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INFLAMMATORY DISEASES OF THE LOWER DEPARTMENT OF FEMALE GENITAL ORGANS

Chlamydial infection - up to 60-70% of patients with VZNE are infected with chlamydia. It is transmitted only sexually. Has a lot to do with gonococci. Chlamydia - Gr (-) intracellular bacteria tropic to the cylindrical epithelium (cervical canal, fallopian tubes, bartholin gland ducts, urethra and paraurethral passages). The incubation period is 20-30 days. There is no bright clinic, initially there is a tendency to chronic and sluggish disease, as well as relapse. The result of untreated chlamydia is infertility, its tubular form, or miscarriage. Also often intrauterine infection of the fetus (chlamydial pneumonia). Among other things, chlamydial infection is difficult to diagnose - you need ELISA or special serums. The material is scraping from the cervical canal and urethra. Chlamydia is sensitive only to tetracyclines, macrolides and fluoroquinolones. Treatment should be performed with both partners.

Viral infection is only a sexual transmission route.

It is proved that cervical cancer causes precisely these two viruses - cytomegaloviruses - play a large role in the occurrence of malformations of the fetus. The course of the viral infection is chronic, slightly symptomatic, with relapses - vesicles, itching, and burning. Diagnosis is extremely difficult. Treatment is also difficult - it is necessary to use acyclovir.

Microplasma infection - Gr (-) small colibacillary bacteria. Typically attached to sperm. Of great importance are miscarriage and intrauterine infection of the fetus.

Candida infection - fungi of the genus Candida, saprophytes, aerobes. Live in the vagina. Sexual pathway is optional, the development of candidal colpitis is possible against the background of hormonal changes, massive antibacterial therapy, treatment with cytostatics. Complaints of itching, curdled white discharge

Vulvitis is an inflammatory disease that develops mainly in girls. Infection is facilitated by diaper rash, scratching, abrasions, endocrine pathology (IDDM), helminthic infestations, and childhood viral infections.

Clinic: pain, vulvar edema, purulent discharge.

Treatment: antibiotics inside, baths with a camomile, a succession.

Bartholinitis is an abscess of the bartholin gland due to blockage of its excretory duct.
There are false and true abscesses of the Bartholin gland:

1. False abscess. Clogging and expanding, the duct turns into a Bartholin gland cyst, which suppurates when an infection is attached, and damage to nearby tissues does not occur, since the cyst has a capsule.

2. A true abscess. The capsule and nearby tissues (fiber) are affected. Clinic: intoxication. Fever, severe pain during movement, purulent discharge, combination with colpitis. During the examination, a painful tumor of certain sizes in the region of one of the labia is determined. Often an increase in inguinal lymph nodes, their soreness on palpation. Treatment: opening and draining the abscess (intravenous analgesia).

Colpitis is an inflammation of the vagina (vaginitis).

In the clinical picture, the triad of symptoms: pain, leucorrhoea, itching. Diagnosis after examination in the mirrors:

1. the vaginal mucosa is hyperemic;

2. swelling;

3. there may be an erosive lesion, ulcers.

Bacterial vaginosis. Complaints only about the increased discharge of leucorrhoea. On examination, there are no symptoms of inflammation. With this disease, a change in the biocenosis of the vagina occurs, that is, the ratio of aerobic and anaerobic flora. There is an increase in the number of anaerobes and lactobacilli practically disappear. The acidic environment turns into alkaline. Thus, gardnerelosis (Gardner's disease) is characterized by:

1. increase anaerobic flora (Gardner sticks)

2. lack of lactobacilli

3. alkaline environment of the vagina.

Cervicitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the cervical canal. The triad of symptoms is the same.
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INFLAMMATORY DISEASES OF THE LOWER DEPARTMENT OF FEMALE GENITAL ORGANS

