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Endometrial polyps

Another cause of reproductive system dysfunctions may be endometrial polyps that impede embryo implantation and are a frequent cause of menstrual cycle changes.

An endometrial polyp occurs as a result of focal growth of the uterine mucosa (endometrium). This formation grows from the wall of the uterus into its cavity and sometimes through the cervical canal reaches the vagina.

The endometrial polyp can reach several centimeters in length. It has a round or oval shape and consists of a body and legs. Polyps can be single and multiple, they are located in the bottom and tubular corners of the uterus.

The reason for the development of endometrial polyps is a violation of the hormonal function of the ovaries, in which an excess amount of estrogen is formed compared to progesterone. This leads to the fact that the focus of the endometrium grows strongly and cannot be completely rejected during the next menstruation. So, during several menstrual cycles, an endometrial polyp is formed.

The most frequent and almost constant manifestation of endometrial polyps are menstrual irregularities. With polyps on the background of the normal menstrual cycle, scanty intermenstrual and premenstrual blood cells are noted, as well as an increase in menstrual blood loss.
Allocations can be not only bloody and bloody, but also appear in the form of profuse leucorrhoea.

In women of reproductive age, endometrial polyps can cause acyclic bleeding. Often, patients are concerned about cramping pain, which is observed with large (more than 2 cm in length) polyps. Pain is evidence of the "birth" of the polyp or the death of its parts.

Most often, a doctor suspects an endometrial polyp during an ultrasound scan. This information can be confirmed by the method of hysteroscopy, which allows not only to detect polyps with a high degree of accuracy, but also to successfully remove them. The removed material is sent to a histological examination, on the basis of which treatment is prescribed.

How are polyps treated

Most often, the usual antibacterial and anti-inflammatory treatment is enough for 7-10 days. In some cases, doctors prescribe hormonal treatment for women of reproductive age with low-dose hormonal contraceptives for 2–3 months.

You can continue trying to get pregnant either immediately after drug treatment or in the next cycle after the removal of the polyp.
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Endometrial polyps

