Toolkit. Pathology of external respiration, 2009
Regulation of breathing. Dysfunction of the respiratory center. Forms of violation of DC activity. Typical violations of the gas exchange function of the lungs. Violation of alveolar ventilation. Types of hypoventilation disorders. Violations of ventilation and perfusion relationships. Impaired diffusion capacity of the lungs. Pathological types of respiration. Terminal types of respiration. Dissociated breathing. Dyspnea. Etiology, pathogenesis, effects of cough. Lack of external respiration.