  1. INFLAMMATORY DISEASES OF THE LOWER DEPARTMENT OF FEMALE GENITAL ORGANS
    Chlamydial infection - up to 60-70% of patients with VZNE are infected with chlamydia. It is transmitted only sexually. Has a lot to do with gonococci. Chlamydia - Gr (-) intracellular bacteria tropic to the cylindrical epithelium (cervical canal, fallopian tubes, bartholin gland ducts, urethra and paraurethral passages). The incubation period is 20-30 days. There is no bright clinic, initially there is a tendency to
  2. INFLAMMATORY DISEASES OF THE UPPER DEPARTMENT OF FEMALE GENITAL ORGANS.
    Acute salpingo-oophoritis (in first place in frequency). The infectious process passes to the ovary during ovulation, when after the release of the egg the wound surface is exposed, that is, the entrance gate to the infection. Clinic: pains of various nature and severity of the lower abdomen, the process is usually bilateral. Symptoms of intoxication (fever, chills, weakness, malaise, etc.).
  3. INFLAMMATORY DISEASES OF THE UPPER DEPARTMENT OF FEMALE GENITAL ORGANS.
    Acute salpingo-oophoritis (in first place in frequency). The infectious process passes to the ovary during ovulation, when after the release of the egg the wound surface is exposed, that is, the entrance gate to the infection. Clinic: pains of various nature and severity of the lower abdomen, the process is usually bilateral. Symptoms of intoxication (fever, chills, weakness, malaise, etc.).
  4. Female genital inflammatory diseases
    Inflammatory diseases of the female genital organs (VZPO) occupy the first place in the structure of gynecological diseases. About 40% of gynecological patients in the hospital have VZPO. The cause of all inflammatory diseases of the genitals are microbes, which most often enter the body of a woman through sexual contact. Pathogens can also spread by the lymphogenous, hematogenous route,
  5. INFLAMMATORY DISEASES OF FEMALE GENITAL ORGANS
    The problem of inflammatory processes of the genitals has always been the focus of attention of obstetrician-gynecologists for the following reasons: • in frequency they occupy the first place in gynecology; • their consequences are very diverse and include various violations of the menstrual and reproductive functions (infertility, miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy), as well as general organ damage involving
  6. Inflammatory diseases of the female genital organs (bacterial vaginosis, chlamydial infection)
    Factors contributing to the spread of infection are intrauterine interventions: abortion, diagnostic curettage, hysterosal pingography, probing of the uterine cavity, placement and removal of an intrauterine contraceptive. Bacterial vaginosis. This disease is caused by a violation of the biocenosis of the normal microflora of the vagina. The main complaint of a woman is to increase the allocation
  7. Inflammatory diseases of the female genital organs (viral infections, candidal colpitis)
    Viral infections. Herpes virus of the second serotype and human papillomavirus cause inflammation of the cervix. Cytomegalovirus infection proceeds in the form of carriage, but has a damaging effect on the fetus, causing, in addition to miscarriages, malformation of the fetus. All viral infections are latent, difficult to treat, prone to relapses and exacerbations. With herpetic infection during
  8. Sexually transmitted diseases of the female genital organs
    One of the negative phenomena of our modernity is the rapid increase in the frequency and number of sexually transmitted diseases. This is facilitated by changes in the orientation of sexual behavior of young people, the widespread use of contraceptives, the expansion of international tourism, prostitution, the resistance of pathogens to antibacterial agents and the absence of etiopathogenetic
  9. 2. General information about inflammatory diseases of the female reproductive system.
    Infectious damage, depending on the localization, causes inflammation: • of the vagina (colpitis); • external genitalia (vulvitis); • large gland of the vestibule (bartholinitis); • cervix (cervicitis); • inner lining of the cervical canal (endocervicitis); • the inner lining of the uterus (endometritis); • fallopian tubes (salpingitis); • ovaries (oophoritis);
  10. Genital inflammatory diseases
    Inflammatory diseases of the female genital organs are the most common gynecological pathology. They most often become the main cause of infertility in women. These diseases, caused by various microorganisms, arise as a result of infectious processes in the urethra, vulva (woman’s external genital organs), vagina, uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries. Usually,
  11. Inflammatory diseases of the internal genital organs in girls and girls
    Definition of a concept. Inflammatory diseases of the internal genitalia in girls and girls include endocervicitis, endometritis, salpingoophoritis, perimetritis, pelvic peritonitis. As with vulvovaginitis, inflammatory processes of the internal genital organs are divided into non-specific (more often) and specific (rarely). According to localization, salpingoophoritis is most often found. Frequency. For the last
  12. Inflammatory diseases of the external genitalia in girls and girls
    Definition of a concept. Inflammatory diseases of the genitals in girls and girls are inflammation of the external genitalia and vagina, uterine appendages and, less commonly, the uterus of various etiologies. At the same time, there is an age-specificity of forms of inflammatory diseases: during childhood, it is most often vulvovaginitis, and during puberty, inflammation of the uterus and sometimes the uterus. 3.4.1.
  13. Malignant diseases of the female genital organs
    Female genital malignancies
  14. HYPERPLASTIC, DYSTROPHIC AND TUMOR DISEASES OF FEMALE GENITAL ORGANS AND BREAST
    Hyperplastic and dystrophic processes of the female genital organs, as a rule, serve as one of the manifestations of the pathology of the endocrine and immune systems, as well as inflammatory processes of the genitals. They can also be induced by various environmental and hereditary factors. At the same time, hyperplastic and dystrophic changes often precede the development of malignant
  15. NON-SPECIFIC INFLAMMATORY DISEASES OF FEMALE GENITAL ORGANS
    They are caused by excessive reproduction of opportunistic flora (bacteroids, peptostreptococci, eubacteria, enterococci, E. coli, etc.), which under normal conditions does not cause symptoms
  16. Obstructive disease of the lower urinary tract in cats
    1. What are the most common causes of urethral obstruction in cats. Most often, obstruction is caused by mucoprotein plugs or urinary tract stones. Traffic jams consist of mineral deposits interspersed in the protein matrix. The mineral composition of the cork can be different, but often includes ammonium phosphate (struvite), calcium oxalate, calcium phosphate or an estimate of these crystals. Matrix
  17. ANATOMY OF FEMALE GENITAL ORGANS
    The female reproductive system consists of the internal genital organs (internal genitalia) located in the pelvic cavity, and the external genitalia (external genitalia) located outside the bone pelvis. The internal genital organs include the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and vagina. The external genitalia include the pubis, the labia minora, the labia minora, the vestibule of the vagina, and the clitoris. Pelvic cavity
  18. Anomalies in the position of the female genital organs
    The normal position of the female genital organs is provided by a hanging, fixing and supporting ligamentous apparatus, mutual support and regulation of pressure by the diaphragm, abdominal press, and own tone (hormonal influences). Violation of these factors by inflammatory processes, traumatic injuries or tumors contributes to and determines their abnormal position.
  19. ACUTE INFLAMMATORY DISEASES OF FEMALE GENITALS
    Inflammatory diseases of female genitalia are caused by pyogenic flora (staphylococci, streptococci, gonococci), Escherichia coli, anaerobic microorganisms, viruses, clostridia, chlamydia, etc. The anatomical structure of the female genital organs, specific functions of the female body, diagnostic and therapeutic intrauterine procedures, various
  20. Female genital anatomy
    The genitals of a woman are usually divided into external and internal. The external genitalia are the pubis, the labia minora and the labia minora, the clitoris, the vestibule of the vagina, and the hymen. Internal include the vagina, uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. External genitalia The pubis is an area rich in subcutaneous fatty tissue that is covered in hairy maturity
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