  1. Endometrial polyps
    Endometrial polyps develop due to proliferation of the glands of the basal layer of the endometrium on the leg, consisting of fibrous and smooth muscle tissue. Endometrial polyps are focal endometrial hyperplasia. Due to the fact that in their structure there is stromal tissue (leg), it should not be identified with the polypoid form of glandular-cystic endometrial hyperplasia, in connection with which the term
  2. Endometrial polyps
    Definition of a concept. Endometrial polyps are the growths of individual sections of the mucous membrane of the uterine body (together with the underlying stroma). The term "polyp" has existed in medicine for a long time. For the first time to describe such growths, this term was used in the middle of the XVIII century. However, already in the writings of Hippocrates, one can find mention of polyps as a cause of infertility. Frequency. Literature Data
    In gynecological practice, a symptom complex of uterine lesions (endometritis-pyometra-complex) is distinguished, which develops within 2 months after estrus and is characterized by abundant vaginal discharge, an increase in the volume of the abdomen, polydipsia and polyuria. These signs are found in dogs of all breeds mainly at the age of 7-9 years, somewhat more often in nulliparous females. The presence of the listed
  4. Polyps
    Polyps of the cervix uteri are growths on the cervix (often in the walls of the cervical canal) in the form of a leg with a connective tissue skeleton (rod) covered with a multilayer flat or cylindrical epithelium with glandular structures in the thickness. There are simple (formed glandular or glandular-fibrous formations without proliferative changes) and adenomatous (formations with
  5. Polyps of the nose
    Polyps of the nose is one of the complications of year-round allergic rhinitis. Usually they are localized on the middle nasal concha, around the holes of the maxillary sinuses and ethmoid labyrinth. Polyps are observed in both allergic and infectious rhinitis. Polyps that occur with allergic rhinitis look like whitish or gray, shiny, gelatinous formations. Polyps in chronic
  6. Cervical Canal Polyps
    Seldom give significant bleeding, more often it is minor bleeding. Decidual polyp - the growth of decidual tissue, and its excess descends into the cervical canal. Such a polyp most often disappears by itself, or it can be removed by carefully unscrewing. A bleeding polyp should be removed, but without curettage of the uterine cavity, with hemostatic therapy, and preserving pregnancy
  7. Non-tumor polyps
    The vast majority of such formations that occur, in particular, in the colon, are sporadic, and the frequency of their development increases as a person ages. Non-tumor polyps (mostly hyperplastic) make up about 90% of all colon epithelial polyps and are found in more than 50% of people 60 years of age or older. Inflammatory (pseudo-) polyps,
  8. Fibroepithelial polyps.
    Fibroepithelial polyps are rare ureteral mucosal formations that can lead to obstruction. Similar changes can be detected at any level of the urinary tract, but in terms of the frequency of occurrence of fibroepithelial polyps, the ureters are in the first place, followed by the urethra, pelvis, bladder. In men, the predominant localization is
    - benign leg epithelial tumors growing from the mucous membrane. Classification of colon polyposis (according to V L. Rivkin, 1969) Group I. Polyps: a) single; b) group 1. Glandular and glandular-villous (adenomas and adenopapillomas); 2. Hyperplate (miliary). 3. Cystogranulating. 4. Rare non-epithelial polypoid formations. II group.
  10. Endometrial hyperplastic processes
    Hyperplastic processes of the endometrium, as well as other localizations, attract attention due to their progression to malignant growth. There is an unequivocal opinion about the high frequency of endometrial hyperplastic processes at perimenopausal age, as well as the high risk of their malignancy at this time. Less commonly, this pathology is observed in other age periods of a woman’s life and almost
  11. Endometrial precancer
    Precancer, or atypical endometrial hyperplasia. Atypical endometrial hyperplasia can develop in the basal, functional or both layers of the endometrium and is characterized by a more pronounced activity of the proliferative processes of the epithelium. The simultaneous development of atypical hyperplasia in the functional and basal layers of the endometrium is a prognostically unfavorable sign,
  12. P. POLYPES AND Tumors of the Large Intestine
    1. Benign polyps, polyposis and tumors. The etiology and pathogenesis, as well as tumors, in general, have not yet been sufficiently studied. Benign tumors (according to WHO, Geneva, 1981) are divided into three groups: 1). epithelial; 2). carpinoid; 3). non-epithelial tumors. Among the epithelial tumors of the colon, which make up the vast majority of all its tumors, distinguish
  13. Endometritis
    Acute endometritis. In recent years, a lot of data has been accumulated on the etiological structure of acute endometritis. Most often, it occurs after abortion, childbirth or diagnostic curettage of the uterus. The acute inflammatory process in the endometrium can be caused by a bacterial, viral, parasitic, fungal, mycoplasma, as well as protozoal and spirochete infection. Often observed
  14. Endometritis
    Endometritis - inflammation of the uterine mucosa (endometrium). An acute inflammatory process can be caused by a bacterial, viral, fungal, parasitic, mycoplasma, protozoal and spirochetal infection. Most often caused by a mixed aerobic-anaerobic association of several microorganisms. Most often, the muscular membrane of the uterus is involved in the inflammatory process with development
  15. Antineoplastic conditions of the endometrium
    Epidemiology. The results of demographic studies in recent years indicate an increased number of women who have crossed menopause. In this regard, in modern society there is a steadily growing interest in the problems of health and social adaptation of women of varying age. The growth rate of the incidence of RE is significantly higher than the growth rates of other malignant tumors
  16. Polyp of the nose. U-33.
    {foto25} Treatment outcome: Clinical criteria for improving the patient's condition: 1. Normalization of laboratory parameters. 2. Improving the clinical symptoms of the disease (difficulty breathing, discharge from
  17. Endometritis
    Endometritis - inflammation of the mucous membrane and muscle (metroendometritis) of the uterine membranes. Depending on the characteristics of the pathogen, all endometritis is divided into specific and non-specific, and according to the clinical course - into acute, subacute and chronic. Under the influence of microbes and their toxins that enter the uterus, the mucous membrane hyperemic, swells, infiltrates with white blood cells, becomes covered with purulent plaque
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