeding. Decidual polyp - the growth of decidual tissue, and its excess descends into the cervical canal. Such a polyp most often disappears by itself, or it can be removed by carefully unscrewing. A bleeding polyp should be removed, but without curettage of the uterine cavity, with hemostatic therapy, and preserving pregnancy
  3. Endometrial polyps
    Definition of a concept. Endometrial polyps are the growths of individual sections of the mucous membrane of the uterine body (together with the underlying stroma). The term "polyp" has existed in medicine for a long time. For the first time to describe such growths, this term was used in the middle of the XVIII century. However, already in the writings of Hippocrates, one can find mention of polyps as a cause of infertility. Frequency. Literature Data
  4. Endometrial polyps
    Another cause of reproductive system dysfunctions can be endometrial polyps that prevent embryo implantation and are a common cause of menstrual cycle changes. An endometrial polyp occurs as a result of focal growth of the uterine mucosa (endometrium). This formation grows from the wall of the uterus into its cavity and sometimes through the cervical canal reaches
  5. Endometrial polyps
    Endometrial polyps develop due to proliferation of the glands of the basal layer of the endometrium on the leg, consisting of fibrous and smooth muscle tissue. Endometrial polyps are focal endometrial hyperplasia. Due to the fact that in their structure there is stromal tissue (leg), it should not be identified with the polypoid form of glandular-cystic endometrial hyperplasia, in connection with which the term
  6. Non-tumor polyps
    The vast majority of such formations that occur, in particular, in the colon, are sporadic, and the frequency of their development increases as a person ages. Non-tumor polyps (mostly hyperplastic) make up about 90% of all colon epithelial polyps and are found in more than 50% of people 60 years of age or older. Inflammatory (pseudo-) polyps,
  7. Fibroepithelial polyps.
    Fibroepithelial polyps are rare ureteral mucosal formations that can lead to obstruction. Similar changes can be detected at any level of the urinary tract, but in terms of the frequency of occurrence of fibroepithelial polyps, the ureters are in the first place, followed by the urethra, pelvis, bladder. In men, the predominant localization is
  8. POLYPS
    - benign leg epithelial tumors growing from the mucous membrane. Classification of colon polyposis (according to V L. Rivkin, 1969) Group I. Polyps: a) single; b) group 1. Glandular and glandular-villous (adenomas and adenopapillomas); 2. Hyperplate (miliary). 3. Cystogranulating. 4. Rare non-epithelial polypoid formations. II group.
  9. P. POLYPES AND Tumors of the Large Intestine
    1. Benign polyps, polyposis and tumors. The etiology and pathogenesis, as well as tumors, in general, have not yet been sufficiently studied. Benign tumors (according to WHO, Geneva, 1981) are divided into three groups: 1). epithelial; 2). carpinoid; 3). non-epithelial tumors. Among the epithelial tumors of the colon, which make up the vast majority of all its tumors, distinguish
  10. Polyp of the nose. U-33.
    {foto25} Treatment outcome: Clinical criteria for improving the patient's condition: 1. Normalization of laboratory parameters. 2. Improving the clinical symptoms of the disease (difficulty breathing, discharge from
  11. Polyps, cysts, and other benign changes in the cervix, vagina, and vulva
    This section describes polyps recognized by colposcopic examination, polypous changes, various cysts on the cervix, in the vagina and vulva. On the cervix, retention mucous cysts are most often formed. The mechanism of their formation is described in section 4.1.3. When the ectopia overlaps the squamous epithelium, mucus retention occurs and retention cysts form. Rarely
  12. Polyp of the middle ear. H-74.4
    {foto100} Treatment outcome: Clinical criteria for improving the patient's condition: 1. Normalization of temperature. 2. Normalization of laboratory parameters. 3. Improving the clinical symptoms of the disease (pain, hearing loss, discharge from
  13. Vocal fold polyp. U38.1
    {foto177} Treatment outcome: Clinical criteria for improving the patient's condition: 1. Normalization of temperature. 2. Normalization of laboratory parameters. 3. Improving the clinical symptoms of the disease (pain, cough, shortness of breath, hoarseness
Medical portal "MedguideBook" © 2014-2019
info@medicine-guidebook.com