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Sexually transmitted diseases of the female genital organs

One of the negative phenomena of our modernity is the rapid increase in the frequency and number of sexually transmitted diseases. This is facilitated by changes in the orientation of sexual behavior of young people, the widespread use of contraceptives, the expansion of international tourism, prostitution, the resistance of pathogens to antibacterial agents and the absence of etiopathogenetic drugs to a number of pathogens of sexually transmitted diseases (viruses, etc.). In this regard, in inflammatory diseases of the female genital organs in gynecology, the most important role was assigned to sexually transmitted diseases.
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Sexually transmitted diseases of the female genital organs

  1. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
    In recent years, there has been an increase in the incidence of sexually transmitted diseases, including during pregnancy. So, chlamydial infection is found in 12% of women, gonorrhea - in 2-3%, syphilis - in 1-2%, genital herpes - in 1%, HIV - in 0.4%. Syphilis. The clinical picture. Depending on the clinical course, primary, secondary and tertiary syphilis are distinguished.
  2. Female genital inflammatory diseases
    Inflammatory diseases of the female genital organs (VZPO) occupy the first place in the structure of gynecological diseases. About 40% of gynecological patients in the hospital have VZPO. The cause of all inflammatory diseases of the genitals are microbes, which most often enter the body of a woman through sexual contact. Pathogens can also spread by the lymphogenous, hematogenous route,
  3. INFLAMMATORY DISEASES OF FEMALE GENITAL ORGANS
    The problem of inflammatory processes of the genitals has always been the focus of attention of obstetrician-gynecologists for the following reasons: • in frequency they occupy the first place in gynecology; • their consequences are very diverse and include various violations of the menstrual and reproductive functions (infertility, miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy), as well as general organ damage involving
  4. INFLAMMATORY DISEASES OF THE LOWER DEPARTMENT OF FEMALE GENITAL ORGANS
    Chlamydial infection - up to 60-70% of patients with VZNE are infected with chlamydia. It is transmitted only sexually. Has a lot to do with gonococci. Chlamydia - Gr (-) intracellular bacteria tropic to the cylindrical epithelium (cervical canal, fallopian tubes, bartholin gland ducts, urethra and paraurethral passages). The incubation period is 20-30 days. There is no bright clinic, initially there is a tendency to
  5. INFLAMMATORY DISEASES OF THE LOWER DEPARTMENT OF FEMALE GENITAL ORGANS
    Chlamydial infection - up to 60-70% of patients with VZNE are infected with chlamydia. It is transmitted only sexually. Has a lot to do with gonococci. Chlamydia - Gr (-) intracellular bacteria tropic to the cylindrical epithelium (cervical canal, fallopian tubes, bartholin gland ducts, urethra and paraurethral passages). The incubation period is 20-30 days. There is no bright clinic, initially there is a tendency to
  6. Malignant diseases of the female genital organs
    Female genital malignancies
  7. INFLAMMATORY DISEASES OF THE UPPER DEPARTMENT OF FEMALE GENITAL ORGANS.
    Acute salpingo-oophoritis (in first place in frequency). The infectious process passes to the ovary during ovulation, when after the release of the egg the wound surface is exposed, that is, the entrance gate to the infection. Clinic: pains of various nature and severity of the lower abdomen, the process is usually bilateral. Symptoms of intoxication (fever, chills, weakness, malaise, etc.).
  8. NON-SPECIFIC INFLAMMATORY DISEASES OF FEMALE GENITAL ORGANS
    Due to excessive reproduction of opportunistic flora (bacteroids, peptostreptococci, eubacteria, enterococci, E. coli, etc.), which under normal conditions does not cause symptoms
  9. INFLAMMATORY DISEASES OF THE UPPER DEPARTMENT OF FEMALE GENITAL ORGANS.
    Acute salpingo-oophoritis (in first place in frequency). The infectious process passes to the ovary during ovulation, when after the release of the egg the wound surface is exposed, that is, the entrance gate for infection. Clinic: pains of various nature and severity of the lower abdomen, the process is usually bilateral. Symptoms of intoxication (fever, chills, weakness, malaise, etc.).
  10. HYPERPLASTIC, DYSTROPHIC AND TUMOR DISEASES OF THE FEMALE GENITAL ORGANS AND MAMMARY GLANDS
    Hyperplastic and dystrophic processes of the female genital organs, as a rule, serve as one of the manifestations of the pathology of the endocrine and immune systems, as well as inflammatory processes of the genitals. They can also be induced by various environmental and hereditary factors. At the same time, hyperplastic and dystrophic changes often precede the development of malignant
  11. Inflammatory diseases of the female genital organs (viral infections, candidal colpitis)
    Viral infections. Herpes virus of the second serotype and human papillomavirus cause inflammation of the cervix. Cytomegalovirus infection proceeds in the form of carriage, but has a damaging effect on the fetus, causing, in addition to miscarriages, malformation of the fetus. All viral infections are latent, difficult to treat, prone to relapses and exacerbations. With herpetic infection during
  12. Inflammatory diseases of the female genital organs (bacterial vaginosis, chlamydial infection)
    Factors contributing to the spread of infection are intrauterine interventions: abortion, diagnostic curettage, hysterosal pingography, probing of the uterine cavity, placement and removal of an intrauterine contraceptive. Bacterial vaginosis. This disease is caused by a violation of the biocenosis of the normal microflora of the vagina. The main complaint of a woman is to increase the allocation
  13. ANATOMY OF FEMALE GENITAL ORGANS
    The female reproductive system consists of the internal genital organs (internal genitalia) located in the pelvic cavity and the external genitalia (external genitalia) located outside the bone pelvis. The internal genital organs include the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and vagina. The external genitalia include the pubis, the labia minora, the labia minora, the vestibule of the vagina, and the clitoris. Pelvic cavity
  14. Sexually transmitted or predominantly sexually transmitted infections
    Despite a slight decrease in the prevalence of classical sexually transmitted diseases in developed countries - gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, chlamydia, syphilis and phthyriasis (from Phthirus pubis - pubic louse, squamous) - the incidence of other forms of genital infections is increasing and in some cases (see Chapter 5 on AIDS and chapter 17 on the hepatitis B virus) is becoming rampant. In addition, a group of viruses,
  15. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
    Infectious diseases transmitted from person to person mainly through sexual contact - STDs or STDs (sexually transmitted diseases) are common, especially in recent years. Currently, there are more than 20 pathogens of sexually transmitted diseases, including bacteria, viruses, protozoa, yeast fungi, arthropods. The diseases they cause
  16. Sexually transmitted diseases
    With the light hand of the French doctor J. Betancourt, some diseases are named after the mythological goddess of love Venus - most likely because they are transmitted to a healthy person by a sick person mainly through sexual contact. The goddess of love was wrongly wronged: intimacy, unfortunately, does not always arise in people only in connection with this high feeling. Doctors' observations convincingly
  17. Female genital anatomy
    The genitals of a woman are usually divided into external and internal. The external genitalia are the pubis, the labia minora and the labia minora, the clitoris, the vestibule of the vagina, and the hymen. Internal include the vagina, uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. External genitalia The pubis is an area rich in subcutaneous fatty tissue that is covered in hairy maturity
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